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SubjectRe: [PATCH] mm: Improve cmtime update on shared writable mmaps
From
On Tue, Nov 1, 2011 at 3:53 PM, Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz> wrote:
> On Fri 28-10-11 16:39:25, Andy Lutomirski wrote:
>> We used to update a file's time on do_wp_page.  This caused latency
>> whenever file_update_time would sleep (this happens on ext4).  It is
>> also, IMO, less than ideal: any copy, backup, or 'make' run taken
>> after do_wp_page but before an mmap user finished writing would see
>> the new timestamp but the old contents.
>>
>> With this patch, cmtime is updated after a page is written.  When the
>> mm code transfers the dirty bit from a pte to the associated struct
>> page, it also sets a new page flag indicating that the page was
>> modified directly from userspace.  The inode's time is then updated in
>> clear_page_dirty_for_io.
>>
>> We can't update cmtime in all contexts in which ptes are unmapped:
>> various reclaim paths can unmap ptes from GFP_NOFS paths.
>>
>> Signed-off-by: Andy Lutomirski <luto@amacapital.net>
>> ---
>>
>> I'm not thrilled about using a page flag for this, but I haven't
>> spotted a better way.  Updating the time in writepage would touch
>> a lot of files and would interact oddly with write.
>  I see two problems with this patch:
> 1) Using a page flags is really a no-go. We are rather short on page flags
> so using them for such minor thing is a real wastage. Moreover it should be
> rather easy to just use an inode flag instead.

Am I allowed to set inode flags without holding any locks?

>
> 2) You cannot call inode_update_time_writable() from
> clear_page_dirty_for_io() because that is called under a page lock and thus
> would create lock inversion problems.
>

Hmm. Isn't it permitted to at least read from an fs while holding the
page lock? I thought that the page lock was held for the entire
duration of a read and at the beginning of writeback.

I can push this down to the ->writepage implementations or to the
clear_page_dirty_for_io callers, but that will result in a bigger
patch.

