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Subject[048/123] gcov: fix null-pointer dereference for certain module types
From: Peter Oberparleiter <oberpar@linux.vnet.ibm.com>

commit 85a0fdfd0f967507f3903e8419bc7e408f5a59de upstream.

The gcov-kernel infrastructure expects that each object file is loaded
only once. This may not be true, e.g. when loading multiple kernel
modules which are linked to the same object file. As a result, loading
such kernel modules will result in incorrect gcov results while unloading
will cause a null-pointer dereference.

This patch fixes these problems by changing the gcov-kernel infrastructure
so that multiple profiling data sets can be associated with one debugfs
entry. It applies to 2.6.36-rc1.

Signed-off-by: Peter Oberparleiter <oberpar@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Reported-by: Werner Spies <werner.spies@thalesgroup.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@suse.de>

---
kernel/gcov/fs.c | 244 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++---------------
1 file changed, 180 insertions(+), 64 deletions(-)

--- a/kernel/gcov/fs.c
+++ b/kernel/gcov/fs.c
@@ -33,10 +33,11 @@
* @children: child nodes
* @all: list head for list of all nodes
* @parent: parent node
- * @info: associated profiling data structure if not a directory
- * @ghost: when an object file containing profiling data is unloaded we keep a
- * copy of the profiling data here to allow collecting coverage data
- * for cleanup code. Such a node is called a "ghost".
+ * @loaded_info: array of pointers to profiling data sets for loaded object
+ * files.
+ * @num_loaded: number of profiling data sets for loaded object files.
+ * @unloaded_info: accumulated copy of profiling data sets for unloaded
+ * object files. Used only when gcov_persist=1.
* @dentry: main debugfs entry, either a directory or data file
* @links: associated symbolic links
* @name: data file basename
@@ -51,10 +52,11 @@ struct gcov_node {
struct list_head children;
struct list_head all;
struct gcov_node *parent;
- struct gcov_info *info;
- struct gcov_info *ghost;
+ struct gcov_info **loaded_info;
+ struct gcov_info *unloaded_info;
struct dentry *dentry;
struct dentry **links;
+ int num_loaded;
char name[0];
};

@@ -136,16 +138,37 @@ static const struct seq_operations gcov_
};

/*
- * Return the profiling data set for a given node. This can either be the
- * original profiling data structure or a duplicate (also called "ghost")
- * in case the associated object file has been unloaded.
+ * Return a profiling data set associated with the given node. This is
+ * either a data set for a loaded object file or a data set copy in case
+ * all associated object files have been unloaded.
*/
static struct gcov_info *get_node_info(struct gcov_node *node)
{
- if (node->info)
- return node->info;
+ if (node->num_loaded > 0)
+ return node->loaded_info[0];

- return node->ghost;
+ return node->unloaded_info;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Return a newly allocated profiling data set which contains the sum of
+ * all profiling data associated with the given node.
+ */
+static struct gcov_info *get_accumulated_info(struct gcov_node *node)
+{
+ struct gcov_info *info;
+ int i = 0;
+
+ if (node->unloaded_info)
+ info = gcov_info_dup(node->unloaded_info);
+ else
+ info = gcov_info_dup(node->loaded_info[i++]);
+ if (!info)
+ return NULL;
+ for (; i < node->num_loaded; i++)
+ gcov_info_add(info, node->loaded_info[i]);
+
+ return info;
}

/*
@@ -163,9 +186,10 @@ static int gcov_seq_open(struct inode *i
mutex_lock(&node_lock);
/*
* Read from a profiling data copy to minimize reference tracking
- * complexity and concurrent access.
+ * complexity and concurrent access and to keep accumulating multiple
+ * profiling data sets associated with one node simple.
*/
- info = gcov_info_dup(get_node_info(node));
+ info = get_accumulated_info(node);
if (!info)
goto out_unlock;
iter = gcov_iter_new(info);
@@ -225,12 +249,25 @@ static struct gcov_node *get_node_by_nam
return NULL;
}

