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Subject[tip:timers/core] posix clocks: Introduce dynamic clocks
Commit-ID:  0606f422b453f76c31ab2b1bd52943ff06a2dcf2
Gitweb: http://git.kernel.org/tip/0606f422b453f76c31ab2b1bd52943ff06a2dcf2
Author: Richard Cochran <richardcochran@gmail.com>
AuthorDate: Tue, 1 Feb 2011 13:52:35 +0000
Committer: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
CommitDate: Wed, 2 Feb 2011 15:28:20 +0100

posix clocks: Introduce dynamic clocks

This patch adds support for adding and removing posix clocks. The
clock lifetime cycle is patterned after usb devices. Each clock is
represented by a standard character device. In addition, the driver
may optionally implement custom character device operations.

The posix clock and timer system calls listed below now work with
dynamic posix clocks, as well as the traditional static clocks.
The following system calls are affected:

- clock_adjtime (brand new syscall)
- clock_gettime
- clock_getres
- clock_settime
- timer_create
- timer_delete
- timer_gettime
- timer_settime

[ tglx: Adapted to the posix-timer cleanup. Moved clock_posix_dynamic
to posix-clock.c and made all referenced functions static ]

Signed-off-by: Richard Cochran <richard.cochran@omicron.at>
Acked-by: John Stultz <johnstul@us.ibm.com>
LKML-Reference: <20110201134420.164172635@linutronix.de>
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
---
include/linux/posix-clock.h | 150 ++++++++++++++
include/linux/posix-timers.h | 6 +-
kernel/posix-timers.c | 4 +-
kernel/time/Makefile | 3 +-
kernel/time/posix-clock.c | 441 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
5 files changed, 601 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)

