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SubjectRe: [PATCH v2 0/3] Freezer, CPU hotplug, x86 Microcode: Fix task freezing failures
On Mon, 10 Oct 2011, Srivatsa S. Bhat wrote:

> When CPU hotplug is run along with suspend/hibernate tests using
> the pm_test framework, even at the freezer level, we hit task freezing
> failures. One such failure was reported here:
> An excerpt of the log:
> Freezing of tasks failed after 20.01 seconds (2 tasks refusing to
> freeze, wq_busy=0):
> invert_cpu_stat D 0000000000000000 5304 20435 17329 0x00000084
> ffff8801f367bab8 0000000000000046 ffff8801f367bfd8 00000000001d3a00
> ffff8801f367a010 00000000001d3a00 00000000001d3a00 00000000001d3a00
> ffff8801f367bfd8 00000000001d3a00 ffff880414cc6840 ffff8801f36783c0
> Call Trace:
> [<ffffffff81532de5>] schedule_timeout+0x235/0x320
> [<ffffffff81532a0b>] wait_for_common+0x11b/0x170
> [<ffffffff81532b3d>] wait_for_completion+0x1d/0x20
> [<ffffffff81364486>] _request_firmware+0x156/0x2c0
> [<ffffffff81364686>] request_firmware+0x16/0x20
> [<ffffffffa01f0da0>] request_microcode_fw+0x70/0xf0 [microcode]
> [<ffffffffa01f0390>] microcode_init_cpu+0xc0/0x100 [microcode]
> [<ffffffffa01f14b4>] mc_cpu_callback+0x7c/0x11f [microcode]
> [<ffffffff815393a4>] notifier_call_chain+0x94/0xd0
> [<ffffffff8109770e>] __raw_notifier_call_chain+0xe/0x10
> [<ffffffff8106d000>] __cpu_notify+0x20/0x40
> [<ffffffff8152cf5b>] _cpu_up+0xc7/0x10e
> [<ffffffff8152d07b>] cpu_up+0xd9/0xec
> [<ffffffff8151e599>] store_online+0x99/0xd0
> [<ffffffff81355eb0>] sysdev_store+0x20/0x30
> [<ffffffff811f3096>] sysfs_write_file+0xe6/0x170
> [<ffffffff8117ee50>] vfs_write+0xd0/0x1a0
> [<ffffffff8117f024>] sys_write+0x54/0xa0
> [<ffffffff8153df02>] system_call_fastpath+0x16/0x1b
> The reason behind this failure is explained below:
> The x86 microcode update driver has callbacks registered for CPU hotplug
> events such as a CPU getting offlined or onlined. Things go wrong when a
> CPU hotplug stress test is carried out along with a suspend/resume operation
> running simultaneously. Upon getting a CPU_DEAD notification (for example,
> when a CPU offline occurs with tasks not frozen), the microcode callback
> frees up the microcode and invalidates it. Later, when that CPU gets onlined
> with tasks being frozen, the microcode callback (for the CPU_ONLINE_FROZEN
> event) tries to apply the microcode to the CPU; doesn't find it and hence
> depends on the (currently frozen) userspace to get the microcode again. This
> leads to the numerous "WARNING"s at drivers/base/firmware_class.c which
> eventually leads to task freezing failures in the suspend code path, as has
> been reported.
> So, this patch series addresses this issue by ensuring that CPU hotplug and
> suspend/hibernate don't run in parallel, thereby fixing the task freezing
> failures.

The seems like entirely the wrong way to go about solving this problem.

The kernel shouldn't be responsible for making hotplug stress tests
exclusive with system sleep. Whoever is running those tests should be
smart enough to realize what's wrong if system sleep interferes with a

Furthermore, if the entire problem is lack of CPU microcode, hasn't
that been fixed already? There recently was a patch to avoid releasing
microcode after it was first loaded -- the idea being that there would
then be no need to get the microcode from userspace again at awkward
times while the system is resuming.

Alan Stern

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