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SubjectRe: [Xen-devel] [PATCH 3/3] xen/blk[front|back]: Enhance discard support with secure erasing support.
> My later response to it should include it:
> http://lists.xensource.com/archives/html/xen-devel/2011-10/msg00652.html
>
> >
> > Further I wonder why you don't use the "reserved" field instead of
> > extending the structure at the end.
>
> <blinks> I completly missed it. That would definitly work as well.
>
> Let me redo it with that in mind.

I've posted the Xen hypervisor ABI one that thread above. The implementation
of that looks as follow:

commit ae33f998d66c5982af533bda25c2b6c4f863789f
Author: Konrad Rzeszutek Wilk <konrad.wilk@oracle.com>
Date: Mon Oct 10 10:58:40 2011 -0400

xen/blk[front|back]: Enhance discard support with secure erasing support.

Part of the blkdev_issue_discard(xx) operation is that it can also
issue a secure discard operation that will permanantly remove the
sectors in question. We advertise that we can support that via the
'discard-secure' attribute and on the request, if the 'secure' bit
is set, we will attempt to pass in REQ_DISCARD | REQ_SECURE.

CC: Li Dongyang <lidongyang@novell.com>
[v1: Used 'flag' instead of 'secure:1' bit]
[v2: Use 'reserved 'uint8_t' as a flag]
Signed-off-by: Konrad Rzeszutek Wilk <konrad.wilk@oracle.com>

diff --git a/drivers/block/xen-blkback/blkback.c b/drivers/block/xen-blkback/blkback.c
index 94e659d..4f33c13 100644
--- a/drivers/block/xen-blkback/blkback.c
+++ b/drivers/block/xen-blkback/blkback.c
@@ -362,7 +362,7 @@ static int xen_blkbk_map(struct blkif_request *req,
{
struct gnttab_map_grant_ref map[BLKIF_MAX_SEGMENTS_PER_REQUEST];
int i;
- int nseg = req->nr_segments;
+ int nseg = req->u1.nr_segments;
int ret = 0;

/*
@@ -422,13 +422,16 @@ static void xen_blk_discard(struct xen_blkif *blkif, struct blkif_request *req)
int status = BLKIF_RSP_OKAY;
struct block_device *bdev = blkif->vbd.bdev;

- if (blkif->blk_backend_type == BLKIF_BACKEND_PHY)
+ if (blkif->blk_backend_type == BLKIF_BACKEND_PHY) {
+ unsigned long secure = (blkif->vbd.discard_secure &&
+ (req->u1.flag & BLKIF_OP_DISCARD_FLAG_SECURE)) ?
+ BLKDEV_DISCARD_SECURE : 0;
/* just forward the discard request */
err = blkdev_issue_discard(bdev,
req->u.discard.sector_number,
req->u.discard.nr_sectors,
- GFP_KERNEL, 0);
- else if (blkif->blk_backend_type == BLKIF_BACKEND_FILE) {
+ GFP_KERNEL, secure);
+ } else if (blkif->blk_backend_type == BLKIF_BACKEND_FILE) {
/* punch a hole in the backing file */
struct loop_device *lo = bdev->bd_disk->private_data;
struct file *file = lo->lo_backing_file;
@@ -618,6 +621,9 @@ static int dispatch_rw_block_io(struct xen_blkif *blkif,
struct blk_plug plug;
bool drain = false;

+ /* Check that the number of segments is sane. */
+ nseg = req->u1.nr_segments;
+
switch (req->operation) {
case BLKIF_OP_READ:
blkif->st_rd_req++;
@@ -636,6 +642,7 @@ static int dispatch_rw_block_io(struct xen_blkif *blkif,
case BLKIF_OP_DISCARD:
blkif->st_ds_req++;
operation = REQ_DISCARD;
+ nseg = 0; /* The nr_segments and flag share the same space. */
break;
default:
operation = 0; /* make gcc happy */
@@ -643,8 +650,6 @@ static int dispatch_rw_block_io(struct xen_blkif *blkif,
break;
}

