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SubjectRe: [PATCH 17/28] ext4: Calculate and verify checksums for htree nodes
On Wed, Oct 12, 2011 at 05:27:29PM -0600, Andreas Dilger wrote:
> On 2011-10-08, at 1:55 AM, Darrick J. Wong wrote:
> > Calculate and verify the checksum for directory index tree (htree) node blocks. The checksum is stored in the last 4 bytes of the htree block and requires the dx_entry array to stop 1 dx_entry short of the end of the block.
> >
> > +/*
> > + * This goes at the end of each htree block. If you want to use the
> > + * reserved field, you'll have to update the checksum code to include it.
> > + */
> > +struct dx_tail {
> > + u32 reserved;
> > + u32 checksum; /* crc32c(uuid+inum+dirblock) */
> > +};
>
> Why exclude the reserved field from the checksum? That would mean that
> the checksum value will depend on whether the other feature is in use
> or not, which will make everything more complicated in the future.
>
> Better to always set it to zero for now, and if it is used in the future
> then it can be set to whatever value is needed and the checksum code
> will remain the same in both the kernel and e2fsprogs.

As a minor speed optimization, the htree checksum only covers the fake dirent
structures, the htree block header, and header.count dx_entry structs, which
means that in the common case it won't come anywhere close to checksumming all
4096 bytes. But you do make a compelling case to cover that reserved field
even if it's zero now.

> > +/* checksumming functions */
> > +static struct dx_countlimit *get_dx_countlimit(struct inode *inode,
> > + struct ext4_dir_entry *dirent,
> > + int *offset)
> > +{
> > + if (le16_to_cpu(dirent->rec_len) == EXT4_BLOCK_SIZE(inode->i_sb))
> > + count_offset = 8;
> > + else if (le16_to_cpu(dirent->rec_len) == 12) {
> > + dp = (struct ext4_dir_entry *)(((void *)dirent) + 12);
> > + if (le16_to_cpu(dp->rec_len) !=
> > + EXT4_BLOCK_SIZE(inode->i_sb) - 12)
> > + return NULL;
> > + root = (struct dx_root_info *)(((void *)dp + 12));
> > + if (root->reserved_zero ||
> > + root->info_length != sizeof(struct dx_root_info))
> > + return NULL;
> > + count_offset = 32;
> > + } else
> > + return NULL;
>
> (style) if one branch of an if-else has braces, they all should

Ok.

> > +static void ext4_dx_csum_set(struct inode *inode, struct ext4_dir_entry *dirent)
> > +{
> > + struct dx_countlimit *c;
> > + struct dx_tail *t;
> > + int count_offset, limit, count;
> > +
> > + if (!EXT4_HAS_RO_COMPAT_FEATURE(inode->i_sb,
> > + EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_METADATA_CSUM))
>
> It would be nice to add some macros to clean up the feature flag checks
> (in a separate patch, but this long line reminded me of it):
>
> #define EXT4_ROCOMPAT(sb, feature) \
> EXT4_HAS_RO_COMPAT_FEATURE(sb, EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_ ## feature)
>
> Then the code can be changed to use:
>
> if (!EXT4_ROCOMPAT(inode->i_sb, METADATA_CSUM))
>
> which is not only shorter and has a chance of fitting on one line, but
> also avoids the occasional hard-to-find bug that uses a mismatched mask
> and flag word, like:
>
> if (!EXT4_HAS_RO_COMPAT_FEATURE(inode->i_sb,
> EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FLEX_BG)
>
> With the helper macros, this would fail at compile time, because
> EXT4_FEATURE_ROCOMPAT_FLEX_BG does not exist.

Yes, that would make a nice (separate) cleanup patch.

--D


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