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Subject[PATCH 4/9] mm: MIGRATE_CMA migration type added
From: Michal Nazarewicz <m.nazarewicz@samsung.com>

The MIGRATE_CMA migration type has two main characteristics:
(i) only movable pages can be allocated from MIGRATE_CMA
pageblocks and (ii) page allocator will never change migration
type of MIGRATE_CMA pageblocks.

This guarantees that page in a MIGRATE_CMA page block can
always be migrated somewhere else (unless there's no memory left
in the system).

It is designed to be used with Contiguous Memory Allocator
(CMA) for allocating big chunks (eg. 10MiB) of physically
contiguous memory. Once driver requests contiguous memory,
CMA will migrate pages from MIGRATE_CMA pageblocks.

To minimise number of migrations, MIGRATE_CMA migration type
is the last type tried when page allocator falls back to other
migration types then requested.

Signed-off-by: Michal Nazarewicz <m.nazarewicz@samsung.com>
Signed-off-by: Kyungmin Park <kyungmin.park@samsung.com>
[m.szyprowski: cleaned up Kconfig, renamed some functions, removed ifdefs]
Signed-off-by: Marek Szyprowski <m.szyprowski@samsung.com>
[m.nazarewicz: fixed incorrect handling of pages from ISOLATE page blocks]
Signed-off-by: Michal Nazarewicz <mina86@mina86.com>
Acked-by: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de>
---
include/linux/mmzone.h | 41 +++++++++++++++++----
include/linux/page-isolation.h | 1 +
mm/Kconfig | 8 ++++-
mm/compaction.c | 10 +++++
mm/page_alloc.c | 79 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++----------
5 files changed, 112 insertions(+), 27 deletions(-)
diff --git a/include/linux/mmzone.h b/include/linux/mmzone.h
index 862a834..cc34965 100644
--- a/include/linux/mmzone.h
+++ b/include/linux/mmzone.h
@@ -35,13 +35,35 @@
*/
#define PAGE_ALLOC_COSTLY_ORDER 3

-#define MIGRATE_UNMOVABLE 0
-#define MIGRATE_RECLAIMABLE 1
-#define MIGRATE_MOVABLE 2
-#define MIGRATE_PCPTYPES 3 /* the number of types on the pcp lists */
-#define MIGRATE_RESERVE 3
-#define MIGRATE_ISOLATE 4 /* can't allocate from here */
-#define MIGRATE_TYPES 5
+enum {
+ MIGRATE_UNMOVABLE,
+ MIGRATE_RECLAIMABLE,
+ MIGRATE_MOVABLE,
+ MIGRATE_PCPTYPES, /* the number of types on the pcp lists */
+ MIGRATE_RESERVE = MIGRATE_PCPTYPES,
+ /*
+ * MIGRATE_CMA migration type is designed to mimic the way
+ * ZONE_MOVABLE works. Only movable pages can be allocated
+ * from MIGRATE_CMA pageblocks and page allocator never
+ * implicitly change migration type of MIGRATE_CMA pageblock.
+ *
+ * The way to use it is to change migratetype of a range of
+ * pageblocks to MIGRATE_CMA which can be done by
+ * __free_pageblock_cma() function. What is important though
+ * is that a range of pageblocks must be aligned to
+ * MAX_ORDER_NR_PAGES should biggest page be bigger then
+ * a single pageblock.
+ */
+ MIGRATE_CMA,
+ MIGRATE_ISOLATE, /* can't allocate from here */
+ MIGRATE_TYPES
+};
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_CMA_MIGRATE_TYPE
+# define is_migrate_cma(migratetype) unlikely((migratetype) == MIGRATE_CMA)
+#else
+# define is_migrate_cma(migratetype) false
+#endif

#define for_each_migratetype_order(order, type) \
for (order = 0; order < MAX_ORDER; order++) \
@@ -54,6 +76,11 @@ static inline int get_pageblock_migratetype(struct page *page)
return get_pageblock_flags_group(page, PB_migrate, PB_migrate_end);
}

+static inline bool is_pageblock_cma(struct page *page)
+{
+ return is_migrate_cma(get_pageblock_migratetype(page));
+}
+
struct free_area {
struct list_head free_list[MIGRATE_TYPES];
unsigned long nr_free;
diff --git a/include/linux/page-isolation.h b/include/linux/page-isolation.h
index 774ecec..9b6aa8a 100644
--- a/include/linux/page-isolation.h
+++ b/include/linux/page-isolation.h
@@ -48,4 +48,5 @@ int test_pages_in_a_zone(unsigned long start_pfn, unsigned long end_pfn);
unsigned long scan_lru_pages(unsigned long start, unsigned long end);
int do_migrate_range(unsigned long start_pfn, unsigned long end_pfn);

