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Subject[PATCH 10/17] autofs4: add d_manage() dentry operation
Date
From: Ian Kent <raven@themaw.net>

This patch required a previous patch to add the ->d_automount()
dentry operation.

Add a function to use the newly defined ->d_manage() dentry operation
for blocking during mount and expire.

Whether the VFS calls the dentry operations d_automount() and d_manage()
is controled by the DMANAGED_AUTOMOUNT and DMANAGED_TRANSIT flags. autofs
uses the d_automount() operation to callback to user space to request
mount operations and the d_manage() operation to block walks into mounts
that are under construction or destruction.

In order to prevent these functions from being called unnecessarily the
DMANAGED_* flags are cleared for cases which would cause this. In the
common case the DMANAGED_AUTOMOUNT and DMANAGED_TRANSIT flags are both
set for dentrys waiting to be mounted. The DMANAGED_TRANSIT flag is
cleared upon successful mount request completion and set during expire
runs, both during the dentry expire check, and if selected for expire,
is left set until a subsequent successful mount request completes.

The exception to this is the so-called rootless multi-mount which has
no actual mount at its base. In this case the DMANAGED_AUTOMOUNT flag
is cleared upon successful mount request completion as well and set
again after a successful expire.

Signed-off-by: Ian Kent <raven@themaw.net>
Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
---
fs/autofs4/autofs_i.h | 50 ++++++++++++++++++++++++-
fs/autofs4/expire.c | 42 +++++++++++++--------
fs/autofs4/inode.c | 3 +
fs/autofs4/root.c | 100 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++------
4 files changed, 164 insertions(+), 31 deletions(-)
diff --git a/fs/autofs4/autofs_i.h b/fs/autofs4/autofs_i.h
index 079206c..48f8248 100644
--- a/fs/autofs4/autofs_i.h
+++ b/fs/autofs4/autofs_i.h
@@ -96,7 +96,6 @@ struct autofs_info {
};

#define AUTOFS_INF_EXPIRING (1<<0) /* dentry is in the process of expiring */
-#define AUTOFS_INF_MOUNTPOINT (1<<1) /* mountpoint status for direct expire */
#define AUTOFS_INF_PENDING (1<<2) /* dentry pending mount */

struct autofs_wait_queue {
@@ -218,6 +217,7 @@ extern const struct file_operations autofs4_root_operations;
/* Operations methods */

struct vfsmount *autofs4_d_automount(struct path *);
+int autofs4_d_manage(struct path *, bool);

/* VFS automount flags management functions */

@@ -245,6 +245,54 @@ static inline void managed_dentry_clear_automount(struct dentry *dentry)
spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock);
}

+static inline void __managed_dentry_set_transit(struct dentry *dentry)
+{
+ dentry->d_managed |= DMANAGED_TRANSIT;
+}
+
+static inline void managed_dentry_set_transit(struct dentry *dentry)
+{
+ spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock);
+ __managed_dentry_set_transit(dentry);
+ spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock);
+}
+
+static inline void __managed_dentry_clear_transit(struct dentry *dentry)
+{
+ dentry->d_managed &= ~DMANAGED_TRANSIT;
+}
+
+static inline void managed_dentry_clear_transit(struct dentry *dentry)
+{
+ spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock);
+ __managed_dentry_clear_transit(dentry);
+ spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock);
+}
+
+static inline void __managed_dentry_set_managed(struct dentry *dentry)
+{
+ dentry->d_managed |= (DMANAGED_AUTOMOUNT|DMANAGED_TRANSIT);
+}
+
+static inline void managed_dentry_set_managed(struct dentry *dentry)
+{
+ spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock);
+ __managed_dentry_set_managed(dentry);
+ spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock);
+}
+
+static inline void __managed_dentry_clear_managed(struct dentry *dentry)
+{
+ dentry->d_managed &= ~(DMANAGED_AUTOMOUNT|DMANAGED_TRANSIT);
+}
+
+static inline void managed_dentry_clear_managed(struct dentry *dentry)
+{
+ spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock);
+ __managed_dentry_clear_managed(dentry);
+ spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock);
+}
+
/* Initializing function */

