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SubjectRe: Hungry for hardware timers
Jaswinder Singh Rajput wrote:
> I am investigating how many hardware timers are available for kernel,
> system applications and user applications for x86 platforms.

Why would you want to have a separate timer for your application?

> Is there any help available for it so that systems developers can use
> a hook up an interrupt and use any hardware timer.

The kernel is supposed to abstract away the hardware; just use POSIX
timers.

> In APIC timer, but each core is having only one timer and it is
> already utilized by Linux :
> ... APIC TMICT: 00002078
> ... APIC TMCCT: 00000b5f
> ... APIC TDCR: 00000003

Having per-CPU timers allows the kernel to avoid synchronizing between
CPUs.

> HPET have 3 timers :
> [ 0.328157] hpet: ID: 0x8086a201, PERIOD: 0x429b17f
> [ 0.328315] hpet: CFG: 0x3, STATUS: 0x0
> [ 0.328472] hpet: COUNTER_l: 0x6ff120, COUNTER_h: 0x0
> [ 0.329006] hpet: T0: CFG_l: 0x138, CFG_h: 0xf00000
> [ 0.329165] hpet: T0: CMP_l: 0x701baa, CMP_h: 0x0
> [ 0.329324] hpet: T0 ROUTE_l: 0x0, ROUTE_h: 0x0
> [ 0.329483] hpet: T1: CFG_l: 0x0, CFG_h: 0xf00000
> [ 0.330006] hpet: T1: CMP_l: 0xffffffff, CMP_h: 0x0
> [ 0.330166] hpet: T1 ROUTE_l: 0x0, ROUTE_h: 0x0
> [ 0.331005] hpet: T2: CFG_l: 0x0, CFG_h: 0xf00800
> [ 0.331168] hpet: T2: CMP_l: 0xdf751c, CMP_h: 0x0
> [ 0.331328] hpet: T2 ROUTE_l: 0x0, ROUTE_h: 0x0
>
> T0 and T2 is already used by Linux and T1 is used for RTC

T2 shouldn't be used. What does /proc/interrupts say?

> System 8254 timer have 3 timers but it seems it is also used by Linux :
> [ 4923.510233] 0: 83ae 1: 1102 2: 37f2
> [ 4923.510251] 0: 8382 1: d10 2: 37dc

That thing is horribly slow; nobody would want to use this, if possible.


Regards,
Clemens


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