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Subject[PATCH RT 03/12 rc3] intel-iommu: Fix AB-BA lockdep report
From: Roland Dreier <roland@purestorage.com>

When unbinding a device so that I could pass it through to a KVM VM, I
got the lockdep report below. It looks like a legitimate lock
ordering problem:

- domain_context_mapping_one() takes iommu->lock and calls
iommu_support_dev_iotlb(), which takes device_domain_lock (inside
iommu->lock).

- domain_remove_one_dev_info() starts by taking device_domain_lock
then takes iommu->lock inside it (near the end of the function).

So this is the classic AB-BA deadlock. It looks like a safe fix is to
simply release device_domain_lock a bit earlier, since as far as I can
tell, it doesn't protect any of the stuff accessed at the end of
domain_remove_one_dev_info() anyway.

BTW, the use of device_domain_lock looks a bit unsafe to me... it's
at least not obvious to me why we aren't vulnerable to the race below:

iommu_support_dev_iotlb()
domain_remove_dev_info()

lock device_domain_lock
find info
unlock device_domain_lock

lock device_domain_lock
find same info
unlock device_domain_lock

free_devinfo_mem(info)

do stuff with info after it's free

However I don't understand the locking here well enough to know if
this is a real problem, let alone what the best fix is.

Anyway here's the full lockdep output that prompted all of this:

=======================================================
[ INFO: possible circular locking dependency detected ]
2.6.39.1+ #1
-------------------------------------------------------
bash/13954 is trying to acquire lock:
(&(&iommu->lock)->rlock){......}, at: [<ffffffff812f6421>] domain_remove_one_dev_info+0x121/0x230
but task is already holding lock:
(device_domain_lock){-.-...}, at: [<ffffffff812f6508>] domain_remove_one_dev_info+0x208/0x230
which lock already depends on the new lock.

the existing dependency chain (in reverse order) is:

-> #1 (device_domain_lock){-.-...}:
[<ffffffff8109ca9d>] lock_acquire+0x9d/0x130
[<ffffffff81571475>] _raw_spin_lock_irqsave+0x55/0xa0
[<ffffffff812f8350>] domain_context_mapping_one+0x600/0x750
[<ffffffff812f84df>] domain_context_mapping+0x3f/0x120
[<ffffffff812f9175>] iommu_prepare_identity_map+0x1c5/0x1e0
[<ffffffff81ccf1ca>] intel_iommu_init+0x88e/0xb5e
[<ffffffff81cab204>] pci_iommu_init+0x16/0x41
[<ffffffff81002165>] do_one_initcall+0x45/0x190
[<ffffffff81ca3d3f>] kernel_init+0xe3/0x168
[<ffffffff8157ac24>] kernel_thread_helper+0x4/0x10
-> #0 (&(&iommu->lock)->rlock){......}:
[<ffffffff8109bf3e>] __lock_acquire+0x195e/0x1e10
[<ffffffff8109ca9d>] lock_acquire+0x9d/0x130
[<ffffffff81571475>] _raw_spin_lock_irqsave+0x55/0xa0
[<ffffffff812f6421>] domain_remove_one_dev_info+0x121/0x230
[<ffffffff812f8b42>] device_notifier+0x72/0x90
[<ffffffff8157555c>] notifier_call_chain+0x8c/0xc0
[<ffffffff81089768>] __blocking_notifier_call_chain+0x78/0xb0
[<ffffffff810897b6>] blocking_notifier_call_chain+0x16/0x20
[<ffffffff81373a5c>] __device_release_driver+0xbc/0xe0
[<ffffffff81373ccf>] device_release_driver+0x2f/0x50
[<ffffffff81372ee3>] driver_unbind+0xa3/0xc0
[<ffffffff813724ac>] drv_attr_store+0x2c/0x30
[<ffffffff811e4506>] sysfs_write_file+0xe6/0x170
[<ffffffff8117569e>] vfs_write+0xce/0x190
[<ffffffff811759e4>] sys_write+0x54/0xa0
[<ffffffff81579a82>] system_call_fastpath+0x16/0x1b
other info that might help us debug this:

6 locks held by bash/13954:
#0: (&buffer->mutex){+.+.+.}, at: [<ffffffff811e4464>] sysfs_write_file+0x44/0x170
#1: (s_active#3){++++.+}, at: [<ffffffff811e44ed>] sysfs_write_file+0xcd/0x170
#2: (&__lockdep_no_validate__){+.+.+.}, at: [<ffffffff81372edb>] driver_unbind+0x9b/0xc0
#3: (&__lockdep_no_validate__){+.+.+.}, at: [<ffffffff81373cc7>] device_release_driver+0x27/0x50
#4: (&(&priv->bus_notifier)->rwsem){.+.+.+}, at: [<ffffffff8108974f>] __blocking_notifier_call_chain+0x5f/0xb0
#5: (device_domain_lock){-.-...}, at: [<ffffffff812f6508>] domain_remove_one_dev_info+0x208/0x230
stack backtrace:
Pid: 13954, comm: bash Not tainted 2.6.39.1+ #1
Call Trace:
[<ffffffff810993a7>] print_circular_bug+0xf7/0x100
[<ffffffff8109bf3e>] __lock_acquire+0x195e/0x1e10
[<ffffffff810972bd>] ? trace_hardirqs_off+0xd/0x10
[<ffffffff8109d57d>] ? trace_hardirqs_on_caller+0x13d/0x180
[<ffffffff8109ca9d>] lock_acquire+0x9d/0x130
[<ffffffff812f6421>] ? domain_remove_one_dev_info+0x121/0x230
[<ffffffff81571475>] _raw_spin_lock_irqsave+0x55/0xa0
[<ffffffff812f6421>] ? domain_remove_one_dev_info+0x121/0x230
[<ffffffff810972bd>] ? trace_hardirqs_off+0xd/0x10
[<ffffffff812f6421>] domain_remove_one_dev_info+0x121/0x230
[<ffffffff812f8b42>] device_notifier+0x72/0x90
[<ffffffff8157555c>] notifier_call_chain+0x8c/0xc0
[<ffffffff81089768>] __blocking_notifier_call_chain+0x78/0xb0
[<ffffffff810897b6>] blocking_notifier_call_chain+0x16/0x20
[<ffffffff81373a5c>] __device_release_driver+0xbc/0xe0
[<ffffffff81373ccf>] device_release_driver+0x2f/0x50
[<ffffffff81372ee3>] driver_unbind+0xa3/0xc0
[<ffffffff813724ac>] drv_attr_store+0x2c/0x30
[<ffffffff811e4506>] sysfs_write_file+0xe6/0x170
[<ffffffff8117569e>] vfs_write+0xce/0x190
[<ffffffff811759e4>] sys_write+0x54/0xa0
[<ffffffff81579a82>] system_call_fastpath+0x16/0x1b
Signed-off-by: Roland Dreier <roland@purestorage.com>
Signed-off-by: David Woodhouse <David.Woodhouse@intel.com>
---
drivers/pci/intel-iommu.c | 4 ++--
1 files changed, 2 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)
diff --git a/drivers/pci/intel-iommu.c b/drivers/pci/intel-iommu.c
index 8c2564d..bc05a51 100644
--- a/drivers/pci/intel-iommu.c
+++ b/drivers/pci/intel-iommu.c
@@ -3569,6 +3569,8 @@ static void domain_remove_one_dev_info(struct dmar_domain *domain,
found = 1;
}

+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&device_domain_lock, flags);
+
if (found == 0) {
unsigned long tmp_flags;
spin_lock_irqsave(&domain->iommu_lock, tmp_flags);
@@ -3585,8 +3587,6 @@ static void domain_remove_one_dev_info(struct dmar_domain *domain,
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&iommu->lock, tmp_flags);
}
}
-
- spin_unlock_irqrestore(&device_domain_lock, flags);
}

static void vm_domain_remove_all_dev_info(struct dmar_domain *domain)
--
1.7.7.1

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