int autofs4_fill_super(struct super_block *, void *, int);
diff --git a/fs/autofs4/expire.c b/fs/autofs4/expire.c
index c366dac..5901da5 100644
--- a/fs/autofs4/expire.c
+++ b/fs/autofs4/expire.c
@@ -26,10 +26,6 @@ static inline int autofs4_can_expire(struct dentry *dentry,
if (ino == NULL)
return 0;

- /* No point expiring a pending mount */
- if (ino->flags & AUTOFS_INF_PENDING)
- return 0;
-
if (!do_now) {
/* Too young to die */
if (!timeout || time_after(ino->last_used + timeout, now))
@@ -264,6 +260,7 @@ struct dentry *autofs4_expire_direct(struct super_block *sb,
unsigned long timeout;
struct dentry *root = dget(sb->s_root);
int do_now = how & AUTOFS_EXP_IMMEDIATE;
+ struct autofs_info *ino;

if (!root)
return NULL;
@@ -272,18 +269,21 @@ struct dentry *autofs4_expire_direct(struct super_block *sb,
timeout = sbi->exp_timeout;

spin_lock(&sbi->fs_lock);
+ ino = autofs4_dentry_ino(root);
+ /* No point expiring a pending mount */
+ if (ino->flags & AUTOFS_INF_PENDING) {
+ spin_unlock(&sbi->fs_lock);
+ return NULL;
+ }
+ managed_dentry_set_transit(root);
if (!autofs4_direct_busy(mnt, root, timeout, do_now)) {
struct autofs_info *ino = autofs4_dentry_ino(root);
- if (d_mountpoint(root)) {
- ino->flags |= AUTOFS_INF_MOUNTPOINT;
- root->d_managed--;
- }
ino->flags |= AUTOFS_INF_EXPIRING;
- managed_dentry_set_automount(root);
init_completion(&ino->expire_complete);
spin_unlock(&sbi->fs_lock);
return root;
}
+ managed_dentry_clear_transit(root);
spin_unlock(&sbi->fs_lock);
dput(root);

@@ -335,6 +335,10 @@ struct dentry *autofs4_expire_indirect(struct super_block *sb,

spin_lock(&sbi->fs_lock);
ino = autofs4_dentry_ino(dentry);
+ /* No point expiring a pending mount */
+ if (ino->flags & AUTOFS_INF_PENDING)
+ goto cont;
+ managed_dentry_set_transit(dentry);

/*
* Case 1: (i) indirect mount or top level pseudo direct mount
@@ -394,6 +398,8 @@ struct dentry *autofs4_expire_indirect(struct super_block *sb,
}
}
next:
+ managed_dentry_clear_transit(dentry);
+cont:
spin_unlock(&sbi->fs_lock);
dput(dentry);
spin_lock(&dcache_lock);
@@ -407,7 +413,6 @@ found:
expired, (int)expired->d_name.len, expired->d_name.name);
ino = autofs4_dentry_ino(expired);
ino->flags |= AUTOFS_INF_EXPIRING;
- managed_dentry_set_automount(expired);
init_completion(&ino->expire_complete);
spin_unlock(&sbi->fs_lock);
spin_lock(&dcache_lock);
@@ -476,7 +481,7 @@ int autofs4_expire_run(struct super_block *sb,
ino = autofs4_dentry_ino(dentry);
ino->flags &= ~AUTOFS_INF_EXPIRING;
if (!d_unhashed(dentry))
- managed_dentry_clear_automount(dentry);
+ managed_dentry_clear_transit(dentry);
complete_all(&ino->expire_complete);
spin_unlock(&sbi->fs_lock);

