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Subject[PATCH 20/21] MODSIGN: Module ELF verifier [ver #3]
Date
Do preliminary verification of the ELF structure of a module.  This is used to
make sure that the ELF structure can then be used to check the module signature
and access the module data without breaking the module loader.

If the module's ELF metadata is determined to be bad, then ELIBBAD will be
returned and a message will be logged to the kernel log.

Signed-Off-By: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
---
init/Kconfig | 11 +
kernel/Makefile | 2
kernel/module-verify-elf.c | 344 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
kernel/module-verify.c | 41 +++++
kernel/module-verify.h | 53 +++++++
kernel/module.c | 6 +
6 files changed, 457 insertions(+), 0 deletions(-)
create mode 100644 kernel/module-verify-elf.c
create mode 100644 kernel/module-verify.c
create mode 100644 kernel/module-verify.h

diff --git a/init/Kconfig b/init/Kconfig
index 43298f9..42e685d 100644
--- a/init/Kconfig
+++ b/init/Kconfig
@@ -1383,6 +1383,17 @@ config MODULE_SRCVERSION_ALL
the version). With this option, such a "srcversion" field
will be created for all modules. If unsure, say N.

+config MODULE_VERIFY_ELF
+ bool "Module ELF structure verification"
+ depends on MODULES
+ help
+ Check ELF structure of modules upon load
+
+config MODULE_VERIFY
+ bool
+ depends on MODULES
+ default y if MODULE_VERIFY_ELF
+
endif # MODULES

