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SubjectRe: Locking in the clk API, part 2: clk_prepare/clk_unprepare
On Fri, Feb 04, 2011 at 05:54:24PM +0800, Richard Zhao wrote:
> On Tue, Feb 01, 2011 at 09:24:09PM +0000, Russell King - ARM Linux wrote:
> > You can't catch enable/disable imbalances in the prepare code, and you
> > can't really catch them in the unprepare code either.
> >
> > Consider two drivers sharing the same struct clk. When the second driver
> > prepares the clock, the enable count could well be non-zero, caused by
> > the first driver. Ditto for when the second driver is removed, and it
> > calls unprepare - the enable count may well be non-zero.
> >
> > The only thing you can check is that when the prepare count is zero,
> > the enable count is also zero. You can also check in clk_enable() and
> > clk_disable() that the prepare count is non-zero.
> but how can we check prepare count without mutex lock? Even if prepare count
> is atomic_t, it can not guarantee the clock is actually prepared or unprepared.
> So it's important for driver writer to maintain the call sequence.

Forget atomic_t - it's the most abused type in the kernel. Just because
something says its atomic doesn't make it so. In a use like this,
atomic_t just buys you additional needless complexity with no benefit.

Of course we can check the prepared count. What we can't do is check
that it doesn't change concurrently - but that's something we can't do

int clk_enable(struct clk *clk)
unsigned long flags;
int ret = 0;

if (clk) {
if (WARN_ON(!clk->prepare_count))
return -EINVAL;

spin_lock_irqsave(&clk->lock, flags);
if (clk->enable_count++ == 0)
ret = clk->ops->enable(clk);
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&clk->lock, flags);
return ret;

is entirely sufficient to catch the case of a single-use clock not being
prepared before clk_enable() is called.

We're after detecting drivers missing calls to clk_prepare(), we're not
after detecting concurrent calls to clk_prepare()/clk_unprepare().

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