@@ -502,13 +507,18 @@ int autofs4_do_expire_multi(struct super_block *sb, struct vfsmount *mnt,
ret = autofs4_wait(sbi, dentry, NFY_EXPIRE);

spin_lock(&sbi->fs_lock);
- if (ino->flags & AUTOFS_INF_MOUNTPOINT) {
- sb->s_root->d_managed++;
- ino->flags &= ~AUTOFS_INF_MOUNTPOINT;
- }
ino->flags &= ~AUTOFS_INF_EXPIRING;
+ spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock);
if (ret)
- managed_dentry_clear_automount(dentry);
+ __managed_dentry_clear_transit(dentry);
+ else {
+ if ((IS_ROOT(dentry) ||
+ (autofs_type_indirect(sbi->type) &&
+ IS_ROOT(dentry->d_parent))) &&
+ !(dentry->d_managed & DMANAGED_AUTOMOUNT))
+ __managed_dentry_set_automount(dentry);
+ }
+ spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock);
complete_all(&ino->expire_complete);
spin_unlock(&sbi->fs_lock);
dput(dentry);
diff --git a/fs/autofs4/inode.c b/fs/autofs4/inode.c
index 41b7ad1..c6e75b3 100644
--- a/fs/autofs4/inode.c
+++ b/fs/autofs4/inode.c
@@ -253,6 +253,7 @@ static struct autofs_info *autofs4_mkroot(struct autofs_sb_info *sbi)

static const struct dentry_operations autofs4_sb_dentry_operations = {
.d_automount = autofs4_d_automount,
+ .d_manage = autofs4_d_manage,
.d_release = autofs4_dentry_release,
};

@@ -322,7 +323,7 @@ int autofs4_fill_super(struct super_block *s, void *data, int silent)
}

if (autofs_type_trigger(sbi->type))
- __managed_dentry_set_automount(root);
+ __managed_dentry_set_managed(root);

root_inode->i_fop = &autofs4_root_operations;
root_inode->i_op = autofs_type_trigger(sbi->type) ?
diff --git a/fs/autofs4/root.c b/fs/autofs4/root.c
index 22dc4c0..3e71e4c 100644
--- a/fs/autofs4/root.c
+++ b/fs/autofs4/root.c
@@ -403,6 +403,7 @@ static const struct dentry_operations autofs4_root_dentry_operations = {
/* For other dentries */
static const struct dentry_operations autofs4_dentry_operations = {
.d_automount = autofs4_d_automount,
+ .d_manage = autofs4_d_manage,
.d_release = autofs4_dentry_release,
};

@@ -583,6 +584,20 @@ struct vfsmount *autofs4_d_automount(struct path *path)
DPRINTK("dentry=%p %.*s",
dentry, dentry->d_name.len, dentry->d_name.name);

+ /*
+ * Someone may have manually umounted this or it was a submount
+ * that has gone away.
+ */
+ spin_lock(&dcache_lock);
+ if (!d_mountpoint(dentry) && list_empty(&dentry->d_subdirs)) {
+ spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock);
+ if (!(dentry->d_managed & DMANAGED_TRANSIT) &&
+ (dentry->d_managed & DMANAGED_AUTOMOUNT))
+ __managed_dentry_set_transit(path->dentry);
+ spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock);
+ }
+ spin_unlock(&dcache_lock);
+
/* The daemon never triggers a mount. */
if (autofs4_oz_mode(sbi))
return NULL;
@@ -612,31 +627,65 @@ struct vfsmount *autofs4_d_automount(struct path *path)

