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Subject[PATCH 1/2] jump label: make enable/disable o(1)
Previously, I allowed any variable type to be used as the 'key' for
the jump label. However, by enforcing a type, we can make use of the
contents of the 'key'. This patch thus introduces:

struct jump_label_key {
void *ptr;
};

The 'ptr' is used a pointer into the jump label table of the
corresponding addresses that need to be updated. Thus, when jump labels
are enabled/disabled we have a constant time algorithm. There is no
longer any hashing.

When jump lables are disabled we simply have:

struct jump_label_key {
int state;
};

I tested enable/disable times on x86 on a quad core via:

time echo 1 > /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/enable

With this patch, runs average .03s. Prior to the jump label infrastructure
this command averaged around .01s.

We can speed this path up further via batching the enable/disables.

thanks,

-Jason

Signed-off-by: Jason Baron <jbaron@redhat.com>
---
include/linux/dynamic_debug.h | 6 +-
include/linux/jump_label.h | 46 +++++++++-----
include/linux/jump_label_ref.h | 34 +++--------
include/linux/perf_event.h | 8 ++-
include/linux/tracepoint.h | 6 +-
kernel/jump_label.c | 127 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++---------
kernel/perf_event.c | 24 +++++---
kernel/tracepoint.c | 22 +++-----
8 files changed, 172 insertions(+), 101 deletions(-)

diff --git a/include/linux/dynamic_debug.h b/include/linux/dynamic_debug.h
index a90b389..ddf7bae 100644
--- a/include/linux/dynamic_debug.h
+++ b/include/linux/dynamic_debug.h
@@ -33,7 +33,7 @@ struct _ddebug {
#define _DPRINTK_FLAGS_PRINT (1<<0) /* printk() a message using the format */
#define _DPRINTK_FLAGS_DEFAULT 0
unsigned int flags:8;
- char enabled;
+ struct jump_label_key enabled;
} __attribute__((aligned(8)));


@@ -50,7 +50,7 @@ extern int ddebug_remove_module(const char *mod_name);
__used \
__attribute__((section("__verbose"), aligned(8))) = \
{ KBUILD_MODNAME, __func__, __FILE__, fmt, __LINE__, \
- _DPRINTK_FLAGS_DEFAULT }; \
+ _DPRINTK_FLAGS_DEFAULT, JUMP_LABEL_INIT }; \
JUMP_LABEL(&descriptor.enabled, do_printk); \
goto out; \
do_printk: \
@@ -66,7 +66,7 @@ out: ; \
__used \
__attribute__((section("__verbose"), aligned(8))) = \
{ KBUILD_MODNAME, __func__, __FILE__, fmt, __LINE__, \
- _DPRINTK_FLAGS_DEFAULT }; \
+ _DPRINTK_FLAGS_DEFAULT, JUMP_LABEL_INIT }; \
JUMP_LABEL(&descriptor.enabled, do_printk); \
goto out; \
do_printk: \
diff --git a/include/linux/jump_label.h b/include/linux/jump_label.h
index 7880f18..152f7de 100644
--- a/include/linux/jump_label.h
+++ b/include/linux/jump_label.h
@@ -2,6 +2,11 @@
#define _LINUX_JUMP_LABEL_H

#if defined(CC_HAVE_ASM_GOTO) && defined(CONFIG_JUMP_LABEL)
+
+struct jump_label_key {
+ void *ptr;
+};
+
# include <asm/jump_label.h>
# define HAVE_JUMP_LABEL
#endif
@@ -13,6 +18,8 @@ enum jump_label_type {

struct module;

+#define JUMP_LABEL_INIT { 0 }
+
#ifdef HAVE_JUMP_LABEL

extern struct jump_entry __start___jump_table[];
@@ -23,33 +30,38 @@ extern void jump_label_unlock(void);
extern void arch_jump_label_transform(struct jump_entry *entry,
enum jump_label_type type);
extern void arch_jump_label_text_poke_early(jump_label_t addr);
-extern void jump_label_update(unsigned long key, enum jump_label_type type);
extern void jump_label_apply_nops(struct module *mod);
extern int jump_label_text_reserved(void *start, void *end);
-
-#define jump_label_enable(key) \
- jump_label_update((unsigned long)key, JUMP_LABEL_ENABLE);
-
-#define jump_label_disable(key) \
- jump_label_update((unsigned long)key, JUMP_LABEL_DISABLE);
+extern int jump_label_enabled(struct jump_label_key *key);
+extern void jump_label_enable(struct jump_label_key *key);
+extern void jump_label_disable(struct jump_label_key *key);

