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Subject[RFC v3 0/2] Introduce DMA buffer sharing mechanism
Date
Hello Everyone,

This is RFC v3 for DMA buffer sharing mechanism - changes from v2 are in the
changelog below.

Various subsystems - V4L2, GPU-accessors, DRI to name a few - have felt the
need to have a common mechanism to share memory buffers across different
devices - ARM, video hardware, GPU.

This need comes forth from a variety of use cases including cameras, image
processing, video recorders, sound processing, DMA engines, GPU and display
buffers, and others.

This RFC is an attempt to define such a buffer sharing mechanism- it is the
result of discussions from a couple of memory-management mini-summits held by
Linaro to understand and address common needs around memory management. [1]

A new dma_buf buffer object is added, with operations and API to allow easy
sharing of this buffer object across devices.

The framework allows:
- a new buffer-object to be created with fixed size.
- different devices to 'attach' themselves to this buffer, to facilitate
backing storage negotiation, using dma_buf_attach() API.
- association of a file pointer with each user-buffer and associated
allocator-defined operations on that buffer. This operation is called the
'export' operation.
- this exported buffer-object to be shared with the other entity by asking for
its 'file-descriptor (fd)', and sharing the fd across.
- a received fd to get the buffer object back, where it can be accessed using
the associated exporter-defined operations.
- the exporter and user to share the scatterlist using map_dma_buf and
unmap_dma_buf operations.

Documentation present in the patch-set gives more details.

This is based on design suggestions from many people at the mini-summits,
most notably from Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de>, Rob Clark <rob@ti.com> and
Daniel Vetter <daniel@ffwll.ch>.

The implementation is inspired from proof-of-concept patch-set from
Tomasz Stanislawski <t.stanislaws@samsung.com>, who demonstrated buffer sharing
between two v4l2 devices. [2]

Some sample implementations and WIP for dma-buf as user and exporter are
available at [3] and [4]. [These are not being submitted for discussion /
inclusion right now, but are for reference only]

References:
[1]: https://wiki.linaro.org/OfficeofCTO/MemoryManagement
[2]: http://lwn.net/Articles/454389
[3]: Dave Airlie's:
http://cgit.freedesktop.org/~airlied/linux/log/?h=drm-prime-dmabuf
[4]: Rob Clark's:
https://github.com/robclark/kernel-omap4/commits/dmabuf

Patchset based on top of 3.2-rc3, the current version can be found at

http://git.linaro.org/gitweb?p=people/sumitsemwal/linux-3.x.git
Branch: dma-buf-upstr-v3

Earlier versions:
v2 at: https://lkml.org/lkml/2011/12/2/53
v1 at: https://lkml.org/lkml/2011/10/11/92

Best regards,
~Sumit Semwal

History:

v3:
- Review comments incorporated:
- from Konrad Rzeszutek Wilk [https://lkml.org/lkml/2011/12/3/45]
- replaced BUG_ON with WARN_ON - various places
- added some error-checks
- replaced EXPORT_SYMBOL with EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL
- some cosmetic / documentation comments

- from Arnd Bergmann, Daniel Vetter, Rob Clark
[https://lkml.org/lkml/2011/12/5/321]
- removed mmap() fop and dma_buf_op, also the sg_sync* operations, and
documented that mmap is not allowed for exported buffer
- updated documentation to clearly state when migration is allowed
- changed kconfig
- some error code checks

- from Rob Clark [https://lkml.org/lkml/2011/12/5/572]
- update documentation to allow map_dma_buf to return -EINTR

v2:
- Review comments incorporated:
- from Tomasz Stanislawski [https://lkml.org/lkml/2011/10/14/136]
- kzalloc moved out of critical section
- corrected some in-code comments

- from Dave Airlie [https://lkml.org/lkml/2011/11/25/123]

- from Daniel Vetter and Rob Clark [https://lkml.org/lkml/2011/11/26/53]
- use struct sg_table in place of struct scatterlist
- rename {get,put}_scatterlist to {map,unmap}_dma_buf
- add new wrapper APIs dma_buf_{map,unmap}_attachment for ease of users
- documentation updates as per review comments from Randy Dunlap
[https://lkml.org/lkml/2011/10/12/439]

v1: original

Sumit Semwal (2):
dma-buf: Introduce dma buffer sharing mechanism
dma-buf: Documentation for buffer sharing framework

Documentation/dma-buf-sharing.txt | 222 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
drivers/base/Kconfig | 10 ++
drivers/base/Makefile | 1 +
drivers/base/dma-buf.c | 289 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
include/linux/dma-buf.h | 172 ++++++++++++++++++++++
5 files changed, 694 insertions(+), 0 deletions(-)
create mode 100644 Documentation/dma-buf-sharing.txt
create mode 100644 drivers/base/dma-buf.c
create mode 100644 include/linux/dma-buf.h
--
1.7.4.1



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