lkml.org 
[lkml]   [2011]   [Oct]   [19]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
 
Messages in this thread
Patch in this message
/
From
Date
Subject[PATCH v5 30/36] Hexagon: Add page-fault support.
Signed-off-by: Richard Kuo <rkuo@codeaurora.org>
Signed-off-by: Linas Vepstas <linas@codeaurora.org>
Acked-by: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de>
---
arch/hexagon/include/asm/mem-layout.h | 112 +++++++++++++
arch/hexagon/include/asm/vm_fault.h | 26 +++
arch/hexagon/mm/init.c | 276 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
arch/hexagon/mm/vm_fault.c | 187 ++++++++++++++++++++++
4 files changed, 601 insertions(+), 0 deletions(-)
create mode 100644 arch/hexagon/include/asm/mem-layout.h
create mode 100644 arch/hexagon/include/asm/vm_fault.h
create mode 100644 arch/hexagon/mm/init.c
create mode 100644 arch/hexagon/mm/vm_fault.c
diff --git a/arch/hexagon/include/asm/mem-layout.h b/arch/hexagon/include/asm/mem-layout.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..72e5dcd
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/hexagon/include/asm/mem-layout.h
@@ -0,0 +1,112 @@
+/*
+ * Memory layout definitions for the Hexagon architecture
+ *
+ * Copyright (c) 2010-2011, Code Aurora Forum. All rights reserved.
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 and
+ * only version 2 as published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
+ * Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA
+ * 02110-1301, USA.
+ */
+
+#ifndef _ASM_HEXAGON_MEM_LAYOUT_H
+#define _ASM_HEXAGON_MEM_LAYOUT_H
+
+#include <linux/const.h>
+
+/*
+ * Have to do this for ginormous numbers, else they get printed as
+ * negative numbers, which the linker no likey when you try to
+ * assign it to the location counter.
+ */
+
+#define PAGE_OFFSET _AC(0xc0000000, UL)
+
+/*
+ * LOAD_ADDRESS is the physical/linear address of where in memory
+ * the kernel gets loaded. The 12 least significant bits must be zero (0)
+ * due to limitations on setting the EVB
+ *
+ */
+
+#ifndef LOAD_ADDRESS
+#define LOAD_ADDRESS 0x00000000
+#endif
+
+#define TASK_SIZE (PAGE_OFFSET)
+
+/* not sure how these are used yet */
+#define STACK_TOP TASK_SIZE
+#define STACK_TOP_MAX TASK_SIZE
+
+#ifndef __ASSEMBLY__
+enum fixed_addresses {
+ FIX_KMAP_BEGIN,
+ FIX_KMAP_END, /* check for per-cpuism */
+ __end_of_fixed_addresses
+};
+
+#define MIN_KERNEL_SEG 0x300 /* From 0xc0000000 */
+extern int max_kernel_seg;
+
+/*
+ * Start of vmalloc virtual address space for kernel;
+ * supposed to be based on the amount of physical memory available
+ */
+
+#define VMALLOC_START (PAGE_OFFSET + VMALLOC_OFFSET + \
+ (unsigned long)high_memory)
+
+/* Gap between physical ram and vmalloc space for guard purposes. */
+#define VMALLOC_OFFSET PAGE_SIZE
+
+/*
+ * Create the space between VMALLOC_START and FIXADDR_TOP backwards
+ * from the ... "top".
+ *
+ * Permanent IO mappings will live at 0xfexx_xxxx
+ * Hypervisor occupies the last 16MB page at 0xffxxxxxx
+ */
+
+#define FIXADDR_TOP 0xfe000000
+#define FIXADDR_SIZE (__end_of_fixed_addresses << PAGE_SHIFT)
+#define FIXADDR_START (FIXADDR_TOP - FIXADDR_SIZE)
+
+/*
+ * "permanent kernel mappings", defined as long-lasting mappings of
+ * high-memory page frames into the kernel address space.
