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SubjectRe: [tip:x86/security] x86: Add NX protection for kernel data
On Thu, Jan 20, 2011 at 12:18:26PM +0100, castet.matthieu@free.fr wrote:
> Quoting Konrad Rzeszutek Wilk <konrad.wilk@oracle.com>:
>
> > On Wed, Jan 19, 2011 at 11:59:57PM +0100, matthieu castet wrote:
> > > Le Wed, 19 Jan 2011 16:14:32 -0500,
> > > Konrad Rzeszutek Wilk <konrad.wilk@oracle.com> a écrit :
> > > > > >
> > > > > > I was just shown this[1] on Xen from an Ubuntu bug report[2].
> > > > > >
> > > > > > [ 1.230382] NX-protecting the kernel data: 3884k
> > > > > > [ 1.231002] BUG: unable to handle kernel paging request at
> > > > > > c1782ae0 ...
> > > > > > [ 1.231145] Call Trace:
> > > > > > [ 1.231152] [<c0138481>] ? __change_page_attr+0x2c1/0x370
> > > > > > [ 1.231161] [<c02163a1>] ? __purge_vmap_area_lazy+0xc1/0x180
> > > > > > [ 1.231169] [<c013857c>] ?
> > > > > > __change_page_attr_set_clr+0x4c/0xb0 [ 1.231176]
> > > > > > [<c0138838>] ? change_page_attr_set_clr+0x128/0x300
> > > > > > [ 1.231183] [<c010798e>] ?
> > > > > > __raw_callee_save_xen_restore_fl+0x6/0x8 [ 1.231192]
> > > > > > [<c0159ca1>] ? vprintk+0x171/0x3f0 [ 1.231198] [<c0138bdf>] ?
> > > > > > set_memory_nx+0x5f/0x70
> > > > >
> > > > > If you run it with Xen debugging enabled:
> > > > >
> > > > > [ 7.753329] NX-protecting the kernel data: 2400k
> > > > > (XEN) mm.c:2389:d0 Bad type (saw 3c000003 != exp 70000000) for mfn
> > > this happen if (x & (PGT_type_mask|PGT_pae_xen_l2)) != type)
> > >
> > > but
> > > #define PGT_type_mask (7U<<29) /* Bits 29-31. */
> > > #define _PGT_pae_xen_l2 26
> > > #define PGT_pae_xen_l2 (1U<<_PGT_pae_xen_l2)
> > >
> > > but (exp type = 0x70000000) & (PGT_type_mask|PGT_pae_xen_l2) =
> > > 0x60000000
> > >
> > > So the exp type look strange.
> > > #define _PGT_pinned 28
> > > #define PGT_pinned (1U<<_PGT_pinned)
> > >
> > > > > 1355a5 (pfn 15a5) (XEN) mm.c:889:d0 Error getting mfn 1355a5 (pfn
> > > > > 15a5) from L1 entry 80000001355a5063 for l1e_owner=0, pg_owner=0
> > > > > (XEN) mm.c:4958:d0 ptwr_emulate: could not get_page_from_l1e()
> > > > > [ 7.759087] BUG: unable to handle kernel paging request at
> > > > > c82a4d28 [ 7.759087] IP: [<c100608c>]
> > > > > xen_set_pte_atomic+0x21/0x2f [ 7.759087] *pdpt =
> > > > > 0000000001663001 *pde = 00000000082db067 *pte = 80000000082a4061 ..
> > > > > and same stack trace.
> > > > >
> > > > > >
> > > > > >
> > > > > > Does Xen have different size page table allocations or something
> > > > > > weird?
> > > > >
> > > > > The same page size. Not sure actually why it is being triggered.
> > > > > Let me copy Keir on this. Keir, the region that is being marked as
> > > > > _NX is .bss one and
> > > >
> >
> > > > _past_ the __init_end it dies. Any ideas?
> > > >
> > > Does this happen if you add ". = ALIGN(HPAGE_SIZE);" before bss section
> > > in arch/x86/kernel/vmlinux.lds.S ?
> >
> > Like this?
> Yes
> >
> > yeeeey...That made it boot.
> >
> > >
> > > What's the output of kernel_page_tables debugfs ?
> >
> > Shees.. I get
> >
> > [ 73.723105] BUG: unable to handle kernel paging request at 15555000
> [...]
> > with the patch and if I revert 5bd5a452662bc37c54fb6828db1a3faf87e6511c..
> >
> > That looks to be another bug to hunt down.
> >
> No that the same bug : that the root cause.
>
> For some reason with xen, accessing some page tables (bss and after) make the
> system crash.

I think I know the failure in the first case - the swapper_pg_dir is marked as _RO
and you are not suppose to make it _RW (unless you first do a bit of dance and switch
over to another pagetable). The reason being that Xen has a symbiotic relationship
with PV domains where pagetables are marked _RO so that any update to
it will go through Xen so it can validate that we aren't doing anything stupid.

But accessing the page table should be OK, not sure why it crashed - we
aren't writting anything to it - just reading.

Let me copy Ian on this - he might have better ideas.
>
> Resolving this one, should resolve the nx case.

That
>
>
> Matthieu
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