lkml.org 
[lkml]   [2011]   [Nov]   [10]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
 
Messages in this thread
Patch in this message
/
From
Date
Subject[PATCH v5 3/4] drivers/i2c/busses/i2c-at91.c: add new driver
This driver has the following properties compared to the old driver:
1. Support for multiple interfaces.
2. Interrupt driven I/O as opposed to polling/busy waiting.
3. Support for _one_ repeated start (Sr) condition, which is enough
for most real-world applications including all SMBus transfer types.
(The hardware does not support issuing arbitrary Sr conditions on the
bus.)

Tested on Atmel G45 with BQ20Z80 battery SMBus client.

Signed-off-by: Nikolaus Voss <n.voss@weinmann.de>
---
drivers/i2c/busses/Kconfig | 11 +-
drivers/i2c/busses/Makefile | 1 +
drivers/i2c/busses/i2c-at91.c | 410 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
drivers/i2c/busses/i2c-at91.h | 80 ++++++++
4 files changed, 495 insertions(+), 7 deletions(-)
create mode 100644 drivers/i2c/busses/i2c-at91.c
create mode 100644 drivers/i2c/busses/i2c-at91.h
diff --git a/drivers/i2c/busses/Kconfig b/drivers/i2c/busses/Kconfig
index a3afac4..2ef618d 100644
--- a/drivers/i2c/busses/Kconfig
+++ b/drivers/i2c/busses/Kconfig
@@ -285,18 +285,15 @@ comment "I2C system bus drivers (mostly embedded / system-on-chip)"

config I2C_AT91
tristate "Atmel AT91 I2C Two-Wire interface (TWI)"
- depends on ARCH_AT91 && EXPERIMENTAL && BROKEN
+ depends on ARCH_AT91 && EXPERIMENTAL
help
This supports the use of the I2C interface on Atmel AT91
processors.

- This driver is BROKEN because the controller which it uses
- will easily trigger RX overrun and TX underrun errors. Using
- low I2C clock rates may partially work around those issues
- on some systems. Another serious problem is that there is no
- documented way to issue repeated START conditions, as needed
+ A serious problem is that there is no documented way to issue
+ repeated START conditions for more than two messages, as needed
to support combined I2C messages. Use the i2c-gpio driver
- unless your system can cope with those limitations.
+ unless your system can cope with this limitation.

config I2C_AU1550
tristate "Au1550/Au1200 SMBus interface"
diff --git a/drivers/i2c/busses/Makefile b/drivers/i2c/busses/Makefile
index e8a1852..fba6da6 100644
--- a/drivers/i2c/busses/Makefile
+++ b/drivers/i2c/busses/Makefile
@@ -28,6 +28,7 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_I2C_HYDRA) += i2c-hydra.o
obj-$(CONFIG_I2C_POWERMAC) += i2c-powermac.o