+ */
+
+#define LAST_PKMAP PTRS_PER_PTE
+#define LAST_PKMAP_MASK (LAST_PKMAP - 1)
+#define PKMAP_NR(virt) ((virt - PKMAP_BASE) >> PAGE_SHIFT)
+#define PKMAP_ADDR(nr) (PKMAP_BASE + ((nr) << PAGE_SHIFT))
+
+/*
+ * To the "left" of the fixed map space is the kmap space
+ *
+ * "Permanent Kernel Mappings"; fancy (or less fancy) PTE table
+ * that looks like it's actually walked.
+ * Need to check the alignment/shift usage; some archs use
+ * PMD_MASK on this value
+ */
+#define PKMAP_BASE (FIXADDR_START-PAGE_SIZE*LAST_PKMAP)
+
+/*
+ * 2 pages of guard gap between where vmalloc area ends
+ * and pkmap_base begins.
+ */
+#define VMALLOC_END (PKMAP_BASE-PAGE_SIZE*2)
+#endif /* !__ASSEMBLY__ */
+
+
+#endif /* _ASM_HEXAGON_MEM_LAYOUT_H */
diff --git a/arch/hexagon/include/asm/vm_fault.h b/arch/hexagon/include/asm/vm_fault.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..cacda36
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/hexagon/include/asm/vm_fault.h
@@ -0,0 +1,26 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright (c) 2010-2011, Code Aurora Forum. All rights reserved.
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 and
+ * only version 2 as published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
+ * Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA
+ * 02110-1301, USA.
+ */
+
+#ifndef _ASM_HEXAGON_VM_FAULT_H
+#define _ASM_HEXAGON_VM_FAULT_H
+
+extern void execute_protection_fault(struct pt_regs *);
+extern void write_protection_fault(struct pt_regs *);
+extern void read_protection_fault(struct pt_regs *);
+
+#endif
diff --git a/arch/hexagon/mm/init.c b/arch/hexagon/mm/init.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..b57d741
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/hexagon/mm/init.c
@@ -0,0 +1,276 @@
+/*
+ * Memory subsystem initialization for Hexagon
+ *
+ * Copyright (c) 2010-2011, Code Aurora Forum. All rights reserved.
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 and
+ * only version 2 as published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
+ * Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA
+ * 02110-1301, USA.
+ */
+
+#include <linux/init.h>
+#include <linux/mm.h>
+#include <linux/bootmem.h>
+#include <asm/atomic.h>
+#include <linux/highmem.h>
+#include <asm/tlb.h>
+#include <asm/sections.h>
+#include <asm/vm_mmu.h>
+
+/*
+ * Define a startpg just past the end of the kernel image and a lastpg
+ * that corresponds to the end of real or simulated platform memory.
+ */
+#define bootmem_startpg (PFN_UP(((unsigned long) _end) - PAGE_OFFSET))
+
+unsigned long bootmem_lastpg; /* Should be set by platform code */
+
+/* Set as variable to limit PMD copies */
+int max_kernel_seg = 0x303;
+
+/* think this should be (page_size-1) the way it's used...*/
+unsigned long zero_page_mask;
+
+/* indicate pfn's of high memory */
+unsigned long highstart_pfn, highend_pfn;
+
+/* struct mmu_gather defined in asm-generic.h; */
+DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct mmu_gather, mmu_gathers);
+
+/* Default cache attribute for newly created page tables */
+unsigned long _dflt_cache_att = CACHEDEF;
+
+/*
+ * The current "generation" of kernel map, which should not roll
+ * over until Hell freezes over. Actual bound in years needs to be
+ * calculated to confirm.
+ */
+DEFINE_SPINLOCK(kmap_gen_lock);
+
+/* checkpatch says don't init this to 0. */
+unsigned long long kmap_generation;
+
+/*
+ * mem_init - initializes memory
+ *
+ * Frees up bootmem
+ * Fixes up more stuff for HIGHMEM
+ * Calculates and displays memory available/used
+ */
+void __init mem_init(void)
+{
+ /* No idea where this is actually declared. Seems to evade LXR. */
+ totalram_pages += free_all_bootmem();
+ num_physpages = bootmem_lastpg; /* seriously, what? */
+
+ printk(KERN_INFO "totalram_pages = %ld\n", totalram_pages);
+
+ /*
+ * To-Do: someone somewhere should wipe out the bootmem map
+ * after we're done?
