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Subject[082/104] x86/paravirt: PTE updates in k(un)map_atomic need to be synchronous, regardless of lazy_mmu mode
3.1-stable review patch.  If anyone has any objections, please let me know.


From: Konrad Rzeszutek Wilk <>

commit 2cd1c8d4dc7ecca9e9431e2dabe41ae9c7d89e51 upstream.

Fix an outstanding issue that has been reported since 2.6.37.
Under a heavy loaded machine processing "fork()" calls could
crash with:

BUG: unable to handle kernel paging request at f573fc8c
IP: [<c01abc54>] swap_count_continued+0x104/0x180
*pdpt = 000000002a3b9027 *pde = 0000000001bed067 *pte = 0000000000000000 Oops: 0000 [#1] SMP
Modules linked in:
Pid: 1638, comm: apache2 Not tainted 3.0.4-linode37 #1
EIP: 0061:[<c01abc54>] EFLAGS: 00210246 CPU: 3
EIP is at swap_count_continued+0x104/0x180
.. snip..
Call Trace:
[<c01ac222>] ? __swap_duplicate+0xc2/0x160
[<c01040f7>] ? pte_mfn_to_pfn+0x87/0xe0
[<c01ac2e4>] ? swap_duplicate+0x14/0x40
[<c01a0a6b>] ? copy_pte_range+0x45b/0x500
[<c01a0ca5>] ? copy_page_range+0x195/0x200
[<c01328c6>] ? dup_mmap+0x1c6/0x2c0
[<c0132cf8>] ? dup_mm+0xa8/0x130
[<c013376a>] ? copy_process+0x98a/0xb30
[<c013395f>] ? do_fork+0x4f/0x280
[<c01573b3>] ? getnstimeofday+0x43/0x100
[<c010f770>] ? sys_clone+0x30/0x40
[<c06c048d>] ? ptregs_clone+0x15/0x48
[<c06bfb71>] ? syscall_call+0x7/0xb

The problem is that in copy_page_range() we turn lazy mode on,
and then in swap_entry_free() we call swap_count_continued()
which ends up in:

map = kmap_atomic(page, KM_USER0) + offset;

and then later we touch *map.

Since we are running in batched mode (lazy) we don't actually
set up the PTE mappings and the kmap_atomic is not done
synchronously and ends up trying to dereference a page that has
not been set.

Looking at kmap_atomic_prot_pfn(), it uses
'arch_flush_lazy_mmu_mode' and doing the same in
kmap_atomic_prot() and __kunmap_atomic() makes the problem go

Interestingly, commit b8bcfe997e4615 ("x86/paravirt: remove lazy
mode in interrupts") removed part of this to fix an interrupt
issue - but it went to far and did not consider this scenario.

Signed-off-by: Konrad Rzeszutek Wilk <>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <>
Cc: Jeremy Fitzhardinge <>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <>
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <>
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <>

arch/x86/mm/highmem_32.c | 2 ++
1 file changed, 2 insertions(+)

--- a/arch/x86/mm/highmem_32.c
+++ b/arch/x86/mm/highmem_32.c
@@ -45,6 +45,7 @@ void *kmap_atomic_prot(struct page *page
vaddr = __fix_to_virt(FIX_KMAP_BEGIN + idx);
set_pte(kmap_pte-idx, mk_pte(page, prot));
+ arch_flush_lazy_mmu_mode();

return (void *)vaddr;
@@ -88,6 +89,7 @@ void __kunmap_atomic(void *kvaddr)
kpte_clear_flush(kmap_pte-idx, vaddr);
+ arch_flush_lazy_mmu_mode();
else {

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