diff --git a/include/linux/posix-clock.h b/include/linux/posix-clock.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..369e19d
--- /dev/null
+++ b/include/linux/posix-clock.h
@@ -0,0 +1,150 @@
+/*
+ * posix-clock.h - support for dynamic clock devices
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2010 OMICRON electronics GmbH
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
+ * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
+ * (at your option) any later version.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
+ * Foundation, Inc., 675 Mass Ave, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA.
+ */
+#ifndef _LINUX_POSIX_CLOCK_H_
+#define _LINUX_POSIX_CLOCK_H_
+
+#include <linux/cdev.h>
+#include <linux/fs.h>
+#include <linux/poll.h>
+#include <linux/posix-timers.h>
+
+struct posix_clock;
+
+/**
+ * struct posix_clock_operations - functional interface to the clock
+ *
+ * Every posix clock is represented by a character device. Drivers may
+ * optionally offer extended capabilities by implementing the
+ * character device methods. The character device file operations are
+ * first handled by the clock device layer, then passed on to the
+ * driver by calling these functions.
+ *
+ * @owner: The clock driver should set to THIS_MODULE
+ * @clock_adjtime: Adjust the clock
+ * @clock_gettime: Read the current time
+ * @clock_getres: Get the clock resolution
+ * @clock_settime: Set the current time value
+ * @timer_create: Create a new timer
+ * @timer_delete: Remove a previously created timer
+ * @timer_gettime: Get remaining time and interval of a timer
+ * @timer_setttime: Set a timer's initial expiration and interval
+ * @fasync: Optional character device fasync method
+ * @mmap: Optional character device mmap method
+ * @open: Optional character device open method
+ * @release: Optional character device release method
+ * @ioctl: Optional character device ioctl method
+ * @read: Optional character device read method
+ * @poll: Optional character device poll method
+ */
+struct posix_clock_operations {
+ struct module *owner;
+
+ int (*clock_adjtime)(struct posix_clock *pc, struct timex *tx);
+
+ int (*clock_gettime)(struct posix_clock *pc, struct timespec *ts);
+
+ int (*clock_getres) (struct posix_clock *pc, struct timespec *ts);
+
+ int (*clock_settime)(struct posix_clock *pc,
+ const struct timespec *ts);
+
+ int (*timer_create) (struct posix_clock *pc, struct k_itimer *kit);
+
+ int (*timer_delete) (struct posix_clock *pc, struct k_itimer *kit);
+
+ void (*timer_gettime)(struct posix_clock *pc,
+ struct k_itimer *kit, struct itimerspec *tsp);
+
+ int (*timer_settime)(struct posix_clock *pc,
+ struct k_itimer *kit, int flags,
+ struct itimerspec *tsp, struct itimerspec *old);
+ /*
+ * Optional character device methods:
+ */
+ int (*fasync) (struct posix_clock *pc,
+ int fd, struct file *file, int on);
+
+ long (*ioctl) (struct posix_clock *pc,
+ unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg);
+
+ int (*mmap) (struct posix_clock *pc,
+ struct vm_area_struct *vma);
+
+ int (*open) (struct posix_clock *pc, fmode_t f_mode);
+
+ uint (*poll) (struct posix_clock *pc,
+ struct file *file, poll_table *wait);
+
+ int (*release) (struct posix_clock *pc);
+
+ ssize_t (*read) (struct posix_clock *pc,
+ uint flags, char __user *buf, size_t cnt);
+};
+
+/**
+ * struct posix_clock - represents a dynamic posix clock
+ *
+ * @ops: Functional interface to the clock
+ * @cdev: Character device instance for this clock
+ * @kref: Reference count.
+ * @mutex: Protects the 'zombie' field from concurrent access.
+ * @zombie: If 'zombie' is true, then the hardware has disappeared.
+ * @release: A function to free the structure when the reference count reaches
+ * zero. May be NULL if structure is statically allocated.
+ *
+ * Drivers should embed their struct posix_clock within a private
+ * structure, obtaining a reference to it during callbacks using
+ * container_of().
+ */
+struct posix_clock {
+ struct posix_clock_operations ops;
+ struct cdev cdev;
+ struct kref kref;
+ struct mutex mutex;
+ bool zombie;
+ void (*release)(struct posix_clock *clk);
+};
+
+/**
+ * posix_clock_register() - register a new clock
+ * @clk: Pointer to the clock. Caller must provide 'ops' and 'release'
+ * @devid: Allocated device id
+ *
+ * A clock driver calls this function to register itself with the
+ * clock device subsystem. If 'clk' points to dynamically allocated
+ * memory, then the caller must provide a 'release' function to free
+ * that memory.
+ *
+ * Returns zero on success, non-zero otherwise.
+ */
+int posix_clock_register(struct posix_clock *clk, dev_t devid);
+
+/**
+ * posix_clock_unregister() - unregister a clock
+ * @clk: Clock instance previously registered via posix_clock_register()
+ *
+ * A clock driver calls this function to remove itself from the clock
+ * device subsystem. The posix_clock itself will remain (in an
+ * inactive state) until its reference count drops to zero, at which
+ * point it will be deallocated with its 'release' method.
+ */
+void posix_clock_unregister(struct posix_clock *clk);
+
+#endif
diff --git a/include/linux/posix-timers.h b/include/linux/posix-timers.h
index 9d6ffe2..d51243a 100644
--- a/include/linux/posix-timers.h
+++ b/include/linux/posix-timers.h
@@ -32,7 +32,7 @@ struct cpu_timer_list {
#define CPUCLOCK_PID(clock) ((pid_t) ~((clock) >> 3))
#define CPUCLOCK_PERTHREAD(clock) \
(((clock) & (clockid_t) CPUCLOCK_PERTHREAD_MASK) != 0)
-#define CPUCLOCK_PID_MASK 7
+
#define CPUCLOCK_PERTHREAD_MASK 4
#define CPUCLOCK_WHICH(clock) ((clock) & (clockid_t) CPUCLOCK_CLOCK_MASK)
#define CPUCLOCK_CLOCK_MASK 3
@@ -48,6 +48,9 @@ struct cpu_timer_list {
#define MAKE_THREAD_CPUCLOCK(tid, clock) \
MAKE_PROCESS_CPUCLOCK((tid), (clock) | CPUCLOCK_PERTHREAD_MASK)

+#define FD_TO_CLOCKID(fd) ((~(clockid_t) (fd) << 3) | CLOCKFD)
+#define CLOCKID_TO_FD(clk) ((unsigned int) ~((clk) >> 3))
+
/* POSIX.1b interval timer structure. */
struct k_itimer {
struct list_head list; /* free/ allocate list */
@@ -100,6 +103,7 @@ struct k_clock {
};

extern struct k_clock clock_posix_cpu;
+extern struct k_clock clock_posix_dynamic;

void posix_timers_register_clock(const clockid_t clock_id, struct k_clock *new_clock);

