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SubjectRe: Is it a workqueue related issue in 2.6.37 (Was: Re: [libvirt] blkio cgroup [solved])
On Fri, Feb 25, 2011 at 10:11:13AM -0500, Vivek Goyal wrote:
> On Fri, Feb 25, 2011 at 04:03:29PM +0100, Tejun Heo wrote:
> > Hello,
> >
> > On Fri, Feb 25, 2011 at 09:57:08AM -0500, Vivek Goyal wrote:
> > > blk_throtl_work() calls generic_make_request() to dispatch some bios and I
> > > guess blk_throtl_work() has been put to sleep because threre are no request
> > > descriptors available and CFQ is frozen so no requests descriptors get freed
> > > hence blk_throtl_work() never finishes.
> > >
> > > Following caught my eye.
> > >
> > > ksoftirqd/0-3 [000] 1640.983585: 8,16 m N cfq4810 slice
> > > expired t=0
> > > ksoftirqd/0-3 [000] 1640.983588: 8,16 m N cfq4810
> > > sl_used=2 disp=6 charge=2 iops=0 sect=2080
> > > ksoftirqd/0-3 [000] 1640.983589: 8,16 m N cfq4810
> > > del_from_rr
> > > ksoftirqd/0-3 [000] 1640.983591: 8,16 m N cfq schedule
> > > dispatch
> > > sshd-3125 [004] 1640.983597: workqueue_queue_work: work
> > > struct=ffff88102c3a3110 function=flush_to_ldisc workqueue=ffff88182c834a00
> > > req_cpu=4 cpu=4
> > > sshd-3125 [004] 1640.983598: workqueue_activate_work: work
> > > struct ffff88102c3a3110
> > >
> > > CFQ tries to schedule a work and but there is no associated
> > > "workqueue_queue_work" trace. So it looks like that work never got queued.
> > >
> > > CFQ calls following.
> > >
> > > cfq_log(cfqd, "schedule dispatch");
> > > kblockd_schedule_work(cfqd->queue, &cfqd->unplug_work);
> > >
> > > We do see "schedule dispatch" message and kblockd_schedule_work() calls
> > > queue_work(). So what happended here? This is strange. I will put one
> > > more trace after kblockd_schedule_work() to trace that function returned.
> >
> > It could be that the unplug work was already queued and in pending
> > state. The second queueing request will be ignored then. So, I think
> > the problem is that blk_throtl_work() occupies kblockd but requires
> > another work item (unplug_work) to make forward progress. In such
> > cases, forward progress cannot be guaranteed. Either
> > blk_throtl_work() or cfq unplug work should use a separate workqueue.
>
> Ok, that would make sense. So blk_throtl_work() can not finish as CFQ
> is not making progress and no request descriptors are being freed and
> unplug_work() is not being called because blk_throtl_work() has not finished.
> So that's cyclic dependency and I should use a separate work queue for
> queueing throttle related work. I will write a patch.
>

Hi Dominik,

Can you please try attached patch and see if fixes the issue.

Thanks
Vivek

o Use a separate workqueue for throttle related work and don't reuse kblockd
workqueue as there occurs a cycle dependency in cfq unplug work and throttle
dispatch work.

Yet-to-be-signed-off-by: Vivek Goyal <vgoyal@redhat.com>
---
block/blk-throttle.c | 28 ++++++++++++++++++++--------
include/linux/blkdev.h | 2 --
2 files changed, 20 insertions(+), 10 deletions(-)

Index: linux-2.6/block/blk-throttle.c
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.orig/block/blk-throttle.c 2011-02-21 22:30:39.000000000 -0500
+++ linux-2.6/block/blk-throttle.c 2011-02-25 10:53:51.884672758 -0500
@@ -20,6 +20,10 @@ static int throtl_quantum = 32;
/* Throttling is performed over 100ms slice and after that slice is renewed */
static unsigned long throtl_slice = HZ/10; /* 100 ms */