- /* Check that the number of segments is sane. */
- nseg = req->nr_segments;
if (unlikely(nseg == 0 && operation != WRITE_FLUSH &&
operation != REQ_DISCARD) ||
unlikely(nseg > BLKIF_MAX_SEGMENTS_PER_REQUEST)) {
diff --git a/drivers/block/xen-blkback/common.h b/drivers/block/xen-blkback/common.h
index e638457..c6a5462 100644
--- a/drivers/block/xen-blkback/common.h
+++ b/drivers/block/xen-blkback/common.h
@@ -76,7 +76,10 @@ struct blkif_x86_32_request_discard {

struct blkif_x86_32_request {
uint8_t operation; /* BLKIF_OP_??? */
- uint8_t nr_segments; /* number of segments */
+ union {
+ uint8_t nr_segments; /* number of segments */
+ uint8_t flag; /* flag for blkif_x86_32_request_discard*/
+ } u1;
blkif_vdev_t handle; /* only for read/write requests */
uint64_t id; /* private guest value, echoed in resp */
union {
@@ -105,7 +108,10 @@ struct blkif_x86_64_request_discard {

struct blkif_x86_64_request {
uint8_t operation; /* BLKIF_OP_??? */
- uint8_t nr_segments; /* number of segments */
+ union {
+ uint8_t nr_segments; /* number of segments */
+ uint8_t flag; /* for blkif_x86_64_request_discard */
+ } u1;
blkif_vdev_t handle; /* only for read/write requests */
uint64_t __attribute__((__aligned__(8))) id;
union {
@@ -157,6 +163,7 @@ struct xen_vbd {
/* Cached size parameter. */
sector_t size;
bool flush_support;
+ bool discard_secure;
};

struct backend_info;
@@ -241,7 +248,7 @@ static inline void blkif_get_x86_32_req(struct blkif_request *dst,
{
int i, n = BLKIF_MAX_SEGMENTS_PER_REQUEST;
dst->operation = src->operation;
- dst->nr_segments = src->nr_segments;
+ dst->u1.nr_segments = src->u1.nr_segments;
dst->handle = src->handle;
dst->id = src->id;
switch (src->operation) {
@@ -251,14 +258,16 @@ static inline void blkif_get_x86_32_req(struct blkif_request *dst,
case BLKIF_OP_FLUSH_DISKCACHE:
dst->u.rw.sector_number = src->u.rw.sector_number;
barrier();
- if (n > dst->nr_segments)
- n = dst->nr_segments;
+ if (n > dst->u1.nr_segments)
+ n = dst->u1.nr_segments;
for (i = 0; i < n; i++)
dst->u.rw.seg[i] = src->u.rw.seg[i];
break;
case BLKIF_OP_DISCARD:
dst->u.discard.sector_number = src->u.discard.sector_number;
dst->u.discard.nr_sectors = src->u.discard.nr_sectors;
+ /* We should be doing "dst->u1.flag = src->u1.flag;" but the
+ * copying of u1.nr_segments does it for us already. */
break;
default:
break;
@@ -270,7 +279,7 @@ static inline void blkif_get_x86_64_req(struct blkif_request *dst,
{
int i, n = BLKIF_MAX_SEGMENTS_PER_REQUEST;
dst->operation = src->operation;
- dst->nr_segments = src->nr_segments;
+ dst->u1.nr_segments = src->u1.nr_segments;
dst->handle = src->handle;
dst->id = src->id;
switch (src->operation) {
@@ -280,14 +289,16 @@ static inline void blkif_get_x86_64_req(struct blkif_request *dst,
case BLKIF_OP_FLUSH_DISKCACHE:
dst->u.rw.sector_number = src->u.rw.sector_number;
barrier();
- if (n > dst->nr_segments)
- n = dst->nr_segments;
+ if (n > dst->u1.nr_segments)
+ n = dst->u1.nr_segments;
for (i = 0; i < n; i++)
dst->u.rw.seg[i] = src->u.rw.seg[i];
break;
case BLKIF_OP_DISCARD:
dst->u.discard.sector_number = src->u.discard.sector_number;
dst->u.discard.nr_sectors = src->u.discard.nr_sectors;
+ /* We should be doing "dst->u1.flag = src->u1.flag;" but the
+ * copying of u1.nr_segments does it for us already. */
break;
default:
break;
diff --git a/drivers/block/xen-blkback/xenbus.c b/drivers/block/xen-blkback/xenbus.c
index a6d4303..0c0ce39 100644
--- a/drivers/block/xen-blkback/xenbus.c
+++ b/drivers/block/xen-blkback/xenbus.c
@@ -378,6 +378,9 @@ static int xen_vbd_create(struct xen_blkif *blkif, blkif_vdev_t handle,
if (q && q->flush_flags)
vbd->flush_support = true;