# Embedded system I2C/SMBus host controller drivers
+obj-$(CONFIG_I2C_AT91) += i2c-at91.o
obj-$(CONFIG_I2C_AU1550) += i2c-au1550.o
obj-$(CONFIG_I2C_BLACKFIN_TWI) += i2c-bfin-twi.o
obj-$(CONFIG_I2C_CPM) += i2c-cpm.o
diff --git a/drivers/i2c/busses/i2c-at91.c b/drivers/i2c/busses/i2c-at91.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..9f4e0d0
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/i2c/busses/i2c-at91.c
@@ -0,0 +1,410 @@
+/*
+ * i2c Support for Atmel's AT91 Two-Wire Interface (TWI)
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2011 Weinmann Medical GmbH
+ * Author: Nikolaus Voss <n.voss@weinmann.de>
+ *
+ * Evolved from original work by:
+ * Copyright (C) 2004 Rick Bronson
+ * Converted to 2.6 by Andrew Victor <andrew@sanpeople.com>
+ *
+ * Borrowed heavily from original work by:
+ * Copyright (C) 2000 Philip Edelbrock <phil@stimpy.netroedge.com>
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
+ * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
+ * (at your option) any later version.
+ */
+
+#include <linux/clk.h>
+#include <linux/completion.h>
+#include <linux/err.h>
+#include <linux/i2c.h>
+#include <linux/interrupt.h>
+#include <linux/io.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/platform_device.h>
+#include <linux/slab.h>
+
+#include <mach/cpu.h>
+
+#include "i2c-at91.h"
+
+#define TWI_CLK_HZ 100000 /* max 400 Kbits/s */
+#define AT91_I2C_TIMEOUT msecs_to_jiffies(10) /* transfer timeout */
+
+struct at91_twi_dev {
+ struct device *dev;
+ void __iomem *base;
+ struct completion cmd_complete;
+ struct clk *clk;
+ u8 *buf;
+ size_t buf_len;
+ int irq;
+ unsigned transfer_status;
+ struct i2c_adapter adapter;
+};
+
+static unsigned at91_twi_read(struct at91_twi_dev *dev, unsigned reg)
+{
+ return __raw_readl(dev->base + reg);
+}
+
+static void at91_twi_write(struct at91_twi_dev *dev, unsigned reg, unsigned val)
+{
+ __raw_writel(val, dev->base + reg);
+}
+
+static void at91_disable_twi_interrupts(struct at91_twi_dev *dev)
+{
+ at91_twi_write(dev, AT91_TWI_IDR,
+ AT91_TWI_TXCOMP | AT91_TWI_RXRDY | AT91_TWI_TXRDY);
+}
+
+static void at91_init_twi_bus(struct at91_twi_dev *dev)
+{
+ at91_disable_twi_interrupts(dev);
+ at91_twi_write(dev, AT91_TWI_CR, AT91_TWI_SWRST);
+ at91_twi_write(dev, AT91_TWI_CR, AT91_TWI_MSEN);
+ at91_twi_write(dev, AT91_TWI_CR, AT91_TWI_SVDIS);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Calculate and set symmetric clock as stated in datasheet:
+ * twi_clk = F_MAIN / (2 * cdiv * (1 << ckdiv) + 4)
+ */
+static void __devinit at91_set_twi_clock(struct at91_twi_dev *dev, int twi_clk)
+{
+ const int div = DIV_ROUND_UP(clk_get_rate(dev->clk), 2 * twi_clk) - 2;
+ int ckdiv = fls(div >> 8);
+ const int cdiv = div >> ckdiv;
+
+ if (cpu_is_at91rm9200() && (ckdiv > 5)) {
+ dev_warn(dev->dev, "AT91RM9200 erratum 22: using ckdiv = 5.\n");
+ ckdiv = 5;
+ }
+
+ at91_twi_write(dev, AT91_TWI_CWGR, (ckdiv << 16) | (cdiv << 8) | cdiv);
+}
+
+static void __devinit at91_twi_hwinit(struct at91_twi_dev *dev, int twi_clk)
+{
+ at91_init_twi_bus(dev);
+ at91_set_twi_clock(dev, twi_clk);
+}
+
+static void at91_twi_write_next_byte(struct at91_twi_dev *dev)
+{
+ if (dev->buf_len <= 0)
+ return;
+
+ at91_twi_write(dev, AT91_TWI_THR, *dev->buf);
+
+ /* send stop when last byte has been written */
+ if (--dev->buf_len == 0)
+ at91_twi_write(dev, AT91_TWI_CR, AT91_TWI_STOP);
+
+ dev_dbg(dev->dev, "wrote 0x%x, to go %d\n", *dev->buf, dev->buf_len);
+
+ ++dev->buf;
+}
+
+static void at91_twi_read_next_byte(struct at91_twi_dev *dev)
+{