+extern void init_cma_reserved_pageblock(struct page *page);
#endif
diff --git a/mm/Kconfig b/mm/Kconfig
index 10d7986..d067b84 100644
--- a/mm/Kconfig
+++ b/mm/Kconfig
@@ -192,7 +192,7 @@ config COMPACTION
config MIGRATION
bool "Page migration"
def_bool y
- depends on NUMA || ARCH_ENABLE_MEMORY_HOTREMOVE || COMPACTION
+ depends on NUMA || ARCH_ENABLE_MEMORY_HOTREMOVE || COMPACTION || CMA_MIGRATE_TYPE
help
Allows the migration of the physical location of pages of processes
while the virtual addresses are not changed. This is useful in
@@ -201,6 +201,12 @@ config MIGRATION
pages as migration can relocate pages to satisfy a huge page
allocation instead of reclaiming.

+config CMA_MIGRATE_TYPE
+ bool
+ help
+ This enables the use the MIGRATE_CMA migrate type, which lets lets CMA
+ work on almost arbitrary memory range and not only inside ZONE_MOVABLE.
+
config PHYS_ADDR_T_64BIT
def_bool 64BIT || ARCH_PHYS_ADDR_T_64BIT

diff --git a/mm/compaction.c b/mm/compaction.c
index 97254e4..9cf6b2b 100644
--- a/mm/compaction.c
+++ b/mm/compaction.c
@@ -115,6 +115,16 @@ static bool suitable_migration_target(struct page *page)
if (migratetype == MIGRATE_ISOLATE || migratetype == MIGRATE_RESERVE)
return false;

+ /* Keep MIGRATE_CMA alone as well. */
+ /*
+ * XXX Revisit. We currently cannot let compaction touch CMA
+ * pages since compaction insists on changing their migration
+ * type to MIGRATE_MOVABLE (see split_free_page() called from
+ * isolate_freepages_block() above).
+ */
+ if (is_migrate_cma(migratetype))
+ return false;
+
/* If the page is a large free page, then allow migration */
if (PageBuddy(page) && page_order(page) >= pageblock_order)
return true;
diff --git a/mm/page_alloc.c b/mm/page_alloc.c
index 8010854..6758b9a 100644
--- a/mm/page_alloc.c
+++ b/mm/page_alloc.c
@@ -733,6 +733,29 @@ void __meminit __free_pages_bootmem(struct page *page, unsigned int order)
}
}

+#ifdef CONFIG_CMA_MIGRATE_TYPE
+/*
+ * Free whole pageblock and set it's migration type to MIGRATE_CMA.
+ */
+void __init init_cma_reserved_pageblock(struct page *page)
+{
+ struct page *p = page;
+ unsigned i = pageblock_nr_pages;
+
+ prefetchw(p);
+ do {
+ if (--i)
+ prefetchw(p + 1);
+ __ClearPageReserved(p);
+ set_page_count(p, 0);
+ } while (++p, i);
+
+ set_page_refcounted(page);
+ set_pageblock_migratetype(page, MIGRATE_CMA);
+ __free_pages(page, pageblock_order);
+ totalram_pages += pageblock_nr_pages;
+}
+#endif

/*
* The order of subdivision here is critical for the IO subsystem.
@@ -841,11 +864,11 @@ struct page *__rmqueue_smallest(struct zone *zone, unsigned int order,
* This array describes the order lists are fallen back to when
* the free lists for the desirable migrate type are depleted
*/
-static int fallbacks[MIGRATE_TYPES][MIGRATE_TYPES-1] = {
+static int fallbacks[MIGRATE_TYPES][4] = {
[MIGRATE_UNMOVABLE] = { MIGRATE_RECLAIMABLE, MIGRATE_MOVABLE, MIGRATE_RESERVE },
[MIGRATE_RECLAIMABLE] = { MIGRATE_UNMOVABLE, MIGRATE_MOVABLE, MIGRATE_RESERVE },
- [MIGRATE_MOVABLE] = { MIGRATE_RECLAIMABLE, MIGRATE_UNMOVABLE, MIGRATE_RESERVE },
- [MIGRATE_RESERVE] = { MIGRATE_RESERVE, MIGRATE_RESERVE, MIGRATE_RESERVE }, /* Never used */
+ [MIGRATE_MOVABLE] = { MIGRATE_RECLAIMABLE, MIGRATE_UNMOVABLE, MIGRATE_CMA , MIGRATE_RESERVE },
+ [MIGRATE_RESERVE] = { MIGRATE_RESERVE }, /* Never used */
};

