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Subject[patch 5/5]thp: split huge page if head page is isolated
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With current logic, if page reclaim finds a huge page, it will just reclaim
the head page and leave tail pages reclaimed later. Let's take an example,
lru list has page A and B, page A is huge page:
1. page A is isolated
2. page B is isolated
3. shrink_page_list() adds page A to swap page cache. so page A is split.
page A+1, page A+2, ... are added to lru list.
4. shrink_page_list() adds page B to swap page cache.
5. page A and B is written out and reclaimed.
6. page A+1, A+2 ... is isolated and reclaimed later.
So the reclaim order is A, B, ...(maybe other pages), A+1, A+2 ...

We expected the whole huge page A is reclaimed in the meantime, so
the order is A, A+1, ... A+HPAGE_PMD_NR-1, B, ....
With this patch, we do huge page split just after the head page is isolated
for inactive lru list, so the tail pages will be reclaimed immediately.

In a test, a range of anonymous memory is written and will trigger swap.
Without the patch:
#cat /proc/vmstat|grep thp
thp_fault_alloc 451
thp_fault_fallback 0
thp_collapse_alloc 0
thp_collapse_alloc_failed 0
thp_split 238
With the patch:
#cat /proc/vmstat|grep thp
thp_fault_alloc 450
thp_fault_fallback 1
thp_collapse_alloc 0
thp_collapse_alloc_failed 0
thp_split 103
So the thp_split number is reduced a lot, though there is one extra
thp_fault_fallback.

Signed-off-by: Shaohua Li <shaohua.li@intel.com>
---
include/linux/memcontrol.h | 3 +-
mm/memcontrol.c | 12 +++++++++--
mm/vmscan.c | 49 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-----------
3 files changed, 50 insertions(+), 14 deletions(-)
Index: linux/mm/vmscan.c
===================================================================
--- linux.orig/mm/vmscan.c 2011-10-25 08:36:08.000000000 +0800
+++ linux/mm/vmscan.c 2011-10-25 09:51:44.000000000 +0800
@@ -1076,7 +1076,8 @@ int __isolate_lru_page(struct page *page
*/
static unsigned long isolate_lru_pages(unsigned long nr_to_scan,
struct list_head *src, struct list_head *dst,
- unsigned long *scanned, int order, int mode, int file)
+ unsigned long *scanned, int order, int mode, int file,
+ struct page **split_page)
{
unsigned long nr_taken = 0;
unsigned long nr_lumpy_taken = 0;
@@ -1100,7 +1101,12 @@ static unsigned long isolate_lru_pages(u
case 0:
list_move(&page->lru, dst);
mem_cgroup_del_lru(page);
- nr_taken += hpage_nr_pages(page);
+ if (PageTransHuge(page) && split_page) {
+ nr_taken++;
+ *split_page = page;
+ goto out;
+ } else
+ nr_taken += hpage_nr_pages(page);
break;

case -EBUSY:
@@ -1158,11 +1164,16 @@ static unsigned long isolate_lru_pages(u
if (__isolate_lru_page(cursor_page, mode, file) == 0) {
list_move(&cursor_page->lru, dst);
mem_cgroup_del_lru(cursor_page);
- nr_taken += hpage_nr_pages(page);
nr_lumpy_taken++;
if (PageDirty(cursor_page))
nr_lumpy_dirty++;
scan++;
+ if (PageTransHuge(page) && split_page) {
+ nr_taken++;
+ *split_page = page;
+ goto out;
+ } else
+ nr_taken += hpage_nr_pages(page);
} else {
/*
* Check if the page is freed already.
@@ -1188,6 +1199,7 @@ static unsigned long isolate_lru_pages(u
nr_lumpy_failed++;
}

+out:
*scanned = scan;

trace_mm_vmscan_lru_isolate(order,
@@ -1202,7 +1214,8 @@ static unsigned long isolate_pages_globa
struct list_head *dst,
unsigned long *scanned, int order,
int mode, struct zone *z,
- int active, int file)
+ int active, int file,
+ struct page **split_page)
{
int lru = LRU_BASE;
if (active)
@@ -1210,7 +1223,7 @@ static unsigned long isolate_pages_globa
if (file)
lru += LRU_FILE;
return isolate_lru_pages(nr, &z->lru[lru].list, dst, scanned, order,
- mode, file);
+ mode, file, split_page);
}