diff --git a/kernel/posix-timers.c b/kernel/posix-timers.c
index af936fd..44fcff1 100644
--- a/kernel/posix-timers.c
+++ b/kernel/posix-timers.c
@@ -41,6 +41,7 @@
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/compiler.h>
#include <linux/idr.h>
+#include <linux/posix-clock.h>
#include <linux/posix-timers.h>
#include <linux/syscalls.h>
#include <linux/wait.h>
@@ -489,7 +490,8 @@ static void release_posix_timer(struct k_itimer *tmr, int it_id_set)
static struct k_clock *clockid_to_kclock(const clockid_t id)
{
if (id < 0)
- return (id & CLOCKFD_MASK) == CLOCKFD ? NULL : &clock_posix_cpu;
+ return (id & CLOCKFD_MASK) == CLOCKFD ?
+ &clock_posix_dynamic : &clock_posix_cpu;

if (id >= MAX_CLOCKS || !posix_clocks[id].clock_getres)
return NULL;
diff --git a/kernel/time/Makefile b/kernel/time/Makefile
index ee26662..b042599 100644
--- a/kernel/time/Makefile
+++ b/kernel/time/Makefile
@@ -1,4 +1,5 @@
-obj-y += timekeeping.o ntp.o clocksource.o jiffies.o timer_list.o timecompare.o timeconv.o
+obj-y += timekeeping.o ntp.o clocksource.o jiffies.o timer_list.o timecompare.o
+obj-y += timeconv.o posix-clock.o

