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Subject[PATCH] trace: Add a free on close control mechanism for buffer_size_kb
Date
The proc file entry buffer_size_kb is used to set the size of tracing
buffer. The memory to expand the buffer size is kernel memory. Consider
a use case where tracing is handled by a user space utility, which acts
as a gate keeper for tracing requests. In an OOM condition, tracing is
considered a low priority task and if the utility gets killed the ring
buffer memory cannot be released back to the kernel.

This patch adds an IOCTL on the buffer_size_kb file to set a boolean.
When this boolean is enabled, closing buffer_size_kb file will cause
tracing to stop and free up the ring buffer memory.

The user space process can then open the buffer_size_kb file to set the
new buffer size for tracing, enable the boolean through IOCTL and keep
the file open. Under OOM condition, if the process gets killed, the
kernel closes the file descriptor for buffer_size_kb. The release
handler stops the tracing and releases the kernel memory automatically.

Signed-off-by: Vaibhav Nagarnaik <vnagarnaik@google.com>
---
include/linux/ftrace.h | 3 +
kernel/trace/trace.c | 135 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++------------
2 files changed, 105 insertions(+), 33 deletions(-)

diff --git a/include/linux/ftrace.h b/include/linux/ftrace.h
index ca29e03..30c8a23 100644
--- a/include/linux/ftrace.h
+++ b/include/linux/ftrace.h
@@ -114,6 +114,9 @@ struct ftrace_func_command {
char *params, int enable);
};

+/* enable/disable auto free ring buffer on file close */
+#define TRACE_RINGBUF_FREE_ON_CLOSE _IOW('t', 0x01, int)
+
#ifdef CONFIG_DYNAMIC_FTRACE

int ftrace_arch_code_modify_prepare(void);
diff --git a/kernel/trace/trace.c b/kernel/trace/trace.c
index d38c16a..c676f17 100644
--- a/kernel/trace/trace.c
+++ b/kernel/trace/trace.c
@@ -2817,6 +2817,42 @@ static int tracing_resize_ring_buffer(unsigned long size)
return ret;
}

+static ssize_t tracing_buffer_resize_atomic(unsigned long size)
+{
+ int cpu, ret = 0;
+
+ mutex_lock(&trace_types_lock);
+
+ tracing_stop();
+
+ /* disable all cpu buffers */
+ for_each_tracing_cpu(cpu) {
+ if (global_trace.data[cpu])
+ atomic_inc(&global_trace.data[cpu]->disabled);
+ if (max_tr.data[cpu])
+ atomic_inc(&max_tr.data[cpu]->disabled);
+ }
+
+ if (size != global_trace.entries)
+ ret = tracing_resize_ring_buffer(size);
+
+ /* If check pages failed, return ENOMEM */
+ if (tracing_disabled)
+ ret = -ENOMEM;
+
+ for_each_tracing_cpu(cpu) {
+ if (global_trace.data[cpu])
+ atomic_dec(&global_trace.data[cpu]->disabled);
+ if (max_tr.data[cpu])
+ atomic_dec(&max_tr.data[cpu]->disabled);
+ }
+
+ tracing_start();
+ mutex_unlock(&trace_types_lock);
+
+ return ret;
+}
+

/**
* tracing_update_buffers - used by tracing facility to expand ring buffers
@@ -3399,11 +3435,37 @@ out_err:
goto out;
}

+struct ftrace_entries_info {
+ struct trace_array *tr;
+ int free_buffer_on_close;
+};
+
+static int
+tracing_entries_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp)
+{
+ struct ftrace_entries_info *info;
+
+ if (tracing_disabled)
+ return -ENODEV;
+
+ info = kzalloc(sizeof(*info), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!info)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ info->tr = (struct trace_array *)inode->i_private;
+ info->free_buffer_on_close = 0;
+
+ filp->private_data = info;
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
static ssize_t
tracing_entries_read(struct file *filp, char __user *ubuf,
size_t cnt, loff_t *ppos)
{
- struct trace_array *tr = filp->private_data;
+ struct ftrace_entries_info *info = filp->private_data;
+ struct trace_array *tr = info->tr;
char buf[96];
int r;

@@ -3425,7 +3487,7 @@ tracing_entries_write(struct file *filp, const char __user *ubuf,
{
unsigned long val;
char buf[64];
- int ret, cpu;
+ int ret;

if (cnt >= sizeof(buf))
return -EINVAL;
@@ -3443,46 +3505,50 @@ tracing_entries_write(struct file *filp, const char __user *ubuf,
if (!val)
return -EINVAL;

- mutex_lock(&trace_types_lock);
+ /* value is in KB */
+ val <<= 10;

- tracing_stop();
+ ret = tracing_buffer_resize_atomic(val);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ return ret;

- /* disable all cpu buffers */
- for_each_tracing_cpu(cpu) {
- if (global_trace.data[cpu])
- atomic_inc(&global_trace.data[cpu]->disabled);
- if (max_tr.data[cpu])
- atomic_inc(&max_tr.data[cpu]->disabled);
- }
+ *ppos += cnt;

- /* value is in KB */
- val <<= 10;
+ return cnt;
+}

- if (val != global_trace.entries) {
- ret = tracing_resize_ring_buffer(val);
- if (ret < 0) {
- cnt = ret;
- goto out;
- }
+static long
+tracing_entries_ioctl(struct file *filp, unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg)
+{
+ int ret = -ENOIOCTLCMD;
+ struct ftrace_entries_info *info = filp->private_data;
+
+ switch (cmd) {
+ case TRACE_RINGBUF_FREE_ON_CLOSE: {
+ info->free_buffer_on_close = !!arg;
+ ret = 0;
+ break;
+ }
}

- *ppos += cnt;
+ return ret;
+}

- /* If check pages failed, return ENOMEM */
- if (tracing_disabled)
- cnt = -ENOMEM;
- out:
- for_each_tracing_cpu(cpu) {
- if (global_trace.data[cpu])
- atomic_dec(&global_trace.data[cpu]->disabled);
- if (max_tr.data[cpu])
- atomic_dec(&max_tr.data[cpu]->disabled);
+static int
+tracing_entries_release(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp)
+{
+ struct ftrace_entries_info *info = filp->private_data;
+
+ if (info->free_buffer_on_close) {
+ /* disable tracing */
+ tracing_off();
+ /* resize the ring buffer to 0 */
+ tracing_buffer_resize_atomic(0);
}

- tracing_start();
- mutex_unlock(&trace_types_lock);
+ kfree(info);

- return cnt;
+ return 0;
}

static int mark_printk(const char *fmt, ...)
@@ -3624,9 +3690,12 @@ static const struct file_operations tracing_pipe_fops = {
};

static const struct file_operations tracing_entries_fops = {
- .open = tracing_open_generic,
+ .open = tracing_entries_open,
.read = tracing_entries_read,
.write = tracing_entries_write,
+ .unlocked_ioctl = tracing_entries_ioctl,
+ .compat_ioctl = tracing_entries_ioctl,
+ .release = tracing_entries_release,
.llseek = generic_file_llseek,
};

--
1.7.3.1


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