+ */
+
+ /*
+ * This can be moved to some more virtual-memory-specific
+ * initialization hook at some point. Set the init_mm
+ * descriptors "context" value to point to the initial
+ * kernel segment table's physical address.
+ */
+ init_mm.context.ptbase = __pa(init_mm.pgd);
+}
+
+/*
+ * free_initmem - frees memory used by stuff declared with __init
+ *
+ * Todo: free pages between __init_begin and __init_end; possibly
+ * some devtree related stuff as well.
+ */
+void __init_refok free_initmem(void)
+{
+}
+
+/*
+ * free_initrd_mem - frees... initrd memory.
+ * @start - start of init memory
+ * @end - end of init memory
+ *
+ * Apparently has to be passed the address of the initrd memory.
+ *
+ * Wrapped by #ifdef CONFIG_BLKDEV_INITRD
+ */
+void free_initrd_mem(unsigned long start, unsigned long end)
+{
+}
+
+void sync_icache_dcache(pte_t pte)
+{
+ unsigned long addr;
+ struct page *page;
+
+ page = pte_page(pte);
+ addr = (unsigned long) page_address(page);
+
+ __vmcache_idsync(addr, PAGE_SIZE);
+}
+
+/*
+ * In order to set up page allocator "nodes",
+ * somebody has to call free_area_init() for UMA.
+ *
+ * In this mode, we only have one pg_data_t
+ * structure: contig_mem_data.
+ */
+void __init paging_init(void)
+{
+ unsigned long zones_sizes[MAX_NR_ZONES] = {0, };
+
+ /*
+ * This is not particularly well documented anywhere, but
+ * give ZONE_NORMAL all the memory, including the big holes
+ * left by the kernel+bootmem_map which are already left as reserved
+ * in the bootmem_map; free_area_init should see those bits and
+ * adjust accordingly.
+ */
+
+ zones_sizes[ZONE_NORMAL] = max_low_pfn;
+
+ free_area_init(zones_sizes); /* sets up the zonelists and mem_map */
+
+ /*
+ * Start of high memory area. Will probably need something more
+ * fancy if we... get more fancy.
+ */
+ high_memory = (void *)((bootmem_lastpg + 1) << PAGE_SHIFT);
+}
+
+#ifndef DMA_RESERVE
+#define DMA_RESERVE (4)
+#endif
+
+#define DMA_CHUNKSIZE (1<<22)
+#define DMA_RESERVED_BYTES (DMA_RESERVE * DMA_CHUNKSIZE)
+
+/*
+ * Pick out the memory size. We look for mem=size,
+ * where size is "size[KkMm]"
+ */
+static int __init early_mem(char *p)
+{
+ unsigned long size;
+ char *endp;
+
+ size = memparse(p, &endp);
+
+ bootmem_lastpg = PFN_DOWN(size);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+early_param("mem", early_mem);
+
+size_t hexagon_coherent_pool_size = (size_t) (DMA_RESERVE << 22);
+
+void __init setup_arch_memory(void)
+{
+ int bootmap_size;
+ /* XXX Todo: this probably should be cleaned up */
+ u32 *segtable = (u32 *) &swapper_pg_dir[0];
+ u32 *segtable_end;
+
+ /*
+ * Set up boot memory allocator
+ *
+ * The Gorman book also talks about these functions.
+ * This needs to change for highmem setups.
+ */
+
+ /* Memory size needs to be a multiple of 16M */
+ bootmem_lastpg = PFN_DOWN((bootmem_lastpg << PAGE_SHIFT) &
+ ~((BIG_KERNEL_PAGE_SIZE) - 1));
+
+ /*
+ * Reserve the top DMA_RESERVE bytes of RAM for DMA (uncached)
+ * memory allocation
+ */
+ bootmap_size = init_bootmem(bootmem_startpg, bootmem_lastpg -
+ PFN_DOWN(DMA_RESERVED_BYTES));
+
+ printk(KERN_INFO "bootmem_startpg: 0x%08lx\n", bootmem_startpg);
+ printk(KERN_INFO "bootmem_lastpg: 0x%08lx\n", bootmem_lastpg);
+ printk(KERN_INFO "bootmap_size: %d\n", bootmap_size);
+ printk(KERN_INFO "max_low_pfn: 0x%08lx\n", max_low_pfn);
+
+ /*
+ * The default VM page tables (will be) populated with
+ * VA=PA+PAGE_OFFSET mapping. We go in and invalidate entries
+ * higher than what we have memory for.