config INIT_ALL_POSSIBLE
diff --git a/kernel/Makefile b/kernel/Makefile
index e898c5b..3c34fab 100644
--- a/kernel/Makefile
+++ b/kernel/Makefile
@@ -51,6 +51,8 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_DEBUG_SPINLOCK) += spinlock.o
obj-$(CONFIG_PROVE_LOCKING) += spinlock.o
obj-$(CONFIG_UID16) += uid16.o
obj-$(CONFIG_MODULES) += module.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_MODULE_VERIFY) += module-verify.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_MODULE_VERIFY_ELF) += module-verify-elf.o
obj-$(CONFIG_KALLSYMS) += kallsyms.o
obj-$(CONFIG_PM) += power/
obj-$(CONFIG_FREEZER) += power/
diff --git a/kernel/module-verify-elf.c b/kernel/module-verify-elf.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..4dea8d0
--- /dev/null
+++ b/kernel/module-verify-elf.c
@@ -0,0 +1,344 @@
+/* module-verify-elf.c: module ELF verifier
+ *
+ * Written by David Howells (dhowells@redhat.com)
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
+ * modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License
+ * as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version
+ * 2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
+ */
+
+#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/slab.h>
+#include <linux/elf.h>
+#include <linux/ctype.h>
+#include "module-verify.h"
+
+#if 0
+#define _debug(FMT, ...) printk(FMT, ##__VA_ARGS__)
+#else
+#define _debug(FMT, ...) do {} while (0)
+#endif
+
+/*
+ * verify the ELF structure of a module
+ */
+int module_verify_elf(struct module_verify_data *mvdata)
+{
+ const struct elf_note *note;
+ const Elf_Ehdr *hdr = mvdata->hdr;
+ const Elf_Shdr *section, *section2, *secstop;
+ const Elf_Rela *relas, *rela, *relastop;
+ const Elf_Rel *rels, *rel, *relstop;
+ const Elf_Sym *symbol, *symstop;
+ const void *start, *p, *stop;
+ const char *q, *qs;
+ size_t size, sssize, *secsize, tmp, tmp2;
+ long last;
+ int line;
+
+ size = mvdata->size;
+ mvdata->nsects = hdr->e_shnum;
+
+#define elfcheck(X) \
+do { if (unlikely(!(X))) { line = __LINE__; goto elfcheck_error; } } while(0)
+
+#define seccheck(X) \
+do { if (unlikely(!(X))) { line = __LINE__; goto seccheck_error; } } while(0)
+
+#define symcheck(X) \
+do { if (unlikely(!(X))) { line = __LINE__; goto symcheck_error; } } while(0)
+
+#define relcheck(X) \
+do { if (unlikely(!(X))) { line = __LINE__; goto relcheck_error; } } while(0)
+
+#define relacheck(X) \
+do { if (unlikely(!(X))) { line = __LINE__; goto relacheck_error; } } while(0)
+
+#define notecheck(X) \
+do { if (unlikely(!(X))) { line = __LINE__; goto notecheck_error; } } while(0)
+
+ /* validate the ELF header */
+ elfcheck(hdr->e_ehsize < size);
+ /*elfcheck(hdr->e_entry == 0);*/
+ elfcheck(hdr->e_phoff == 0);
+ elfcheck(hdr->e_phnum == 0);
+
+ elfcheck(hdr->e_shnum < SHN_LORESERVE);
+ elfcheck(hdr->e_shoff < size);
+ elfcheck(hdr->e_shoff >= hdr->e_ehsize);
+ elfcheck((hdr->e_shoff & (sizeof(long) - 1)) == 0);
+ elfcheck(hdr->e_shstrndx > 0);
+ elfcheck(hdr->e_shstrndx < hdr->e_shnum);
+ elfcheck(hdr->e_shentsize == sizeof(Elf_Shdr));
+
+ tmp = (size_t) hdr->e_shentsize * (size_t) hdr->e_shnum;
+ elfcheck(tmp <= size - hdr->e_shoff);
+
+ /* allocate a table to hold in-file section sizes */
+ mvdata->secsizes = kcalloc(hdr->e_shnum, sizeof(size_t), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!mvdata->secsizes)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ /* validate the ELF section headers */
+ mvdata->sections = mvdata->buffer + hdr->e_shoff;
+ secstop = mvdata->sections + mvdata->nsects;
+
+ sssize = mvdata->sections[hdr->e_shstrndx].sh_size;
+ elfcheck(sssize > 0);
+
+ section = mvdata->sections;
+ seccheck(section->sh_type == SHT_NULL);
+ seccheck(section->sh_size == 0);
+ seccheck(section->sh_offset == 0);
+
+ secsize = mvdata->secsizes + 1;
+ for (section++; section < secstop; secsize++, section++) {
+ seccheck(section->sh_name < sssize);
+ seccheck(section->sh_link < hdr->e_shnum);
+
+ if (section->sh_entsize > 0)
+ seccheck(section->sh_size % section->sh_entsize == 0);
+
+ seccheck(section->sh_offset >= hdr->e_ehsize);
+ seccheck(section->sh_offset < size);
+
+ /* determine the section's in-file size */
+ tmp = size - section->sh_offset;
+ if (section->sh_offset < hdr->e_shoff)
+ tmp = hdr->e_shoff - section->sh_offset;
+
+ for (section2 = mvdata->sections + 1;
+ section2 < secstop;
+ section2++) {
+ if (section->sh_offset < section2->sh_offset) {
+ tmp2 = section2->sh_offset -
+ section->sh_offset;
+ if (tmp2 < tmp)
+ tmp = tmp2;
+ }
+ }
