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Subject[PATCH RFC 1/5] scripts: Add sortextable to sort the kernel's exception table.
Date
From: David Daney <david.daney@cavium.com>

Using this build-time sort saves time booting as we don't have to burn
cycles sorting the exception table.

Signed-off-by: David Daney <david.daney@cavium.com>
---
scripts/.gitignore | 1 +
scripts/Makefile | 1 +
scripts/sortextable.c | 273 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
scripts/sortextable.h | 168 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
4 files changed, 443 insertions(+), 0 deletions(-)
create mode 100644 scripts/sortextable.c
create mode 100644 scripts/sortextable.h
diff --git a/scripts/.gitignore b/scripts/.gitignore
index 105b21f..65f362d 100644
--- a/scripts/.gitignore
+++ b/scripts/.gitignore
@@ -9,3 +9,4 @@ unifdef
ihex2fw
recordmcount
docproc
+sortextable
diff --git a/scripts/Makefile b/scripts/Makefile
index df7678f..43e19b9 100644
--- a/scripts/Makefile
+++ b/scripts/Makefile
@@ -13,6 +13,7 @@ hostprogs-$(CONFIG_LOGO) += pnmtologo
hostprogs-$(CONFIG_VT) += conmakehash
hostprogs-$(CONFIG_IKCONFIG) += bin2c
hostprogs-$(BUILD_C_RECORDMCOUNT) += recordmcount
+hostprogs-$(CONFIG_BUILDTIME_EXTABLE_SORT) += sortextable

always := $(hostprogs-y) $(hostprogs-m)

diff --git a/scripts/sortextable.c b/scripts/sortextable.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..6546785
--- /dev/null
+++ b/scripts/sortextable.c
@@ -0,0 +1,273 @@
+/*
+ * sortextable.c: Sort the kernel's exception table
+ *
+ * Copyright 2011 Cavium, Inc.
+ *
+ * Based on code taken from recortmcount.c which is:
+ *
+ * Copyright 2009 John F. Reiser <jreiser@BitWagon.com>. All rights reserved.
+ * Licensed under the GNU General Public License, version 2 (GPLv2).
+ *
+ * Restructured to fit Linux format, as well as other updates:
+ * Copyright 2010 Steven Rostedt <srostedt@redhat.com>, Red Hat Inc.
+ */
+
+/*
+ * Strategy: alter the vmlinux file in-place.
+ */
+
+#include <sys/types.h>
+#include <sys/mman.h>
+#include <sys/stat.h>
+#include <getopt.h>
+#include <elf.h>
+#include <fcntl.h>
+#include <setjmp.h>
+#include <stdio.h>
+#include <stdlib.h>
+#include <string.h>
+#include <unistd.h>
+
+static int fd_map; /* File descriptor for file being modified. */
+static int mmap_failed; /* Boolean flag. */
+static void *ehdr_curr; /* current ElfXX_Ehdr * for resource cleanup */
+static struct stat sb; /* Remember .st_size, etc. */
+static jmp_buf jmpenv; /* setjmp/longjmp per-file error escape */
+
+/* setjmp() return values */
+enum {
+ SJ_SETJMP = 0, /* hardwired first return */
+ SJ_FAIL,
+ SJ_SUCCEED
+};
+
+/* Per-file resource cleanup when multiple files. */
+static void
+cleanup(void)
+{
+ if (!mmap_failed)
+ munmap(ehdr_curr, sb.st_size);
+ close(fd_map);
+}
+
+static void __attribute__((noreturn))
+fail_file(void)
+{
+ cleanup();
+ longjmp(jmpenv, SJ_FAIL);
+}
+
+static void __attribute__((noreturn))
+succeed_file(void)
+{
+ cleanup();
+ longjmp(jmpenv, SJ_SUCCEED);
+}
+
+
+/*
+ * Get the whole file as a programming convenience in order to avoid
+ * malloc+lseek+read+free of many pieces. If successful, then mmap
+ * avoids copying unused pieces; else just read the whole file.
+ * Open for both read and write.
