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SubjectRe: [PATCH] Documentation/power: Update docs about suspend and CPU hotplug
Date
On Tuesday, October 11, 2011, Srivatsa S. Bhat wrote:
> Update the documentation about the interaction between the suspend (S3) call
> path and the CPU hotplug infrastructure.
> This patch focusses only on the activities of the freezer, cpu hotplug and
> the notifications involved. It outlines how regular CPU hotplug differs from
> the way it is invoked during suspend and also tries to explain the locking
> involved.
>
> Signed-off-by: Srivatsa S. Bhat <srivatsa.bhat@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
> ---
>
> Documentation/power/00-INDEX | 2
> Documentation/power/suspend-and-cpuhotplug.txt | 113 ++++++++++++++++++++++++
> 2 files changed, 115 insertions(+), 0 deletions(-)
> create mode 100644 Documentation/power/suspend-and-cpuhotplug.txt
>
> diff --git a/Documentation/power/00-INDEX b/Documentation/power/00-INDEX
> index 45e9d4a..a4d682f 100644
> --- a/Documentation/power/00-INDEX
> +++ b/Documentation/power/00-INDEX
> @@ -26,6 +26,8 @@ s2ram.txt
> - How to get suspend to ram working (and debug it when it isn't)
> states.txt
> - System power management states
> +suspend-and-cpuhotplug.txt
> + - Explains the interaction between Suspend-to-RAM (S3) and CPU hotplug
> swsusp-and-swap-files.txt
> - Using swap files with software suspend (to disk)
> swsusp-dmcrypt.txt
> diff --git a/Documentation/power/suspend-and-cpuhotplug.txt b/Documentation/power/suspend-and-cpuhotplug.txt
> new file mode 100644
> index 0000000..d0ba411
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/Documentation/power/suspend-and-cpuhotplug.txt
> @@ -0,0 +1,113 @@
> +Interaction of Suspend code (S3) with the CPU hotplug infrastructure
> + (C) 2011 Srivatsa S. Bhat <srivatsa.bhat@linux.vnet.ibm.com>, GPL
> +
> +
> +I. How does the Suspend-to-RAM code interact with CPU hotplug infrastructure?
> +
> +Well, a picture speaks more than a thousand words... So ASCII art follows :-)
> +
> +[This depicts the current design in the kernel, and focusses only on the
> +interactions between suspend call paths involving the freezer and cpu hotplug
> +and also tries to explain the locking involved. It also outlines the
> +notifications involved.]
> +
> +On a high level, the suspend-resume cycle goes like this:
> +
> +|Freeze| -> |Disable nonboot| -> |Do suspend| -> |Enable nonboot| -> |Thaw |
> +|tasks | | cpus | | | | cpus | |tasks|
> +
> +
> +More details follow:
> +
> +Regular CPU hotplug Suspend call path
> +------------------- ---------------------------
> +
> +Write 0 (or 1) to Write 'mem' to
> +/sys/devices/system/cpu/cpu*/online /sys/power/state
> + sysfs file syfs file
> + | |
> + | v
> + | Acquire pm_mutex lock
> + | |
> + | v
> + | Send PM_SUSPEND_PREPARE notifications
> + | |
> + | v
> + | Freeze tasks

OK, so something appears to be missing here. Namely, the task writing to
/sys/devices/system/cpu/cpu*/online should be frozen at this point or
suspend should be aborted. I suppose neither of these happens and I wonder
why exactly.

Thanks,
Rafael


> + | |
> + | |
> + v v
> + cpu_down() disable_nonboot_cpus() /*start*/
> + | |
> + v v
> +Acquire cpu_add_remove_lock Acquire cpu_add_remove_lock
> + | |
> + v v
> +If cpu_hotplug_disabled is 1 Iterate over CURRENTLY online CPUs
> + return gracefully |
> + | |
> + | | ----
> + v v |
> + \ / |
> + -------- -------- |
> + \ / |
> + -------- -------- |L
> + \____/ |
> + | |
> + v |O
> + _cpu_down() |
> + [This takes cpuhotplug.lock |
> + before taking down the CPU |
> + and releases it when done] |O
> + While it is at it, notifications |
> + are sent when notable events occur, |
> + by running all registered callbacks. |
> + | |O
> + / \ |
> + / \ |
> + < > |
> + _______________________/ \_____________________ |P
> + | | |
> + v v |
> +Release cpu_add_remove_lock Note down these cpus in |
> +[That's it!, for frozen_cpus mask ----
> + regular CPU hotplug] |
> + v
> + Disable regular cpu hotplug
> + by setting cpu_hotplug_disabled=1
> + |
> + v
> + Release cpu_add_remove_lock
> + |
> + v
> + /* disable_nonboot_cpus() complete */
> + |
> + v
> + Do suspend
> +
> +
> +Resuming back is likewise, with the counterparts being (in the order of
> +execution during resume):
> +* enable_nonboot_cpus() which involves:
> + | Acquire cpu_add_remove_lock
> + | Reset cpu_hotplug_disabled to 0, thereby enabling regular cpu hotplug
> + | Call _cpu_up() [for all those cpus in the frozen_cpus mask, in a loop]
> + | Release cpu_add_remove_lock
> + v
> +
> +* thaw tasks
> +* send PM_POST_SUSPEND notifications
> +* Release pm_mutex lock.
> +
> +It is to be noted here that the pm_mutex lock is acquired at the very
> +beginning, when we are just starting out to suspend, and then released only
> +after the entire cycle is complete (i.e., suspend + resume).
> +
> +
> +Important files and functions/entry points:
> +------------------------------------------
> +
> +kernel/power/process.c : freeze_processes(), thaw_processes()
> +kernel/power/suspend.c : suspend_prepare(), suspend_enter(), suspend_finish()
> +kernel/cpu.c: cpu_[up|down](), _cpu_[up|down](), [disable|enable]_nonboot_cpus()
> +
>
>
>



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