+ if (q && blk_queue_secdiscard(q))
+ vbd->discard_secure = true;
+
DPRINTK("Successful creation of handle=%04x (dom=%u)\n",
handle, blkif->domid);
return 0;
@@ -460,6 +463,15 @@ int xen_blkbk_discard(struct xenbus_transaction xbt, struct backend_info *be)
state = 1;
blkif->blk_backend_type = BLKIF_BACKEND_PHY;
}
+ /* Optional. */
+ err = xenbus_printf(xbt, dev->nodename,
+ "discard-secure", "%d",
+ blkif->vbd.discard_secure);
+ if (err) {
+ xenbus_dev_fatal(dev, err,
+ "writting discard-secure");
+ goto kfree;
+ }
}
} else {
err = PTR_ERR(type);
diff --git a/drivers/block/xen-blkfront.c b/drivers/block/xen-blkfront.c
index 7b2ec59..f7e6ca5 100644
--- a/drivers/block/xen-blkfront.c
+++ b/drivers/block/xen-blkfront.c
@@ -98,7 +98,8 @@ struct blkfront_info
unsigned long shadow_free;
unsigned int feature_flush;
unsigned int flush_op;
- unsigned int feature_discard;
+ unsigned int feature_discard:1;
+ unsigned int feature_secdiscard:1;
unsigned int discard_granularity;
unsigned int discard_alignment;
int is_ready;
@@ -305,16 +306,19 @@ static int blkif_queue_request(struct request *req)
ring_req->operation = info->flush_op;
}

- if (unlikely(req->cmd_flags & REQ_DISCARD)) {
+ if (unlikely(req->cmd_flags & (REQ_DISCARD | REQ_SECURE))) {
/* id, sector_number and handle are set above. */
ring_req->operation = BLKIF_OP_DISCARD;
- ring_req->nr_segments = 0;
+ ring_req->u1.flag = 0;
ring_req->u.discard.nr_sectors = blk_rq_sectors(req);
+ if ((req->cmd_flags & REQ_SECURE) && info->feature_secdiscard)
+ ring_req->u1.flag = BLKIF_OP_DISCARD_FLAG_SECURE;
} else {
- ring_req->nr_segments = blk_rq_map_sg(req->q, req, info->sg);
- BUG_ON(ring_req->nr_segments > BLKIF_MAX_SEGMENTS_PER_REQUEST);
+ ring_req->u1.nr_segments = blk_rq_map_sg(req->q, req, info->sg);
+ BUG_ON(ring_req->u1.nr_segments >
+ BLKIF_MAX_SEGMENTS_PER_REQUEST);

- for_each_sg(info->sg, sg, ring_req->nr_segments, i) {
+ for_each_sg(info->sg, sg, ring_req->u1.nr_segments, i) {
buffer_mfn = pfn_to_mfn(page_to_pfn(sg_page(sg)));
fsect = sg->offset >> 9;
lsect = fsect + (sg->length >> 9) - 1;
@@ -424,6 +428,8 @@ static int xlvbd_init_blk_queue(struct gendisk *gd, u16 sector_size)
blk_queue_max_discard_sectors(rq, get_capacity(gd));
rq->limits.discard_granularity = info->discard_granularity;
rq->limits.discard_alignment = info->discard_alignment;
+ if (info->feature_secdiscard)
+ queue_flag_set_unlocked(QUEUE_FLAG_SECDISCARD, rq);
}

/* Hard sector size and max sectors impersonate the equiv. hardware. */
@@ -705,7 +711,7 @@ static void blkif_free(struct blkfront_info *info, int suspend)
static void blkif_completion(struct blk_shadow *s)
{
int i;
- for (i = 0; i < s->req.nr_segments; i++)
+ for (i = 0; i < s->req.u1.nr_segments; i++)
gnttab_end_foreign_access(s->req.u.rw.seg[i].gref, 0, 0UL);
}

