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SubjectRe: [Patch] Increase USBFS Bulk Transfer size
On Mon, 7 Nov 2011, Sarah Sharp wrote:

> > > Alan, won't this global limit on the usbfs URB buffer size effect
> > > userspace drivers that are currently allocating large amounts of
> > > buffers, but still respecting individual buffer limit of 16KB? It seems
> > > like the patch has the potential to break userspace drivers.
> >
> > It might indeed. A further enhancement would replace that 16-MB global
> > constant with a sysfs attribute (a writable module parameter for
> > usbcore). Do you have any better suggestions?
> No, I don't have any better suggestions, except take out the limit. ;)
> I do understand why we don't want userspace to DoS the system by using
> up too much DMA'able memory. However, as I understand it, the usbfs
> files are created by udev with root access only by default, and distros
> may choose to install rules that have more permissive privileges. A
> device vendor may not be ensured that a udev rule with permissive access
> will be present for their device, so I think they're likely to write
> programs that require root access. Or require root privileges to
> install said udev rule.
> At that point, the same userspace program that has root privileges in
> order to access usbfs or create the udev rule can just load and unload
> the usbcore module with an arbitrarily large global limit, and the
> global limit doesn't really add any security. So why add the extra
> barrier?

This is a question of kernel policy, and I don't know what is the
generally accepted approach to this sort of thing. Maybe Greg or Alan
Cox can comment.

> > > I think that Point Grey's USB 3.0 webcam will be attempting to queue a
> > > series of bulk URBs that will be bigger than your 16MB global limit.
> >
> > For SuperSpeed, 16 MB is rather on the low side. For high speed it
> > amounts to about 1/3-second worth of data, which arguably is also a bit
> > low. Increasing the default is easy enough, but the best choice isn't
> > obvious.
> Yeah, the choice is not obvious and we're probably going to get it
> wrong, but as Tim said, he does need ~600MB in flight at once, so I knew
> 16MB was too small. I guess the question really should be not "What is
> the smallest limit we need?" but "When will the system start breaking
> down due to memory pressure?" and set the limit somewhere pretty close
> to there.

It might not be so easy to identify that value. I wouldn't know how to
do it.

> Do other subsystems have these issues as well? Does the layer SCSI ever
> limit the number of outstanding READ requests (aside from hardware
> limitations)?

Not as far as I know. Perhaps the block layer tries to slow things
down if too many I/O operations are pending (or maybe not -- I'm not
at all familiar with the details), but that's different from returning
an error.

> Or does the networking layer have a limit to the buffers
> it keeps pending transfers for userspace to read?

Again, I don't know. Those subsystems are a lot more complicated than
usbfs, and they probably have arrangements to allocate intermediate
buffers a piece at a time. We could do something like that, but the
end result would be the same as our current limit on URB sizes -- the
only difference being that transfers would be split into multiple URBs
by the usbfs driver instead of by the user program.

In fact, it's not all that easy for a program to generate many I/O
requests concurrently. The old async I/O mechanism is one way, and you
spent a lot of time working on it. Do you remember if it had any

Alan Stern

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