#else

+struct jump_label_key {
+ int state;
+};
+
#define JUMP_LABEL(key, label) \
do { \
- if (unlikely(*key)) \
+ if (unlikely(((struct jump_label_key *)key)->state)) \
goto label; \
} while (0)

-#define jump_label_enable(cond_var) \
-do { \
- *(cond_var) = 1; \
-} while (0)
+static inline int jump_label_enabled(struct jump_label_key *key)
+{
+ return key->state;
+}

-#define jump_label_disable(cond_var) \
-do { \
- *(cond_var) = 0; \
-} while (0)
+static inline void jump_label_enable(struct jump_label_key *key)
+{
+ key->state = 1;
+}
+
+static inline void jump_label_disable(struct jump_label_key *key)
+{
+ key->state = 0;
+}

static inline int jump_label_apply_nops(struct module *mod)
{
@@ -69,7 +81,7 @@ static inline void jump_label_unlock(void) {}
#define COND_STMT(key, stmt) \
do { \
__label__ jl_enabled; \
- JUMP_LABEL(key, jl_enabled); \
+ JUMP_LABEL_ELSE_ATOMIC_READ(key, jl_enabled); \
if (0) { \
jl_enabled: \
stmt; \
diff --git a/include/linux/jump_label_ref.h b/include/linux/jump_label_ref.h
index e5d012a..8a76e89 100644
--- a/include/linux/jump_label_ref.h
+++ b/include/linux/jump_label_ref.h
@@ -4,38 +4,20 @@
#include <linux/jump_label.h>
#include <asm/atomic.h>

-#ifdef HAVE_JUMP_LABEL
-
-static inline void jump_label_inc(atomic_t *key)
-{
- if (atomic_add_return(1, key) == 1)
- jump_label_enable(key);
+struct jump_label_key_counter {
+ atomic_t ref;
+ struct jump_label_key key;
}

-static inline void jump_label_dec(atomic_t *key)
-{
- if (atomic_dec_and_test(key))
- jump_label_disable(key);
-}
-
-#else /* !HAVE_JUMP_LABEL */
+#ifdef HAVE_JUMP_LABEL

-static inline void jump_label_inc(atomic_t *key)
-{
- atomic_inc(key);
-}
+#define JUMP_LABEL_ELSE_ATOMIC_READ(key, label, counter) JUMP_LABEL(key, label)

-static inline void jump_label_dec(atomic_t *key)
-{
- atomic_dec(key);
-}
+#else /* !HAVE_JUMP_LABEL */

-#undef JUMP_LABEL
-#define JUMP_LABEL(key, label) \
+#define JUMP_LABEL_ELSE_ATOMIC_READ(key, label, counter) \
do { \
- if (unlikely(__builtin_choose_expr( \
- __builtin_types_compatible_p(typeof(key), atomic_t *), \
- atomic_read((atomic_t *)(key)), *(key)))) \
+ if (unlikely(atomic_read((atomic_t *)counter))) \
goto label; \
} while (0)

diff --git a/include/linux/perf_event.h b/include/linux/perf_event.h
index dda5b0a..94834ce 100644
--- a/include/linux/perf_event.h
+++ b/include/linux/perf_event.h
@@ -1000,7 +1000,7 @@ static inline int is_software_event(struct perf_event *event)
return event->pmu->task_ctx_nr == perf_sw_context;
}

-extern atomic_t perf_swevent_enabled[PERF_COUNT_SW_MAX];
+extern struct jump_label_key_counter perf_swevent_enabled[PERF_COUNT_SW_MAX];

extern void __perf_sw_event(u32, u64, int, struct pt_regs *, u64);

@@ -1029,7 +1029,9 @@ perf_sw_event(u32 event_id, u64 nr, int nmi, struct pt_regs *regs, u64 addr)
{
struct pt_regs hot_regs;

- JUMP_LABEL(&perf_swevent_enabled[event_id], have_event);
+ JUMP_LABEL_ELSE_ATOMIC_READ(&perf_swevent_enabled[event_id].key,
+ have_event,
+ &perf_swevent_enabled[event_id].ref);
return;

have_event:
@@ -1040,7 +1042,7 @@ have_event:
__perf_sw_event(event_id, nr, nmi, regs, addr);
}

