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Subject[PATCH v9 02/12] media: Media device
Date
The media_device structure abstracts functions common to all kind of
media devices (v4l2, dvb, alsa, ...). It manages media entities and
offers a userspace API to discover and configure the media device
internal topology.

Signed-off-by: Laurent Pinchart <laurent.pinchart@ideasonboard.com>
---
Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-bus-media | 6 ++
Documentation/DocBook/media-entities.tmpl | 2 +
Documentation/DocBook/media.tmpl | 3 +
Documentation/DocBook/v4l/media-controller.xml | 56 +++++++++++++
Documentation/media-framework.txt | 67 ++++++++++++++++
drivers/media/Makefile | 2 +-
drivers/media/media-device.c | 100 ++++++++++++++++++++++++
include/media/media-device.h | 69 ++++++++++++++++
8 files changed, 304 insertions(+), 1 deletions(-)
create mode 100644 Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-bus-media
create mode 100644 Documentation/DocBook/v4l/media-controller.xml
create mode 100644 Documentation/media-framework.txt
create mode 100644 drivers/media/media-device.c
create mode 100644 include/media/media-device.h

diff --git a/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-bus-media b/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-bus-media
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..7057e57
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-bus-media
@@ -0,0 +1,6 @@
+What: /sys/bus/media/devices/.../model
+Date: January 2011
+Contact: Laurent Pinchart <laurent.pinchart@ideasonboard.com>
+ linux-media@vger.kernel.org
+Description: Contains the device model name in UTF-8. The device version is
+ is not be appended to the model name.
diff --git a/Documentation/DocBook/media-entities.tmpl b/Documentation/DocBook/media-entities.tmpl
index be34dcb..61d6f11 100644
--- a/Documentation/DocBook/media-entities.tmpl
+++ b/Documentation/DocBook/media-entities.tmpl
@@ -321,6 +321,8 @@
<!ENTITY sub-media-entities SYSTEM "media-entities.tmpl">
<!ENTITY sub-media-indices SYSTEM "media-indices.tmpl">

+<!ENTITY sub-media-controller SYSTEM "v4l/media-controller.xml">
+
<!-- Function Reference -->
<!ENTITY close SYSTEM "v4l/func-close.xml">
<!ENTITY ioctl SYSTEM "v4l/func-ioctl.xml">
diff --git a/Documentation/DocBook/media.tmpl b/Documentation/DocBook/media.tmpl
index a99088a..88f2cc6 100644
--- a/Documentation/DocBook/media.tmpl
+++ b/Documentation/DocBook/media.tmpl
@@ -106,6 +106,9 @@ Foundation. A copy of the license is included in the chapter entitled
&sub-remote_controllers;
</chapter>
</part>
+<part id="media_common">
+&sub-media-controller;
+</part>

&sub-fdl-appendix;

