lkml.org 
[lkml]   [2011]   [Feb]   [15]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
 
Messages in this thread
Patch in this message
/
Date
From
Subject[122/272] mm: migration: use rcu_dereference_protected when dereferencing the radix tree slot during file page migration
2.6.37-stable review patch.  If anyone has any objections, please let us know.

------------------

From: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>

commit 29c1f677d424e8c5683a837fc4f03fc9f19201d7 upstream.

migrate_pages() -> unmap_and_move() only calls rcu_read_lock() for
anonymous pages, as introduced by git commit
989f89c57e6361e7d16fbd9572b5da7d313b073d ("fix rcu_read_lock() in page
migraton"). The point of the RCU protection there is part of getting a
stable reference to anon_vma and is only held for anon pages as file pages
are locked which is sufficient protection against freeing.

However, while a file page's mapping is being migrated, the radix tree is
double checked to ensure it is the expected page. This uses
radix_tree_deref_slot() -> rcu_dereference() without the RCU lock held
triggering the following warning.

[ 173.674290] ===================================================
[ 173.676016] [ INFO: suspicious rcu_dereference_check() usage. ]
[ 173.676016] ---------------------------------------------------
[ 173.676016] include/linux/radix-tree.h:145 invoked rcu_dereference_check() without protection!
[ 173.676016]
[ 173.676016] other info that might help us debug this:
[ 173.676016]
[ 173.676016]
[ 173.676016] rcu_scheduler_active = 1, debug_locks = 0
[ 173.676016] 1 lock held by hugeadm/2899:
[ 173.676016] #0: (&(&inode->i_data.tree_lock)->rlock){..-.-.}, at: [<c10e3d2b>] migrate_page_move_mapping+0x40/0x1ab
[ 173.676016]
[ 173.676016] stack backtrace:
[ 173.676016] Pid: 2899, comm: hugeadm Not tainted 2.6.37-rc5-autobuild
[ 173.676016] Call Trace:
[ 173.676016] [<c128cc01>] ? printk+0x14/0x1b
[ 173.676016] [<c1063502>] lockdep_rcu_dereference+0x7d/0x86
[ 173.676016] [<c10e3db5>] migrate_page_move_mapping+0xca/0x1ab
[ 173.676016] [<c10e41ad>] migrate_page+0x23/0x39
[ 173.676016] [<c10e491b>] buffer_migrate_page+0x22/0x107
[ 173.676016] [<c10e48f9>] ? buffer_migrate_page+0x0/0x107
[ 173.676016] [<c10e425d>] move_to_new_page+0x9a/0x1ae
[ 173.676016] [<c10e47e6>] migrate_pages+0x1e7/0x2fa

This patch introduces radix_tree_deref_slot_protected() which calls
rcu_dereference_protected(). Users of it must pass in the
mapping->tree_lock that is protecting this dereference. Holding the tree
lock protects against parallel updaters of the radix tree meaning that
rcu_dereference_protected is allowable.

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: remove unneeded casts]
Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan.kim@gmail.com>
Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Milton Miller <miltonm@bga.com>
Cc: Nick Piggin <nickpiggin@yahoo.com.au>
Cc: Wu Fengguang <fengguang.wu@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@suse.de>

---
include/linux/radix-tree.h | 16 ++++++++++++++++
mm/migrate.c | 4 ++--
2 files changed, 18 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

--- a/include/linux/radix-tree.h
+++ b/include/linux/radix-tree.h
@@ -146,6 +146,22 @@ static inline void *radix_tree_deref_slo
}

/**
+ * radix_tree_deref_slot_protected - dereference a slot without RCU lock but with tree lock held
+ * @pslot: pointer to slot, returned by radix_tree_lookup_slot
+ * Returns: item that was stored in that slot with any direct pointer flag
+ * removed.
+ *
+ * Similar to radix_tree_deref_slot but only used during migration when a pages
+ * mapping is being moved. The caller does not hold the RCU read lock but it
+ * must hold the tree lock to prevent parallel updates.
+ */
+static inline void *radix_tree_deref_slot_protected(void **pslot,
+ spinlock_t *treelock)
+{
+ return rcu_dereference_protected(*pslot, lockdep_is_held(treelock));
+}
+
+/**
* radix_tree_deref_retry - check radix_tree_deref_slot
* @arg: pointer returned by radix_tree_deref_slot
* Returns: 0 if retry is not required, otherwise retry is required
--- a/mm/migrate.c
+++ b/mm/migrate.c
@@ -246,7 +246,7 @@ static int migrate_page_move_mapping(str

expected_count = 2 + page_has_private(page);
if (page_count(page) != expected_count ||
- (struct page *)radix_tree_deref_slot(pslot) != page) {
+ radix_tree_deref_slot_protected(pslot, &mapping->tree_lock) != page) {
spin_unlock_irq(&mapping->tree_lock);
return -EAGAIN;
}
@@ -318,7 +318,7 @@ int migrate_huge_page_move_mapping(struc

expected_count = 2 + page_has_private(page);
if (page_count(page) != expected_count ||
- (struct page *)radix_tree_deref_slot(pslot) != page) {
+ radix_tree_deref_slot_protected(pslot, &mapping->tree_lock) != page) {
spin_unlock_irq(&mapping->tree_lock);
return -EAGAIN;
}



\
 
 \ /
  Last update: 2011-02-16 01:29    [W:0.503 / U:10.208 seconds]
©2003-2018 Jasper Spaans|hosted at Digital Ocean and TransIP|Read the blog|Advertise on this site