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SubjectRe: [PATCH] kdump: Fix crash_kexec - smp_send_stop race in panic
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On Wed, 2011-11-09 at 16:04 -0800, Andrew Morton wrote:
> On Thu, 03 Nov 2011 11:07:24 +0100
> Michael Holzheu <holzheu@linux.vnet.ibm.com> wrote:
>
> > Hello Andrew,
> >
> > On Mon, 2011-10-31 at 03:39 -0700, Andrew Morton wrote:
> > > On Mon, 31 Oct 2011 10:57:16 +0100 Michael Holzheu <holzheu@linux.vnet.ibm.com> wrote:
> > >
> > > > > Should this be done earlier in the function? As it stands we'll have
> > > > > multiple CPUs scribbling on buf[] at the same time and all trying to
> > > > > print the same thing at the same time, dumping their stacks, etc.
> > > > > Perhaps it would be better to single-thread all that stuff
> > > >
> > > > My fist patch took the spinlock at the beginning of panic(). But then
> > > > Eric asked, if it wouldn't be better to get both panic printk's and I
> > > > agreed.
> > >
> > > Hm, why? It will make a big mess.
>
> This, please?
>
> > > > > Also... this patch affects all CPU architectures, all configs, etc.
> > > > > So we're expecting that every architecture's smp_send_stop() is able to
> > > > > stop a CPU which is spinning in spin_lock(), possibly with local
> > > > > interrupts disabled. Will this work?
> > > >
> > > > At least on s390 it will work. If there are architectures that can't
> > > > stop disabled CPUs then this problem is already there without this
> > > > patch.
> > > >
> > > > Example:
> > > >
> > > > 1. 1st CPU gets lock X and panics
> > > > 2. 2nd CPU is disabled and gets lock X
> > >
> > > (irq-disabled)
> > >
> > > > 3. 1st CPU calls smp_send_stop()
> > > > -> 2nd CPU loops disabled and can't be stopped
> > >
> > > Well OK. Maybe some architectures do have this problem - who would
> > > notice? If that is the case, we just made the failure cases much more
> > > common.
> >
> > Ok, next idea: What, if the CPUs wait irq-enabled in panic until they
> > get stopped by smp_send_stop()?
> >
> > See patch below:
> > ---
> > From: Michael Holzheu <holzheu@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
> > Subject: kdump: fix crash_kexec()/smp_send_stop() race in panic
> >
> > When two CPUs call panic at the same time there is a possible race
> > condition that can stop kdump. The first CPU calls crash_kexec() and the
> > second CPU calls smp_send_stop() in panic() before crash_kexec() finished
> > on the first CPU. So the second CPU stops the first CPU and therefore
> > kdump fails:
> >
> > 1st CPU:
> > panic()->crash_kexec()->mutex_trylock(&kexec_mutex)-> do kdump
> >
> > 2nd CPU:
> > panic()->crash_kexec()->kexec_mutex already held by 1st CPU
> > ->smp_send_stop()-> stop 1st CPU (stop kdump)
> >
> > This patch fixes the problem by introducing a spinlock in panic that
> > allows only one CPU to process crash_kexec() and the subsequent panic
> > code.
> >
> > Signed-off-by: Michael Holzheu <holzheu@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
> > ---
> > kernel/panic.c | 11 ++++++++++-
> > 1 file changed, 10 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
> >
> > --- a/kernel/panic.c
> > +++ b/kernel/panic.c
> > @@ -59,6 +59,7 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(panic_blink);
> > */
> > NORET_TYPE void panic(const char * fmt, ...)
> > {
> > + static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(panic_lock);
> > static char buf[1024];
> > va_list args;
> > long i, i_next = 0;
> > @@ -68,8 +69,16 @@ NORET_TYPE void panic(const char * fmt,
> > * It's possible to come here directly from a panic-assertion and
> > * not have preempt disabled. Some functions called from here want
> > * preempt to be disabled. No point enabling it later though...
> > + *
> > + * Only one CPU is allowed to execute the panic code from here. For
> > + * multiple parallel invocations of panic, all other CPUs will wait
> > + * until they are stopped by the 1st CPU with smp_send_stop().
> > */
> > - preempt_disable();
> > + if (!spin_trylock(&panic_lock)) {
> > + local_irq_enable();
> > + while (1)
> > + cpu_relax();
> > + }
>
> Looks worse ;) Unconditionally enabling interrupts in a panic situation
> could cause all sorts of havoc, with other interrupts being taken or
> same interrupts being retaken, etc.
>
> Ho hum, I guess we stick with the original patch.

By original patch you mean the smp_send_stop() at the beginning of the
panic one (which isn't on linux-arch)?

> It *should* work, as
> long as all archtectures are doing the expected thing. But in this
> situation it is bad of us to just hope that the architectures are doing
> this. We should go and find out, rather than waiting for bug reports
> to come in. Especially because in this case, bugs will take a very
> long time indeed to even be noticed.
>
> One way to resolve this would be to ask the various arch maintainers!

You're assuming we actually know. On parisc, the IPI_STOP_CPU is
implemented, it's just it's not something we ever use (not even in the
shutdown path), so while I can tell you it *should* work (the code in
the IPI handler looks sane) ... we've never tested it.

James




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