diff --git a/Documentation/DocBook/v4l/media-controller.xml b/Documentation/DocBook/v4l/media-controller.xml
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..253ddb4
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/DocBook/v4l/media-controller.xml
@@ -0,0 +1,56 @@
+<partinfo>
+ <authorgroup>
+ <author>
+ <firstname>Laurent</firstname>
+ <surname>Pinchart</surname>
+ <affiliation><address><email>laurent.pinchart@ideasonboard.com</email></address></affiliation>
+ <contrib>Initial version.</contrib>
+ </author>
+ </authorgroup>
+ <copyright>
+ <year>2010</year>
+ <holder>Laurent Pinchart</holder>
+ </copyright>
+
+ <revhistory>
+ <!-- Put document revisions here, newest first. -->
+ <revision>
+ <revnumber>1.0.0</revnumber>
+ <date>2010-11-10</date>
+ <authorinitials>lp</authorinitials>
+ <revremark>Initial revision</revremark>
+ </revision>
+ </revhistory>
+</partinfo>
+
+<title>Media Controller API</title>
+
+<chapter id="media_controller">
+ <title>Media Controller</title>
+
+ <section id="media-controller-intro">
+ <title>Introduction</title>
+ <para>Media devices increasingly handle multiple related functions. Many USB
+ cameras include microphones, video capture hardware can also output video,
+ or SoC camera interfaces also perform memory-to-memory operations similar to
+ video codecs.</para>
+ <para>Independent functions, even when implemented in the same hardware, can
+ be modelled as separate devices. A USB camera with a microphone will be
+ presented to userspace applications as V4L2 and ALSA capture devices. The
+ devices' relationships (when using a webcam, end-users shouldn't have to
+ manually select the associated USB microphone), while not made available
+ directly to applications by the drivers, can usually be retrieved from
+ sysfs.</para>
+ <para>With more and more advanced SoC devices being introduced, the current
+ approach will not scale. Device topologies are getting increasingly complex
+ and can't always be represented by a tree structure. Hardware blocks are
+ shared between different functions, creating dependencies between seemingly
+ unrelated devices.</para>
+ <para>Kernel abstraction APIs such as V4L2 and ALSA provide means for
+ applications to access hardware parameters. As newer hardware expose an
+ increasingly high number of those parameters, drivers need to guess what
+ applications really require based on limited information, thereby
+ implementing policies that belong to userspace.</para>
+ <para>The media controller API aims at solving those problems.</para>
+ </section>
+</chapter>
diff --git a/Documentation/media-framework.txt b/Documentation/media-framework.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..1844c3f
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/media-framework.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,67 @@
+Linux kernel media framework
+============================
+
+This document describes the Linux kernel media framework, its data structures,
+functions and their usage.
+
+
+Introduction
+------------
+
+The media controller API is documented in DocBook format in
+Documentation/DocBook/v4l/media-controller.xml. This document will focus on
+the kernel-side implementation of the media framework.
+
+
+Media device
+------------
+
+A media device is represented by a struct media_device instance, defined in
+include/media/media-device.h. Allocation of the structure is handled by the
+media device driver, usually by embedding the media_device instance in a
+larger driver-specific structure.
+
+Drivers register media device instances by calling
+
+ media_device_register(struct media_device *mdev);
+
+The caller is responsible for initializing the media_device structure before
+registration. The following fields must be set:
+
+ - dev must point to the parent device (usually a pci_dev, usb_interface or
+ platform_device instance).
+
+ - model must be filled with the device model name as a NUL-terminated UTF-8
+ string. The device/model revision must not be stored in this field.
+
+The following fields are optional:
+
+ - serial is a unique serial number stored as a NUL-terminated ASCII string.
+ The field is big enough to store a GUID in text form. If the hardware
+ doesn't provide a unique serial number this field must be left empty.
+
+ - bus_info represents the location of the device in the system as a
+ NUL-terminated ASCII string. For PCI/PCIe devices bus_info must be set to
+ "PCI:" (or "PCIe:") followed by the value of pci_name(). For USB devices,
+ the usb_make_path() function must be used. This field is used by
+ applications to distinguish between otherwise identical devices that don't
+ provide a serial number.
+
+ - hw_revision is the hardware device revision in a driver-specific format.
+ When possible the revision should be formatted with the KERNEL_VERSION
+ macro.
+
+ - driver_version is formatted with the KERNEL_VERSION macro. The version
+ minor must be incremented when new features are added to the userspace API
+ without breaking binary compatibility. The version major must be
+ incremented when binary compatibility is broken.
+
+Upon successful registration a character device named media[0-9]+ is created.
+The device major and minor numbers are dynamic. The model name is exported as
+a sysfs attribute.
+
+Drivers unregister media device instances by calling
+
+ media_device_unregister(struct media_device *mdev);
+
+Unregistering a media device that hasn't been registered is *NOT* safe.
diff --git a/drivers/media/Makefile b/drivers/media/Makefile
index d56349f..36731aa 100644
--- a/drivers/media/Makefile
+++ b/drivers/media/Makefile
@@ -2,7 +2,7 @@
# Makefile for the kernel multimedia device drivers.
#