-extern atomic_t perf_task_events;
+extern struct jump_label_key_counter perf_task_events;

static inline void perf_event_task_sched_in(struct task_struct *task)
{
diff --git a/include/linux/tracepoint.h b/include/linux/tracepoint.h
index d3e4f87..2ff00e5 100644
--- a/include/linux/tracepoint.h
+++ b/include/linux/tracepoint.h
@@ -29,7 +29,7 @@ struct tracepoint_func {

struct tracepoint {
const char *name; /* Tracepoint name */
- int state; /* State. */
+ struct jump_label_key key;
void (*regfunc)(void);
void (*unregfunc)(void);
struct tracepoint_func *funcs;
@@ -149,7 +149,7 @@ static inline void tracepoint_update_probe_range(struct tracepoint *begin,
extern struct tracepoint __tracepoint_##name; \
static inline void trace_##name(proto) \
{ \
- JUMP_LABEL(&__tracepoint_##name.state, do_trace); \
+ JUMP_LABEL(&__tracepoint_##name.key, do_trace); \
return; \
do_trace: \
__DO_TRACE(&__tracepoint_##name, \
@@ -179,7 +179,7 @@ do_trace: \
__attribute__((section("__tracepoints_strings"))) = #name; \
struct tracepoint __tracepoint_##name \
__attribute__((section("__tracepoints"), aligned(32))) = \
- { __tpstrtab_##name, 0, reg, unreg, NULL }
+ { __tpstrtab_##name, JUMP_LABEL_INIT, reg, unreg, NULL }

#define DEFINE_TRACE(name) \
DEFINE_TRACE_FN(name, NULL, NULL);
diff --git a/kernel/jump_label.c b/kernel/jump_label.c
index 3b79bd9..b6d461c 100644
--- a/kernel/jump_label.c
+++ b/kernel/jump_label.c
@@ -26,10 +26,11 @@ static DEFINE_MUTEX(jump_label_mutex);
struct jump_label_entry {
struct hlist_node hlist;
struct jump_entry *table;
- int nr_entries;
/* hang modules off here */
struct hlist_head modules;
unsigned long key;
+ u32 nr_entries;
+ int refcount;
};

struct jump_label_module_entry {
@@ -105,11 +106,14 @@ add_jump_label_entry(jump_label_t key, int nr_entries, struct jump_entry *table)

hash = jhash((void *)&key, sizeof(jump_label_t), 0);
head = &jump_label_table[hash & (JUMP_LABEL_TABLE_SIZE - 1)];
- e->key = key;
+ e->key = (unsigned long)key;
e->table = table;
e->nr_entries = nr_entries;
+ e->refcount = 0;
INIT_HLIST_HEAD(&(e->modules));
hlist_add_head(&e->hlist, head);
+ ((struct jump_label_key *)(unsigned long)key)->ptr = e;
+
return e;
}

@@ -154,37 +158,91 @@ build_jump_label_hashtable(struct jump_entry *start, struct jump_entry *stop)
*
*/

-void jump_label_update(unsigned long key, enum jump_label_type type)
+static void jump_label_update(struct jump_label_entry *entry, enum jump_label_type type)
{
struct jump_entry *iter;
- struct jump_label_entry *entry;
struct hlist_node *module_node;
struct jump_label_module_entry *e_module;
int count;

