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SubjectRe: [PATCH 23/26] dynamic_debug: document pending queries, flags-filter, multiple queries
On Tue, Oct 18, 2011 at 02:41:32PM -0600, Jim Cromie wrote:
> Date: Tue, 18 Oct 2011 14:41:32 -0600
> From: Jim Cromie <jim.cromie@gmail.com>
> To: Jonathan Corbet <corbet@lwn.net>
> Cc: jbaron@redhat.com, joe@perches.com, bart.vanassche@gmail.com,
> greg@kroah.com, linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org
> Subject: Re: [PATCH 23/26] dynamic_debug: document pending queries,
> flags-filter, multiple queries
>
> hi Jon,
>
> thanks for the review, and sorry for the delayed response -
> I had it in sitting in drafts, but got distracted by some build-box issues..
>
> To summarize, I agree that your suggestion, and with Thomas Renninger's patches,
> they are a simpler approach (much less code), which does substantially
> everything
> I was looking for with pending-list. Im in the process of reworking
> the patchset on top of Thomas's patches.
>
> The one issue with new approach is that it adds $module.ddebug parameters
> that is not known to modinfo. Whether to expose it, and how, are open
> questions,
> which Im deferring. My hope is they can be added later.
> Perhaps this is a good way to add $module.debug_level and
> $module.debug_flags too
>
> Below are point-by-point responses, which arent really relevant any more,
> but which Im sending anyway - maybe theres something worth a followup.
>
> Jim Cromie
>
> On Mon, Oct 10, 2011 at 12:54 PM, Jonathan Corbet <corbet@lwn.net> wrote:
> > Some of these comments are about the patch set as a whole, but done in the
> > context of the doc file changes.
> >
> >>  Dynamic debug has even more useful features:
> >>
> >> - * Simple query language allows turning on and off debugging statements by
> >> -   matching any combination of:
> >> + * Simple query language allows turning on and off debugging statements
> >> +   by matching any combination of 0 or 1 of:
> >>
> >>     - source filename
> >>     - function name
> >>     - line number (including ranges of line numbers)
> >>     - module name
> >>     - format string
> >> +   - current debugging flags
> >
> > This is totally confusing; you've replaced all the things that can be
> > matched with a single-entry itemized list of "current debugging flags"?
>
> I've not replaced the 5 lines, Ive added a single line.
> the '-' here is a bullet-point, not a line removal.
> Does that clarify ?
> If not, I guess you dislike the ambiguity of "current debugging flags"
> I think thats covered later..
>
> >
> >> + * Provides a debugfs control file: <debugfs>/dynamic_debug/control
> >> +   which can be read to display the complete list of known debug
> >> +   statements, to help guide you.
> >>
> >>  Controlling dynamic debug Behaviour
> >>  ===================================
> >>
> >> -The behaviour of pr_debug()/dev_dbg()s are controlled via writing to a
> >> -control file in the 'debugfs' filesystem. Thus, you must first mount the debugfs
> >> -filesystem, in order to make use of this feature. Subsequently, we refer to the
> >> -control file as: <debugfs>/dynamic_debug/control. For example, if you want to
> >> -enable printing from source file 'svcsock.c', line 1603 you simply do:
> >> +The behaviour of pr_debug()/dev_dbg()/net_dbg()s are controlled via
> >> +writing to a control file in the 'debugfs' filesystem. Thus, you must
> >> +first mount the debugfs filesystem, in order to make use of this
> >> +feature.  Subsequently, we refer to mount point as $DBGFS, and the
> >> +control file as $CONTROL.  So if you want to enable printing from
> >
> > Why the $CONTROL stuff?  I can see parameterizing teh debugfs location,
> > even though that discussion seems to have settled down.  But, if you miss
> > the line at the top of this section, you'll never know where $CONTROL is.
> > It doesn't change, why obfuscate it?
>
> The reason was to shorten the ~20 commandline examples using it,
> avoiding long lines and \ line continuations
>
>
> >> +source file 'svcsock.c', line 1603 you simply do:
> >>
> >> -nullarbor:~ # echo 'file svcsock.c line 1603 +p' >
> >> -                             <debugfs>/dynamic_debug/control
> >> +nullarbor:~ # echo file svcsock.c line 1603 +p > $CONTROL
> >>
> >>  If you make a mistake with the syntax, the write will fail thus:
> >>
> >> -nullarbor:~ # echo 'file svcsock.c wtf 1 +p' >
> >> -                             <debugfs>/dynamic_debug/control
> >> +nullarbor:~ # 'echo file svcsock.c wtf 1 +p' > $CONTROL
> >>  -bash: echo: write error: Invalid argument
> >
> > I don't think you tested that last one :)  The bash error output will be
> > other than shown here.
>
> thats the error I get, on 32 and 64bit x86.
> what are you seeing ?
>
>
> >> +  # comments and blank lines ok, but cannot contain semicolon
> >> +  # multiple cmds per line, 1st must be terminated by semicolon
> >> +  func foo p=_       ; func buzz p=_
> >> +  func bar p=_       ; func bum  p=_
> >> +  func yak p=_       ; # trailing comment, requires semicolon to terminate cmd
> >
> > That seems like a slightly strange set of rules.  By Least Surprise, I
> > would expect # to start a comment anywhere and to go the end of the line,
> > semicolons or not.
>
> yes, slightly strange.
> I did it this way so that I could just loop over existing ddebug_exec_query
> ie simpler code, smaller changeset.
>
>
> >> +voyage:~# cat dyndbg-cmdfile > $CONTROL