/*
@@ -940,12 +963,12 @@ __rmqueue_fallback(struct zone *zone, int order, int start_migratetype)
/* Find the largest possible block of pages in the other list */
for (current_order = MAX_ORDER-1; current_order >= order;
--current_order) {
- for (i = 0; i < MIGRATE_TYPES - 1; i++) {
+ for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(fallbacks[0]); i++) {
migratetype = fallbacks[start_migratetype][i];

/* MIGRATE_RESERVE handled later if necessary */
if (migratetype == MIGRATE_RESERVE)
- continue;
+ break;

area = &(zone->free_area[current_order]);
if (list_empty(&area->free_list[migratetype]))
@@ -960,19 +983,29 @@ __rmqueue_fallback(struct zone *zone, int order, int start_migratetype)
* pages to the preferred allocation list. If falling
* back for a reclaimable kernel allocation, be more
* aggressive about taking ownership of free pages
+ *
+ * On the other hand, never change migration
+ * type of MIGRATE_CMA pageblocks nor move CMA
+ * pages on different free lists. We don't
+ * want unmovable pages to be allocated from
+ * MIGRATE_CMA areas.
*/
- if (unlikely(current_order >= (pageblock_order >> 1)) ||
- start_migratetype == MIGRATE_RECLAIMABLE ||
- page_group_by_mobility_disabled) {
- unsigned long pages;
+ if (!is_pageblock_cma(page) &&
+ (unlikely(current_order >= pageblock_order / 2) ||
+ start_migratetype == MIGRATE_RECLAIMABLE ||
+ page_group_by_mobility_disabled)) {
+ int pages;
pages = move_freepages_block(zone, page,
- start_migratetype);
+ start_migratetype);

- /* Claim the whole block if over half of it is free */
+ /*
+ * Claim the whole block if over half
+ * of it is free
+ */
if (pages >= (1 << (pageblock_order-1)) ||
- page_group_by_mobility_disabled)
+ page_group_by_mobility_disabled)
set_pageblock_migratetype(page,
- start_migratetype);
+ start_migratetype);

migratetype = start_migratetype;
}
@@ -982,11 +1015,14 @@ __rmqueue_fallback(struct zone *zone, int order, int start_migratetype)
rmv_page_order(page);

/* Take ownership for orders >= pageblock_order */
- if (current_order >= pageblock_order)
+ if (current_order >= pageblock_order &&
+ !is_pageblock_cma(page))
change_pageblock_range(page, current_order,
start_migratetype);

- expand(zone, page, order, current_order, area, migratetype);
+ expand(zone, page, order, current_order, area,
+ is_migrate_cma(start_migratetype)
+ ? start_migratetype : migratetype);

trace_mm_page_alloc_extfrag(page, order, current_order,
start_migratetype, migratetype);
@@ -1058,7 +1094,10 @@ static int rmqueue_bulk(struct zone *zone, unsigned int order,
list_add(&page->lru, list);
else
list_add_tail(&page->lru, list);
- set_page_private(page, migratetype);
+ if (is_pageblock_cma(page))
+ set_page_private(page, MIGRATE_CMA);
+ else
+ set_page_private(page, migratetype);
list = &page->lru;
}
__mod_zone_page_state(zone, NR_FREE_PAGES, -(i << order));
@@ -1302,7 +1341,9 @@ int split_free_page(struct page *page)
if (order >= pageblock_order - 1) {
struct page *endpage = page + (1 << order) - 1;
for (; page < endpage; page += pageblock_nr_pages)
- set_pageblock_migratetype(page, MIGRATE_MOVABLE);
+ if (!is_pageblock_cma(page))
+ set_pageblock_migratetype(page,
+ MIGRATE_MOVABLE);
}

return 1 << order;
@@ -5592,8 +5633,8 @@ __count_immobile_pages(struct zone *zone, struct page *page, int count)
*/
if (zone_idx(zone) == ZONE_MOVABLE)
return true;
-
- if (get_pageblock_migratetype(page) == MIGRATE_MOVABLE)
+ if (get_pageblock_migratetype(page) == MIGRATE_MOVABLE ||
+ is_pageblock_cma(page))
return true;

pfn = page_to_pfn(page);
--
1.7.1.569.g6f426


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