+ */
+static void *mmap_file(char const *fname)
+{
+ void *addr;
+
+ fd_map = open(fname, O_RDWR);
+ if (fd_map < 0 || fstat(fd_map, &sb) < 0) {
+ perror(fname);
+ fail_file();
+ }
+ if (!S_ISREG(sb.st_mode)) {
+ fprintf(stderr, "not a regular file: %s\n", fname);
+ fail_file();
+ }
+ addr = mmap(0, sb.st_size, PROT_READ|PROT_WRITE, MAP_SHARED,
+ fd_map, 0);
+ if (addr == MAP_FAILED) {
+ mmap_failed = 1;
+ fprintf(stderr, "Could not mmap file: %s\n", fname);
+ fail_file();
+ }
+ return addr;
+}
+
+/* w8rev, w8nat, ...: Handle endianness. */
+
+static uint64_t w8rev(uint64_t const x)
+{
+ return ((0xff & (x >> (0 * 8))) << (7 * 8))
+ | ((0xff & (x >> (1 * 8))) << (6 * 8))
+ | ((0xff & (x >> (2 * 8))) << (5 * 8))
+ | ((0xff & (x >> (3 * 8))) << (4 * 8))
+ | ((0xff & (x >> (4 * 8))) << (3 * 8))
+ | ((0xff & (x >> (5 * 8))) << (2 * 8))
+ | ((0xff & (x >> (6 * 8))) << (1 * 8))
+ | ((0xff & (x >> (7 * 8))) << (0 * 8));
+}
+
+static uint32_t w4rev(uint32_t const x)
+{
+ return ((0xff & (x >> (0 * 8))) << (3 * 8))
+ | ((0xff & (x >> (1 * 8))) << (2 * 8))
+ | ((0xff & (x >> (2 * 8))) << (1 * 8))
+ | ((0xff & (x >> (3 * 8))) << (0 * 8));
+}
+
+static uint32_t w2rev(uint16_t const x)
+{
+ return ((0xff & (x >> (0 * 8))) << (1 * 8))
+ | ((0xff & (x >> (1 * 8))) << (0 * 8));
+}
+
+static uint64_t w8nat(uint64_t const x)
+{
+ return x;
+}
+
+static uint32_t w4nat(uint32_t const x)
+{
+ return x;
+}
+
+static uint32_t w2nat(uint16_t const x)
+{
+ return x;
+}
+
+static uint64_t (*w8)(uint64_t);
+static uint32_t (*w)(uint32_t);
+static uint32_t (*w2)(uint16_t);
+
+
+/* 32 bit and 64 bit are very similar */
+#include "sortextable.h"
+#define SORTEXTABLE_64
+#include "sortextable.h"
+
+
+static void
+do_file(char const *const fname)
+{
+ Elf32_Ehdr *const ehdr = mmap_file(fname);
+
+ ehdr_curr = ehdr;
+ w = w4nat;
+ w2 = w2nat;
+ w8 = w8nat;
+ switch (ehdr->e_ident[EI_DATA]) {
+ static unsigned int const endian = 1;
+ default:
+ fprintf(stderr, "unrecognized ELF data encoding %d: %s\n",
+ ehdr->e_ident[EI_DATA], fname);
+ fail_file();
+ break;
+ case ELFDATA2LSB:
+ if (*(unsigned char const *)&endian != 1) {
+ /* main() is big endian, file.o is little endian. */
+ w = w4rev;
+ w2 = w2rev;
+ w8 = w8rev;
+ }
+ break;
+ case ELFDATA2MSB:
+ if (*(unsigned char const *)&endian != 0) {
+ /* main() is little endian, file.o is big endian. */
+ w = w4rev;
+ w2 = w2rev;
+ w8 = w8rev;
+ }
+ break;
+ } /* end switch */
+ if (memcmp(ELFMAG, ehdr->e_ident, SELFMAG) != 0
+ || w2(ehdr->e_type) != ET_EXEC
+ || ehdr->e_ident[EI_VERSION] != EV_CURRENT) {
+ fprintf(stderr, "unrecognized ET_EXEC file %s\n", fname);
+ fail_file();
+ }
+
+ switch (w2(ehdr->e_machine)) {
+ default:
+ fprintf(stderr, "unrecognized e_machine %d %s\n",
+ w2(ehdr->e_machine), fname);
+ fail_file();
+ break;
+ case EM_386:
+ case EM_MIPS:
+ case EM_X86_64:
+ break;
+ } /* end switch */
+
+ switch (ehdr->e_ident[EI_CLASS]) {
+ default:
+ fprintf(stderr, "unrecognized ELF class %d %s\n",
+ ehdr->e_ident[EI_CLASS], fname);
+ fail_file();
+ break;
+ case ELFCLASS32:
+ if (w2(ehdr->e_ehsize) != sizeof(Elf32_Ehdr)
+ || w2(ehdr->e_shentsize) != sizeof(Elf32_Shdr)) {
+ fprintf(stderr,
+ "unrecognized ET_EXEC file: %s\n", fname);
+ fail_file();
+ }
+ do32(ehdr, fname);
+ break;
+ case ELFCLASS64: {
+ Elf64_Ehdr *const ghdr = (Elf64_Ehdr *)ehdr;
+ if (w2(ghdr->e_ehsize) != sizeof(Elf64_Ehdr)
+ || w2(ghdr->e_shentsize) != sizeof(Elf64_Shdr)) {
+ fprintf(stderr,
+ "unrecognized ET_EXEC file: %s\n", fname);
+ fail_file();
+ }
+ do64(ghdr, fname);
+ break;
+ }
+ } /* end switch */
+
+ cleanup();
+}
+
+int
+main(int argc, char *argv[])
+{
+ int n_error = 0; /* gcc-4.3.0 false positive complaint */
+ int i;
+
+ if (argc < 2) {
+ fprintf(stderr, "usage: sortextable vmlinux...\n");
+ return 0;
+ }
+
+ /* Process each file in turn, allowing deep failure. */
+ for (i = 1; i < argc; i++) {
+ char *file = argv[i];
+ int const sjval = setjmp(jmpenv);
+
+ switch (sjval) {
+ default:
+ fprintf(stderr, "internal error: %s\n", file);
+ exit(1);
+ break;
+ case SJ_SETJMP: /* normal sequence */
+ /* Avoid problems if early cleanup() */
+ fd_map = -1;
+ ehdr_curr = NULL;
+ mmap_failed = 1;
+ do_file(file);
+ break;
+ case SJ_FAIL: /* error in do_file or below */
+ ++n_error;
+ break;
+ case SJ_SUCCEED: /* premature success */
+ /* do nothing */
+ break;
+ } /* end switch */
+ }
+ return !!n_error;
+}
+
+
diff --git a/scripts/sortextable.h b/scripts/sortextable.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..bb6aaf1
--- /dev/null
+++ b/scripts/sortextable.h
@@ -0,0 +1,168 @@
+/*
+ * sortextable.h
+ *
+ * Copyright 2011 Cavium, Inc.
+ *
+ * Some of this code was taken out of recordmcount.h written by:
+ *
+ * Copyright 2009 John F. Reiser <jreiser@BitWagon.com>. All rights reserved.
+ * Copyright 2010 Steven Rostedt <srostedt@redhat.com>, Red Hat Inc.
+ *
+ *
+ * Licensed under the GNU General Public License, version 2 (GPLv2).
+ */
+
+#undef extable_ent_size
+#undef compare_extable
+#undef do_func
+#undef Elf_Addr
+#undef Elf_Ehdr
+#undef Elf_Shdr
+#undef Elf_Rel
+#undef Elf_Rela
+#undef Elf_Sym
+#undef ELF_R_SYM
+#undef Elf_r_sym
+#undef ELF_R_INFO
+#undef Elf_r_info
+#undef ELF_ST_BIND
+#undef ELF_ST_TYPE
+#undef fn_ELF_R_SYM
+#undef fn_ELF_R_INFO
+#undef uint_t
+#undef _w
+
+#ifdef SORTEXTABLE_64
+# define extable_ent_size 16
+# define compare_extable compare_extable_64
+# define do_func do64
+# define Elf_Addr Elf64_Addr
+# define Elf_Ehdr Elf64_Ehdr
+# define Elf_Shdr Elf64_Shdr
+# define Elf_Rel Elf64_Rel
+# define Elf_Rela Elf64_Rela
+# define Elf_Sym Elf64_Sym
+# define ELF_R_SYM ELF64_R_SYM
+# define Elf_r_sym Elf64_r_sym
+# define ELF_R_INFO ELF64_R_INFO
+# define Elf_r_info Elf64_r_info
+# define ELF_ST_BIND ELF64_ST_BIND
+# define ELF_ST_TYPE ELF64_ST_TYPE
+# define fn_ELF_R_SYM fn_ELF64_R_SYM
+# define fn_ELF_R_INFO fn_ELF64_R_INFO
+# define uint_t uint64_t
+# define _w w8
+#else
+# define extable_ent_size 8
+# define compare_extable compare_extable_32
+# define do_func do32
+# define Elf_Addr Elf32_Addr
+# define Elf_Ehdr Elf32_Ehdr
+# define Elf_Shdr Elf32_Shdr
