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SubjectRe: Locking in the clk API
On 01/20/2011 11:08 AM, Russell King - ARM Linux wrote:
> On Thu, Jan 20, 2011 at 05:02:55PM +0000, Ben Dooks wrote:
>> If you want to make it so that each low-power mode has to work
>> out what PLLs need to be disabled and then re-enabled makes me
>> want to be sick. Hiding this stuff behind specific implementations
>> is a recipe for disaster.
> Why should systems which don't suffer from such problems be prevented
> from gaining power saving from turning off their clocks when devices
> are not being used (eg, the console serial port.)
> One solution to your root PLL issue would be to have a separate set of
> enable/disable API calls which get called at setup/release time (or
> whatever you'd like to call it) which can only be called from non-atomic
> context. Maybe clk_prepare() and clk_unprepare(). These functions
> should perform whatever is necessary to ensure that the clock source
> is available for use atomically when clk_enable() is called.
> So, in your case, clk_prepare() ensures that the root PLL is enabled,
> clk_unprepare() allows it to be turned off.
> In the case of a console driver, clk_prepare() can be called when we
> know the port will be used as a console. clk_enable() is then called
> before writing out the string, and clk_disable() after we've completely
> sent the last character.
> This allows the best of both worlds. We now have a clk_enable() which
> can be used to turn the clocks off through the clock tree up to the first
> non-atomic clock, and we also have a way to deal with those which need
> to sleep. So not only do "sleeping clock" implementations become possible
> but these "sleeping clock" implementations also get the opportunity to
> shutdown some of their clock tree with minimal latency for doing so.

This suggestion looked promising till I realized that clk_set_rate()
will still be atomic. clk_set_rate() will need to enable/disable the
PLLs depending on which PLLs the rates are derived from. So, the locking
in clk_prepare/unprepare() still has to be atomic since the "slow stuff"
is shared with clk_set_rate().

IMO, the most workable/flexible suggestion I have seen so far is:
- Having a way to explicitly ask for an atomic clock from clk_get().
That way the driver can decide to fail early during probe or decide to
enable/disable in open/close or if it gets atomic clocks to
enable/disable in atomic context.
- Atomic and sleep-able variants of clk_enable/disable/set_rate. I
personally prefer the existing APIs to be sleep-able and introduce new
atomic variants, but it's not worth the time arguing over that.

Taking one step at a time, do we all at least agree having two variants
of enable/disable/set_rate?


Sent by an employee of the Qualcomm Innovation Center, Inc.
The Qualcomm Innovation Center, Inc. is a member of the Code Aurora Forum.

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