+ *secsize = tmp;
+
+ _debug("Section %ld: %zx bytes at %lx\n",
+ section - mvdata->sections,
+ *secsize,
+ (unsigned long) section->sh_offset);
+
+ /* perform section type specific checks */
+ switch (section->sh_type) {
+ case SHT_NOBITS:
+ break;
+
+ case SHT_REL:
+ seccheck(section->sh_entsize == sizeof(Elf_Rel));
+ goto more_rel_checks;
+
+ case SHT_RELA:
+ seccheck(section->sh_entsize == sizeof(Elf_Rela));
+ more_rel_checks:
+ seccheck(section->sh_info > 0);
+ seccheck(section->sh_info < hdr->e_shnum);
+ goto more_sec_checks;
+
+ case SHT_SYMTAB:
+ seccheck(section->sh_entsize == sizeof(Elf_Sym));
+ goto more_sec_checks;
+
+ default:
+ more_sec_checks:
+ /* most types of section must be contained entirely
+ * within the file */
+ seccheck(section->sh_size <= *secsize);
+ break;
+ }
+ }
+
+ /* validate the ELF section names */
+ section = &mvdata->sections[hdr->e_shstrndx];
+
+ seccheck(section->sh_offset != hdr->e_shoff);
+
+ mvdata->secstrings = mvdata->buffer + section->sh_offset;
+
+ last = -1;
+ for (section = mvdata->sections + 1; section < secstop; section++) {
+ const char *secname;
+ tmp = sssize - section->sh_name;
+ secname = mvdata->secstrings + section->sh_name;
+ seccheck(secname[0] != 0);
+ if (section->sh_name > last)
+ last = section->sh_name;
+ }
+
+ if (last > -1) {
+ tmp = sssize - last;
+ elfcheck(memchr(mvdata->secstrings + last, 0, tmp) != NULL);
+ }
+
+ /* look for various sections in the module */
+ for (section = mvdata->sections + 1; section < secstop; section++) {
+ switch (section->sh_type) {
+ case SHT_SYMTAB:
+ if (strcmp(mvdata->secstrings + section->sh_name,
+ ".symtab") == 0
+ ) {
+ seccheck(mvdata->symbols == NULL);
+ mvdata->symbols =
+ mvdata->buffer + section->sh_offset;
+ mvdata->nsyms =
+ section->sh_size / sizeof(Elf_Sym);
+ seccheck(section->sh_size > 0);
+ }
+ break;
+
+ case SHT_STRTAB:
+ if (strcmp(mvdata->secstrings + section->sh_name,
+ ".strtab") == 0
+ ) {
+ seccheck(mvdata->strings == NULL);
+ mvdata->strings =
+ mvdata->buffer + section->sh_offset;
+ sssize = mvdata->nstrings = section->sh_size;
+ seccheck(section->sh_size > 0);
+ }
+ break;
+ }
+ }
+
+ if (!mvdata->symbols) {
+ printk("Couldn't locate module symbol table\n");
+ goto format_error;
+ }
+
+ if (!mvdata->strings) {
+ printk("Couldn't locate module strings table\n");
+ goto format_error;
+ }
+
+ /* validate the symbol table */
+ symstop = mvdata->symbols + mvdata->nsyms;
+
+ symbol = mvdata->symbols;
+ symcheck(ELF_ST_TYPE(symbol[0].st_info) == STT_NOTYPE);
+ symcheck(symbol[0].st_shndx == SHN_UNDEF);
+ symcheck(symbol[0].st_value == 0);
+ symcheck(symbol[0].st_size == 0);
+
+ last = -1;
+ for (symbol++; symbol < symstop; symbol++) {
+ symcheck(symbol->st_name < sssize);
+ if (symbol->st_name > last)
+ last = symbol->st_name;
+ symcheck(symbol->st_shndx < mvdata->nsects ||
+ symbol->st_shndx >= SHN_LORESERVE);
+ }
+
+ if (last > -1) {
+ tmp = sssize - last;
+ elfcheck(memchr(mvdata->strings + last, 0, tmp) != NULL);
+ }
+
+ /* validate each relocation table and note list as best we can */
+ for (section = mvdata->sections + 1; section < secstop; section++) {
+ section2 = mvdata->sections + section->sh_info;
+ start = mvdata->buffer + section->sh_offset;
+ stop = start + section->sh_size;
+
+ switch (section->sh_type) {
+ case SHT_REL:
+ rels = start;
+ relstop = stop;
+
+ for (rel = rels; rel < relstop; rel++) {
+ relcheck(rel->r_offset < section2->sh_size);
+ relcheck(ELF_R_SYM(rel->r_info) <
+ mvdata->nsyms);
+ }
+
+ break;
+
+ case SHT_RELA:
+ relas = start;
+ relastop = stop;
+
+ for (rela = relas; rela < relastop; rela++) {
+ relacheck(rela->r_offset < section2->sh_size);
+ relacheck(ELF_R_SYM(rela->r_info) <
+ mvdata->nsyms);
+ }
+
+ break;
+
+ case SHT_NOTE:
+ p = start;
+ while (p < stop) {
+ note = p;
+ notecheck(stop - p >= sizeof(*note));
+ p += sizeof(*note);
+ tmp = note->n_namesz;
+ if (tmp > 0) {
+ notecheck(stop - p >= tmp);
+ qs = p + tmp - 1;
+ notecheck(*qs == '\0');
+ for (q = p; q < qs; q++)
+ notecheck(*q != '\0');
+ tmp = roundup(tmp, 4);
+ notecheck(stop - p >= tmp);
+ p += tmp;
+ }
+ tmp = note->n_descsz;
+ if (tmp > 0) {
+ notecheck(stop - p >= tmp);
+ tmp = roundup(tmp, 4);
+ notecheck(stop - p >= tmp);
+ p += tmp;
+ }
+ }
+ seccheck(p == stop);
+ break;
+
+ default:
+ break;
+ }
+ }
+
+ _debug("ELF okay\n");
+ return 0;
+
+elfcheck_error:
+ printk("Verify ELF error (assertion %d)\n", line);
+ goto format_error;
+
+seccheck_error:
+ printk("Verify ELF error [sec %ld] (assertion %d)\n",