+# define Elf_Rel Elf32_Rel
+# define Elf_Rela Elf32_Rela
+# define Elf_Sym Elf32_Sym
+# define ELF_R_SYM ELF32_R_SYM
+# define Elf_r_sym Elf32_r_sym
+# define ELF_R_INFO ELF32_R_INFO
+# define Elf_r_info Elf32_r_info
+# define ELF_ST_BIND ELF32_ST_BIND
+# define ELF_ST_TYPE ELF32_ST_TYPE
+# define fn_ELF_R_SYM fn_ELF32_R_SYM
+# define fn_ELF_R_INFO fn_ELF32_R_INFO
+# define uint_t uint32_t
+# define _w w
+#endif
+
+static int compare_extable(const void *a, const void *b)
+{
+ const uint_t *aa = a;
+ const uint_t *bb = b;
+
+ if (_w(*aa) < _w(*bb))
+ return -1;
+ if (_w(*aa) > _w(*bb))
+ return 1;
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static void
+do_func(Elf_Ehdr *const ehdr, char const *const fname)
+{
+ Elf_Shdr *shdr;
+ Elf_Shdr *shstrtab_sec;
+ Elf_Shdr *strtab_sec = NULL;
+ Elf_Shdr *symtab_sec = NULL;
+ Elf_Shdr *extab_sec = NULL;
+ Elf_Sym *sym;
+ Elf_Sym *sort_needed_sym;
+ Elf_Shdr *sort_needed_sec;
+ uint32_t *sort_done_location;
+ const char *secstrtab;
+ const char *strtab;
+ int i;
+ int idx;
+
+ shdr = (Elf_Shdr *)((void *)ehdr + _w(ehdr->e_shoff));
+ shstrtab_sec = shdr + w2(ehdr->e_shstrndx);
+ secstrtab = (const char *)ehdr + _w(shstrtab_sec->sh_offset);
+ for (i = 0; i < w2(ehdr->e_shnum); i++) {
+ idx = w(shdr[i].sh_name);
+ if (strcmp(secstrtab + idx, "__ex_table") == 0)
+ extab_sec = shdr + i;
+ if (strcmp(secstrtab + idx, ".symtab") == 0)
+ symtab_sec = shdr + i;
+ if (strcmp(secstrtab + idx, ".strtab") == 0)
+ strtab_sec = shdr + i;
+ }
+ if (strtab_sec == NULL) {
+ fprintf(stderr, "no .strtab in file: %s\n", fname);
+ fail_file();
+ }
+ if (symtab_sec == NULL) {
+ fprintf(stderr, "no .symtab in file: %s\n", fname);
+ fail_file();
+ }
+ if (extab_sec == NULL) {
+ fprintf(stderr, "no __ex_table in file: %s\n", fname);
+ fail_file();
+ }
+ strtab = (const char *)ehdr + _w(strtab_sec->sh_offset);
+
+ /* Sort the table in place */
+ qsort((void *)ehdr + _w(extab_sec->sh_offset),
+ (_w(extab_sec->sh_size) / extable_ent_size),
+ extable_ent_size, compare_extable);
+
+ /* find main_extable_sort_needed */
+ sort_needed_sym = NULL;
+ for (i = 0; i < _w(symtab_sec->sh_size) / sizeof(Elf_Sym); i++) {
+ sym = (void *)ehdr + _w(symtab_sec->sh_offset);
+ sym += i;
+ if (ELF_ST_TYPE(sym->st_info) != STT_OBJECT)
+ continue;
+ idx = w(sym->st_name);
+ if (strcmp(strtab + idx, "main_extable_sort_needed") == 0) {
+ sort_needed_sym = sym;
+ break;
+ }
+ }
+ if (sort_needed_sym == NULL) {
+ fprintf(stderr,
+ "no main_extable_sort_needed symbol in file: %s\n",
+ fname);
+ fail_file();
+ }
+ sort_needed_sec = &shdr[w2(sort_needed_sym->st_shndx)];
+ sort_done_location = (void *)ehdr +
+ _w(sort_needed_sec->sh_offset) +
+ _w(sort_needed_sym->st_value) -
+ _w(sort_needed_sec->sh_addr);
+
+ printf("sort done marker at %lx\n",
+ (unsigned long) (_w(sort_needed_sec->sh_offset) +
+ _w(sort_needed_sym->st_value) -
+ _w(sort_needed_sec->sh_addr)));
+ /* We sorted it, clear the flag. */
+ *sort_done_location = 0;
+}
--
1.7.2.3


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