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SubjectRe: [RFC][PATCH v3 5/6] encrypted-keys: add ecryptfs format support
On Mon Jan 24, 2011 at 05:44:53PM +0100, Roberto Sassu <roberto.sassu@polito.it> wrote:
> The 'encrypted' key type defines its own payload format which contains a
> symmetric key randomly generated that cannot be used directly to mount
> an eCryptfs filesystem, because it expects an authentication token
> structure.
>
> This patch introduces the new format 'ecryptfs' that allows to store an
> authentication token structure inside the encrypted key payload containing
> a randomly generated symmetric key, as the same for the format 'default'.
>
> More details about the usage of encrypted keys with the eCryptfs
> filesystem can be found in the file 'Documentation/keys-ecryptfs.txt'.
>
> Signed-off-by: Roberto Sassu <roberto.sassu@polito.it>
> Acked-by: Gianluca Ramunno <ramunno@polito.it>

Reviewed-by: Tyler Hicks <tyhicks@linux.vnet.ibm.com>

> ---
> Documentation/keys-ecryptfs.txt | 68 +++++++++++++++++++++++++
> Documentation/keys-trusted-encrypted.txt | 6 ++-
> security/keys/Makefile | 2 +-
> security/keys/encrypted.c | 75 +++++++++++++++++++++++++---
> security/keys/keys_ecryptfs.c | 81 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> security/keys/keys_ecryptfs.h | 30 +++++++++++
> 6 files changed, 252 insertions(+), 10 deletions(-)
> create mode 100644 Documentation/keys-ecryptfs.txt
> create mode 100644 security/keys/keys_ecryptfs.c
> create mode 100644 security/keys/keys_ecryptfs.h
>
> diff --git a/Documentation/keys-ecryptfs.txt b/Documentation/keys-ecryptfs.txt
> new file mode 100644
> index 0000000..c3bbeba
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/Documentation/keys-ecryptfs.txt
> @@ -0,0 +1,68 @@
> + Encrypted keys for the eCryptfs filesystem
> +
> +ECryptfs is a stacked filesystem which transparently encrypts and decrypts each
> +file using a randomly generated File Encryption Key (FEK).
> +
> +Each FEK is in turn encrypted with a File Encryption Key Encryption Key (FEFEK)
> +either in kernel space or in user space with a daemon called 'ecryptfsd'. In
> +the former case the operation is performed directly by the kernel CryptoAPI
> +using a key, the FEFEK, derived from a user prompted passphrase; in the latter
> +the FEK is encrypted by 'ecryptfsd' with the help of external libraries in order
> +to support other mechanisms like public key cryptography, PKCS#11 and TPM based
> +operations.
> +
> +The data structure defined by eCryptfs to contain information required for the
> +FEK decryption is called authentication token and, currently, can be stored in a
> +kernel key of the 'user' type, inserted in the user's session specific keyring
> +by the userspace utility 'mount.ecryptfs' shipped with the package
> +'ecryptfs-utils'.
> +
> +The 'encrypted' key type has been extended with the introduction of the new
> +format 'ecryptfs' in order to be used in conjunction with the eCryptfs
> +filesystem. Encrypted keys of the newly introduced format store an
> +authentication token in its payload with a FEFEK randomly generated by the
> +kernel and protected by the parent master key.
> +
> +In order to avoid known-plaintext attacks, the datablob obtained through
> +commands 'keyctl print' or 'keyctl pipe' does not contain the overall
> +authentication token, which content is well known, but only the FEFEK in
> +encrypted form.
> +
> +The eCryptfs filesystem may really benefit from using encrypted keys in that the
> +required key can be securely generated by an Administrator and provided at boot
> +time after the unsealing of a 'trusted' key in order to perform the mount in a
> +controlled environment. Another advantage is that the key is not exposed to
> +threats of malicious software, because it is available in clear form only at
> +kernel level.