--Andy

>                                                                Honza
>>
>>  fs/inode.c                 |   51 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-------------
>>  include/linux/fs.h         |    1 +
>>  include/linux/page-flags.h |    5 ++++
>>  mm/page-writeback.c        |   19 +++++++++++++---
>>  mm/rmap.c                  |   18 +++++++++++++-
>>  5 files changed, 72 insertions(+), 22 deletions(-)
>>
>> diff --git a/fs/inode.c b/fs/inode.c
>> index ec79246..ee93a25 100644
>> --- a/fs/inode.c
>> +++ b/fs/inode.c
>> @@ -1461,21 +1461,8 @@ void touch_atime(struct vfsmount *mnt, struct dentry *dentry)
>>  }
>>  EXPORT_SYMBOL(touch_atime);
>>
>> -/**
>> - *   file_update_time        -       update mtime and ctime time
>> - *   @file: file accessed
>> - *
>> - *   Update the mtime and ctime members of an inode and mark the inode
>> - *   for writeback.  Note that this function is meant exclusively for
>> - *   usage in the file write path of filesystems, and filesystems may
>> - *   choose to explicitly ignore update via this function with the
>> - *   S_NOCMTIME inode flag, e.g. for network filesystem where these
>> - *   timestamps are handled by the server.
>> - */
>> -
>> -void file_update_time(struct file *file)
>> +static void do_inode_update_time(struct file *file, struct inode *inode)
>>  {
>> -     struct inode *inode = file->f_path.dentry->d_inode;
>>       struct timespec now;
>>       enum { S_MTIME = 1, S_CTIME = 2, S_VERSION = 4 } sync_it = 0;
>>
>> @@ -1497,7 +1484,7 @@ void file_update_time(struct file *file)
>>               return;
>>
>>       /* Finally allowed to write? Takes lock. */
>> -     if (mnt_want_write_file(file))
>> +     if (file && mnt_want_write_file(file))
>>               return;
>>
>>       /* Only change inode inside the lock region */
>> @@ -1508,10 +1495,42 @@ void file_update_time(struct file *file)
>>       if (sync_it & S_MTIME)
>>               inode->i_mtime = now;
>>       mark_inode_dirty_sync(inode);
>> -     mnt_drop_write(file->f_path.mnt);
>> +
>> +     if (file)
>> +             mnt_drop_write(file->f_path.mnt);
>> +}
>> +
>> +/**
>> + *   file_update_time        -       update mtime and ctime time
>> + *   @file: file accessed
>> + *
>> + *   Update the mtime and ctime members of an inode and mark the inode
>> + *   for writeback.  Note that this function is meant exclusively for
>> + *   usage in the file write path of filesystems, and filesystems may
>> + *   choose to explicitly ignore update via this function with the
>> + *   S_NOCMTIME inode flag, e.g. for network filesystem where these
>> + *   timestamps are handled by the server.
>> + */
>> +
>> +void file_update_time(struct file *file)
>> +{
>> +     do_inode_update_time(file, file->f_path.dentry->d_inode);
>>  }
>>  EXPORT_SYMBOL(file_update_time);
>>
>> +/**
>> + *   inode_update_time_writable      -       update mtime and ctime
>> + *   @inode: inode accessed
>> + *
>> + *   Same as file_update_time, except that the caller is responsible
>> + *   for checking that the mount is writable.
>> + */
>> +
>> +void inode_update_time_writable(struct inode *inode)
>> +{
>> +     do_inode_update_time(0, inode);
>> +}
>> +
>>  int inode_needs_sync(struct inode *inode)
>>  {
>>       if (IS_SYNC(inode))
>> diff --git a/include/linux/fs.h b/include/linux/fs.h
>> index 277f497..9e28927 100644
>> --- a/include/linux/fs.h
>> +++ b/include/linux/fs.h
>> @@ -2553,6 +2553,7 @@ extern int inode_newsize_ok(const struct inode *, loff_t offset);
>>  extern void setattr_copy(struct inode *inode, const struct iattr *attr);
>>
>>  extern void file_update_time(struct file *file);
>> +extern void inode_update_time_writable(struct inode *inode);
>>
>>  extern int generic_show_options(struct seq_file *m, struct vfsmount *mnt);
>>  extern void save_mount_options(struct super_block *sb, char *options);
>> diff --git a/include/linux/page-flags.h b/include/linux/page-flags.h
>> index e90a673..4eed012 100644
>> --- a/include/linux/page-flags.h
>> +++ b/include/linux/page-flags.h
>> @@ -107,6 +107,7 @@ enum pageflags {
>>  #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE
>>       PG_compound_lock,
>>  #endif
>> +     PG_update_cmtime,       /* Dirtied via writable mapping. */
>>       __NR_PAGEFLAGS,
>>
>>       /* Filesystems */
>> @@ -273,6 +274,10 @@ PAGEFLAG_FALSE(HWPoison)
>>  #define __PG_HWPOISON 0
>>  #endif
>>
>> +/* Whoever clears PG_update_cmtime must update the cmtime. */
>> +SETPAGEFLAG(UpdateCMTime, update_cmtime)
>> +TESTCLEARFLAG(UpdateCMTime, update_cmtime)
>> +
>>  u64 stable_page_flags(struct page *page);
>>
>>  static inline int PageUptodate(struct page *page)
>> diff --git a/mm/page-writeback.c b/mm/page-writeback.c
>> index 0e309cd..41c48ea 100644
>> --- a/mm/page-writeback.c
>> +++ b/mm/page-writeback.c
>> @@ -1460,7 +1460,8 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(set_page_dirty_lock);
>>
>>  /*
>>   * Clear a page's dirty flag, while caring for dirty memory accounting.
>> - * Returns true if the page was previously dirty.
>> + * Returns true if the page was previously dirty.  Also updates inode time
>> + * if necessary.
>>   *
>>   * This is for preparing to put the page under writeout.  We leave the page
>>   * tagged as dirty in the radix tree so that a concurrent write-for-sync
>> @@ -1474,6 +1475,7 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(set_page_dirty_lock);
>>   */
>>  int clear_page_dirty_for_io(struct page *page)
>>  {
>> +     int ret;
>>       struct address_space *mapping = page_mapping(page);
>>
>>       BUG_ON(!PageLocked(page));
>> @@ -1520,11 +1522,20 @@ int clear_page_dirty_for_io(struct page *page)
>>                       dec_zone_page_state(page, NR_FILE_DIRTY);
>>                       dec_bdi_stat(mapping->backing_dev_info,
>>                                       BDI_RECLAIMABLE);
>> -                     return 1;
>> +                     ret = 1;
>> +                     goto out;
>>               }
>> -             return 0;
>> +             ret = 0;
>> +             goto out;
>>       }
>> -     return TestClearPageDirty(page);
>> +     ret = TestClearPageDirty(page);
>> +
>> +out:
>> +     /* We know that the inode (if any) is on a writable mount. */
>> +     if (mapping && mapping->host && TestClearPageUpdateCMTime(page))
>> +             inode_update_time_writable(mapping->host);
>> +
>> +     return ret;
>>  }
>>  EXPORT_SYMBOL(clear_page_dirty_for_io);
>>
>> diff --git a/mm/rmap.c b/mm/rmap.c
>> index 8005080..2ee595d 100644
>> --- a/mm/rmap.c
>> +++ b/mm/rmap.c
>> @@ -937,6 +937,16 @@ int page_mkclean(struct page *page)
>>               struct address_space *mapping = page_mapping(page);
>>               if (mapping) {
>>                       ret = page_mkclean_file(mapping, page);
>> +
>> +                     /*
>> +                      * If dirtied via shared writable mapping, cmtime
>> +                      * needs to be updated.  If dirtied only through
>> +                      * write(), etc, then the writer already updated
>> +                      * cmtime.
>> +                      */
>> +                     if (ret)
>> +                             SetPageUpdateCMTime(page);
>> +
>>                       if (page_test_and_clear_dirty(page_to_pfn(page), 1))
>>                               ret = 1;
>>               }
>> @@ -1203,8 +1213,10 @@ int try_to_unmap_one(struct page *page, struct vm_area_struct *vma,
>>       pteval = ptep_clear_flush_notify(vma, address, pte);
>>
>>       /* Move the dirty bit to the physical page now the pte is gone. */
>> -     if (pte_dirty(pteval))
>> +     if (pte_dirty(pteval)) {
>> +             SetPageUpdateCMTime(page);
>>               set_page_dirty(page);
>> +     }
>>
>>       /* Update high watermark before we lower rss */
>>       update_hiwater_rss(mm);
>> @@ -1388,8 +1400,10 @@ static int try_to_unmap_cluster(unsigned long cursor, unsigned int *mapcount,
>>                       set_pte_at(mm, address, pte, pgoff_to_pte(page->index));
>>
>>               /* Move the dirty bit to the physical page now the pte is gone. */
>> -             if (pte_dirty(pteval))
>> +             if (pte_dirty(pteval)) {
>> +                     SetPageUpdateCMTime(page);
>>                       set_page_dirty(page);
>> +             }
>>
>>               page_remove_rmap(page);
>>               page_cache_release(page);
>> --
>> 1.7.6.4
>>
> --
> Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz>
> SUSE Labs, CR
>



--
Andy Lutomirski
AMA Capital Management, LLC
Office: (310) 553-5322
Mobile: (650) 906-0647
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