+/*
+ * Reset all profiling data associated with the specified node.
+ */
+static void reset_node(struct gcov_node *node)
+{
+ int i;
+
+ if (node->unloaded_info)
+ gcov_info_reset(node->unloaded_info);
+ for (i = 0; i < node->num_loaded; i++)
+ gcov_info_reset(node->loaded_info[i]);
+}
+
static void remove_node(struct gcov_node *node);

/*
* write() implementation for gcov data files. Reset profiling data for the
- * associated file. If the object file has been unloaded (i.e. this is
- * a "ghost" node), remove the debug fs node as well.
+ * corresponding file. If all associated object files have been unloaded,
+ * remove the debug fs node as well.
*/
static ssize_t gcov_seq_write(struct file *file, const char __user *addr,
size_t len, loff_t *pos)
@@ -245,10 +282,10 @@ static ssize_t gcov_seq_write(struct fil
node = get_node_by_name(info->filename);
if (node) {
/* Reset counts or remove node for unloaded modules. */
- if (node->ghost)
+ if (node->num_loaded == 0)
remove_node(node);
else
- gcov_info_reset(node->info);
+ reset_node(node);
}
/* Reset counts for open file. */
gcov_info_reset(info);
@@ -378,7 +415,10 @@ static void init_node(struct gcov_node *
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&node->list);
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&node->children);
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&node->all);
- node->info = info;
+ if (node->loaded_info) {
+ node->loaded_info[0] = info;
+ node->num_loaded = 1;
+ }
node->parent = parent;
if (name)
strcpy(node->name, name);
@@ -394,9 +434,13 @@ static struct gcov_node *new_node(struct
struct gcov_node *node;

node = kzalloc(sizeof(struct gcov_node) + strlen(name) + 1, GFP_KERNEL);
- if (!node) {
- pr_warning("out of memory\n");
- return NULL;
+ if (!node)
+ goto err_nomem;
+ if (info) {
+ node->loaded_info = kcalloc(1, sizeof(struct gcov_info *),
+ GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!node->loaded_info)
+ goto err_nomem;
}
init_node(node, info, name, parent);
/* Differentiate between gcov data file nodes and directory nodes. */
@@ -416,6 +460,11 @@ static struct gcov_node *new_node(struct
list_add(&node->all, &all_head);

return node;
+
+err_nomem:
+ kfree(node);
+ pr_warning("out of memory\n");
+ return NULL;
}

/* Remove symbolic links associated with node. */
@@ -441,8 +490,9 @@ static void release_node(struct gcov_nod
list_del(&node->all);
debugfs_remove(node->dentry);
remove_links(node);
- if (node->ghost)
- gcov_info_free(node->ghost);
+ kfree(node->loaded_info);
+ if (node->unloaded_info)
+ gcov_info_free(node->unloaded_info);
kfree(node);
}

@@ -477,7 +527,7 @@ static struct gcov_node *get_child_by_na

/*
* write() implementation for reset file. Reset all profiling data to zero
- * and remove ghost nodes.
+ * and remove nodes for which all associated object files are unloaded.
*/
static ssize_t reset_write(struct file *file, const char __user *addr,
size_t len, loff_t *pos)
@@ -487,8 +537,8 @@ static ssize_t reset_write(struct file *
mutex_lock(&node_lock);
restart:
list_for_each_entry(node, &all_head, all) {
- if (node->info)
- gcov_info_reset(node->info);
+ if (node->num_loaded > 0)
+ reset_node(node);
else if (list_empty(&node->children)) {
remove_node(node);
/* Several nodes may have gone - restart loop. */
@@ -564,37 +614,115 @@ err_remove:
}