> +
> +Usage:
> + keyctl add encrypted name "new ecryptfs key-type:master-key-name keylen" ring
> + keyctl add encrypted name "load hex_blob" ring
> + keyctl update keyid "update key-type:master-key-name"
> +
> +name:= '<16 hexadecimal characters>'
> +key-type:= 'trusted' | 'user'
> +keylen:= 64
> +
> +
> +Example of encrypted key usage with the eCryptfs filesystem:
> +
> +Create an encrypted key "1000100010001000" of length 64 bytes with format
> +'ecryptfs' and save it using a previously loaded user key "test":
> +
> + $ keyctl add encrypted 1000100010001000 "new ecryptfs user:test 64" @u
> + 19184530
> +
> + $ keyctl print 19184530
> + ecryptfs user:test 64 490045d4bfe48c99f0d465fbbbb79e7500da954178e2de0697
> + dd85091f5450a0511219e9f7cd70dcd498038181466f78ac8d4c19504fcc72402bfc41c2
> + f253a41b7507ccaa4b2b03fff19a69d1cc0b16e71746473f023a95488b6edfd86f7fdd40
> + 9d292e4bacded1258880122dd553a661
> +
> + $ keyctl pipe 19184530 > ecryptfs.blob
> +
> +Mount an eCryptfs filesystem using the created encrypted key "1000100010001000"
> +into the '/secret' directory:
> +
> + $ mount -i -t ecryptfs -oecryptfs_sig=1000100010001000,\
> + ecryptfs_cipher=aes,ecryptfs_key_bytes=32 /secret /secret
> diff --git a/Documentation/keys-trusted-encrypted.txt b/Documentation/keys-trusted-encrypted.txt
> index 0afcb50..5f50cca 100644
> --- a/Documentation/keys-trusted-encrypted.txt
> +++ b/Documentation/keys-trusted-encrypted.txt
> @@ -63,7 +63,7 @@ Usage:
> keyctl add encrypted name "load hex_blob" ring
> keyctl update keyid "update key-type:master-key-name"
>
> -format:= 'default'
> +format:= 'default | ecryptfs'
> key-type:= 'trusted' | 'user'
>
>
> @@ -154,4 +154,6 @@ Load an encrypted key "evm" from saved blob:
> 24717c64 5972dcb82ab2dde83376d82b2e3c09ffc
>
> Other uses for trusted and encrypted keys, such as for disk and file encryption
> -are anticipated.
> +are anticipated. In particular the new format 'ecryptfs' has been defined in
> +in order to use encrypted keys to mount an eCryptfs filesystem. More details
> +about the usage can be found in the file 'Documentation/keys-ecryptfs.txt'.
> diff --git a/security/keys/Makefile b/security/keys/Makefile
> index 1bf090a..bf8c878 100644
> --- a/security/keys/Makefile
> +++ b/security/keys/Makefile
> @@ -14,7 +14,7 @@ obj-y := \
> user_defined.o
>
> obj-$(CONFIG_TRUSTED_KEYS) += trusted.o
> -obj-$(CONFIG_ENCRYPTED_KEYS) += encrypted.o
> +obj-$(CONFIG_ENCRYPTED_KEYS) += keys_ecryptfs.o encrypted.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_KEYS_COMPAT) += compat.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_PROC_FS) += proc.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_SYSCTL) += sysctl.o
> diff --git a/security/keys/encrypted.c b/security/keys/encrypted.c
> index 59f719e..a916ce2 100644
> --- a/security/keys/encrypted.c
> +++ b/security/keys/encrypted.c
> @@ -29,11 +29,13 @@
> #include <linux/rcupdate.h>
> #include <linux/scatterlist.h>
> #include <linux/crypto.h>
> +#include <linux/ctype.h>
> #include <crypto/hash.h>
> #include <crypto/sha.h>
> #include <crypto/aes.h>
>
> #include "encrypted.h"
> +#include "keys_ecryptfs.h"
>
> static const char KEY_TRUSTED_PREFIX[] = "trusted:";
> static const char KEY_USER_PREFIX[] = "user:";
> @@ -41,11 +43,13 @@ static const char hash_alg[] = "sha256";
> static const char hmac_alg[] = "hmac(sha256)";
> static const char blkcipher_alg[] = "cbc(aes)";
> static const char key_format_default[] = "default";
> +static const char key_format_ecryptfs[] = "ecryptfs";
> static unsigned int ivsize;
> static int blksize;
>
> #define KEY_TRUSTED_PREFIX_LEN (sizeof (KEY_TRUSTED_PREFIX) - 1)
> #define KEY_USER_PREFIX_LEN (sizeof (KEY_USER_PREFIX) - 1)
> +#define KEY_ECRYPTFS_DESC_LEN 16
> #define HASH_SIZE SHA256_DIGEST_SIZE
> #define MAX_DATA_SIZE 4096
> #define MIN_DATA_SIZE 20
> @@ -63,11 +67,12 @@ enum {
> };
>
> enum {
> - Opt_error = -1, Opt_default
> + Opt_error = -1, Opt_default, Opt_ecryptfs
> };
>
> static const match_table_t key_format_tokens = {
> {Opt_default, "default"},
> + {Opt_ecryptfs, "ecryptfs"},
> {Opt_error, NULL}
> };
>
> @@ -95,6 +100,34 @@ static int aes_get_sizes(void)
> }
>
> /*
> + * valid_ecryptfs_desc - verify the description of a new/loaded encrypted key
> + *
> + * The description of a encrypted key with format 'ecryptfs' must contain
> + * exactly 16 hexadecimal characters.