+ *dev->buf = at91_twi_read(dev, AT91_TWI_RHR) & 0xff;
+
+ /* send stop if second but last byte has been read */
+ if (--dev->buf_len == 1)
+ at91_twi_write(dev, AT91_TWI_CR, AT91_TWI_STOP);
+
+ dev_dbg(dev->dev, "read 0x%x, to go %d\n", *dev->buf, dev->buf_len);
+
+ ++dev->buf;
+}
+
+static irqreturn_t atmel_twi_interrupt(int irq, void *dev_id)
+{
+ struct at91_twi_dev *dev = dev_id;
+ const unsigned status = at91_twi_read(dev, AT91_TWI_SR);
+ const unsigned irqstatus = status & at91_twi_read(dev, AT91_TWI_IMR);
+
+ if (irqstatus & AT91_TWI_TXCOMP) {
+ at91_disable_twi_interrupts(dev);
+ dev->transfer_status = status;
+ complete(&dev->cmd_complete);
+ } else if (irqstatus & AT91_TWI_RXRDY) {
+ at91_twi_read_next_byte(dev);
+ } else if (irqstatus & AT91_TWI_TXRDY) {
+ at91_twi_write_next_byte(dev);
+ } else {
+ return IRQ_NONE;
+ }
+
+ return IRQ_HANDLED;
+}
+
+static int at91_do_twi_transfer(struct at91_twi_dev *dev, bool is_read)
+{
+ int ret;
+
+ INIT_COMPLETION(dev->cmd_complete);
+ if (is_read) {
+ if (!dev->buf_len)
+ at91_twi_write(dev, AT91_TWI_CR,
+ AT91_TWI_START | AT91_TWI_STOP);
+ else
+ at91_twi_write(dev, AT91_TWI_CR, AT91_TWI_START);
+ at91_twi_write(dev, AT91_TWI_IER,
+ AT91_TWI_TXCOMP | AT91_TWI_RXRDY);
+ } else {
+ at91_twi_write_next_byte(dev);
+ at91_twi_write(dev, AT91_TWI_IER,
+ AT91_TWI_TXCOMP | AT91_TWI_TXRDY);
+ }
+
+ ret = wait_for_completion_interruptible_timeout(&dev->cmd_complete,
+ dev->adapter.timeout);
+ if (ret == 0) {
+ dev_err(dev->dev, "controller timed out\n");
+ at91_init_twi_bus(dev);
+ return -ETIMEDOUT;
+ }
+ if (dev->transfer_status & AT91_TWI_NACK) {
+ dev_dbg(dev->dev, "received nack\n");
+ return -EREMOTEIO;
+ }
+ if (dev->transfer_status & AT91_TWI_OVRE) {
+ dev_err(dev->dev, "overrun while reading\n");
+ return -EIO;
+ }
+ dev_dbg(dev->dev, "transfer complete\n");
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int at91_twi_xfer(struct i2c_adapter *adap, struct i2c_msg *msg, int num)
+{
+ struct at91_twi_dev *dev = i2c_get_adapdata(adap);
+ int ret;
+ unsigned int_addr_flag = 0;
+ struct i2c_msg *m_start = msg;
+
+ dev_dbg(&adap->dev, "at91_xfer: processing %d messages:\n", num);
+
+ /*
+ * The hardware can handle at most two messages concatenated by a
+ * repeated start via it's internal address feature.
+ */
+ if (num > 2) {
+ dev_err(dev->dev,
+ "cannot handle more than two concatenated messages.\n");
+ return 0;
+ } else if (num == 2) {
+ int internal_address = 0;
+ int i;
+
+ if (msg->flags & I2C_M_RD) {
+ dev_err(dev->dev, "first transfer must be write.\n");
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+ if (msg->len > 3) {
+ dev_err(dev->dev, "first message size must be <= 3.\n");
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+
+ /* 1st msg is put into the internal address, start with 2nd */
+ m_start = &msg[1];
+ for (i = 0; i < msg->len; ++i) {
+ internal_address |= ((unsigned)msg->buf[i]) << (8 * i);
+ int_addr_flag += AT91_TWI_IADRSZ_1;
+ }
+ at91_twi_write(dev, AT91_TWI_IADR, internal_address);
+ }
+
+ at91_twi_write(dev, AT91_TWI_MMR, (m_start->addr << 16) | int_addr_flag
+ | ((m_start->flags & I2C_M_RD) ? AT91_TWI_MREAD : 0));
+
+ dev->buf_len = m_start->len;
+ dev->buf = m_start->buf;
+
+ ret = at91_do_twi_transfer(dev, m_start->flags & I2C_M_RD);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ return ret;
+
+ return num;
+}
+
+static u32 at91_twi_func(struct i2c_adapter *adapter)
+{
+ return I2C_FUNC_I2C | I2C_FUNC_SMBUS_EMUL;
+}
+
+static struct i2c_algorithm at91_twi_algorithm = {