+ */
+
+ /* this is pointer arithmetic; each entry covers 4MB */
+ segtable = segtable + (PAGE_OFFSET >> 22);
+
+ /* this actually only goes to the end of the first gig */
+ segtable_end = segtable + (1<<(30-22));
+
+ /* Move forward to the start of empty pages */
+ segtable += bootmem_lastpg >> (22-PAGE_SHIFT);
+
+ {
+ int i;
+
+ for (i = 1 ; i <= DMA_RESERVE ; i++)
+ segtable[-i] = ((segtable[-i] & __HVM_PTE_PGMASK_4MB)
+ | __HVM_PTE_R | __HVM_PTE_W | __HVM_PTE_X
+ | __HEXAGON_C_UNC << 6
+ | __HVM_PDE_S_4MB);
+ }
+
+ printk(KERN_INFO "clearing segtable from %p to %p\n", segtable,
+ segtable_end);
+ while (segtable < (segtable_end-8))
+ *(segtable++) = __HVM_PDE_S_INVALID;
+ /* stop the pointer at the device I/O 4MB page */
+
+ printk(KERN_INFO "segtable = %p (should be equal to _K_io_map)\n",
+ segtable);
+
+#if 0
+ /* Other half of the early device table from vm_init_segtable. */
+ printk(KERN_INFO "&_K_init_devicetable = 0x%08x\n",
+ (unsigned long) _K_init_devicetable-PAGE_OFFSET);
+ *segtable = ((u32) (unsigned long) _K_init_devicetable-PAGE_OFFSET) |
+ __HVM_PDE_S_4KB;
+ printk(KERN_INFO "*segtable = 0x%08x\n", *segtable);
+#endif
+
+ /*
+ * Free all the memory that wasn't taken up by the bootmap, the DMA
+ * reserve, or kernel itself.
+ */
+ free_bootmem(PFN_PHYS(bootmem_startpg)+bootmap_size,
+ PFN_PHYS(bootmem_lastpg - bootmem_startpg) - bootmap_size -
+ DMA_RESERVED_BYTES);
+
+ /*
+ * The bootmem allocator seemingly just lives to feed memory
+ * to the paging system
+ */
+ printk(KERN_INFO "PAGE_SIZE=%lu\n", PAGE_SIZE);
+ paging_init(); /* See Gorman Book, 2.3 */
+
+ /*
+ * At this point, the page allocator is kind of initialized, but
+ * apparently no pages are available (just like with the bootmem
+ * allocator), and need to be freed themselves via mem_init(),
+ * which is called by start_kernel() later on in the process
+ */
+}
diff --git a/arch/hexagon/mm/vm_fault.c b/arch/hexagon/mm/vm_fault.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..c10b76f
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/hexagon/mm/vm_fault.c
@@ -0,0 +1,187 @@
+/*
+ * Memory fault handling for Hexagon
+ *
+ * Copyright (c) 2010-2011 Code Aurora Forum. All rights reserved.
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 and
+ * only version 2 as published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
+ * Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA
+ * 02110-1301, USA.
+ */
+
+/*
+ * Page fault handling for the Hexagon Virtual Machine.
+ * Can also be called by a native port emulating the HVM
+ * execptions.
+ */
+
+#include <asm/pgtable.h>
+#include <asm/traps.h>
+#include <asm/uaccess.h>
+#include <linux/mm.h>
+#include <linux/signal.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/hardirq.h>
+
+/*
+ * Decode of hardware exception sends us to one of several
+ * entry points. At each, we generate canonical arguments
+ * for handling by the abstract memory management code.
+ */
+#define FLT_IFETCH -1
+#define FLT_LOAD 0
+#define FLT_STORE 1
+
+
+/*
+ * Canonical page fault handler
+ */
+void do_page_fault(unsigned long address, long cause, struct pt_regs *regs)
+{
+ struct vm_area_struct *vma;
+ struct mm_struct *mm = current->mm;
+ siginfo_t info;
+ int si_code = SEGV_MAPERR;
+ int fault;
+ const struct exception_table_entry *fixup;
+
+ /*
+ * If we're in an interrupt or have no user context,
+ * then must not take the fault.
