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SubjectRe: [PATCH 0/4] forkbomb killer
On Tue, 29 Mar 2011 09:24:30 +0900
Minchan Kim <minchan.kim@gmail.com> wrote:

> On Tue, Mar 29, 2011 at 8:50 AM, KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki
> <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com> wrote:
> > On Tue, 29 Mar 2011 01:21:37 +0900
> > Minchan Kim <minchan.kim@gmail.com> wrote:
> >
> >> On Sat, Mar 26, 2011 at 05:48:45PM +0900, Hiroyuki Kamezawa wrote:
> >> > 2011/3/26 Michel Lespinasse <walken@google.com>:
> >> > > On Fri, Mar 25, 2011 at 01:05:50PM +0900, Minchan Kim wrote:
> >> > >> Okay. Each approach has a pros and cons and at least, now anyone
> >> > >> doesn't provide any method and comments but I agree it is needed(ex,
> >> > >> careless and lazy admin could need it strongly). Let us wait a little
> >> > >> bit more. Maybe google guys or redhat/suse guys would have a opinion.
> >> > >
> >> > > I haven't heard of fork bombs being an issue for us (and it's not been
> >> > > for me on my desktop, either).
> >> > >
> >> > > Also, I want to point out that there is a classical userspace solution
> >> > > for this, as implemented by killall5 for example. One can do
> >> > > kill(-1, SIGSTOP) to stop all processes that they can send
> >> > > signals to (except for init and itself). Target processes
> >> > > can never catch or ignore the SIGSTOP. This stops the fork bomb
> >> > > from causing further damage. Then, one can look at the process
> >> > > tree and do whatever is appropriate - including killing by uid,
> >> > > by cgroup or whatever policies one wants to implement in userspace.
> >> > > Finally, the remaining processes can be restarted using SIGCONT.
> >> > >
> >> >
> >> > Can that solution work even under OOM situation without new login/commands ?
> >> > Please show us your solution, how to avoid Andrey's Bomb  with your way.
> >> > Then, we can add Documentation, at least. Or you can show us your tool.
> >> >
> >> > Maybe it is....
> >> > - running as a daemon. (because it has to lock its work memory before OOM.)
> >> > - mlockall its own memory to work under OOM.
> >> > - It can show process tree of users/admin or do all in automatic way
> >> > with user's policy.
> >> > - tell us which process is guilty.
> >> > - wakes up automatically when OOM happens.....IOW, OOM should have some notifier
> >> >   to userland.
> >> > - never allocate any memory at running. (maybe it can't use libc.)
> >> > - never be blocked by any locks, for example, some other task's mmap_sem.
> >> >   One of typical mistakes of admins at OOM is typing 'ps' to see what
> >> > happens.....
> >> > - Can be used even with GUI system, which can't show console.
> >>
> >> Hi Kame,
> >>
> >> I am worried about run-time cost.
> >> Should we care of mistake of users for robustness of OS?
> >> Mostly right but we can't handle all mistakes of user so we need admin.
> >> For exampe, what happens if admin execute "rm -rf /"?
> >> For avoiding it, we get a solution "backup" about critical data.
> >>
> >
> > Then, my patch is configurable and has control knobs....never invasive for
> > people who don't want it. And simple and very low cost. It will have
> > no visible performance/resource usage impact for usual guys.
> >
> >
> >
> >> In the same manner, if the system is very critical of forkbomb,
> >> admin should consider it using memcg, virtualization, ulimit and so on.
> >> If he don't want it, he should become a hard worker who have to
> >> cross over other building to reboot it. Although he is a diligent man,
> >> Reboot isn't good. So I suggest following patch which is just RFC.
> >> For making formal patch, I have to add more comment and modify sysrq.txt.
> >>
> >
> > For me, sysrq is of-no-use as I explained.
>
> Go to other building and new login?
>
I cannot login when the system is near happens.

> I think if server is important on such problem, it should have a solution.
> The solution can be careful admin step or console with serial for
> sysrq step or your forkbomb killer. We have been used sysrq with local
> solution of last resort. In such context, sysrq solution ins't bad, I
> think.
>

Mine works with Sysrq-f and this works poorly than mine.

