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SubjectRe: [PATCH] i2c-gpio: add devicetree support
On Thu, Feb 03, 2011 at 10:26:20AM +0800, Thomas Chou wrote:
> This patch adds devicetree support to i2c-gpio driver. It converts
> dts bindings and allocates a struct i2c_gpio_platform_data, which
> will be freed on driver removal.
>
> Signed-off-by: Albert Herranz <albert_herranz@yahoo.es>
> Signed-off-by: Thomas Chou <thomas@wytron.com.tw>
> ---
> for v2.6.39
> v2 move of nodes probing to a hook, which will be optimized out
> when devicetree is not used.
> use linux/gpio.h.
> move binding doc to i2c/i2c-gpio.txt.
> v3 use speed-hz instead of udelay in dts binding.
> condition the devicetree probe.
>
> Documentation/devicetree/bindings/i2c/i2c-gpio.txt | 40 ++++++++++
> drivers/i2c/busses/i2c-gpio.c | 83 +++++++++++++++++++-
> 2 files changed, 119 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)
> create mode 100644 Documentation/devicetree/bindings/i2c/i2c-gpio.txt
>
> diff --git a/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/i2c/i2c-gpio.txt b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/i2c/i2c-gpio.txt
> new file mode 100644
> index 0000000..38ef4f2
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/i2c/i2c-gpio.txt
> @@ -0,0 +1,40 @@
> +GPIO-based I2C
> +
> +Required properties:
> +- compatible : should be "i2c-gpio".
> +- gpios : should specify GPIOs used for SDA and SCL lines, in that order.
> +Optional properties:
> +- sda-is-open-drain : present if SDA gpio is open-drain.
> +- scl-is-open-drain : present if SCL gpio is open-drain.
> +- scl-is-output-only : present if the output driver for SCL cannot be
> + turned off. this will prevent clock stretching from working.
> +- speed-hz : SCL frequency.
> +- timeout : clock stretching timeout in milliseconds.
> +
> +Example:
> +
> +gpio0: starlet-gpio@0d8000c0 {
> + compatible = "nintendo,starlet-gpio";
> + reg = <0d8000c0 4>;
> + gpio-controller;
> + #gpio-cells = <2>;
> +};
> +
> +i2c-video {
> + #address-cells = <1>;
> + #size-cells = <0>;
> + compatible = "i2c-gpio";
> +
> + gpios = <&gpio0 10 0 /* SDA line */
> + &gpio0 11 0 /* SCL line */
> + >;
> + sda-is-open-drain;
> + scl-is-open-drain;
> + scl-is-output-only;
> + speed-hz = <250000>;
> +
> + audio-video-encoder {
> + compatible = "nintendo,wii-ave-rvl";
> + reg = <70>;
> + };
> +};
> diff --git a/drivers/i2c/busses/i2c-gpio.c b/drivers/i2c/busses/i2c-gpio.c
> index d9aa9a6..4b31bbe 100644
> --- a/drivers/i2c/busses/i2c-gpio.c
> +++ b/drivers/i2c/busses/i2c-gpio.c
> @@ -14,8 +14,8 @@
> #include <linux/module.h>
> #include <linux/slab.h>
> #include <linux/platform_device.h>
> -
> -#include <asm/gpio.h>
> +#include <linux/gpio.h>
> +#include <linux/of_i2c.h>
>
> /* Toggle SDA by changing the direction of the pin */
> static void i2c_gpio_setsda_dir(void *data, int state)
> @@ -78,15 +78,74 @@ static int i2c_gpio_getscl(void *data)
> return gpio_get_value(pdata->scl_pin);
> }
>
> +#ifdef CONFIG_OF
> +#include <linux/of_gpio.h>
> +
> +/* Check if devicetree nodes exist and build platform data */
> +static struct i2c_gpio_platform_data *i2c_gpio_of_probe(
> + struct platform_device *pdev)
> +{
> + struct i2c_gpio_platform_data *pdata = NULL;
> + struct device_node *np = pdev->dev.of_node;
> + const __be32 *prop;
> + int sda_pin, scl_pin;
> +
> + if (!np || of_gpio_count(np) < 2)
> + goto err;
> +
> + sda_pin = of_get_gpio_flags(np, 0, NULL);
> + scl_pin = of_get_gpio_flags(np, 1, NULL);
> + if (sda_pin < 0 || scl_pin < 0) {
> + pr_err("%s: invalid GPIO pins, sda=%d/scl=%d\n",
> + np->full_name, sda_pin, scl_pin);
> + goto err;
> + }
> +
> + pdata = kzalloc(sizeof(*pdata), GFP_KERNEL);
> + if (!pdata)
> + goto err;
> +
> + pdata->sda_pin = sda_pin;
> + pdata->scl_pin = scl_pin;
> + prop = of_get_property(np, "sda-is-open-drain", NULL);
> + if (prop)
> + pdata->sda_is_open_drain = 1;
> + prop = of_get_property(np, "scl-is-open-drain", NULL);
> + if (prop)
> + pdata->scl_is_open_drain = 1;
> + prop = of_get_property(np, "scl-is-output-only", NULL);
> + if (prop)
> + pdata->scl_is_output_only = 1;
> + prop = of_get_property(np, "speed-hz", NULL);
> + if (prop)
> + pdata->udelay = DIV_ROUND_UP(1000000, be32_to_cpup(prop) * 2);
> + prop = of_get_property(np, "timeout", NULL);
> + if (prop) {
> + pdata->timeout =
> + msecs_to_jiffies(be32_to_cpup(prop));
> + }
> +err:
> + return pdata;
> +}
> +#else
> +static struct i2c_gpio_platform_data *i2c_gpio_of_probe(
> + struct platform_device *pdev)
> +{
> + return NULL;
> +}
> +#endif
> +
> static int __devinit i2c_gpio_probe(struct platform_device *pdev)
> {
> - struct i2c_gpio_platform_data *pdata;
> + struct i2c_gpio_platform_data *pdata, *pdata_of = NULL;
> struct i2c_algo_bit_data *bit_data;
> struct i2c_adapter *adap;
> int ret;
>
> pdata = pdev->dev.platform_data;
> if (!pdata)
> + pdata = pdata_of = i2c_gpio_of_probe(pdev);
> + if (!pdata)
> return -ENXIO;
>
> ret = -ENOMEM;
> @@ -143,6 +202,8 @@ static int __devinit i2c_gpio_probe(struct platform_device *pdev)
> adap->algo_data = bit_data;
> adap->class = I2C_CLASS_HWMON | I2C_CLASS_SPD;
> adap->dev.parent = &pdev->dev;
> + if (pdata_of)
> + adap->dev.of_node = pdev->dev.of_node;
>
> /*
> * If "dev->id" is negative we consider it as zero.
> @@ -161,6 +222,9 @@ static int __devinit i2c_gpio_probe(struct platform_device *pdev)
> pdata->scl_is_output_only
> ? ", no clock stretching" : "");
>
> + /* Now register all the child nodes */
> + of_i2c_register_devices(adap);
> +
> return 0;
>
> err_add_bus:
> @@ -172,6 +236,7 @@ err_request_sda:
> err_alloc_bit_data:
> kfree(adap);
> err_alloc_adap:
> + kfree(pdata_of);
> return ret;
> }
>
> @@ -179,23 +244,33 @@ static int __devexit i2c_gpio_remove(struct platform_device *pdev)
> {
> struct i2c_gpio_platform_data *pdata;
> struct i2c_adapter *adap;
> + struct i2c_algo_bit_data *bit_data;
>
> adap = platform_get_drvdata(pdev);
> - pdata = pdev->dev.platform_data;
> + bit_data = adap->algo_data;
> + pdata = bit_data->data;
>
> i2c_del_adapter(adap);
> gpio_free(pdata->scl_pin);
> gpio_free(pdata->sda_pin);
> kfree(adap->algo_data);
> + if (adap->dev.of_node)
> + kfree(pdata);