/*
* If the dentry is a symlink it's equivalent to a directory
- * having d_mounted() true, so there's no need to call back
+ * having d_mountpoint() true, so there's no need to call back
* to the daemon.
*/
if (dentry->d_inode && S_ISLNK(dentry->d_inode->i_mode))
goto done;
- spin_lock(&dcache_lock);
- if (!d_mountpoint(dentry) && list_empty(&dentry->d_subdirs)) {
+ if (!d_mountpoint(dentry)) {
+ /*
+ * It's possible that user space hasn't removed directories
+ * after umounting a rootless multi-mount, although it
+ * should. For v5 have_submounts() is sufficient to handle
+ * this because the leaves of the directory tree under the
+ * mount never trigger mounts themselves (they have an autofs
+ * trigger mount mounted on them). But v4 pseudo direct mounts
+ * do need the leaves to to trigger mounts. In this case we
+ * have no choice but to use the list_empty() check and
+ * require user space behave.
+ */
+ if (sbi->version > 4) {
+ if (have_submounts(dentry))
+ goto done;
+ } else {
+ spin_lock(&dcache_lock);
+ if (!list_empty(&dentry->d_subdirs)) {
+ spin_unlock(&dcache_lock);
+ goto done;
+ }
+ spin_unlock(&dcache_lock);
+ }
ino->flags |= AUTOFS_INF_PENDING;
- spin_unlock(&dcache_lock);
spin_unlock(&sbi->fs_lock);
status = autofs4_mount_wait(dentry);
if (status)
return ERR_PTR(status);
spin_lock(&sbi->fs_lock);
ino->flags &= ~AUTOFS_INF_PENDING;
- goto done;
}
- spin_unlock(&dcache_lock);
done:
- /*
- * Any needed mounting has been completed and the path updated
- * so turn this into a normal dentry so we don't continually
- * call ->d_automount().
- */
- managed_dentry_clear_automount(dentry);
+ if (!(ino->flags & AUTOFS_INF_EXPIRING)) {
+ /*
+ * Any needed mounting has been completed and the path updated
+ * so turn this into a normal dentry so we don't continually
+ * call ->d_automount() and ->d_manage().
+ */
+ spin_lock(&dcache_lock);
+ spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock);
+ __managed_dentry_clear_transit(dentry);
+ /*
+ * Only clear DMANAGED_AUTOMOUNT for rootless multi-mounts and
+ * symlinks as in all other cases the dentry will be covered by
+ * an actual mount so ->d_automount() won't be called during
+ * the follow.
+ */
+ if ((!d_mountpoint(dentry) &&
+ !list_empty(&dentry->d_subdirs)) ||
+ (dentry->d_inode && S_ISLNK(dentry->d_inode->i_mode)))
+ __managed_dentry_clear_automount(dentry);
+ spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock);
+ spin_unlock(&dcache_lock);
+ }
spin_unlock(&sbi->fs_lock);

/* Mount succeeded, check if we ended up with a new dentry */
@@ -647,6 +696,31 @@ done:
return NULL;
}

+int autofs4_d_manage(struct path *path, bool mounting_here)
+{
+ struct dentry *dentry = path->dentry;
+ struct autofs_sb_info *sbi = autofs4_sbi(dentry->d_sb);
+
+ DPRINTK("dentry=%p %.*s",
+ dentry, dentry->d_name.len, dentry->d_name.name);
+
+ /* The daemon never waits. */
+ if (autofs4_oz_mode(sbi) || mounting_here) {
+ if (!d_mountpoint(dentry))
+ return -EISDIR;
+ return 0;
+ }
+
+ /* Wait for pending expires */
+ do_expire_wait(dentry);
+
+ /*
+ * This dentry may be under construction so wait on mount
+ * completion.
+ */
+ return autofs4_mount_wait(dentry);
+}
+
/* Lookups in the root directory */
static struct dentry *autofs4_lookup(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry, struct nameidata *nd)
{
@@ -683,7 +757,7 @@ static struct dentry *autofs4_lookup(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry, s
/* Mark entries in the root as mount triggers */
if (autofs_type_indirect(sbi->type) && IS_ROOT(dentry->d_parent)) {
dentry->d_op = &autofs4_dentry_operations;
- managed_dentry_set_automount(dentry);
+ __managed_dentry_set_managed(dentry);
}

ino = autofs4_init_ino(NULL, sbi, 0555);


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