> + *
> + */
> +static int valid_ecryptfs_desc(const char *ecryptfs_desc)
> +{
> + int i;
> +
> + if (strlen(ecryptfs_desc) != KEY_ECRYPTFS_DESC_LEN) {
> + pr_err("encrypted_key: key description must be %d hexadecimal "
> + "characters long\n", KEY_ECRYPTFS_DESC_LEN);
> + return -EINVAL;
> + }
> +
> + for (i = 0; i < KEY_ECRYPTFS_DESC_LEN; i++) {
> + if (!isxdigit(ecryptfs_desc[i])) {
> + pr_err("encrypted_key: key description must contain "
> + "only hexadecimal characters\n");
> + return -EINVAL;
> + }
> + }
> +
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +/*
> * valid_master_desc - verify the 'key-type:desc' of a new/updated master-key
> *
> * key-type:= "trusted:" | "user:"
> @@ -158,7 +191,7 @@ static int datablob_parse(char *datablob, const char **format,
> }
> key_cmd = match_token(keyword, key_tokens, args);
>
> - /* Get optional format: default */
> + /* Get optional format: default | ecryptfs */
> p = strsep(&datablob, " \t");
> if (!p) {
> pr_err("encrypted_key: insufficient parameters specified\n");
> @@ -167,6 +200,7 @@ static int datablob_parse(char *datablob, const char **format,
>
> key_format = match_token(p, key_format_tokens, args);
> switch (key_format) {
> + case Opt_ecryptfs:
> case Opt_default:
> *format = p;
> *master_desc = strsep(&datablob, " \t");
> @@ -598,6 +632,17 @@ static struct encrypted_key_payload *encrypted_key_alloc(struct key *key,
> format_len = (!format) ? strlen(key_format_default) : strlen(format);
> decrypted_datalen = dlen;
> payload_datalen = decrypted_datalen;
> + if (format && !strcmp(format, key_format_ecryptfs)) {
> + if (dlen != ECRYPTFS_MAX_KEY_BYTES) {
> + pr_err("encrypted_key: keylen for the ecryptfs format "
> + "must be equal to %d bytes\n",
> + ECRYPTFS_MAX_KEY_BYTES);
> + return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
> + }
> + decrypted_datalen = ECRYPTFS_MAX_KEY_BYTES;
> + payload_datalen = sizeof(struct ecryptfs_auth_tok);
> + }
> +
> encrypted_datalen = roundup(decrypted_datalen, blksize);
>
> datablob_len = format_len + 1 + strlen(master_desc) + 1
> @@ -683,8 +728,14 @@ static void __ekey_init(struct encrypted_key_payload *epayload,
>
> if (!format)
> memcpy(epayload->format, key_format_default, format_len);
> - else
> + else {
> + if (!strcmp(format, key_format_ecryptfs))
> + epayload->decrypted_data =
> + ecryptfs_get_auth_tok_key((struct ecryptfs_auth_tok *)epayload->payload_data);
> +
> memcpy(epayload->format, format, format_len);
> + }
> +
> memcpy(epayload->master_desc, master_desc, strlen(master_desc));
> memcpy(epayload->datalen, datalen, strlen(datalen));
> }
> @@ -696,11 +747,21 @@ static void __ekey_init(struct encrypted_key_payload *epayload,
> * itself. For an old key, decrypt the hex encoded data.
> */
> static int encrypted_init(struct encrypted_key_payload *epayload,
> - const char *format, const char *master_desc,
> - const char *datalen, const char *hex_encoded_iv)
> + const char *key_desc, const char *format,
> + const char *master_desc, const char *datalen,
> + const char *hex_encoded_iv)
> {
> int ret = 0;
>
> + if (format && !strcmp(format, key_format_ecryptfs)) {
> + ret = valid_ecryptfs_desc(key_desc);
> + if (ret < 0)
> + return ret;
> +
> + ecryptfs_fill_auth_tok((struct ecryptfs_auth_tok *)epayload->payload_data,
> + key_desc);
> + }
> +
> __ekey_init(epayload, format, master_desc, datalen);
> if (!hex_encoded_iv) {
> get_random_bytes(epayload->iv, ivsize);
> @@ -750,8 +811,8 @@ static int encrypted_instantiate(struct key *key, const void *data,
> ret = PTR_ERR(epayload);
> goto out;
> }
> - ret = encrypted_init(epayload, format, master_desc, decrypted_datalen,
> - hex_encoded_iv);
> + ret = encrypted_init(epayload, key->description, format, master_desc,
> + decrypted_datalen, hex_encoded_iv);
> if (ret < 0) {
> kfree(epayload);
> goto out;
> diff --git a/security/keys/keys_ecryptfs.c b/security/keys/keys_ecryptfs.c
> new file mode 100644
> index 0000000..6144b91
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/security/keys/keys_ecryptfs.c
> @@ -0,0 +1,81 @@
> +/*
> + * keys_ecryptfs.c: helper functions for the encrypted key type
> + *
> + * Copyright (C) 2006 International Business Machines Corp.