obj-$(CONFIG_GENERIC_CLOCKEVENTS_BUILD) += clockevents.o
obj-$(CONFIG_GENERIC_CLOCKEVENTS) += tick-common.o
diff --git a/kernel/time/posix-clock.c b/kernel/time/posix-clock.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..04498cb
--- /dev/null
+++ b/kernel/time/posix-clock.c
@@ -0,0 +1,441 @@
+/*
+ * posix-clock.c - support for dynamic clock devices
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2010 OMICRON electronics GmbH
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
+ * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
+ * (at your option) any later version.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
+ * Foundation, Inc., 675 Mass Ave, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA.
+ */
+#include <linux/device.h>
+#include <linux/file.h>
+#include <linux/mutex.h>
+#include <linux/posix-clock.h>
+#include <linux/slab.h>
+#include <linux/syscalls.h>
+#include <linux/uaccess.h>
+
+static void delete_clock(struct kref *kref);
+
+/*
+ * Returns NULL if the posix_clock instance attached to 'fp' is old and stale.
+ */
+static struct posix_clock *get_posix_clock(struct file *fp)
+{
+ struct posix_clock *clk = fp->private_data;
+
+ mutex_lock(&clk->mutex);
+
+ if (!clk->zombie)
+ return clk;
+
+ mutex_unlock(&clk->mutex);
+
+ return NULL;
+}
+
+static void put_posix_clock(struct posix_clock *clk)
+{
+ mutex_unlock(&clk->mutex);
+}
+
+static ssize_t posix_clock_read(struct file *fp, char __user *buf,
+ size_t count, loff_t *ppos)
+{
+ struct posix_clock *clk = get_posix_clock(fp);
+ int err = -EINVAL;
+
+ if (!clk)
+ return -ENODEV;
+
+ if (clk->ops.read)
+ err = clk->ops.read(clk, fp->f_flags, buf, count);
+
+ put_posix_clock(clk);
+
+ return err;
+}
+
+static unsigned int posix_clock_poll(struct file *fp, poll_table *wait)
+{
+ struct posix_clock *clk = get_posix_clock(fp);
+ int result = 0;
+
+ if (!clk)
+ return -ENODEV;
+
+ if (clk->ops.poll)
+ result = clk->ops.poll(clk, fp, wait);
+
+ put_posix_clock(clk);
+
+ return result;
+}
+
+static int posix_clock_fasync(int fd, struct file *fp, int on)
+{
+ struct posix_clock *clk = get_posix_clock(fp);
+ int err = 0;
+
+ if (!clk)
+ return -ENODEV;
+
+ if (clk->ops.fasync)
+ err = clk->ops.fasync(clk, fd, fp, on);
+
+ put_posix_clock(clk);
+
+ return err;
+}
+
+static int posix_clock_mmap(struct file *fp, struct vm_area_struct *vma)
+{
+ struct posix_clock *clk = get_posix_clock(fp);
+ int err = -ENODEV;
+
+ if (!clk)
+ return -ENODEV;
+
+ if (clk->ops.mmap)
+ err = clk->ops.mmap(clk, vma);
+
+ put_posix_clock(clk);
+
+ return err;
+}
+
+static long posix_clock_ioctl(struct file *fp,
+ unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg)
+{
+ struct posix_clock *clk = get_posix_clock(fp);
+ int err = -ENOTTY;
+
+ if (!clk)
+ return -ENODEV;
+
+ if (clk->ops.ioctl)
+ err = clk->ops.ioctl(clk, cmd, arg);
+
+ put_posix_clock(clk);
+
+ return err;
+}
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT
+static long posix_clock_compat_ioctl(struct file *fp,
+ unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg)
+{
+ struct posix_clock *clk = get_posix_clock(fp);
+ int err = -ENOTTY;
+
+ if (!clk)
+ return -ENODEV;
+
+ if (clk->ops.ioctl)
+ err = clk->ops.ioctl(clk, cmd, arg);
+
+ put_posix_clock(clk);
+
+ return err;
+}
+#endif
+
+static int posix_clock_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *fp)
+{
+ int err;
+ struct posix_clock *clk =
+ container_of(inode->i_cdev, struct posix_clock, cdev);
+
+ mutex_lock(&clk->mutex);
+
+ if (clk->zombie) {
+ err = -ENODEV;
+ goto out;
+ }
+ if (clk->ops.open)
+ err = clk->ops.open(clk, fp->f_mode);
+ else
+ err = 0;
+
+ if (!err) {
+ kref_get(&clk->kref);
+ fp->private_data = clk;
+ }
+out:
+ mutex_unlock(&clk->mutex);
+ return err;
+}
+
+static int posix_clock_release(struct inode *inode, struct file *fp)
+{
+ struct posix_clock *clk = fp->private_data;
+ int err = 0;
+
+ if (clk->ops.release)
+ err = clk->ops.release(clk);
+
+ kref_put(&clk->kref, delete_clock);
+
+ fp->private_data = NULL;
+
+ return err;
+}
+
+static const struct file_operations posix_clock_file_operations = {
+ .owner = THIS_MODULE,
+ .llseek = no_llseek,
+ .read = posix_clock_read,
+ .poll = posix_clock_poll,
+ .unlocked_ioctl = posix_clock_ioctl,
+ .open = posix_clock_open,
+ .release = posix_clock_release,
+ .fasync = posix_clock_fasync,
+ .mmap = posix_clock_mmap,
+#ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT
+ .compat_ioctl = posix_clock_compat_ioctl,
+#endif
+};
+
+int posix_clock_register(struct posix_clock *clk, dev_t devid)
