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Subject[PATCH 0/6 v7] overlay filesystem - request for inclusion
Here's an updated version of the overlay filesystem.  I'd like to
propose it for inclusion into mainline.

Executive summary:

Overlayfs allows one, usually read-write, directory tree to be
overlaid onto another, read-only directory tree. All modifications
go to the upper, writable layer.

This type of mechanism is most often used for live CDs but there's a
wide variety of other uses.

The implementation differs from other "union filesystem"
implementations in that after a file is opened, all operations go
directly to the underlying, lower or upper, filesystems. This
simplifies the implementation and allows native performance in these

For more information see the excellent documentation written by Neil
Brown at the end of the series.

Al, can you please review the VFS parts (patches 1-3)?

Git tree is here:

git:// overlayfs.v7


Andy Whitcroft (1):
overlayfs: add statfs support

Miklos Szeredi (4):
vfs: add i_op->open()
vfs: export do_splice_direct() to modules
vfs: introduce clone_private_mount()
overlay filesystem prototype

Neil Brown (1):
overlay: overlay filesystem documentation

Documentation/filesystems/overlayfs.txt | 163 +++
fs/Kconfig | 1 +
fs/Makefile | 1 +
fs/namespace.c | 17 +
fs/open.c | 76 +-
fs/overlayfs/Kconfig | 4 +
fs/overlayfs/Makefile | 5 +
fs/overlayfs/overlayfs.c | 2414 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
fs/splice.c | 1 +
include/linux/fs.h | 2 +
include/linux/mount.h | 3 +
11 files changed, 2661 insertions(+), 26 deletions(-)
create mode 100644 Documentation/filesystems/overlayfs.txt
create mode 100644 fs/overlayfs/Kconfig
create mode 100644 fs/overlayfs/Makefile
create mode 100644 fs/overlayfs/overlayfs.c

Changes from v6 to v7

- added patches from Felix Fietkau to fix deadlocks on jffs2

- optimized directory removal

- properly clean up after copy-up and other failures

Changes from v5 to v6

- optimize directory merging

o use rbtree for weeding out duplicates

o use a cursor for current position within the stream

- instead of f_op->open_other(), implement i_op->open()

- don't share inodes for non-directory dentries - for now. I hope
this can come back once RCU lookup code has settled.

- misc bug fixes

Changes from v4 to v5

- fix copying up if fs doesn't support xattrs (Andy Whitcroft)

- clone mounts to be used internally to access the underlying

Changes from v3 to v4

- export security_inode_permission to allow overlayfs to be modular
(Andy Whitcroft)

- add statfs support (Andy Whitcroft)

- change BUG_ON to WARN_ON

- Revert "vfs: add flag to allow rename to same inode", instead
introduce s_op->is_same_inode()

- overlayfs: fix rename to self

- fix whiteout after rename

Changes from v2 to v3

- Minimal remount support. As overlayfs reflects the 'readonly'
mount status in write-access to the upper filesystem, we must
handle remount and either drop or take write access when the ro
status changes. (NeilBrown)

- Use correct seek function for directories. It is incorrect to call
generic_llseek_file on a file from a different filesystem. For
that we must use the seek function that the filesystem defines,
which is called by vfs_llseek. Also, we only want to seek the
realfile when is_real is true. Otherwise we just want to update
our own f_pos pointer, so use generic_llseek_file for
that. (NeilBrown)

- Initialise is_real before use. The previous patch can use
od->is_real before it is properly initialised is llseek is called
before readdir. So factor out the initialisation of is_real and
call it from both readdir and llseek when f_pos is 0. (NeilBrown)

- Rename ovl_fill_cache to ovl_dir_read (NeilBrown)

- Tiny optimisation in open_other handling (NeilBrown)

- Assorted updates to Documentation/filesystems/overlayfs.txt (NeilBrown)

- Make copy-up work for >=4G files, make it killable during copy-up.
Need to fix recovery after a failed/interrupted copy-up.

- Store and reference upper/lower dentries in overlay dentries.
Store and reference upper/lower vfsmounts in overlay superblock.

- Add necessary barriers for setting upper dentry in copyup and for
retrieving upper dentry locklessly.

- Make sure the right file is used for directory fsync() after

- Add locking to ovl_dir_llseek() to prevent concurrent call of
ovl_dir_reset() with ovl_dir_read().

- Get rid of ovl_dentry_iput(). The VFS doesn't provide enough
locking for this function that the contents of ->d_fsdata could be
safely updated.

- After copying up a non-directory unhash the dentry. This way the
lower dentry ref, which is no longer necessary, can go away. This
revealed a use-after-free bug in truncate handling in

- Fix if a copy-up happens between the follow_linka the put_link

- Replace some WARN_ONs with BUG_ON. Some things just _really_
shouldn't happen.

- Extract common code from ovl_unlink and ovl_rmdir to a helper

- After unlink and rmdir unhash the dentry. This will get rid of the
lower and upper dentry references after there are no more users of
the deleted dentry. This is a safe replacement for the removed
->d_iput() functionality.

- Added checks to unlink, rmdir and rename to verify that the
parent-child relationship in the upper filesystem matches that of
the overlay. This is necessary to prevent crash and/or corruption
if the upper filesystem topology is being modified while part of
the overlay.

- Optimize checking whiteout and opaque attributes.

- Optimize copy-up on truncate: don't copy up whole file before

- Misc bug fixes

Changes from v1 to v2

- rename "hybrid union filesystem" to "overlay filesystem" or overlayfs

- added documentation written by Neil

- correct st_dev for directories (reported by Neil)

- use getattr() to get attributes from the underlying filesystems,
this means that now an overlay filesystem itself can be the lower,
read-only layer of another overlay

- listxattr filters out private extended attributes

- get write ref on the upper layer on mount unless the overlay
itself is mounted read-only

- raise capabilities for copy up, dealing with whiteouts and opaque
directories. Now the overlay works for non-root users as well

- "rm -rf" didn't work correctly in all cases if the directory was
copied up between opendir and the first readdir, this is now fixed
(and the directory operations consolidated)

- simplified copy up, this broke optimization for truncate and
open(O_TRUNC) (now file is copied up to be immediately truncated,
will fix)

- st_nlink for merged directories set to 1, this is an "illegal"
value that normal filesystems never have but some use it to
indicate that the number of subdirectories is unknown. Utilities
(find, ...) seem to tolerate this well.

- misc fixes I forgot about

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