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SubjectRe: [PATCH] ARM: vfp: Fix up exception location in Thumb mode
On Fri, Jan 14, 2011 at 04:58:47PM +0000, Catalin Marinas wrote:
> I agree, this code needs some clean-up. Maybe for Undef we could unify
> the ARM and Thumb-2 offsets so that they are both 4 (it may confuse the
> breakpoint code, I haven't checked).
> Otherwise just let the code handling the undef deal with the ARM/Thumb
> difference. For SVC, it makes sense to have different offsets as we
> always return to the next instruction.

I think it just needs better documentation.

Having been through all this, there _are_ bugs lurking in the code exactly
because of this randomness with what PC value is means what.

When the VFP support code tests the state of the VFP hardware during boot,
it sets the VFP handler to point at vfp_testing_entry, bypassing the normal
VFP handling code, and executes a VFP instruction.

If this VFP instruction faults (eg, because there is no VFP hardware
present or we're not permitted to use it), it could end up resuming
execution in the middle of the 16-bit paired instruction because
regs->ARM_pc points in the middle of it.

So vfp_testing_entry should at least store r2 into regs->ARM_pc to
guarantee resuming at the following instruction.

So maybe the right answer is to store r2 into regs->ARM_pc in
process_exception in the VFP assembly code too?

Or maybe we should just make it unconditional that whenever we have an
undefined instruction exception, the regs->ARM_pc value will always be
set for resuming execution after the faulted instruction. That makes
it consistent with r2 throughout the code in every case.

diff --git a/arch/arm/kernel/entry-armv.S b/arch/arm/kernel/entry-armv.S
index 2b46fea..5876eec 100644
--- a/arch/arm/kernel/entry-armv.S
+++ b/arch/arm/kernel/entry-armv.S
@@ -461,27 +461,35 @@ ENDPROC(__irq_usr)
.align 5
__und_usr:
usr_entry
-
- @
- @ fall through to the emulation code, which returns using r9 if
- @ it has emulated the instruction, or the more conventional lr
- @ if we are to treat this as a real undefined instruction
@
- @ r0 - instruction
+ @ The emulation code returns using r9 if it has emulated the
+ @ instruction, or the more conventional lr if we are to treat
+ @ this as a real undefined instruction
@
adr r9, BSYM(ret_from_exception)
adr lr, BSYM(__und_usr_unknown)
+ @
+ @ r2 = regs->ARM_pc, which is either 2 or 4 bytes ahead of the
+ @ faulting instruction depending on Thumb mode.
+ @ r3 = regs->ARM_cpsr
+ @
tst r3, #PSR_T_BIT @ Thumb mode?
- itet eq @ explicit IT needed for the 1f label
+ itttt eq @ explicit IT needed for the 1f label
subeq r4, r2, #4 @ ARM instr at LR - 4
- subne r4, r2, #2 @ Thumb instr at LR - 2
1: ldreqt r0, [r4]
#ifdef CONFIG_CPU_ENDIAN_BE8
reveq r0, r0 @ little endian instruction
#endif
+ @
+ @ r0 = 32-bit ARM instruction which caused the exception
+ @ r2 = PC value for the following instruction (:= regs->ARM_pc)
+ @ r4 = PC value for the faulting instruction
+ @
beq call_fpe
+
@ Thumb instruction
#if __LINUX_ARM_ARCH__ >= 7
+ sub r4, r2, #2 @ Thumb instr at LR - 2
2:
ARM( ldrht r5, [r4], #2 )
THUMB( ldrht r5, [r4] )
@@ -492,18 +500,19 @@ __und_usr:
3: ldrht r0, [r4]
add r2, r2, #2 @ r2 is PC + 2, make it PC + 4
orr r0, r0, r5, lsl #16
+ @
+ @ r0 = the two 16-bit Thumb instructions which caused the exception
+ @ r2 = PC value for the following Thumb instruction (:= regs->ARM_pc+2)
+ @ r4 = PC value for the first 16-bit Thumb instruction
+ @
#else
b __und_usr_unknown
#endif
- UNWIND(.fnend )
+ UNWIND(.fnend)
ENDPROC(__und_usr)