+/* A workqueue to queue throttle related work */
+static struct workqueue_struct *kthrotld_workqueue;
+void throtl_schedule_delayed_work(struct throtl_data *td, unsigned long delay);
+
struct throtl_rb_root {
struct rb_root rb;
struct rb_node *left;
@@ -146,6 +150,12 @@ static inline struct throtl_grp *throtl_
return tg;
}

+int kthrotld_schedule_delayed_work(struct throtl_data *td,
+ struct delayed_work *dwork, unsigned long delay)
+{
+ return queue_delayed_work(kthrotld_workqueue, dwork, delay);
+}
+
static void throtl_put_tg(struct throtl_grp *tg)
{
BUG_ON(atomic_read(&tg->ref) <= 0);
@@ -346,10 +356,9 @@ static void throtl_schedule_next_dispatc
update_min_dispatch_time(st);

if (time_before_eq(st->min_disptime, jiffies))
- throtl_schedule_delayed_work(td->queue, 0);
+ throtl_schedule_delayed_work(td, 0);
else
- throtl_schedule_delayed_work(td->queue,
- (st->min_disptime - jiffies));
+ throtl_schedule_delayed_work(td, (st->min_disptime - jiffies));
}

static inline void
@@ -809,10 +818,9 @@ void blk_throtl_work(struct work_struct
}

/* Call with queue lock held */
-void throtl_schedule_delayed_work(struct request_queue *q, unsigned long delay)
+void throtl_schedule_delayed_work(struct throtl_data *td, unsigned long delay)
{

- struct throtl_data *td = q->td;
struct delayed_work *dwork = &td->throtl_work;

if (total_nr_queued(td) > 0) {
@@ -821,12 +829,11 @@ void throtl_schedule_delayed_work(struct
* Cancel that and schedule a new one.
*/
__cancel_delayed_work(dwork);
- kblockd_schedule_delayed_work(q, dwork, delay);
+ kthrotld_schedule_delayed_work(td, dwork, delay);
throtl_log(td, "schedule work. delay=%lu jiffies=%lu",
delay, jiffies);
}
}
-EXPORT_SYMBOL(throtl_schedule_delayed_work);

static void
throtl_destroy_tg(struct throtl_data *td, struct throtl_grp *tg)
@@ -895,7 +902,7 @@ static void throtl_update_blkio_group_co
xchg(&tg->limits_changed, true);
xchg(&td->limits_changed, true);
/* Schedule a work now to process the limit change */
- throtl_schedule_delayed_work(td->queue, 0);
+ throtl_schedule_delayed_work(td, 0);
}

/*
@@ -1113,6 +1120,11 @@ void blk_throtl_exit(struct request_queu

static int __init throtl_init(void)
{
+ kthrotld_workqueue = alloc_workqueue("kthrotld",
+ WQ_MEM_RECLAIM | WQ_HIGHPRI, 0);
+ if (!kthrotld_workqueue)
+ panic("Failed to create kthrotld\n");
+
blkio_policy_register(&blkio_policy_throtl);
return 0;
}
Index: linux-2.6/include/linux/blkdev.h
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.orig/include/linux/blkdev.h 2011-02-21 22:30:39.000000000 -0500
+++ linux-2.6/include/linux/blkdev.h 2011-02-25 10:50:50.706137004 -0500
@@ -1136,7 +1136,6 @@ static inline uint64_t rq_io_start_time_
extern int blk_throtl_init(struct request_queue *q);
extern void blk_throtl_exit(struct request_queue *q);
extern int blk_throtl_bio(struct request_queue *q, struct bio **bio);
-extern void throtl_schedule_delayed_work(struct request_queue *q, unsigned long delay);
#else /* CONFIG_BLK_DEV_THROTTLING */
static inline int blk_throtl_bio(struct request_queue *q, struct bio **bio)
{
@@ -1145,7 +1144,6 @@ static inline int blk_throtl_bio(struct

static inline int blk_throtl_init(struct request_queue *q) { return 0; }
static inline int blk_throtl_exit(struct request_queue *q) { return 0; }
-static inline void throtl_schedule_delayed_work(struct request_queue *q, unsigned long delay) {}
#endif /* CONFIG_BLK_DEV_THROTTLING */

#define MODULE_ALIAS_BLOCKDEV(major,minor) \

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