> If you can't provide 1 and 2, your forkbomb killer would be a last resort.
> But someone can solve the problem in just careful admin or sysrq.
> In that case, the user can disable forkbomb killer then it doesn't
> affect system performance at all.
> So maybe It could be separate topic.
>
> >
> >> From 51bec44086a6b6c0e56ea978a2eb47e995236b47 Mon Sep 17 00:00:00 2001
> >> From: Minchan Kim <minchan.kim@gmail.com>
> >> Date: Tue, 29 Mar 2011 00:52:20 +0900
> >> Subject: [PATCH] [RFC] Prevent livelock by forkbomb
> >>
> >> Recently, We discussed how to prevent forkbomb.
> >> The thing is a trade-off between cost VS effect.
> >>
> >> Forkbomb is a _race_ case which happes by someone's mistake
> >> so if we have to pay cost in fast path(ex, fork, exec, exit),
> >> It's a not good.
> >>
> >> Now, sysrq + I kills all processes. When I tested it, I still
> >> need rebooting to work my system really well(ex, x start)
> >> although console works. I don't know why we need such sysrq(kill
> >> all processes and then what we can do?)
> >>
> >> So I decide to change sysrq + I to meet our goal which prevent
> >> forkbomb. The rationale is following as.
> >>
> >> Forkbomb means somethings makes repeately tasks in a short time so
> >> system don't have a free page then it become almost livelock state.
> >> This patch uses the characteristc of forkbomb.
> >>
> >> When you push sysrq + I, it kills recent created tasks.
> >> (In this version, 1 minutes). Maybe all processes included
> >> forkbomb tasks are killed. If you can't get normal state of system
> >> after you push sysrq + I, you can try one more. It can kill futher
> >> recent tasks(ex, 2 minutes).
> >>
> >> You can continue to do it until your system becomes normal state.
> >>
> >> Signed-off-by: Minchan Kim <minchan.kim@gmail.com>
> >> ---
> >>  drivers/tty/sysrq.c   |   45 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++---
> >>  include/linux/sched.h |    6 ++++++
> >>  2 files changed, 48 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)
> >>
> >> diff --git a/drivers/tty/sysrq.c b/drivers/tty/sysrq.c
> >> index 81f1395..6fb7e18 100644
> >> --- a/drivers/tty/sysrq.c
> >> +++ b/drivers/tty/sysrq.c
> >> @@ -329,6 +329,45 @@ static void send_sig_all(int sig)
> >>       }
> >>  }
> >>
> >> +static void send_sig_recent(int sig)
> >> +{
> >> +     struct task_struct *p;
> >> +     unsigned long task_jiffies, last_jiffies = 0;
> >> +     bool kill = false;
> >> +
> >> +retry:
> >
> > you need tasklist lock for scanning reverse.
>
> Okay. I will look at it.
>
> >
> >> +     for_each_process_reverse(p) {
> >> +             if (p->mm && !is_global_init(p) && !fatal_signal_pending(p)) {
> >> +                     /* recent created task */
> >> +                     last_jiffies = timeval_to_jiffies(p->real_start_time);
> >> +                     force_sig(sig, p);
> >> +                     break;
> >
> > why break ? you need to kill all youngers. And what is the relationship with below ?
>
> It's for selecting recent _youngest_ task which are not kthread, not
> init, not handled by below loop. In below loop, it start to send KILL
> signal processes which are created within 1 minutes from _youngest_
> process creation time.
>
> >
> >
> >> +             }
> >> +     }
> >> +
> >> +     for_each_process_reverse(p) {
> >> +             if (p->mm && !is_global_init(p)) {
> >> +                     task_jiffies = timeval_to_jiffies(p->real_start_time);
> >> +                     /*
> >> +                      * Kill all processes which are created recenlty
> >> +                      * (ex, 1 minutes)
> >> +                      */
> >> +                     if (task_jiffies > (last_jiffies - 60 * HZ)) {
> >> +                             force_sig(sig, p);
> >> +                             kill = true;
> >> +                     }
> >> +                     else
> >> +                             break;
> >> +             }
> >> +     }
> >> +
> >> +     /*
> >> +      * If we can't kill anything, restart with next group.
> >> +      */
> >> +     if (!kill)
> >> +             goto retry;
> >> +}
> >
> > This is not useful under OOM situation, we cannot use 'jiffies' to find younger tasks
> > because "memory reclaim-> livelock" can take some amount of minutes very easily.
> > So, I used other metrics. I think you do the same mistake I made before,
> > this doesn't work.
>
> As far as I understand right, p->real_start_time is create time, not jiffies.
> What I want is that kill all processes created recently, not all
> process like old sysrq + I.
>
> Am I miss something?
>
When you run 'make -j' or 'Andrey's case' with "swap". You'll see 1minutes is too
short and no task will be killed.

To determine this 60*HZ is diffuclut. I think no one cannot detemine this.
1 minute is too short, 10 minutes are too long. So, I used a different manner,
which seems to work well.

Thanks,
-Kmae




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