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SubjectRe: Hungry for hardware timers
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Hello,

On Tue, Sep 7, 2010 at 2:35 PM, Clemens Ladisch <clemens@ladisch.de> wrote:
> Jaswinder Singh Rajput wrote:
>> On Tue, Sep 7, 2010 at 1:29 PM, Clemens Ladisch <clemens@ladisch.de> wrote:
>>> Jaswinder Singh Rajput wrote:
>>>> I am investigating how many hardware timers are available for kernel,
>>>> system applications and user applications for x86 platforms.
>>>
>>> Why would you want to have a separate timer for your application?
>>
>> I need a programmable periodic interrupt for an embedded project.
>
> And why do you not want to use POSIX timers for this?
>

OK, I will try POSIX timers for the application but for system module
my preference is HPET T2.

>>>> HPET have 3 timers :
>>>> T0 and T2 is already used by Linux and T1 is used for RTC
>>>
>>> T2 shouldn't be used.
>>
>> [    0.323613] hpet: hpet_msi_capability_lookup(621):
>> ..
>> [    0.325323] hpet: T2: CFG_l: 0x0, CFG_h: 0xf00800
>> [    0.325483] hpet: T2: CMP_l: 0xffffffff, CMP_h: 0x0
>> [    0.325639] hpet: T2 ROUTE_l: 0x0, ROUTE_h: 0x0
>> [    0.325958] hpet0: at MMIO 0xfed00000, IRQs 2, 8, 0
>> [    0.326279] hpet0: 3 comparators, 64-bit 14.318180 MHz counter
>> [    0.328003] hpet: hpet_late_init(951):
>> ..
>> [    0.331006] hpet: T2: CFG_l: 0x0, CFG_h: 0xf00800
>> [    0.331167] hpet: T2: CMP_l: 0xdfe12a, CMP_h: 0x0
>> [    0.331327] hpet: T2 ROUTE_l: 0x0, ROUTE_h: 0x0
>>
>> As you can see after hpet_late_init(951) T2 CMP_l is changed.
>
> Strange; nobody should be accessing this.

But it is changing in vanilla kernel.

> Do you need to use it before hpet_late_init?
>

No.

>>> What does /proc/interrupts say?
>>
>> $ cat /proc/interrupts
>>            CPU0       CPU1
>>   0:     192286          0   IO-APIC-edge      timer
>>   1:       1039          0   IO-APIC-edge      i8042
>>   8:         50          0   IO-APIC-edge      rtc0
>>   9:        637       1903   IO-APIC-fasteoi   acpi
>>  12:        163        515   IO-APIC-edge      i8042
>>  16:      21285          0   IO-APIC-fasteoi   i915, ath9k, ehci_hcd:usb1, uhci_hcd:usb2
>>  17:          0          0   IO-APIC-fasteoi   uhci_hcd:usb3
>>  18:          0          0   IO-APIC-fasteoi   uhci_hcd:usb4
>>  19:          0          0   IO-APIC-fasteoi   uhci_hcd:usb5
>>  44:       3511       9569   PCI-MSI-edge      ahci
>>  45:        515       1569   PCI-MSI-edge      hda_intel
>>  46:          2          0   PCI-MSI-edge      eth0
>
> Nobody is using /dev/hpet, you should be able to grab it for T2.
>

OK. What will be IRQ # for T2.

If I access /dev/hpet by hpet_example it shows that it is using HPET
T0 as hi_hpet is 0 :

#./hpet_example info /dev/hpet
-hpet: executing info
hpet_info: hi_irqfreq 0x0 hi_flags 0x0 hi_hpet 0 hi_timer 2

As per dmesg([ 0.325958] hpet0: at MMIO 0xfed00000, IRQs 2, 8, 0)
so IRQs are like this :
HPET T0 : 2
HPET T1 : 8
HPET T2 : 0

Is it right, or I am missing something.

Thanks,
--
Jaswinder Singh.
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