- @
- @ fallthrough to call_fpe
- @
-
/*
- * The out of line fixup for the ldrt above.
+ * The out of line fixup for the ldrt instructions above.
*/
.pushsection .fixup, "ax"
4: mov pc, r9
@@ -534,11 +543,12 @@ ENDPROC(__und_usr)
* NEON handler code.
*
* Emulators may wish to make use of the following registers:
- * r0 = instruction opcode.
- * r2 = PC+4
+ * r0 = instruction opcode (32-bit ARM or two 16-bit Thumb)
+ * r2 = PC value to resume execution after successful emulation
* r9 = normal "successful" return address
- * r10 = this threads thread_info structure.
+ * r10 = this threads thread_info structure
* lr = unrecognised instruction return address
+ * IRQs disabled, FIQs enabled.
*/
@
@ Fall-through from Thumb-2 __und_usr
diff --git a/arch/arm/kernel/traps.c b/arch/arm/kernel/traps.c
index ee57640..eeb9250 100644
--- a/arch/arm/kernel/traps.c
+++ b/arch/arm/kernel/traps.c
@@ -347,9 +347,9 @@ asmlinkage void __exception do_undefinstr(struct pt_regs *regs)
void __user *pc;

/*
- * According to the ARM ARM, PC is 2 or 4 bytes ahead,
- * depending whether we're in Thumb mode or not.
- * Correct this offset.
+ * According to the ARM ARM, the PC is 2 or 4 bytes ahead
+ * depending on Thumb mode. Correct this offset so that
+ * regs->ARM_pc points at the faulting instruction.
*/
regs->ARM_pc -= correction;

diff --git a/arch/arm/vfp/entry.S b/arch/arm/vfp/entry.S
index 4fa9903..2bf6089 100644
--- a/arch/arm/vfp/entry.S
+++ b/arch/arm/vfp/entry.S
@@ -19,6 +19,14 @@
#include <asm/vfpmacros.h>
#include "../kernel/entry-header.S"

+@ VFP entry point.
+@
+@ r0 = instruction opcode (32-bit ARM or two 16-bit Thumb)
+@ r2 = PC value to resume execution after successful emulation
+@ r9 = normal "successful" return address
+@ r10 = this threads thread_info structure
+@ lr = unrecognised instruction return address
+@
ENTRY(do_vfp)
#ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPT
ldr r4, [r10, #TI_PREEMPT] @ get preempt count
diff --git a/arch/arm/vfp/vfphw.S b/arch/arm/vfp/vfphw.S
index 9897dcf..7292921 100644
--- a/arch/arm/vfp/vfphw.S
+++ b/arch/arm/vfp/vfphw.S
@@ -61,13 +61,13 @@

@ VFP hardware support entry point.
@
-@ r0 = faulted instruction
-@ r2 = faulted PC+4
-@ r9 = successful return
+@ r0 = instruction opcode (32-bit ARM or two 16-bit Thumb)
+@ r2 = PC value to resume execution after successful emulation
+@ r9 = normal "successful" return address
@ r10 = vfp_state union
@ r11 = CPU number
-@ lr = failure return
-
+@ lr = unrecognised instruction return address
+@ IRQs enabled.
ENTRY(vfp_support_entry)
DBGSTR3 "instr %08x pc %08x state %p", r0, r2, r10

@@ -138,9 +138,12 @@ check_for_exception:
@ exception before retrying branch
@ out before setting an FPEXC that
@ stops us reading stuff
- VFPFMXR FPEXC, r1 @ restore FPEXC last
- sub r2, r2, #4
- str r2, [sp, #S_PC] @ retry the instruction
+ VFPFMXR FPEXC, r1 @ Restore FPEXC last
+ sub r2, r2, #4 @ Retry current instruction - if Thumb
+ str r2, [sp, #S_PC] @ mode it's two 16-bit instructions,
+ @ else it's one 32-bit instruction, so
+ @ always subtract 4 from the following
+ @ instruction address.
#ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPT
get_thread_info r10
ldr r4, [r10, #TI_PREEMPT] @ get preempt count


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