@@ -749,7 +755,9 @@ static irqreturn_t blkif_interrupt(int irq, void *dev_id)
info->gd->disk_name);
error = -EOPNOTSUPP;
info->feature_discard = 0;
+ info->feature_secdiscard = 0;
queue_flag_clear(QUEUE_FLAG_DISCARD, rq);
+ queue_flag_clear(QUEUE_FLAG_SECDISCARD, rq);
}
__blk_end_request_all(req, error);
break;
@@ -763,7 +771,7 @@ static irqreturn_t blkif_interrupt(int irq, void *dev_id)
error = -EOPNOTSUPP;
}
if (unlikely(bret->status == BLKIF_RSP_ERROR &&
- info->shadow[id].req.nr_segments == 0)) {
+ info->shadow[id].req.u1.nr_segments == 0)) {
printk(KERN_WARNING "blkfront: %s: empty write %s op failed\n",
info->flush_op == BLKIF_OP_WRITE_BARRIER ?
"barrier" : "flush disk cache",
@@ -1038,7 +1046,7 @@ static int blkif_recover(struct blkfront_info *info)
memcpy(&info->shadow[req->id], &copy[i], sizeof(copy[i]));

/* Rewrite any grant references invalidated by susp/resume. */
- for (j = 0; j < req->nr_segments; j++)
+ for (j = 0; j < req->u1.nr_segments; j++)
gnttab_grant_foreign_access_ref(
req->u.rw.seg[j].gref,
info->xbdev->otherend_id,
@@ -1135,11 +1143,13 @@ static void blkfront_setup_discard(struct blkfront_info *info)
char *type;
unsigned int discard_granularity;
unsigned int discard_alignment;
+ unsigned int discard_secure;

type = xenbus_read(XBT_NIL, info->xbdev->otherend, "type", NULL);
if (IS_ERR(type))
return;

+ info->feature_secdiscard = 0;
if (strncmp(type, "phy", 3) == 0) {
err = xenbus_gather(XBT_NIL, info->xbdev->otherend,
"discard-granularity", "%u", &discard_granularity,
@@ -1150,6 +1160,12 @@ static void blkfront_setup_discard(struct blkfront_info *info)
info->discard_granularity = discard_granularity;
info->discard_alignment = discard_alignment;
}
+ err = xenbus_gather(XBT_NIL, info->xbdev->otherend,
+ "discard-secure", "%d", &discard_secure,
+ NULL);
+ if (!err)
+ info->feature_secdiscard = discard_secure;
+
} else if (strncmp(type, "file", 4) == 0)
info->feature_discard = 1;

diff --git a/include/xen/interface/io/blkif.h b/include/xen/interface/io/blkif.h
index 9324488..4a01e71 100644
--- a/include/xen/interface/io/blkif.h
+++ b/include/xen/interface/io/blkif.h
@@ -84,6 +84,20 @@ typedef uint64_t blkif_sector_t;
* e07154r6-Data_Set_Management_Proposal_for_ATA-ACS2.doc
* http://www.seagate.com/staticfiles/support/disc/manuals/
* Interface%20manuals/100293068c.pdf
+ * The backend can optionally provide three extra XenBus attributes to
+ * further optimize the discard functionality:
+ * 'discard-aligment' - Devices that support discard functionality may
+ * internally allocate space in units that are bigger than the exported
+ * logical block size. The discard-alignment parameter indicates how many bytes
+ * the beginning of the partition is offset from the internal allocation unit's
+ * natural alignment.
+ * 'discard-granularity' - Devices that support discard functionality may
+ * internally allocate space using units that are bigger than the logical block
+ * size. The discard-granularity parameter indicates the size of the internal
+ * allocation unit in bytes if reported by the device. Otherwise the
+ * discard-granularity will be set to match the device's physical block size.
+ * 'discard-secure' - All copies of the discarded sectors (potentially created
+ * by garbage collection) must also be erased.
*/
#define BLKIF_OP_DISCARD 5

@@ -111,7 +125,11 @@ struct blkif_request_discard {

struct blkif_request {
uint8_t operation; /* BLKIF_OP_??? */
- uint8_t nr_segments; /* number of segments */
+ union {
+ uint8_t nr_segments; /* number of segments */
+ uint8_t flag; /* flag for blkif_request_discard */
+#define BLKIF_OP_DISCARD_FLAG_SECURE (1<<0) /* ignored if discard-secure=0 */
+ } u1;
blkif_vdev_t handle; /* only for read/write requests */
uint64_t id; /* private guest value, echoed in resp */
union {


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