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SubjectRe: [PATCH] VFS: br_write_lock locks on possible CPUs other than online CPUs


I feel the following patch is a better fix for 2 reasons:

1. As Al Viro pointed out, if we do for_each_possible_cpus() then we might
encounter unnecessary performance hit in some scenarios. So working with
only online cpus, safely(a.k.a race-free), if possible, would be a good
solution (which this patch implements).

2. *_global_lock_online() and *_global_unlock_online() needs fixing as well
because, the names suggest that they lock/unlock per-CPU locks of only the
currently online CPUs, but unfortunately they do not have any synchronization
to prevent offlining those CPUs in between, if it happens to race with a CPU
hotplug operation.

And if we solve issue 2 above "carefully" (as mentioned in the changelog below),
it solves this whole thing!

From: Srivatsa S. Bhat <>
Subject: [PATCH] VFS: Fix race between CPU hotplug and *_global_[un]lock_online()

The *_global_[un]lock_online() macros defined in include/linux/lglock.h
can race with CPU hotplug operations. Fix this race by using the pair
get_online_cpus() and put_online_cpus() around them, so as to prevent CPU
hotplug happening at the same time.

But be careful to note the semantics here: if we enable CPU hotplug in-between
a lock_online() and the corresponding unlock_online(), the lock states can
get messed up, since we might end up for example, in a situation such as taking
a lock on an online CPU but not releasing it because that CPU was offline when
unlock_online() was invoked (thanks to Cong Meng for debugging this issue).
[Soft-lockups detected as a consequence of this issue was reported earlier in]

So, we are careful to allow CPU hotplug only after the lock-unlock sequence
is complete.

Debugged-by: Cong Meng <>
Signed-off-by: Srivatsa S. Bhat <>

include/linux/lglock.h | 3 +++
1 files changed, 3 insertions(+), 0 deletions(-)

diff --git a/include/linux/lglock.h b/include/linux/lglock.h
index f549056..583d1a8 100644
--- a/include/linux/lglock.h
+++ b/include/linux/lglock.h
@@ -22,6 +22,7 @@
#include <linux/spinlock.h>
#include <linux/lockdep.h>
#include <linux/percpu.h>
+#include <linux/cpu.h>

/* can make br locks by using local lock for read side, global lock for write */
#define br_lock_init(name) name##_lock_init()
@@ -126,6 +127,7 @@
int i; \
preempt_disable(); \
rwlock_acquire(&name##_lock_dep_map, 0, 0, _RET_IP_); \
+ get_online_cpus(); \
for_each_online_cpu(i) { \
arch_spinlock_t *lock; \
lock = &per_cpu(name##_lock, i); \
@@ -142,6 +144,7 @@
lock = &per_cpu(name##_lock, i); \
arch_spin_unlock(lock); \
} \
+ put_online_cpus(); \
preempt_enable(); \
} \
EXPORT_SYMBOL(name##_global_unlock_online); \

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