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SubjectRe: [RFC] Proposal for ptrace improvements
On Tue, Mar 1, 2011 at 4:24 PM, Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> wrote:
> PROPOSAL
> --------
>
> P1. Always TASK_TRACED while ptraced
> P2. Fix notifications to the real parent
> P3. Keep ptrace resume separate from and beneath jctl stop
> P4. PTRACE_SEIZE
> P5. "^Z" and "fg" for tracees

Since this plan might get transformed into a file in Documentation/,
I would like to chime in a few less important things we might want
to clarify while we are at it.



P6. Make PTRACE_GETSIGINFO useful for determining the type of ptrace stop.

PTRACE_GETSIGINFO on real signal should return associated struct siginfo.

PTRACE_GETSIGINFO on job control stops and process exits (WEXITED /
WSIGNALED) should error out.

What does PTRACE_GETSIGINFO return on various ptrace-generated
SIGTRAPs and SIGSTOPs?
Error? If not, what value is returned in siginfo->si_code?

We have the following kinds of SIGTRAPs:

* real SIGTRAP signal sent by breakpoint instruction
* real SIGTRAP signal sent by other process
* entering syscall (after PTRACE_SYSCALL)
* exiting syscall (after PTRACE_SYSCALL)
* after single step (after PTRACE_SINGLESTEP)
* after execve (if PTRACE_O_TRACEEXEC opt is not on)
* after execve (if PTRACE_O_TRACEEXEC opt is on)
* in parent after fork (if PTRACE_O_TRACEFORK opt is on)
* in parent after vfork (if PTRACE_O_TRACEVFORK opt is on)
* in parent after clone (if PTRACE_O_TRACECLONE opt is on)
* in child after vfork (if PTRACE_O_TRACEVFORKDONE opt is on)
* before exit (if PTRACE_O_TRACEEXIT opt is on)

Currently strace has to keep precise track on the alternating sequence
of syscall enter/syscall exit stops. Which gets even trickier
with extra magic SIGTRAP thrown in by execve and such.
There were (and I suspect will be) hard to debug bugs when strace
was getting out-of sync and printing garbage.

Defining the PTRACE_GETSIGINFO's si_code so that each of these stops
can be easily distinguished would be useful. I propose using values
of SI_KERNEL + 1, SI_KERNEL + 2 etc, suitably #defined of course.


We also have magic SIGSTOPs (magic in a sense they aren't
real signals sent by other processes):
* at PTRACE_ATTACH
* in child (if PTRACE_O_TRACE[V]FORK or PTRACE_O_TRACECLONE opt is on)

For example, flagging PTRACE_ATTACH SIGSTOP so that it can be
uniquely identified would solve some problems gdb is having with it.

I propose to similarly do it by using unique si_code for each.

--
vda


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