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SubjectRe: [patch 4/8] mm: memcg: lookup_page_cgroup (almost) never returns NULL
On Mon, Nov 28, 2011 at 10:15:18AM +0100, Johannes Weiner wrote:
> On Thu, Nov 24, 2011 at 11:26:06AM +0100, Michal Hocko wrote:
> > On Thu 24-11-11 11:05:49, Johannes Weiner wrote:
> > > On Thu, Nov 24, 2011 at 10:52:51AM +0100, Michal Hocko wrote:
> > > > On Wed 23-11-11 16:42:27, Johannes Weiner wrote:
> > > > > From: Johannes Weiner <jweiner@redhat.com>
> > > > >
> > > > > Pages have their corresponding page_cgroup descriptors set up before
> > > > > they are used in userspace, and thus managed by a memory cgroup.
> > > > >
> > > > > The only time where lookup_page_cgroup() can return NULL is in the
> > > > > page sanity checking code that executes while feeding pages into the
> > > > > page allocator for the first time.
> > > > >
> > > > > Remove the NULL checks against lookup_page_cgroup() results from all
> > > > > callsites where we know that corresponding page_cgroup descriptors
> > > > > must be allocated.
> > > >
> > > > OK, shouldn't we add
> > > >
> > > > diff --git a/mm/page_cgroup.c b/mm/page_cgroup.c
> > > > index 2d123f9..cb93f64 100644
> > > > --- a/mm/page_cgroup.c
> > > > +++ b/mm/page_cgroup.c
> > > > @@ -35,8 +35,7 @@ struct page_cgroup *lookup_page_cgroup(struct page *page)
> > > > struct page_cgroup *base;
> > > >
> > > > base = NODE_DATA(page_to_nid(page))->node_page_cgroup;
> > > > - if (unlikely(!base))
> > > > - return NULL;
> > > > + BUG_ON(!base);
> > > >
> > > > offset = pfn - NODE_DATA(page_to_nid(page))->node_start_pfn;
> > > > return base + offset;
> > > > @@ -112,8 +111,7 @@ struct page_cgroup *lookup_page_cgroup(struct page *page)
> > > > unsigned long pfn = page_to_pfn(page);
> > > > struct mem_section *section = __pfn_to_section(pfn);
> > > >
> > > > - if (!section->page_cgroup)
> > > > - return NULL;
> > > > + BUG_ON(!section->page_cgroup);
> > > > return section->page_cgroup + pfn;
> > > > }
> > > >
> > > > just to make it explicit?
> > >
> > > No, see the last hunk in this patch. It's actually possible for this
> > > to run, although only while feeding fresh pages into the allocator:
> >
> > Bahh. Yes, I have noticed the hunk but then I started thinking about
> > how to make the NULL case explicit and totally forgot about that.
> > Sorry about the noise.
> >
> > >
> > > > > @@ -3326,6 +3321,7 @@ static struct page_cgroup *lookup_page_cgroup_used(struct page *page)
> > > > > struct page_cgroup *pc;
> > > > >
> > > > > pc = lookup_page_cgroup(page);
> > > > > + /* Can be NULL while bootstrapping the page allocator */
> > > > > if (likely(pc) && PageCgroupUsed(pc))
> > > > > return pc;
> > > > > return NULL;
> > >
> > > We could add a lookup_page_cgroup_safe() for this DEBUG_VM-only
> > > callsite as an optimization separately and remove the NULL check from
> > > lookup_page_cgroup() itself. But this patch was purely about removing
> > > the actively misleading checks.
> >
> > Yes, but I am not sure whether code duplication is worth it. Let's just
> > stick with current form. Maybe just move the comment when it can be NULL
> > to the lookup_page_cgroup directly?
>
> Don't underestimate it, this function is used quite heavily while the
> case of the array being NULL is a minor fraction of all calls. But
> it's for another patch, anyway.

Hm, how about this?

diff --git a/mm/page_cgroup.c b/mm/page_cgroup.c
index a14655d..58405ca 100644
--- a/mm/page_cgroup.c
+++ b/mm/page_cgroup.c
@@ -28,9 +28,16 @@ struct page_cgroup *lookup_page_cgroup(struct page *page)
struct page_cgroup *base;

base = NODE_DATA(page_to_nid(page))->node_page_cgroup;
+#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_VM
+ /*
+ * The sanity checks the page allocator does upon freeing a
+ * page can reach here before the page_cgroup arrays are
+ * allocated when feeding a range of pages to the allocator
+ * for the first time during bootup or memory hotplug.
+ */
if (unlikely(!base))
return NULL;
-
+#endif
offset = pfn - NODE_DATA(page_to_nid(page))->node_start_pfn;
return base + offset;
}
@@ -87,9 +94,16 @@ struct page_cgroup *lookup_page_cgroup(struct page *page)
{
unsigned long pfn = page_to_pfn(page);
struct mem_section *section = __pfn_to_section(pfn);
-
+#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_VM
+ /*
+ * The sanity checks the page allocator does upon freeing a
+ * page can reach here before the page_cgroup arrays are
+ * allocated when feeding a range of pages to the allocator
+ * for the first time during bootup or memory hotplug.
+ */
if (!section->page_cgroup)
return NULL;
+#endif
return section->page_cgroup + pfn;
}


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