+ .master_xfer = at91_twi_xfer,
+ .functionality = at91_twi_func,
+};
+
+static int __devinit at91_twi_probe(struct platform_device *pdev)
+{
+ struct at91_twi_dev *dev;
+ struct resource *mem, *ioarea;
+ int irq, rc;
+
+ mem = platform_get_resource(pdev, IORESOURCE_MEM, 0);
+ if (!mem)
+ return -ENODEV;
+
+ irq = platform_get_irq(pdev, 0);
+ if (irq < 0)
+ return irq;
+
+ ioarea = request_mem_region(mem->start, resource_size(mem), pdev->name);
+ if (!ioarea)
+ return -EBUSY;
+
+ dev = kzalloc(sizeof(*dev), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!dev) {
+ rc = -ENOMEM;
+ goto err_release_region;
+ }
+
+ init_completion(&dev->cmd_complete);
+
+ dev->dev = &pdev->dev;
+ dev->irq = irq;
+ platform_set_drvdata(pdev, dev);
+
+ dev->clk = clk_get(dev->dev, NULL);
+ if (IS_ERR(dev->clk)) {
+ dev_err(dev->dev, "no clock defined\n");
+ rc = -ENODEV;
+ goto err_free_mem;
+ }
+ clk_prepare(dev->clk);
+ clk_enable(dev->clk);
+
+ dev->base = ioremap(mem->start, resource_size(mem));
+ if (!dev->base) {
+ rc = -EBUSY;
+ goto err_mem_ioremap;
+ }
+
+ at91_twi_hwinit(dev, TWI_CLK_HZ);
+
+ rc = request_irq(dev->irq, atmel_twi_interrupt, 0,
+ dev_name(dev->dev), dev);
+ if (rc) {
+ dev_err(dev->dev, "Cannot get irq %d: %d\n", dev->irq, rc);
+ goto err_unuse_clocks;
+ }
+
+ snprintf(dev->adapter.name, sizeof(dev->adapter.name), "AT91");
+ i2c_set_adapdata(&dev->adapter, dev);
+ dev->adapter.owner = THIS_MODULE;
+ dev->adapter.class = I2C_CLASS_HWMON;
+ dev->adapter.algo = &at91_twi_algorithm;
+ dev->adapter.dev.parent = dev->dev;
+ dev->adapter.nr = pdev->id;
+ dev->adapter.timeout = AT91_I2C_TIMEOUT;
+
+ rc = i2c_add_numbered_adapter(&dev->adapter);
+ if (rc) {
+ dev_err(dev->dev, "Adapter %s registration failed\n",
+ dev->adapter.name);
+ goto err_free_irq;
+ }
+
+ dev_info(dev->dev, "AT91 i2c bus driver.\n");
+ return 0;
+
+err_free_irq:
+ free_irq(dev->irq, dev);
+err_unuse_clocks:
+ iounmap(dev->base);
+err_mem_ioremap:
+ clk_disable(dev->clk);
+ clk_put(dev->clk);
+err_free_mem:
+ kfree(dev);
+err_release_region:
+ release_mem_region(mem->start, resource_size(mem));
+
+ return rc;
+}
+
+static int __devexit at91_twi_remove(struct platform_device *pdev)
+{
+ struct at91_twi_dev *dev = platform_get_drvdata(pdev);
+ struct resource *mem;
+ int rc;
+
+ rc = i2c_del_adapter(&dev->adapter);
+ clk_disable(dev->clk);
+ clk_put(dev->clk);
+ free_irq(dev->irq, dev);
+ iounmap(dev->base);
+ kfree(dev);
+
+ mem = platform_get_resource(pdev, IORESOURCE_MEM, 0);
+ release_mem_region(mem->start, resource_size(mem));
+
+ return rc;
+}
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_PM
+
+static int at91_twi_suspend(struct device *dev)
+{
+ struct at91_twi_dev *twi_dev = dev_get_drvdata(dev);
+
+ clk_disable(twi_dev->clk);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int at91_twi_resume(struct device *dev)
+{
+ struct at91_twi_dev *twi_dev = dev_get_drvdata(dev);
+
+ return clk_enable(twi_dev->clk);
+}
+
+static const struct dev_pm_ops at91_twi_pm = {
+ .suspend = at91_twi_suspend,
+ .resume = at91_twi_resume,
+};
+
+#define at91_twi_pm_ops (&at91_twi_pm)
+#else
+#define at91_twi_pm_ops NULL
+#endif
+
+MODULE_ALIAS("platform:at91_i2c");
+
+static struct platform_driver at91_twi_driver = {
+ .probe = at91_twi_probe,
+ .remove = __devexit_p(at91_twi_remove),
+ .driver = {
+ .name = "at91_i2c",
+ .owner = THIS_MODULE,
+ .pm = at91_twi_pm_ops,
+ },
+};
+
+static int __init at91_twi_init(void)
+{
+ return platform_driver_register(&at91_twi_driver);
+}
+
+static void __exit at91_twi_exit(void)
+{