/*
@@ -1444,10 +1457,12 @@ shrink_inactive_list(unsigned long nr_to
{
LIST_HEAD(page_list);
unsigned long nr_scanned;
+ unsigned long total_scanned = 0;
unsigned long nr_reclaimed = 0;
unsigned long nr_taken;
unsigned long nr_anon;
unsigned long nr_file;
+ struct page *split_page;

while (unlikely(too_many_isolated(zone, file, sc))) {
congestion_wait(BLK_RW_ASYNC, HZ/10);
@@ -1458,16 +1473,19 @@ shrink_inactive_list(unsigned long nr_to
}

set_reclaim_mode(priority, sc, false);
+again:
lru_add_drain();
+ split_page = NULL;
spin_lock_irq(&zone->lru_lock);

if (scanning_global_lru(sc)) {
- nr_taken = isolate_pages_global(nr_to_scan,
+ nr_taken = isolate_pages_global(nr_to_scan - total_scanned,
&page_list, &nr_scanned, sc->order,
sc->reclaim_mode & RECLAIM_MODE_LUMPYRECLAIM ?
ISOLATE_BOTH : ISOLATE_INACTIVE,
- zone, 0, file);
+ zone, 0, file, &split_page);
zone->pages_scanned += nr_scanned;
+ total_scanned += nr_scanned;
if (current_is_kswapd())
__count_zone_vm_events(PGSCAN_KSWAPD, zone,
nr_scanned);
@@ -1475,12 +1493,13 @@ shrink_inactive_list(unsigned long nr_to
__count_zone_vm_events(PGSCAN_DIRECT, zone,
nr_scanned);
} else {
- nr_taken = mem_cgroup_isolate_pages(nr_to_scan,
+ nr_taken = mem_cgroup_isolate_pages(nr_to_scan - total_scanned,
&page_list, &nr_scanned, sc->order,
sc->reclaim_mode & RECLAIM_MODE_LUMPYRECLAIM ?
ISOLATE_BOTH : ISOLATE_INACTIVE,
zone, sc->mem_cgroup,
- 0, file);
+ 0, file, &split_page);
+ total_scanned += nr_scanned;
/*
* mem_cgroup_isolate_pages() keeps track of
* scanned pages on its own.
@@ -1491,11 +1510,19 @@ shrink_inactive_list(unsigned long nr_to
spin_unlock_irq(&zone->lru_lock);
return 0;
}
+ if (split_page && total_scanned < nr_to_scan) {
+ spin_unlock_irq(&zone->lru_lock);
+ split_huge_page(split_page);
+ goto again;
+ }

update_isolated_counts(zone, sc, &nr_anon, &nr_file, &page_list);

spin_unlock_irq(&zone->lru_lock);

+ if (split_page)
+ split_huge_page(split_page);
+
nr_reclaimed = shrink_page_list(&page_list, zone, sc);

/* Check if we should syncronously wait for writeback */
@@ -1589,13 +1616,13 @@ static void shrink_active_list(unsigned
nr_taken = isolate_pages_global(nr_pages, &l_hold,
&pgscanned, sc->order,
ISOLATE_ACTIVE, zone,
- 1, file);
+ 1, file, NULL);
zone->pages_scanned += pgscanned;
} else {
nr_taken = mem_cgroup_isolate_pages(nr_pages, &l_hold,
&pgscanned, sc->order,
ISOLATE_ACTIVE, zone,
- sc->mem_cgroup, 1, file);
+ sc->mem_cgroup, 1, file, NULL);
/*
* mem_cgroup_isolate_pages() keeps track of
* scanned pages on its own.
Index: linux/mm/memcontrol.c
===================================================================
--- linux.orig/mm/memcontrol.c 2011-10-25 08:36:08.000000000 +0800
+++ linux/mm/memcontrol.c 2011-10-25 09:33:51.000000000 +0800
@@ -1187,7 +1187,8 @@ unsigned long mem_cgroup_isolate_pages(u
unsigned long *scanned, int order,
int mode, struct zone *z,
struct mem_cgroup *mem_cont,
- int active, int file)
+ int active, int file,
+ struct page **split_page)
{
unsigned long nr_taken = 0;
struct page *page;
@@ -1224,7 +1225,13 @@ unsigned long mem_cgroup_isolate_pages(u
case 0:
list_move(&page->lru, dst);
mem_cgroup_del_lru(page);
- nr_taken += hpage_nr_pages(page);
+ if (PageTransHuge(page) && split_page) {
+ nr_taken++;
+ *split_page = page;
+ goto out;
+ } else
+ nr_taken += hpage_nr_pages(page);
+
break;
case -EBUSY:
/* we don't affect global LRU but rotate in our LRU */
@@ -1235,6 +1242,7 @@ unsigned long mem_cgroup_isolate_pages(u
}
}

+out:
*scanned = scan;

trace_mm_vmscan_memcg_isolate(0, nr_to_scan, scan, nr_taken,
Index: linux/include/linux/memcontrol.h
===================================================================
--- linux.orig/include/linux/memcontrol.h 2011-10-25 08:36:08.000000000 +0800
+++ linux/include/linux/memcontrol.h 2011-10-25 09:33:51.000000000 +0800
@@ -37,7 +37,8 @@ extern unsigned long mem_cgroup_isolate_
unsigned long *scanned, int order,
int mode, struct zone *z,
struct mem_cgroup *mem_cont,
- int active, int file);
+ int active, int file,
+ struct page **split_page);

#ifdef CONFIG_CGROUP_MEM_RES_CTLR
/*



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