> >> +dynamic_debug:ddebug_exec_queries: processed 7 queries, with 0 errs
> >
> > Who produces the "processed 7 queries" message?  It's not that "cat"
> > command...
> >
>
> thats the log-message, on console because I turned up /sys/proc/kernel/printk.
> I thought it would be clear, esp with the ~# prompt and command preceding it.
> If thats the sticking point, Im happy to remove it.
>
>
> >> +Multiple commands are processed independently, this allows you to send
> >> +commands which may fail, for example if a module is not present.  The
> >> +last failing command returns its error.
> >> +
> >> +Or you can do an "echo" for each, like:
> >> +
> >> +nullarbor:~ # echo 'file svcsock.c line 1603 +p' > $CONTROL; \
> >> +> echo 'file svcsock.c line 1563 +p' > $CONTROL
>
> Mostly because it was in the file originally.
>
> >
> > Is there some reason for the backslash-escaped newline here?
> >
> >>  A match specification comprises a keyword, which controls the attribute
> >>  of the callsite to be compared, and a value to compare against.  Possible
> >> @@ -125,12 +142,13 @@ match-spec ::= 'func' string |
> >>              'module' string |
> >>              'format' string |
> >>              'line' line-range
> >> +// Note: no wildcards, regexs are accepted
> >
> > Why the // notation?  And what does that line mean?  There's a full regular
> > expression interpreter in this code now?  I note that there are no
> > regex-based examples in this file.
> >
>
> that comment syntax is the same as is used in the lineno explanation
> and elsewhere.
> As for deeper meaning, it just means literal string matches only.
> Perhaps I should just say that.
>
>
> >> +flags specification
> >> +===================
> >>
> >> -=
> >> -    set the flags to the given flags
> >> +The flags specification matches the regexp: ^[flmpta_]*[-+=][flmpta_]*$
> >> +and has 3 parts:
> >>
> >> -The flags are:
> >> +flags filter (optional):
> >> +    The filter precedes the operation [-+=], and constrains matching
> >> +    to thoses callsite with given flags set.  This allows altering
> >> +    flags on callsites with filtered flag values
>
> ie matches against callsites' current debug-flags
>
> >>
> >> -f
> >> -    Include the function name in the printed message
> >> -l
> >> -    Include line number in the printed message
> >> -m
> >> -    Include module name in the printed message
> >> -p
> >> -    Causes a printk() message to be emitted to dmesg
> >> -t
> >> -    Include thread ID in messages not generated from interrupt context
> >> +      pm+t   # add t to enabled sites which have m
> >
> > How about "add the thread ID to sites that already have module-name
> > printing enabled?  Same with the rest.
>
> OK. I can improve the wording, something like:
>
> p - enable callsite, printk message to ..
> f - add function name to output of enabled callsite
> ...
>
> >> +Pending queries
> >> +===============
> >> +
> >> +Queries submitted with 'a' are applied to current callsites as above,
> >> +but are also added to a pending list.  When a module is loaded later,
> >> +pending queries are applied to the module in the order given.
> >> +
> >> +This is done before the module_init() routine is run, so pr_debug()s
> >> +can be active during initialization.  To better support module
> >> +debugging, pending queries remain on the list through modprobe-rmmod
> >> +cycles.
> >
> > So this functionality seems to be the whole point of much of this patch
> > set.  That's a lot of stuff to turn on printks during module_init().  I
> > can't help but wonder: wouldn't it be easier and better to just recognize
> > the ddebug_query= parameter at module load time?  Then you could drop this
> > whole pending queries mechanism, the expanded syntax, new control file, and
> > so on...?  What am I missing?
>
> 1 - filtering callsites based upon current-flags is useful,
> either by itself, or with other selection constraints
>
> echo l+p > $CONTROL # enable callsites with line-numbers selected
> echo p+mf > $CONTROL
>
> 2 - with addition of user-flags, say x,y,z, user could define
> arbitrary sets of callsites,
> then modify and enable them in 1 operation
>
> echo module foo +x > $CONTROL
> echo module bar lineno 2-200 +x > $CONTROL
> echo x+mfp > $CONTROL
>
> 3 - all modules get working pr_debug during module_init, without changes.
> Perhaps no existing mods need this bad enough to have added it, but maybe
> they just used printks during development, and removed them before submitting.
>
> 4 - the $module.ddebug=+p approach implements a hidden option to all modules,
> which is unreported by modinfo $module, and can be used
>
> On the whole, theres no significant advantage vs Thomas Renninger's
> $module.ddebug approach. With his way, you'd add foo.ddebug into
> /etc/modprobe.d/*
> for each module you want to debug at initialization time.
>
> Given that complexity is the argument against this patchset, its primarily these
> that add the pending list; most of the others (modulo the # vs ;
> issue) are useful
> whether or not pending-query maked the cut.
>
> 0016-dynamic_debug-save-a-queries-to-pending-list-for-lat.patch:
> lib/dynamic_debug.c | 154
> +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--
> 0021-dynamic_debug-add-DBGFS-dynamic_debug-pending-file.patch:
> lib/dynamic_debug.c | 191
> ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
>
>
> >
> >> +You can review currently pending queries by catting or grepping