+ platform_driver_unregister(&at91_twi_driver);
+}
+
+module_init(at91_twi_init);
+module_exit(at91_twi_exit);
+
+MODULE_AUTHOR("Nikolaus Voss");
+MODULE_DESCRIPTION("I2C (TWI) driver for Atmel AT91");
+MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
diff --git a/drivers/i2c/busses/i2c-at91.h b/drivers/i2c/busses/i2c-at91.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..a898159
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/i2c/busses/i2c-at91.h
@@ -0,0 +1,80 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright (C) 2005 Ivan Kokshaysky
+ * Copyright (C) SAN People
+ *
+ * Two-wire Interface (TWI) registers.
+ * Based on AT91RM9200 datasheet revision E.
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
+ * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
+ * (at your option) any later version.
+ */
+
+#ifndef AT91_TWI_H
+#define AT91_TWI_H
+
+#define AT91_TWI_CR 0x00 /* Control Register */
+#define AT91_TWI_START (1 << 0) /* Send a Start Condition */
+#define AT91_TWI_STOP (1 << 1) /* Send a Stop Condition */
+#define AT91_TWI_MSEN (1 << 2) /* Master Transfer Enable */
+#define AT91_TWI_MSDIS (1 << 3) /* Master Transfer Disable */
+#define AT91_TWI_SVEN (1 << 4) /* Slave Transfer Enable
+ * [SAM9260 only] */
+#define AT91_TWI_SVDIS (1 << 5) /* Slave Transfer Disable
+ * [SAM9260 only] */
+#define AT91_TWI_SWRST (1 << 7) /* Software Reset */
+
+#define AT91_TWI_MMR 0x04 /* Master Mode Register */
+#define AT91_TWI_IADRSZ (3 << 8) /* Internal Device Address
+ * Size */
+#define AT91_TWI_IADRSZ_NO (0 << 8)
+#define AT91_TWI_IADRSZ_1 (1 << 8)
+#define AT91_TWI_IADRSZ_2 (2 << 8)
+#define AT91_TWI_IADRSZ_3 (3 << 8)
+#define AT91_TWI_MREAD (1 << 12) /* Master Read Direction */
+#define AT91_TWI_DADR (0x7f << 16) /* Device Address */
+
+#define AT91_TWI_SMR 0x08 /* Slave Mode Register
+ * [SAM9260 only] */
+#define AT91_TWI_SADR (0x7f << 16) /* Slave Address */
+
+#define AT91_TWI_IADR 0x0c /* Internal Address Register */
+
+#define AT91_TWI_CWGR 0x10 /* Clock Waveform Generator
+ * Register */
+#define AT91_TWI_CLDIV (0xff << 0) /* Clock Low Divisor */
+#define AT91_TWI_CHDIV (0xff << 8) /* Clock High Divisor */
+#define AT91_TWI_CKDIV (7 << 16) /* Clock Divider */
+
+#define AT91_TWI_SR 0x20 /* Status Register */
+#define AT91_TWI_TXCOMP (1 << 0) /* Transmission Complete */
+#define AT91_TWI_RXRDY (1 << 1) /* Receive Holding Register
+ * Ready */
+#define AT91_TWI_TXRDY (1 << 2) /* Transmit Holding Register
+ * Ready */
+#define AT91_TWI_SVREAD (1 << 3) /* Slave Read [SAM9260 only] */
+#define AT91_TWI_SVACC (1 << 4) /* Slave Access
+ * [SAM9260 only] */
+#define AT91_TWI_GACC (1 << 5) /* General Call Access
+ * [SAM9260 only] */
+#define AT91_TWI_OVRE (1 << 6) /* Overrun Error
+ * [AT91RM9200 only] */
+#define AT91_TWI_UNRE (1 << 7) /* Underrun Error
+ * [AT91RM9200 only] */
+#define AT91_TWI_NACK (1 << 8) /* Not Acknowledged */
+#define AT91_TWI_ARBLST (1 << 9) /* Arbitration Lost
+ * [SAM9260 only] */
+#define AT91_TWI_SCLWS (1 << 10) /* Clock Wait State
+ * [SAM9260 only] */
+#define AT91_TWI_EOSACC (1 << 11) /* End of Slave Address
+ * [SAM9260 only] */
+
+#define AT91_TWI_IER 0x24 /* Interrupt Enable Register */
+#define AT91_TWI_IDR 0x28 /* Interrupt Disable Register */
+#define AT91_TWI_IMR 0x2c /* Interrupt Mask Register */
+#define AT91_TWI_RHR 0x30 /* Receive Holding Register */
+#define AT91_TWI_THR 0x34 /* Transmit Holding Register */
+
+#endif
+
--
1.7.5.4


\
 
 \ /
  Last update: 2011-11-10 15:33    [from the cache]
©2003-2011 Jasper Spaans