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Subject[PATCH] xen: p2m: correctly initialize partial p2m leave
There have been changes and code been moved around, so this is just a quick
rebase of the change I tested on a 2.6.37 based kernel. The basic problem seem
still valid, though.

Initially I thought of adding a cc to stable into the s-o-b, but the patch needs
to be adapted anyway (I can supply that version if the way I fixed the issue
looks ok).

From 1e9c9514caf0399c88ae9288e6db8e3d1c4b4be5 Mon Sep 17 00:00:00 2001
From: Stefan Bader <>
Date: Thu, 20 Jan 2011 11:37:43 +0100
Subject: [PATCH] xen: p2m: correctly initialize partial p2m leave

After changing the p2m mapping to a tree by

commit 58e05027b530ff081ecea68e38de8d59db8f87e0
xen: convert p2m to a 3 level tree

and trying to boot a DomU with 615MB of memory, the following crash was
observed in the dump:

kernel direct mapping tables up to 26f00000 @ 1ec4000-1fff000
BUG: unable to handle kernel NULL pointer dereference at (null)
IP: [<c0107397>] xen_set_pte+0x27/0x60
*pdpt = 0000000000000000 *pde = 0000000000000000

Adding further debug statements showed that when trying to set up
pfn=0x26700 the returned mapping was invalid.

pfn=0x266ff calling set_pte(0xc1fe77f8, 0x6b3003)
pfn=0x26700 calling set_pte(0xc1fe7800, 0x3)

Although the last_pfn obtained from the startup info is 0x26700, which
should in turn not be hit, the additional 8MB which are added as extra
memory normally seem to be ok. This lead to looking into the initial
p2m tree construction, which uses the smaller value and assuming that
there is other code handling the extra memory.

When the p2m tree is set up, the leaves are directly pointed to the
array which the domain builder set up. But if the mapping is not on a
boundary that fits into one p2m page, this will result in the last leaf
being only partially valid. And as the invalid entries are not
initialized in that case, things go badly wrong.

I am trying to fix that by checking whether the current leaf is a
complete map and if not, allocate a completely new page and copy only
the valid pointers there. This may not be the most efficient or elegant
solution, but at least it seems to allow me booting DomUs with memory
assignments all over the range.


Signed-off-by: Stefan Bader <>
arch/x86/xen/p2m.c | 20 +++++++++++++++++++-
1 files changed, 19 insertions(+), 1 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/x86/xen/p2m.c b/arch/x86/xen/p2m.c
index 8f2251d..c9307ec 100644
--- a/arch/x86/xen/p2m.c
+++ b/arch/x86/xen/p2m.c
@@ -237,7 +237,25 @@ void __init xen_build_dynamic_phys_to_machine(void)
p2m_top[topidx] = mid;

- p2m_top[topidx][mididx] = &mfn_list[pfn];
+ /*
+ * As long as the mfn_list has enough entries to completely
+ * fill a p2m page, pointing into the array is ok. But if
+ * not the entries beyond the last pfn will be undefined.
+ * And guessing that the 'what-ever-there-is' does not take it
+ * too kindly when changing it to invalid markers, a new page
+ * is allocated, initialized and filled with the valid part.
+ */
+ if (unlikely(pfn + P2M_PER_PAGE > max_pfn)) {
+ unsigned long p2midx;
+ unsigned long **p2m = extend_brk(PAGE_SIZE, PAGE_SIZE);
+ p2m_init(p2m);
+ for (p2midx = 0; pfn + p2midx < max_pfn; p2midx++) {
+ p2m[p2midx] = mfn_list[pfn + p2midx];
+ }
+ p2m_top[topidx][mididx] = p2m;
+ } else
+ p2m_top[topidx][mididx] = &mfn_list[pfn];

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