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    SubjectRe: [PATCH] proc: Do not overflow get_{idle,iowait}_time for nohz (was: Re: Re: [REGRESSION] [Linux 3.2] top/htop and all other CPU usage)
    On Fri 02-12-11 17:49:17, Michal Hocko wrote:
    > On Fri 02-12-11 14:35:15, Michal Hocko wrote:
    > > On Tue 29-11-11 11:38:47, Artem S. Tashkinov wrote:
    > > > On Nov 29, 2011, Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz> wrote:
    > > >
    > > > > As I have written in other email could you post your config and collect
    > > > > the following data?
    > > > > for i in `seq 30`;
    > > > > do
    > > > > cat /proc/stat > `date +'%s'`
    > > > > sleep 1
    > > > > done
    > > > > export old_user=0 old_nice=0 old_sys=0 old_idle=0 old_iowait=0;
    > > > >
    > > > > # for all your available CPUs
    > > > > grep cpu0 * | while read cpu user nice sys idle iowait rest;
    > > > > do
    > > > > echo $cpu $(($user-$old_user)) $(($nice-$old_nice)) $(($sys-$old_sys)) $(($idle-$old_idle)) $(($iowait-$old_iowait))
    > > > > old_user=$user old_nice=$nice old_sys=$sys old_idle=$idle old_iowait=$iowait
    > > > > done
    > > >
    > > > 1322566208:cpu0 5199 0 2931 357890604 2541
    > > > 1322566209:cpu0 0 0 1 0 0
    > > > 1322566210:cpu0 0 0 0 0 0
    > > > 1322566211:cpu0 0 0 0 0 0
    > [...]
    > >
    > > Could you post raw data as well? Ideally starting right after boot and
    > > collected for more than 30s (longer better...)
    >
    > Ahh, missed that you attached data. And also noticed that you are using
    > CONFIG_HZ_300 which explains the problem and why I do cannot reproduce
    > it.
    >
    > get_{idle,iowait}_time translates us to cputime64_t and it uses
    > usecs_to_cputime which is just an alias for usecs_to_jiffies and it does
    > if (u > jiffies_to_usecs(MAX_JIFFY_OFFSET))
    > return MAX_JIFFY_OFFSET;
    > which in your case (HZ=300) means that we overflow much more often than
    > for HZ==100. The patch below should fix this:

    And the one with a more cleaned up changelog. No functional changes
    ---
    From 107887016b91de59194a93c751d040b05d5e37fe Mon Sep 17 00:00:00 2001
    From: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz>
    Date: Fri, 2 Dec 2011 16:17:03 +0100
    Subject: [PATCH] proc: Do not overflow get_{idle,iowait}_time for nohz

    Since a25cac51 [proc: Consider NO_HZ when printing idle and iowait times]
    we are reporting idle/io_wait time also while a CPU is tickless. We rely
    on get_{idle,iowait}_time functions to retrieve proper data.

    These functions, however, use usecs_to_cputime to translate micro
    seconds time to cputime64_t. This is just an alias to usecs_to_jiffies
    which reduces the data type from u64 to unsigned int and also checks
    whether the given parameter overflows jiffies_to_usecs(MAX_JIFFY_OFFSET)
    and returns MAX_JIFFY_OFFSET in that case.

    When do we overflow depends on CONFIG_HZ but especially for
    CONFIG_HZ_300 it is quite low (1431649781) so we are getting
    MAX_JIFFY_OFFSET for >3000s! until we overflow unsigned int.
    Just for reference CONFIG_100 has an overflow window around 20s,
    CONFIG_250 ~8s and CONFIG_1000 ~2s.

    This results in a bug when people saw [h]top going mad reporting 100%
    CPU usage even though there was basically no CPU load. The reason was
    simply that /proc/stat stopped reporting idle/io_wait changes (and
    reported MAX_JIFFY_OFFSET) and so the only change happening was for
    user system time.

    Let's use nsecs_to_jiffies64 instead which doesn't reduce the precision
    to 32b type and it is much more appropriate for cumulative time values
    (unlike usecs_to_jiffies which intended for timeout calculations).

    Signed-off-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz>
    ---
    fs/proc/stat.c | 4 ++--
    1 files changed, 2 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

    diff --git a/fs/proc/stat.c b/fs/proc/stat.c
    index 42b274d..2a30d67 100644
    --- a/fs/proc/stat.c
    +++ b/fs/proc/stat.c
    @@ -32,7 +32,7 @@ static cputime64_t get_idle_time(int cpu)
    idle = kstat_cpu(cpu).cpustat.idle;
    idle = cputime64_add(idle, arch_idle_time(cpu));
    } else
    - idle = usecs_to_cputime(idle_time);
    + idle = nsecs_to_jiffies64(1000 * idle_time);

    return idle;
    }
    @@ -46,7 +46,7 @@ static cputime64_t get_iowait_time(int cpu)
    /* !NO_HZ so we can rely on cpustat.iowait */
    iowait = kstat_cpu(cpu).cpustat.iowait;
    else
    - iowait = usecs_to_cputime(iowait_time);
    + iowait = nsecs_to_jiffies64(1000 * iowait_time);

    return iowait;
    }
    --
    1.7.7.3

    --
    Michal Hocko
    SUSE Labs
    SUSE LINUX s.r.o.
    Lihovarska 1060/12
    190 00 Praha 9
    Czech Republic


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