+ (long)(section - mvdata->sections), line);
+ goto format_error;
+
+symcheck_error:
+ printk("Verify ELF error [sym %ld] (assertion %d)\n",
+ (long)(symbol - mvdata->symbols), line);
+ goto format_error;
+
+relcheck_error:
+ printk("Verify ELF error [sec %ld rel %ld] (assertion %d)\n",
+ (long)(section - mvdata->sections),
+ (long)(rel - rels), line);
+ goto format_error;
+
+relacheck_error:
+ printk("Verify ELF error [sec %ld rela %ld] (assertion %d)\n",
+ (long)(section - mvdata->sections),
+ (long)(rela - relas), line);
+ goto format_error;
+
+notecheck_error:
+ printk("Verify ELF error [sec %ld note %ld] (assertion %d)\n",
+ (long)(section - mvdata->sections),
+ (long)(p - start), line);
+ goto format_error;
+
+format_error:
+ return -ELIBBAD;
+}
diff --git a/kernel/module-verify.c b/kernel/module-verify.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..875279f
--- /dev/null
+++ b/kernel/module-verify.c
@@ -0,0 +1,41 @@
+/* module-verify.c: module verifier
+ *
+ * Written by David Howells (dhowells@redhat.com)
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
+ * modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License
+ * as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version
+ * 2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
+ */
+
+#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/slab.h>
+#include "module-verify.h"
+
+/*
+ * verify a module's integrity
+ * - check the ELF is viable
+ */
+int module_verify(const Elf_Ehdr *hdr, size_t size)
+{
+ struct module_verify_data mvdata;
+ int ret;
+
+ memset(&mvdata, 0, sizeof(mvdata));
+ mvdata.buffer = hdr;
+ mvdata.hdr = hdr;
+ mvdata.size = size;
+
+ ret = module_verify_elf(&mvdata);
+ if (ret < 0) {
+ if (ret == -ELIBBAD)
+ printk("Module failed ELF checks\n");
+ goto error;
+ }
+
+error:
+ kfree(mvdata.secsizes);
+ kfree(mvdata.canonlist);
+ return ret;
+}
diff --git a/kernel/module-verify.h b/kernel/module-verify.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..20884fc
--- /dev/null
+++ b/kernel/module-verify.h
@@ -0,0 +1,53 @@
+/* module-verify.h: module verification definitions
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2004 Red Hat, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
+ * Written by David Howells (dhowells@redhat.com)
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
+ * modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License
+ * as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version
+ * 2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
+ */
+
+#include <linux/types.h>
+#include <asm/module.h>
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_MODULE_VERIFY
+struct module_verify_data {
+ const void *buffer; /* module buffer */
+ const Elf_Ehdr *hdr; /* ELF header */
+ const Elf_Shdr *sections; /* ELF section table */
+ const Elf_Sym *symbols; /* ELF symbol table */
+ const char *secstrings; /* ELF section string table */
+ const char *strings; /* ELF string table */
+ size_t *secsizes; /* section size list */
+ size_t size; /* module object size */
+ size_t nsects; /* number of sections */
+ size_t nsyms; /* number of symbols */
+ size_t nstrings; /* size of strings section */
+ size_t signed_size; /* count of bytes contributed to digest */
+ int *canonlist; /* list of canonicalised sections */
+ int *canonmap; /* section canonicalisation map */
+ int ncanon; /* number of canonicalised sections */
+ int sig_index; /* module signature section index */
+ uint8_t xcsum; /* checksum of bytes contributed to digest */
+ uint8_t csum; /* checksum of bytes representing a section */
+};
+
+/*
+ * module-verify.c
+ */
+extern int module_verify(const Elf_Ehdr *hdr, size_t size);
+
+/*
+ * module-verify-elf.c
+ */
+#ifdef CONFIG_MODULE_VERIFY_ELF
+extern int module_verify_elf(struct module_verify_data *mvdata);
+#else
+#define module_verify_elf(m) (0)
+#endif
+
+#else
+#define module_verify(h, s) (0)
+#endif
diff --git a/kernel/module.c b/kernel/module.c
index 178333c..8309389 100644
--- a/kernel/module.c
+++ b/kernel/module.c
@@ -58,6 +58,7 @@
#include <linux/jump_label.h>
#include <linux/pfn.h>
#include <linux/bsearch.h>
+#include "module-verify.h"

#define CREATE_TRACE_POINTS
#include <trace/events/module.h>
@@ -2365,6 +2366,11 @@ static int copy_and_check(struct load_info *info,
goto free_hdr;
}

+ /* Verify the module's contents */
+ err = module_verify(hdr, len);
+ if (err < 0)
+ goto free_hdr;
+
info->hdr = hdr;
info->len = len;
return 0;


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