+{
+ int err;
+
+ kref_init(&clk->kref);
+ mutex_init(&clk->mutex);
+
+ cdev_init(&clk->cdev, &posix_clock_file_operations);
+ clk->cdev.owner = clk->ops.owner;
+ err = cdev_add(&clk->cdev, devid, 1);
+ if (err)
+ goto no_cdev;
+
+ return err;
+no_cdev:
+ mutex_destroy(&clk->mutex);
+ return err;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(posix_clock_register);
+
+static void delete_clock(struct kref *kref)
+{
+ struct posix_clock *clk = container_of(kref, struct posix_clock, kref);
+ mutex_destroy(&clk->mutex);
+ if (clk->release)
+ clk->release(clk);
+}
+
+void posix_clock_unregister(struct posix_clock *clk)
+{
+ cdev_del(&clk->cdev);
+
+ mutex_lock(&clk->mutex);
+ clk->zombie = true;
+ mutex_unlock(&clk->mutex);
+
+ kref_put(&clk->kref, delete_clock);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(posix_clock_unregister);
+
+struct posix_clock_desc {
+ struct file *fp;
+ struct posix_clock *clk;
+};
+
+static int get_clock_desc(const clockid_t id, struct posix_clock_desc *cd)
+{
+ struct file *fp = fget(CLOCKID_TO_FD(id));
+ int err = -EINVAL;
+
+ if (!fp)
+ return err;
+
+ if (fp->f_op->open != posix_clock_open || !fp->private_data)
+ goto out;
+
+ cd->fp = fp;
+ cd->clk = get_posix_clock(fp);
+
+ err = cd->clk ? 0 : -ENODEV;
+out:
+ if (err)
+ fput(fp);
+ return err;
+}
+
+static void put_clock_desc(struct posix_clock_desc *cd)
+{
+ put_posix_clock(cd->clk);
+ fput(cd->fp);
+}
+
+static int pc_clock_adjtime(clockid_t id, struct timex *tx)
+{
+ struct posix_clock_desc cd;
+ int err;
+
+ err = get_clock_desc(id, &cd);
+ if (err)
+ return err;
+
+ if (cd.clk->ops.clock_adjtime)
+ err = cd.clk->ops.clock_adjtime(cd.clk, tx);
+ else
+ err = -EOPNOTSUPP;
+
+ put_clock_desc(&cd);
+
+ return err;
+}
+
+static int pc_clock_gettime(clockid_t id, struct timespec *ts)
+{
+ struct posix_clock_desc cd;
+ int err;
+
+ err = get_clock_desc(id, &cd);
+ if (err)
+ return err;
+
+ if (cd.clk->ops.clock_gettime)
+ err = cd.clk->ops.clock_gettime(cd.clk, ts);
+ else
+ err = -EOPNOTSUPP;
+
+ put_clock_desc(&cd);
+
+ return err;
+}
+
+static int pc_clock_getres(clockid_t id, struct timespec *ts)
+{
+ struct posix_clock_desc cd;
+ int err;
+
+ err = get_clock_desc(id, &cd);
+ if (err)
+ return err;
+
+ if (cd.clk->ops.clock_getres)
+ err = cd.clk->ops.clock_getres(cd.clk, ts);
+ else
+ err = -EOPNOTSUPP;
+
+ put_clock_desc(&cd);
+
+ return err;
+}
+
+static int pc_clock_settime(clockid_t id, const struct timespec *ts)
+{
+ struct posix_clock_desc cd;
+ int err;
+
+ err = get_clock_desc(id, &cd);
+ if (err)
+ return err;
+
+ if (cd.clk->ops.clock_settime)
+ err = cd.clk->ops.clock_settime(cd.clk, ts);
+ else
+ err = -EOPNOTSUPP;
+
+ put_clock_desc(&cd);
+
+ return err;
+}
+
+static int pc_timer_create(struct k_itimer *kit)
+{
+ clockid_t id = kit->it_clock;
+ struct posix_clock_desc cd;
+ int err;
+
+ err = get_clock_desc(id, &cd);
+ if (err)
+ return err;
+
+ if (cd.clk->ops.timer_create)
+ err = cd.clk->ops.timer_create(cd.clk, kit);
+ else
+ err = -EOPNOTSUPP;
+
+ put_clock_desc(&cd);
+
+ return err;
+}
+
+static int pc_timer_delete(struct k_itimer *kit)
+{
+ clockid_t id = kit->it_clock;
+ struct posix_clock_desc cd;
+ int err;
+
+ err = get_clock_desc(id, &cd);
+ if (err)
+ return err;
+
+ if (cd.clk->ops.timer_delete)
+ err = cd.clk->ops.timer_delete(cd.clk, kit);
+ else
+ err = -EOPNOTSUPP;
+
+ put_clock_desc(&cd);
+
+ return err;
+}
+
+static void pc_timer_gettime(struct k_itimer *kit, struct itimerspec *ts)
+{
+ clockid_t id = kit->it_clock;
+ struct posix_clock_desc cd;
+
+ if (get_clock_desc(id, &cd))
+ return;
+
+ if (cd.clk->ops.timer_gettime)
+ cd.clk->ops.timer_gettime(cd.clk, kit, ts);
+
+ put_clock_desc(&cd);
+}
+
+static int pc_timer_settime(struct k_itimer *kit, int flags,
+ struct itimerspec *ts, struct itimerspec *old)
+{
+ clockid_t id = kit->it_clock;
+ struct posix_clock_desc cd;
+ int err;
+
+ err = get_clock_desc(id, &cd);
+ if (err)
+ return err;
+
+ if (cd.clk->ops.timer_settime)
+ err = cd.clk->ops.timer_settime(cd.clk, kit, flags, ts, old);
+ else
+ err = -EOPNOTSUPP;
+
+ put_clock_desc(&cd);
+
+ return err;
+}
+
+struct k_clock clock_posix_dynamic = {
+ .clock_getres = pc_clock_getres,
+ .clock_set = pc_clock_settime,
+ .clock_get = pc_clock_gettime,
+ .clock_adj = pc_clock_adjtime,
+ .timer_create = pc_timer_create,
+ .timer_set = pc_timer_settime,
+ .timer_del = pc_timer_delete,
+ .timer_get = pc_timer_gettime,
+};

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