> + * Copyright (C) 2010 Politecnico di Torino, Italy
> + * TORSEC group -- http://security.polito.it
> + *
> + * Authors:
> + * Michael A. Halcrow <mahalcro@us.ibm.com>
> + * Tyler Hicks <tyhicks@ou.edu>
> + * Roberto Sassu <roberto.sassu@polito.it>
> + *
> + * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
> + * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
> + * the Free Software Foundation, version 2 of the License.
> + */
> +
> +#include <linux/module.h>
> +#include "keys_ecryptfs.h"
> +
> +u8 *ecryptfs_get_auth_tok_key(struct ecryptfs_auth_tok *auth_tok)
> +{
> + return auth_tok->token.password.session_key_encryption_key;
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL(ecryptfs_get_auth_tok_key);
> +
> +/*
> + * ecryptfs_get_versions()
> + *
> + * Source code taken from the software 'ecryptfs-utils' version 83.
> + *
> + */
> +void ecryptfs_get_versions(int *major, int *minor, int *file_version)
> +{
> + *major = ECRYPTFS_VERSION_MAJOR;
> + *minor = ECRYPTFS_VERSION_MINOR;
> + if (file_version)
> + *file_version = ECRYPTFS_SUPPORTED_FILE_VERSION;
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL(ecryptfs_get_versions);
> +
> +/*
> + * ecryptfs_fill_auth_tok - fill the ecryptfs_auth_tok structure
> + *
> + * Fill the ecryptfs_auth_tok structure with required ecryptfs data.
> + * The source code is inspired to the original function generate_payload()
> + * shipped with the software 'ecryptfs-utils' version 83.
> + *
> + */
> +int ecryptfs_fill_auth_tok(struct ecryptfs_auth_tok *auth_tok,
> + const char *key_desc)
> +{
> + int major, minor;
> +
> + ecryptfs_get_versions(&major, &minor, NULL);
> + auth_tok->version = (((uint16_t)(major << 8) & 0xFF00)
> + | ((uint16_t)minor & 0x00FF));
> + auth_tok->token_type = ECRYPTFS_PASSWORD;
> + strncpy((char *)auth_tok->token.password.signature, key_desc,
> + ECRYPTFS_PASSWORD_SIG_SIZE);
> + auth_tok->token.password.session_key_encryption_key_bytes =
> + ECRYPTFS_MAX_KEY_BYTES;
> + /*
> + * Removed auth_tok->token.password.salt and
> + * auth_tok->token.password.session_key_encryption_key
> + * initialization from the original code
> + */
> + /* TODO: Make the hash parameterizable via policy */
> + auth_tok->token.password.flags |=
> + ECRYPTFS_SESSION_KEY_ENCRYPTION_KEY_SET;
> + /* The kernel code will encrypt the session key. */
> + auth_tok->session_key.encrypted_key[0] = 0;
> + auth_tok->session_key.encrypted_key_size = 0;
> + /* Default; subject to change by kernel eCryptfs */
> + auth_tok->token.password.hash_algo = PGP_DIGEST_ALGO_SHA512;
> + auth_tok->token.password.flags &= ~(ECRYPTFS_PERSISTENT_PASSWORD);
> + return 0;
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL(ecryptfs_fill_auth_tok);
> +
> +MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
> diff --git a/security/keys/keys_ecryptfs.h b/security/keys/keys_ecryptfs.h
> new file mode 100644
> index 0000000..87f77ca
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/security/keys/keys_ecryptfs.h
> @@ -0,0 +1,30 @@
> +/*
> + * keys_ecryptfs.h: helper functions for the encrypted key type
> + *
> + * Copyright (C) 2006 International Business Machines Corp.
> + * Copyright (C) 2010 Politecnico di Torino, Italy
> + * TORSEC group -- http://security.polito.it
> + *
> + * Authors:
> + * Michael A. Halcrow <mahalcro@us.ibm.com>
> + * Tyler Hicks <tyhicks@ou.edu>
> + * Roberto Sassu <roberto.sassu@polito.it>
> + *
> + * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
> + * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
> + * the Free Software Foundation, version 2 of the License.
> + */
> +
> +#ifndef __KEYS_ECRYPTFS_H
> +#define __KEYS_ECRYPTFS_H
> +
> +#include <linux/ecryptfs.h>
> +
> +#define PGP_DIGEST_ALGO_SHA512 10
> +
> +u8 *ecryptfs_get_auth_tok_key(struct ecryptfs_auth_tok *auth_tok);
> +void ecryptfs_get_versions(int *major, int *minor, int *file_version);
> +int ecryptfs_fill_auth_tok(struct ecryptfs_auth_tok *auth_tok,
> + const char *key_desc);
> +
> +#endif /* __KEYS_ECRYPTFS_H */
> --
> 1.7.3.4
>




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