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SubjectRe: [RFC PATCH 1/2] x86: Fix rbp saving in pt_regs on irq entry
On Fri, Jan 07, 2011 at 01:31:30PM +0100, Ingo Molnar wrote:
> * Jan Beulich <> wrote:
> > > Now I don't understand how this is all useful as this is not a normal proc but
> > > an interruption. We can't get back the return address from the CFA. Or am I
> > > missing something?
> >
> > Unwind annotations, when written correctly, allow unwinding through all kinds of
> > execution flows, including interrupts or exceptions as well as including stack
> > switches.
> Yeah and that's rather useful, as exception contexts can nest in very weird ways,
> especially with NMIs involved. For example a 7-context combination is possible:
> user-space -> syscall -> pagefault -> softirq -> hardirq -> debug trap -> NMI
> And the call frame walking logic needs to be able to get all the way back to
> user-space ...
> For that every transition needs to work flawlessly, for debugging (and CFI based
> profiling) to work fine.
> Most of those transitions can happen at any instruction boundary that a given
> context executes, so the total number of possible combinations is virtually endless.
> Unfortunately we dont seem to have a good way to test any of this automatically.
> Putting a perf probe on every assembly instruction perhaps, and checking whether the
> frame manages to go back all the way to user-space?

May be.

Once I'll have perf callchain based on CFI ready, we'll perhaps find some issues
there. Although I guess there are already tools that can make use of that.

> Thanks,
> Ingo

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