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SubjectRe: >Re: [RFC] should VM_BUG_ON(cond) really evaluate cond
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Le samedi 29 octobre 2011 à 10:34 -0700, Linus Torvalds a écrit :
> On Fri, Oct 28, 2011 at 7:55 AM, Linus Torvalds
> <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> wrote:
> >
> > Comments? I think I'm open to tested patches..
>
> Here's a *untested* patch.
>
> In particular, I worry that I'd need to add a "#include
> <linux/compiler.h>" to some header file, although I suspect it gets
> included some way regardless.
>
> And when I say "untested", I mean it. I verified that this makes
> *some* difference to the generated code, but I didn't actually check
> if it really matters, or if it actually compiles and works in general.
>
> Caveat tester,
>

Since jetlag strikes me again, I took your patch and had to change it a
bit, since :

1) x86 uses its own atomic_read() definition in
arch/x86/include/asm/atomic.h

2) We can use a const pointer in ACCESS_AT_MOST_ONCE(*ptr), so I had to
change a bit your implementation, I hope I did not mess it.

Tested (built/booted) on x86 and x86_64

We could logically split this patch in three parts, but hey, maybe I can
try to sleep after all ;)

Thanks

[PATCH] atomic: introduce ACCESS_AT_MOST_ONCE() helper

In commit 4e60c86bd9e (gcc-4.6: mm: fix unused but set warnings)
Andi forced VM_BUG_ON(cond) to evaluate cond, even if CONFIG_DEBUG_VM is
not set :

#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_VM
#define VM_BUG_ON(cond) BUG_ON(cond)
#else
#define VM_BUG_ON(cond) do { (void)(cond); } while (0)
#endif
As a side effect, get_page()/put_page_testzero() are performing more bus
transactions on contended cache line on some workloads (tcp_sendmsg()
for example, where a page is acting as a shared buffer)

0,05 : ffffffff815e4775: je ffffffff815e4970 <tcp_sendmsg+0xc80>
0,05 : ffffffff815e477b: mov 0x1c(%r9),%eax // useless
3,32 : ffffffff815e477f: mov (%r9),%rax // useless
0,51 : ffffffff815e4782: lock incl 0x1c(%r9)
3,87 : ffffffff815e4787: mov (%r9),%rax
0,00 : ffffffff815e478a: test $0x80,%ah
0,00 : ffffffff815e478d: jne ffffffff815e49f2 <tcp_sendmsg+0xd02>
Thats because both atomic_read() and constant_test_bit() use a volatile
attribute and thus compiler is forced to perform a read, even if the
result is optimized away.

Linus suggested using an asm("") trick and place it in a variant of
ACCESS_ONCE(), allowing compiler to omit reading memory if result is
unused.

This patch introduces ACCESS_AT_MOST_ONCE() helper and use it in the x86
implementation of atomic_read() and constant_test_bit()

on x86_64, we thus reduce vmlinux text a bit (if CONFIG_DEBUG_VM=n)

# size vmlinux.old vmlinux.new
text data bss dec hex filename
10706848 2894216 1540096 15141160 e70928 vmlinux.old
10704680 2894216 1540096 15138992 e700b0 vmlinux.new

Based on a prior patch from Linus

Signed-off-by: Eric Dumazet <eric.dumazet@gmail.com>
---
arch/x86/include/asm/atomic.h | 2 +-
arch/x86/include/asm/bitops.h | 7 +++++--
include/asm-generic/atomic.h | 2 +-
include/linux/compiler.h | 10 ++++++++++
4 files changed, 17 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/atomic.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/atomic.h
index 58cb6d4..b1f0c6b 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/atomic.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/atomic.h
@@ -22,7 +22,7 @@
*/
static inline int atomic_read(const atomic_t *v)
{
- return (*(volatile int *)&(v)->counter);
+ return ACCESS_AT_MOST_ONCE(v->counter);
}

/**
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/bitops.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/bitops.h
index 1775d6e..e30a190 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/bitops.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/bitops.h
@@ -308,8 +308,11 @@ static inline int test_and_change_bit(int nr, volatile unsigned long *addr)

static __always_inline int constant_test_bit(unsigned int nr, const volatile unsigned long *addr)
{
- return ((1UL << (nr % BITS_PER_LONG)) &
- (addr[nr / BITS_PER_LONG])) != 0;
+ const unsigned long *word = (const unsigned long *)addr +
+ (nr / BITS_PER_LONG);
+ unsigned long bit = 1UL << (nr % BITS_PER_LONG);
+
+ return (bit & ACCESS_AT_MOST_ONCE(*word)) != 0;
}

static inline int variable_test_bit(int nr, volatile const unsigned long *addr)
diff --git a/include/asm-generic/atomic.h b/include/asm-generic/atomic.h
index e37963c..c05e21f 100644
--- a/include/asm-generic/atomic.h
+++ b/include/asm-generic/atomic.h
@@ -39,7 +39,7 @@
* Atomically reads the value of @v.
*/
#ifndef atomic_read
-#define atomic_read(v) (*(volatile int *)&(v)->counter)
+#define atomic_read(v) ACCESS_AT_MOST_ONCE((v)->counter)
#endif

/**
diff --git a/include/linux/compiler.h b/include/linux/compiler.h
index 320d6c9..21f102d 100644
--- a/include/linux/compiler.h
+++ b/include/linux/compiler.h
@@ -308,4 +308,14 @@ void ftrace_likely_update(struct ftrace_branch_data *f, int val, int expect);
*/
#define ACCESS_ONCE(x) (*(volatile typeof(x) *)&(x))

+/*
+ * Like ACCESS_ONCE, but can be optimized away if nothing uses the value,
+ * and/or merged with previous non-ONCE accesses.
+ */
+#define ACCESS_AT_MOST_ONCE(x) \
+ ({ unsigned long __y; \
+ asm("":"=r" (__y):"0" (x)); \
+ (__force __typeof__(x)) __y; \
+ })
+
#endif /* __LINUX_COMPILER_H */

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