> >> +$DEBUFS/dynamic_debug/pending.  To simplify removal via
> >> +cut-paste-edit, its format is similar to the query syntax:
> >> +
> >> +  root@voyage:~# cat /dbg/dynamic_debug/pending
> >> +  # func file module format line flags mask
> >> +  ...
> >> +   func a299 line 0-0 =pa
> >> +   func a300 line 0-0 =pa
> >
> > I don't get the "line 0-0" stuff either.  Why does it exist?  Its meaning
> > is far from intuitive.
>
> It gets printed cuz its part of the query/rule syntax,
> and the intent was to make it simple to copy-paste to
> add/delete/modify pending rules.
> Its trivial to suppress when 0-0, and this would be consistent with
> module, file, format etc,
> which are not shown when not specified.
>
> I dunno why this didnt outweigh the copy-paste "feature" when I wrote the code,
> eliminating it, except when its something like 100-200,
> would have simplified the explanation.
>
> >
> >> +Deleting or altering a pending query requires an exact match on most
> >> +of the match-spec; the same string specs must be given, but 'line 0-0'
> >> +matches with '' and vice-versa.  The filter-spec is ignored for
> >
> > ...and that doesn't really clarify things for me.  Sorry for being so
> > dense.
>
> yeah. Clarity and brevity are *hard*. Thats why I put in all the examples.
> I guess they werent enough.
>
> Let me hazard one more try.
> lineno differs from other match-specs in that
> echo lineno 0-0 +p > $CONTROL # is legal, but
> echo func "" module "" +p > $CONTROL # are not legal
> If module, file, func, format is to be unconstrained, just leave it out..
> You can add "lineno 0-0" to the query, or leave it out, they are equivalent.
>
>
> >
> >> +  # removes PQ-1 (exact match with PQ-1), disables active callsites (if any)
> >> +  voyage:~# dbg_query module foo line 0-0 ap=
> >
> > And again...how is "line 0-0" an "exact match"?
> >
> >> +Altering a pending query ('a' in filter) will also alter the callsites
> >> +that it applies to (subject to filter match), but changing the active
> >> +callsites (using a query without the 'a') does not change the pending
> >> +query that applied it.
> >
> > Why?  If you really need to keep pending queries around, why wouldn't they
> > be either totally independent of active queries, or completely tied to
> > them?  From this kind of inconsistency unpleasant surprises are born.
> >
>
> what does totally independent mean in this context ?
> if a pending rule is applicable (ie can effect changes upon the
> module) when issued,
> it seemed sensible to apply it - waiting til "later" raises many questions..
>
> My 1st version did have them 'totally tied' insofar as any query was pending
> if it did not apply (ie if module wasnt loaded).
> Jason suggested 'a' flag, I agreed, because it made user intention
> clear, and cuz it
> eliminated questions about whether any non-applicable query should be pended.
>
> Without explicit 'a' flag, this does NOT add query to pending-list
> echo module no-such-module +p > $CONTROL
>
> Note that non-matching query is not an error as of v3.0, nor with this patchset.
> Its perhaps worth considering whether more distinct error-codes should
> be returned.
>
> >>  // enable all 12 messages in the function svc_process()
> >> -nullarbor:~ # echo -n 'func svc_process +p' >
> >> -                             <debugfs>/dynamic_debug/control
> >> +nullarbor:~ # echo -n 'func svc_process +p' > $CONTROL
> >>
> >>  // disable all 12 messages in the function svc_process()
> >> -nullarbor:~ # echo -n 'func svc_process -p' >
> >> -                             <debugfs>/dynamic_debug/control
> >> +nullarbor:~ # echo -n 'func svc_process -p' > $CONTROL
> >
> > Unless you're going to take responsibility for updating the document
> > whenever somebody patches svc_process(), I'd take out the exact count of
> > the number of messages.
>
> fair enough - again, that is unchanged from the original.
>
> >
> >> +// send query-command file to control
> >> +root@voyage:~# cat dyndbg-cmdfile > $CONTROL
> >> +dynamic_debug:ddebug_proc_open: called
> >> +dynamic_debug:ddebug_proc_write: read 500 bytes from userspace
> >> +dynamic_debug:ddebug_exec_queries: query 0: "func foo p=_    "
> >> +dynamic_debug:ddebug_tokenize: split into words: "func" "foo" "p=_"
> >> +dynamic_debug:ddebug_parse_query: parsed func="foo" file="" module="" format="" lineno=0-0
> >
> > This doesn't seem like a particularly useful example; one can probably
> > assume that readers know about cat and I/O redirection.
> >
>
> Ok.
> I put it there to show representative debug output..
> and for folks who skip to EXAMPLES
>
> > Thanks,
> >
> > jon
> >
>
> thanks, even though it doesnt feel like the outcome Id hoped for.
> Do/can my responses change the outcome, or is the
> module.ddebug=<...> approach fundamentally better ?
> I wish my search had found Thomas' patches :-/
>
> Jason, can you look over these patches and suggest the subset
> that you could sign-off on ? I;ll drop the troublesome ones and resubmit.
>
> these should all be good:
> 0001-dynamic_debug-drop-enabled-field-from-struct-_ddebug.patch
> 0002-dynamic_debug-make-dynamic-debug-supersede-DEBUG-ccf.patch
> 0003-dynamic_debug-replace-strcpy-with-strlcpy-in-ddebug_.patch
> 0004-dynamic_debug-warn-when-1-of-each-type-of-match-spec.patch
> 0005-dynamic_debug-pr_err-call-should-not-depend-upon-ver.patch
> 0006-dynamic_debug-add-trim_prefix-to-provide-source-root.patch
>