-media-objs := media-devnode.o
+media-objs := media-device.o media-devnode.o

ifeq ($(CONFIG_MEDIA_CONTROLLER),y)
obj-$(CONFIG_MEDIA_SUPPORT) += media.o
diff --git a/drivers/media/media-device.c b/drivers/media/media-device.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..bcd3985
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/media/media-device.c
@@ -0,0 +1,100 @@
+/*
+ * Media device
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2010 Nokia Corporation
+ *
+ * Contacts: Laurent Pinchart <laurent.pinchart@ideasonboard.com>
+ * Sakari Ailus <sakari.ailus@iki.fi>
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
+ * published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
+ * Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307 USA
+ */
+
+#include <linux/types.h>
+#include <linux/ioctl.h>
+
+#include <media/media-device.h>
+#include <media/media-devnode.h>
+
+static const struct media_file_operations media_device_fops = {
+ .owner = THIS_MODULE,
+};
+
+/* -----------------------------------------------------------------------------
+ * sysfs
+ */
+
+static ssize_t show_model(struct device *cd,
+ struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf)
+{
+ struct media_device *mdev = to_media_device(to_media_devnode(cd));
+
+ return sprintf(buf, "%.*s\n", (int)sizeof(mdev->model), mdev->model);
+}
+
+static DEVICE_ATTR(model, S_IRUGO, show_model, NULL);
+
+/* -----------------------------------------------------------------------------
+ * Registration/unregistration
+ */
+
+static void media_device_release(struct media_devnode *mdev)
+{
+}
+
+/**
+ * media_device_register - register a media device
+ * @mdev: The media device
+ *
+ * The caller is responsible for initializing the media device before
+ * registration. The following fields must be set:
+ *
+ * - dev must point to the parent device
+ * - model must be filled with the device model name
+ */
+int __must_check media_device_register(struct media_device *mdev)
+{
+ int ret;
+
+ if (WARN_ON(mdev->dev == NULL || mdev->model[0] == 0))
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ /* Register the device node. */
+ mdev->devnode.fops = &media_device_fops;
+ mdev->devnode.parent = mdev->dev;
+ mdev->devnode.release = media_device_release;
+ ret = media_devnode_register(&mdev->devnode);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ return ret;
+
+ ret = device_create_file(&mdev->devnode.dev, &dev_attr_model);
+ if (ret < 0) {
+ media_devnode_unregister(&mdev->devnode);
+ return ret;
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(media_device_register);
+
+/**
+ * media_device_unregister - unregister a media device
+ * @mdev: The media device
+ *
+ */
+void media_device_unregister(struct media_device *mdev)
+{
+ device_remove_file(&mdev->devnode.dev, &dev_attr_model);
+ media_devnode_unregister(&mdev->devnode);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(media_device_unregister);
diff --git a/include/media/media-device.h b/include/media/media-device.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..30857f7
--- /dev/null
+++ b/include/media/media-device.h
@@ -0,0 +1,69 @@
+/*
+ * Media device
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2010 Nokia Corporation
+ *
+ * Contacts: Laurent Pinchart <laurent.pinchart@ideasonboard.com>
+ * Sakari Ailus <sakari.ailus@iki.fi>
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
+ * published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
+ * Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307 USA
+ */
+
+#ifndef _MEDIA_DEVICE_H
+#define _MEDIA_DEVICE_H
+
+#include <linux/device.h>
+#include <linux/list.h>
+
+#include <media/media-devnode.h>
+
+/**
+ * struct media_device - Media device
+ * @dev: Parent device
+ * @devnode: Media device node
+ * @model: Device model name
+ * @serial: Device serial number (optional)
+ * @bus_info: Unique and stable device location identifier
+ * @hw_revision: Hardware device revision
+ * @driver_version: Device driver version
+ *
+ * This structure represents an abstract high-level media device. It allows easy
+ * access to entities and provides basic media device-level support. The
+ * structure can be allocated directly or embedded in a larger structure.
+ *
+ * The parent @dev is a physical device. It must be set before registering the
+ * media device.
+ *
+ * @model is a descriptive model name exported through sysfs. It doesn't have to
+ * be unique.
+ */
+struct media_device {
+ /* dev->driver_data points to this struct. */
+ struct device *dev;
+ struct media_devnode devnode;
+
+ char model[32];
+ char serial[40];
+ char bus_info[32];
+ u32 hw_revision;
+ u32 driver_version;
+};
+
+/* media_devnode to media_device */
+#define to_media_device(node) container_of(node, struct media_device, devnode)
+
+int __must_check media_device_register(struct media_device *mdev);
+void media_device_unregister(struct media_device *mdev);
+
+#endif
--
1.7.3.4


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