+ */
+ if (unlikely(in_interrupt() || !mm))
+ goto no_context;
+
+ local_irq_enable();
+
+ down_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
+ vma = find_vma(mm, address);
+ if (!vma)
+ goto bad_area;
+
+ if (vma->vm_start <= address)
+ goto good_area;
+
+ if (!(vma->vm_flags & VM_GROWSDOWN))
+ goto bad_area;
+
+ if (expand_stack(vma, address))
+ goto bad_area;
+
+good_area:
+ /* Address space is OK. Now check access rights. */
+ si_code = SEGV_ACCERR;
+
+ switch (cause) {
+ case FLT_IFETCH:
+ if (!(vma->vm_flags & VM_EXEC))
+ goto bad_area;
+ break;
+ case FLT_LOAD:
+ if (!(vma->vm_flags & VM_READ))
+ goto bad_area;
+ break;
+ case FLT_STORE:
+ if (!(vma->vm_flags & VM_WRITE))
+ goto bad_area;
+ break;
+ }
+
+ fault = handle_mm_fault(mm, vma, address, (cause > 0));
+
+ /* The most common case -- we are done. */
+ if (likely(!(fault & VM_FAULT_ERROR))) {
+ if (fault & VM_FAULT_MAJOR)
+ current->maj_flt++;
+ else
+ current->min_flt++;
+
+ up_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
+ return;
+ }
+
+ up_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
+
+ /* Handle copyin/out exception cases */
+ if (!user_mode(regs))
+ goto no_context;
+
+ if (fault & VM_FAULT_OOM) {
+ pagefault_out_of_memory();
+ return;
+ }
+
+ /* User-mode address is in the memory map, but we are
+ * unable to fix up the page fault.
+ */
+ if (fault & VM_FAULT_SIGBUS) {
+ info.si_signo = SIGBUS;
+ info.si_code = BUS_ADRERR;
+ }
+ /* Address is not in the memory map */
+ else {
+ info.si_signo = SIGSEGV;
+ info.si_code = SEGV_ACCERR;
+ }
+ info.si_errno = 0;
+ info.si_addr = (void __user *)address;
+ force_sig_info(info.si_code, &info, current);
+ return;
+
+bad_area:
+ up_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
+
+ if (user_mode(regs)) {
+ info.si_signo = SIGSEGV;
+ info.si_errno = 0;
+ info.si_code = si_code;
+ info.si_addr = (void *)address;
+ force_sig_info(SIGSEGV, &info, current);
+ return;
+ }
+ /* Kernel-mode fault falls through */
+
+no_context:
+ fixup = search_exception_tables(pt_elr(regs));
+ if (fixup) {
+ pt_set_elr(regs, fixup->fixup);
+ return;
+ }
+
+ /* Things are looking very, very bad now */
+ bust_spinlocks(1);
+ printk(KERN_EMERG "Unable to handle kernel paging request at "
+ "virtual address 0x%08lx, regs %p\n", address, regs);
+ die("Bad Kernel VA", regs, SIGKILL);
+}
+
+
+void read_protection_fault(struct pt_regs *regs)
+{
+ unsigned long badvadr = pt_badva(regs);
+
+ do_page_fault(badvadr, FLT_LOAD, regs);
+}
+
+void write_protection_fault(struct pt_regs *regs)
+{
+ unsigned long badvadr = pt_badva(regs);
+
+ do_page_fault(badvadr, FLT_STORE, regs);
+}
+
+void execute_protection_fault(struct pt_regs *regs)
+{
+ unsigned long badvadr = pt_badva(regs);
+
+ do_page_fault(badvadr, FLT_IFETCH, regs);
+}
--
1.7.1

--

Sent by an employee of the Qualcomm Innovation Center, Inc.
The Qualcomm Innovation Center, Inc. is a member of the Code Aurora Forum.


\
 
 \ /
  Last update: 2011-10-19 06:09    [from the cache]
©2003-2011 Jasper Spaans