agree, these all look good.

> maybe defer til pr_debug_level is done:
> 0007-dynamic_debug-change-verbosity-at-runtime.patch
> 0008-dynamic_debug-define-several-levels-of-verbosity.patch
>

yes, let's defer these and use them as a test case for pr_debug_level()

> sensible, not necessary
> 0011-dynamic_debug-hoist-locking-in-ddebug_change-to-call.patch
>

I would leave the locking unless there was a clear bug or performance
gain, which doesn't seem the case here.

> should be done:
> 0012-dynamic_debug-dont-kill-entire-facility-on-error-par.patch
>

ok, should probably add a 'goto out', if the last module fails to add, but
this pre-existed your patch

> ok, fluff
> 0013-dynamic_debug-factor-vpr_info_dq-out-of-ddebug_parse.patch
>

if not used more than once - yes, not needed


> sensible, not needed,
> 0014-dynamic_debug-refactor-query_matches_callsite-out-of.patch
> 0015-dynamic_debug-drop-explicit-foo-NULL-checks.patch
>

skip if function not used more than once


> if flags-filtering is ok, minor reworks needed (to drop 'a')
> 0018-dynamic_debug-describe_flags-with-pmflta_.patch

makes things more readable - keep

> 0019-dynamic_debug-add-flags-filtering-to-flags-spec.patch

19 - statement grouping should probably be done in userspace, or via
pr_debug_flag/level controls

> 0020-dynamic_debug-make-ddebug_describe_flags-more-generi.patch
>

20 - not needed, if we aren't implementing pending queries

> sensible
> 0022-dynamic_debug-early-return-if-_ddebug-table-is-empty.patch

makes sense

> 0024-dynamic_debug-reduce-lineno-field-to-a-saner-18-bits.patch

24 - ok, but still allocating int - doesn't change the struct size

> 0025-dynamic_debug-add-pr_fmt_-for-each-severity.patch
> 0026-printk.h-drop-unused-pr_cont_once.patch
>

25-26 I would defer to Joe and others, if they are ok with this.


Thanks,

-Jason
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