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SubjectRe: [PATCH v4 2/2] CPU hotplug, Freezer: Synchronize CPU hotplug and Freezer
On 10/28/2011 05:32 PM, Rafael J. Wysocki wrote:
> On Friday, October 28, 2011, Rafael J. Wysocki wrote:
>> On Friday, October 28, 2011, Srivatsa S. Bhat wrote:
>>> On 10/28/2011 01:43 AM, Rafael J. Wysocki wrote:
>>>> Hi,
>>>>
>>>> On Thursday, October 27, 2011, Srivatsa S. Bhat wrote:
>>>>> Prevent CPU hotplug and the freezer from racing with each other, to ensure
>>>>> that during the *entire duration* for which the callbacks for CPU hotplug
>>>>> notifications such as CPU_ONLINE[_FROZEN], CPU_DEAD[_FROZEN] etc are being
>>>>> executed, the state of the system (with respect to the tasks being frozen
>>>>> or not) remains constant.
>>>>>
>>>>> This patches hooks the CPU hotplug infrastructure onto the freezer
>>>>> notifications (PM_FREEZE_PREPARE and PM_POST_THAW) and thus synchronizes
>>>>> with the freezer.
>>>>>
>>>>> Specifically,
>>>>>
>>>>> * Upon the PM_FREEZE_PREPARE notification, the CPU hotplug callback disables
>>>>> future (regular) CPU hotplugging and also ensures that any currently running
>>>>> CPU hotplug operation is completed before allowing the freezer to continue
>>>>> any further.
>>>>>
>>>>> * Upon the PM_POST_THAW notification, the CPU hotplug callback re-enables
>>>>> regular CPU hotplug.
>>>>>
>>>>> Signed-off-by: Srivatsa S. Bhat <srivatsa.bhat@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
>>>>> ---
>>>>>
>>>>> kernel/cpu.c | 76 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>>>>> 1 files changed, 76 insertions(+), 0 deletions(-)
>>>>>
>>>>> diff --git a/kernel/cpu.c b/kernel/cpu.c
>>>>> index 12b7458..61985ce 100644
>>>>> --- a/kernel/cpu.c
>>>>> +++ b/kernel/cpu.c
>>>>> @@ -15,6 +15,7 @@
>>>>> #include <linux/stop_machine.h>
>>>>> #include <linux/mutex.h>
>>>>> #include <linux/gfp.h>
>>>>> +#include <linux/suspend.h>
>>>>>
>>>>> #ifdef CONFIG_SMP
>>>>> /* Serializes the updates to cpu_online_mask, cpu_present_mask */
>>>>> @@ -478,6 +479,81 @@ static int alloc_frozen_cpus(void)
>>>>> core_initcall(alloc_frozen_cpus);
>>>>> #endif /* CONFIG_PM_SLEEP_SMP */
>>>>>
>>>>> +
>>>>> +#ifdef CONFIG_FREEZER
>>>>> +
>>>>> +/*
>>>>> + * Avoid CPU hotplug racing with the freezer subsystem, by disabling CPU
>>>>> + * hotplug when tasks are about to be frozen.
>>>>> + *
>>>>> + * Also, don't allow the freezer subsystem to continue until any currently
>>>>> + * running CPU hotplug operation gets completed.
>>>>> + * To modify the 'cpu_hotplug_disabled' flag, we need to acquire the
>>>>> + * 'cpu_add_remove_lock'. And this same lock is also taken by the regular
>>>>> + * CPU hotplug path and released only after it is complete. Thus, we
>>>>> + * (and hence the freezer) will block here until any currently running CPU
>>>>> + * hotplug operation is completed.
>>>>> + */
>>>>> +static void cpu_hotplug_freezer_block_begin(void)
>>>>> +{
>>>>> + cpu_maps_update_begin();
>>>>> + cpu_hotplug_disabled = 1;
>>>>> + cpu_maps_update_done();
>>>>> +}
>>>>> +
>>>>> +
>>>>> +/*
>>>>> + * When thawing of tasks is complete, re-enable CPU hotplug (which had been
>>>>> + * disabled while beginning to freeze tasks).
>>>>> + */
>>>>> +static void cpu_hotplug_freezer_block_done(void)
>>>>> +{
>>>>> + cpu_maps_update_begin();
>>>>> + cpu_hotplug_disabled = 0;
>>>>> + cpu_maps_update_done();
>>>>> +}
>>>>> +
>>>>
>>>> I wonder if the new PM notifier events are really necessary?
>>>>
>>>> Why don't you just call cpu_hotplug_freezer_block_begin() (perhaps
>>>> with a better name?) directly from freeze_processes()? And analogously
>>>> for cpu_hotplug_freezer_block_done() and thaw_processes()?
>>>>
>>>
>>> Yes, we can definitely do that.
>>>
>>> But the reason why I chose to introduce new notifiers was to make this
>>> more extensible (because we know that at least 2 subsystems would benefit
>>> from mutually excluding themselves from the freezer, namely CPU hotplug
>>> and x86 microcode).
>>> http://thread.gmane.org/gmane.linux.kernel/1198291/focus=1200591
>>>
>>> But now that I think of it, hooking onto the freezer notifiers wouldn't
>>> solve the microcode cases since usermodehelper_disable() is called
>>> _before_ freezing tasks... :(
>>>
>>> So we should probably call the functions directly like you suggested..
>>>
>>> But I really didn't want to clutter the freezer call path because of problems
>>> elsewhere. So I felt freezer notifiers would be a cleaner way of dealing with
>>> such things. Also, since freezer is a generic subsystem that could be used
>>> for purposes other than S3/S4 as well (I have heard of attempts to use freezer
>>> during tracing), wouldn't it be better to introduce new notifiers to
>>> announce the begin and end of freezer activity to interested subsystems?
>>> (and then use them to solve the CPU hotplug issue like this patch does...)
>>>
>>> Please let me know your suggestions.
>>
>> The freeze_processes() and thaw_processes() functions are only used for
>> system suspend and hibernation, as far as I can tell, and I don't think there
>> will be any other users in predictable future.
>>
>> Also, adding the calls directly to those functions will show exactly what
>> the dependecies are, while doing that through a notifier kind of obfuscates
>> things. So, please make direct calls from there.
>
> Alternatively, which I'd even prefer in fact, you can simply use the
> PM_SUSPEND_PREPARE and PM_POST_SUSPEND notifier events (and analogously
> for hibernation) to run that code. Which also might be useful for solving
> the microcode case.
>

The primary reason I hadn't used those notifications for this purpose till now was
because I thought freezer might have usecases other than S3/S4 and hence we needed
synchronization at the freezer level. But now that you clarified that part, I'll
go ahead and use the SUSPEND/HIBERNATE notifiers for this.
Thank you very much.

--
Regards,
Srivatsa S. Bhat <srivatsa.bhat@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Linux Technology Center,
IBM India Systems and Technology Lab



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