- jump_label_lock();
- entry = get_jump_label_entry((jump_label_t)key);
- if (entry) {
- count = entry->nr_entries;
- iter = entry->table;
+ count = entry->nr_entries;
+ iter = entry->table;
+ while (count--) {
+ if (kernel_text_address(iter->code))
+ arch_jump_label_transform(iter, type);
+ iter++;
+ }
+ /* enable/disable jump labels in modules */
+ hlist_for_each_entry(e_module, module_node, &(entry->modules),
+ hlist) {
+ count = e_module->nr_entries;
+ iter = e_module->table;
while (count--) {
- if (kernel_text_address(iter->code))
+ if (iter->key && kernel_text_address(iter->code))
arch_jump_label_transform(iter, type);
iter++;
}
- /* eanble/disable jump labels in modules */
- hlist_for_each_entry(e_module, module_node, &(entry->modules),
- hlist) {
- count = e_module->nr_entries;
- iter = e_module->table;
- while (count--) {
- if (iter->key &&
- kernel_text_address(iter->code))
- arch_jump_label_transform(iter, type);
- iter++;
- }
- }
}
+}
+
+static struct jump_label_entry *get_jump_label_entry_key(struct jump_label_key *key)
+{
+ struct jump_label_entry *entry;
+
+ entry = (struct jump_label_entry *)key->ptr;
+ if (!entry) {
+ entry = add_jump_label_entry((jump_label_t)(unsigned long)key, 0, NULL);
+ if (IS_ERR(entry))
+ return NULL;
+ }
+ return entry;
+}
+
+int jump_label_enabled(struct jump_label_key *key)
+{
+ struct jump_label_entry *entry;
+ int enabled = 0;
+
+ jump_label_lock();
+ entry = get_jump_label_entry_key(key);
+ if (!entry)
+ goto out;
+ enabled = !!entry->refcount;
+out:
+ jump_label_unlock();
+ return enabled;
+}
+
+
+void jump_label_enable(struct jump_label_key *key)
+{
+ struct jump_label_entry *entry;
+
+ jump_label_lock();
+ entry = get_jump_label_entry_key(key);
+ if (!entry)
+ goto out;
+ if (!entry->refcount) {
+ jump_label_update(entry, JUMP_LABEL_ENABLE);
+ entry->refcount = 1;
+ }
+out:
+ jump_label_unlock();
+}
+
+void jump_label_disable(struct jump_label_key *key)
+{
+ struct jump_label_entry *entry;
+
+ jump_label_lock();
+ entry = get_jump_label_entry_key(key);
+ if (!entry)
+ goto out;
+ if (entry->refcount) {
+ jump_label_update(entry, JUMP_LABEL_DISABLE);
+ entry->refcount = 0;
+ }
+out:
jump_label_unlock();
}

@@ -305,6 +363,7 @@ add_jump_label_module_entry(struct jump_label_entry *entry,
int count, struct module *mod)
{
struct jump_label_module_entry *e;
+ struct jump_entry *iter;

e = kmalloc(sizeof(struct jump_label_module_entry), GFP_KERNEL);
if (!e)
@@ -313,6 +372,13 @@ add_jump_label_module_entry(struct jump_label_entry *entry,
e->nr_entries = count;
e->table = iter_begin;
hlist_add_head(&e->hlist, &entry->modules);
+ if (entry->refcount) {
+ iter = iter_begin;
+ while (count--) {
+ arch_jump_label_transform(iter, JUMP_LABEL_ENABLE);
+ iter++;
+ }
+ }
return e;
}

@@ -360,10 +426,6 @@ static void remove_jump_label_module(struct module *mod)
struct jump_label_module_entry *e_module;
int i;

- /* if the module doesn't have jump label entries, just return */
- if (!mod->num_jump_entries)
- return;
-
for (i = 0; i < JUMP_LABEL_TABLE_SIZE; i++) {
head = &jump_label_table[i];
hlist_for_each_entry_safe(e, node, node_next, head, hlist) {
@@ -375,10 +437,21 @@ static void remove_jump_label_module(struct module *mod)
kfree(e_module);
}
}
+ }
+ }
+ /* now check if any keys can be removed */
+ for (i = 0; i < JUMP_LABEL_TABLE_SIZE; i++) {
+ head = &jump_label_table[i];
+ hlist_for_each_entry_safe(e, node, node_next, head, hlist) {
+ if (!within_module_core(e->key, mod))
+ continue;
if (hlist_empty(&e->modules) && (e->nr_entries == 0)) {
hlist_del(&e->hlist);
kfree(e);
+ continue;
}
+ WARN(1, KERN_ERR "jump label: "
+ "tyring to remove used key: %lu !\n", e->key);
}
}
}
@@ -470,7 +543,7 @@ void jump_label_apply_nops(struct module *mod)

struct notifier_block jump_label_module_nb = {
.notifier_call = jump_label_module_notify,
- .priority = 0,
+ .priority = 1, /* higher than tracepoints */
};

static __init int init_jump_label_module(void)
diff --git a/kernel/perf_event.c b/kernel/perf_event.c
index 11847bf..f96d615 100644
--- a/kernel/perf_event.c
+++ b/kernel/perf_event.c
@@ -38,7 +38,7 @@

