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SubjectRe: [PATCH -v10 0/4] Lock-less list
Hi Huang,

I just found out about your lockless linked-list implementation, it looks
interesting. Paul McKenney and myself have created a similar implementation for
userspace within the Userspace RCU project, you might want to have a look (it's

One point about semantic: a singly-linked list for which you can either delete
the first element or all the elements should probably be called a stack ? I'm
therefore going to refer to "push/pop" in this email rather than "add/delete".

We've got two linked-list stack implementations in the userspace RCU tree:

One has wait-free push, and blocking pop. Useful if you can afford to block when
you pop from the list. There is no restriction on the number of concurrent
push/pop to/from the list. The code is at:;a=blob;f=urcu/wfstack-static.h

The other has lock-free push and pop, no restriction on the number of concurrent
push/pop, but uses a clever trick that ensures that the cmpxchg loop will never
see a re-used pointer by using a RCU read-side to protect from memory reclaim.
It therefore requires that the memory used for the list must only be freed after
a RCU grace period. The code is at:;a=blob;f=urcu/rculfstack-static.h

We could probably extend this to allow popping all stack entries in one go, but
I haven't given it much thought.

We also have queue implementations (enqueue at head, dequeue at tail). The first
has wait-free enqueue/blocking dequeue and the second has lock-free
enqueue/dequeue. We use the wait-free enqueue/blocking dequeue queue to push
RCU callbacks when call_rcu() is executed from real-time threads, and we then
dequeue the callbacks to execute with a blocking thread. The lock-free
enqueue/dequeue queue also needs a reference count on the "dummy" node it keeps
in addition to use RCU to delay memory reclamation (see comments in the code).

wait-free enqueue/blocking dequeue:;a=blob;f=urcu/wfqueue-static.h

lock-free enqueue/dequeue (beware, the refcounting makes the API less elegant
than the other implementations):;a=blob;f=urcu/rculfqueue-static.h

Hoping this might be helpful to you,


Mathieu Desnoyers
Operating System Efficiency R&D Consultant
EfficiOS Inc.

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