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SubjectRe: INFO: possible recursive locking detected: get_partial_node() on 3.2-rc1
On Fri, 2011-11-11 at 23:02 +0800, Christoph Lameter wrote:
> On Fri, 11 Nov 2011, Shaohua Li wrote:
> > Looks this could be a real dead lock. we hold a lock to free a object,
> > but the free need allocate a new object. if the new object and the freed
> > object are from the same slab, there is a deadlock.
> unfreeze partials is never called when going through get_partial_node()
> so there is no deadlock AFAICT.
the unfreeze_partial isn't called from get_partial_node(). I thought the
code path is something like this: kmem_cache_free()->put_cpu_partial()
(hold lock) ->unfreeze_partials() ->discard_slab ->debug_object_init()
->kmem_cache_alloc->get_partial_node()(hold lock). Not sure if this will
really happen, but looks like a deadlock.
But anyway, discard_slab() can be move out of unfreeze_partials()

> > discard_slab() doesn't need hold the lock if the slab is already removed
> > from partial list. how about below patch, only compile tested.
> In general I think it is good to move the call to discard_slab() out from
> under the list_lock in unfreeze_partials(). Could you fold
> discard_page_list into unfreeze_partials()? __flush_cpu_slab still calls
> discard_page_list with disabled interrupts even after your patch.
I'm afraid there is alloc-in-atomic() error, but Yong & Julie's test
shows this is over thinking. Here is the updated patch. Yong & Julie, I
added your report/test by, because the new patch should be just like the
old one, but since I changed it a little bit, can you please have a
quick check? Thanks!

Subject: slub: move discard_slab out of node lock

Lockdep reports there is potential deadlock for slub node list_lock.
discard_slab() is called with the lock hold in unfreeze_partials(),
which could trigger a slab allocation, which could hold the lock again.

discard_slab() doesn't need hold the lock actually, if the slab is
already removed from partial list.

Reported-and-tested-by: Yong Zhang <>
Reported-and-tested-by: Julie Sullivan <>
Signed-off-by: Shaohua Li <>
mm/slub.c | 16 ++++++++++++----
1 file changed, 12 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)

Index: linux/mm/slub.c
--- linux.orig/mm/slub.c 2011-11-11 16:17:39.000000000 +0800
+++ linux/mm/slub.c 2011-11-14 13:11:11.000000000 +0800
@@ -1862,7 +1862,7 @@ static void unfreeze_partials(struct kme
struct kmem_cache_node *n = NULL;
struct kmem_cache_cpu *c = this_cpu_ptr(s->cpu_slab);
- struct page *page;
+ struct page *page, *discard_page = NULL;

while ((page = c->partial)) {
enum slab_modes { M_PARTIAL, M_FREE };
@@ -1916,14 +1916,22 @@ static void unfreeze_partials(struct kme
"unfreezing slab"));

if (m == M_FREE) {
- discard_slab(s, page);
- stat(s, FREE_SLAB);
+ page->next = discard_page;
+ discard_page = page;

if (n)
+ while (discard_page) {
+ page = discard_page;
+ discard_page = discard_page->next;
+ discard_slab(s, page);
+ stat(s, FREE_SLAB);
+ }


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