#include <asm/irq_regs.h>

-atomic_t perf_task_events __read_mostly;
+struct jump_label_key_counter perf_task_events __read_mostly;
static atomic_t nr_mmap_events __read_mostly;
static atomic_t nr_comm_events __read_mostly;
static atomic_t nr_task_events __read_mostly;
@@ -2292,8 +2292,10 @@ static void free_event(struct perf_event *event)
irq_work_sync(&event->pending);

if (!event->parent) {
- if (event->attach_state & PERF_ATTACH_TASK)
- jump_label_dec(&perf_task_events);
+ if (event->attach_state & PERF_ATTACH_TASK) {
+ if (atomic_dec_and_test(&perf_task_events.ref))
+ jump_label_disable(&perf_task_events.key);
+ }
if (event->attr.mmap || event->attr.mmap_data)
atomic_dec(&nr_mmap_events);
if (event->attr.comm)
@@ -4821,7 +4823,7 @@ fail:
return err;
}

-atomic_t perf_swevent_enabled[PERF_COUNT_SW_MAX];
+struct jump_label_key_counter perf_swevent_enabled[PERF_COUNT_SW_MAX];

static void sw_perf_event_destroy(struct perf_event *event)
{
@@ -4829,7 +4831,8 @@ static void sw_perf_event_destroy(struct perf_event *event)

WARN_ON(event->parent);

- jump_label_dec(&perf_swevent_enabled[event_id]);
+ if (atomic_dec_and_test(&perf_swevent_enabled[event_id].ref))
+ jump_label_disable(&perf_swevent_enabled[event_id].key);
swevent_hlist_put(event);
}

@@ -4854,12 +4857,15 @@ static int perf_swevent_init(struct perf_event *event)

if (!event->parent) {
int err;
+ atomic_t *ref;

err = swevent_hlist_get(event);
if (err)
return err;

- jump_label_inc(&perf_swevent_enabled[event_id]);
+ ref = &perf_swevent_enabled[event_id].ref;
+ if (atomic_add_return(1, ref) == 1)
+ jump_label_enable(&perf_swevent_enabled[event_id].key);
event->destroy = sw_perf_event_destroy;
}

@@ -5614,8 +5620,10 @@ done:
event->pmu = pmu;

if (!event->parent) {
- if (event->attach_state & PERF_ATTACH_TASK)
- jump_label_inc(&perf_task_events);
+ if (event->attach_state & PERF_ATTACH_TASK) {
+ if (atomic_add_return(1, &perf_task_events.ref) == 1)
+ jump_label_enable(&perf_task_events.key);
+ }
if (event->attr.mmap || event->attr.mmap_data)
atomic_inc(&nr_mmap_events);
if (event->attr.comm)
diff --git a/kernel/tracepoint.c b/kernel/tracepoint.c
index e95ee7f..d54b434 100644
--- a/kernel/tracepoint.c
+++ b/kernel/tracepoint.c
@@ -251,9 +251,9 @@ static void set_tracepoint(struct tracepoint_entry **entry,
{
WARN_ON(strcmp((*entry)->name, elem->name) != 0);

- if (elem->regfunc && !elem->state && active)
+ if (elem->regfunc && !jump_label_enabled(&elem->key) && active)
elem->regfunc();
- else if (elem->unregfunc && elem->state && !active)
+ else if (elem->unregfunc && jump_label_enabled(&elem->key) && !active)
elem->unregfunc();

/*
@@ -264,13 +264,10 @@ static void set_tracepoint(struct tracepoint_entry **entry,
* is used.
*/
rcu_assign_pointer(elem->funcs, (*entry)->funcs);
- if (!elem->state && active) {
- jump_label_enable(&elem->state);
- elem->state = active;
- } else if (elem->state && !active) {
- jump_label_disable(&elem->state);
- elem->state = active;
- }
+ if (active)
+ jump_label_enable(&elem->key);
+ else if (!active)
+ jump_label_disable(&elem->key);
}

/*
@@ -281,13 +278,10 @@ static void set_tracepoint(struct tracepoint_entry **entry,
*/
static void disable_tracepoint(struct tracepoint *elem)
{
- if (elem->unregfunc && elem->state)
+ if (elem->unregfunc && jump_label_enabled(&elem->key))
elem->unregfunc();

- if (elem->state) {
- jump_label_disable(&elem->state);
- elem->state = 0;
- }
+ jump_label_disable(&elem->key);
rcu_assign_pointer(elem->funcs, NULL);
}

--
1.7.1


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