Oh, wow. Okay, so this driver does an odd thing. It doesn't have
its own private data structure and instead uses pdata as private data.
Rather than doing these gymnastics with the pdata pointer, may I
suggest the following refactorization:

1) Add a private data structure:
struct i2c_gpio_private_data {
struct i2c_adapter adap;
struct i2c_algo_bit_data bit_data;
struct i2c_gpio_platform_data pdata;
}

2) simplify the alloc/free of data in probe/remove:

alloc:
struct i2c_gpio_private_data *priv;
priv = kzalloc(sizeof(*priv), GFP_KERNEL);
if (!priv)
return -ENOMEM;
adap = &priv->adap;
bit_data = &priv->bit_data;
pdata = &priv->pdata;
...
platform_set_drvdata(pdev, priv);

free:
priv = platform_get_drvdata(pdev);
kfree(priv);

3) Copy pdata into the allocated private data

if (pdev->dev.platform_data)
adap->pdata = *pdev->dev.platform_data;
else
if (i2c_gpio_of_probe(pdev, &adap->pdata))
return -ENXIO;

Which should make the driver simpler and gets it away from using
platform_data directly. It also gets rid of the pdata pointer
management gymnastics.

g.


> kfree(adap);
>
> return 0;
> }
>
> +static const struct of_device_id i2c_gpio_match[] = {
> + { .compatible = "i2c-gpio", },
> + {},
> +};
> +
> static struct platform_driver i2c_gpio_driver = {
> .driver = {
> .name = "i2c-gpio",
> .owner = THIS_MODULE,
> + .of_match_table = i2c_gpio_match,
> },
> .probe = i2c_gpio_probe,
> .remove = __devexit_p(i2c_gpio_remove),
> --
> 1.7.3.5
>


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