/*
- * The profiling data set associated with this node is being unloaded. Store a
- * copy of the profiling data and turn this node into a "ghost".
+ * Associate a profiling data set with an existing node. Needs to be called
+ * with node_lock held.
*/
-static int ghost_node(struct gcov_node *node)
+static void add_info(struct gcov_node *node, struct gcov_info *info)
{
- node->ghost = gcov_info_dup(node->info);
- if (!node->ghost) {
- pr_warning("could not save data for '%s' (out of memory)\n",
- node->info->filename);
- return -ENOMEM;
+ struct gcov_info **loaded_info;
+ int num = node->num_loaded;
+
+ /*
+ * Prepare new array. This is done first to simplify cleanup in
+ * case the new data set is incompatible, the node only contains
+ * unloaded data sets and there's not enough memory for the array.
+ */
+ loaded_info = kcalloc(num + 1, sizeof(struct gcov_info *), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!loaded_info) {
+ pr_warning("could not add '%s' (out of memory)\n",
+ info->filename);
+ return;
+ }
+ memcpy(loaded_info, node->loaded_info,
+ num * sizeof(struct gcov_info *));
+ loaded_info[num] = info;
+ /* Check if the new data set is compatible. */
+ if (num == 0) {
+ /*
+ * A module was unloaded, modified and reloaded. The new
+ * data set replaces the copy of the last one.
+ */
+ if (!gcov_info_is_compatible(node->unloaded_info, info)) {
+ pr_warning("discarding saved data for %s "
+ "(incompatible version)\n", info->filename);
+ gcov_info_free(node->unloaded_info);
+ node->unloaded_info = NULL;
+ }
+ } else {
+ /*
+ * Two different versions of the same object file are loaded.
+ * The initial one takes precedence.
+ */
+ if (!gcov_info_is_compatible(node->loaded_info[0], info)) {
+ pr_warning("could not add '%s' (incompatible "
+ "version)\n", info->filename);
+ kfree(loaded_info);
+ return;
+ }
}
- node->info = NULL;
+ /* Overwrite previous array. */
+ kfree(node->loaded_info);
+ node->loaded_info = loaded_info;
+ node->num_loaded = num + 1;
+}

- return 0;
+/*
+ * Return the index of a profiling data set associated with a node.
+ */
+static int get_info_index(struct gcov_node *node, struct gcov_info *info)
+{
+ int i;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < node->num_loaded; i++) {
+ if (node->loaded_info[i] == info)
+ return i;
+ }
+ return -ENOENT;
}

/*
- * Profiling data for this node has been loaded again. Add profiling data
- * from previous instantiation and turn this node into a regular node.
+ * Save the data of a profiling data set which is being unloaded.
*/
-static void revive_node(struct gcov_node *node, struct gcov_info *info)
+static void save_info(struct gcov_node *node, struct gcov_info *info)
{
- if (gcov_info_is_compatible(node->ghost, info))
- gcov_info_add(info, node->ghost);
+ if (node->unloaded_info)
+ gcov_info_add(node->unloaded_info, info);
else {
- pr_warning("discarding saved data for '%s' (version changed)\n",
+ node->unloaded_info = gcov_info_dup(info);
+ if (!node->unloaded_info) {
+ pr_warning("could not save data for '%s' "
+ "(out of memory)\n", info->filename);
+ }
+ }
+}
+
+/*
+ * Disassociate a profiling data set from a node. Needs to be called with
+ * node_lock held.
+ */
+static void remove_info(struct gcov_node *node, struct gcov_info *info)
+{
+ int i;
+
+ i = get_info_index(node, info);
+ if (i < 0) {
+ pr_warning("could not remove '%s' (not found)\n",
info->filename);
+ return;
}
- gcov_info_free(node->ghost);
- node->ghost = NULL;
- node->info = info;
+ if (gcov_persist)
+ save_info(node, info);
+ /* Shrink array. */
+ node->loaded_info[i] = node->loaded_info[node->num_loaded - 1];
+ node->num_loaded--;
+ if (node->num_loaded > 0)
+ return;
+ /* Last loaded data set was removed. */
+ kfree(node->loaded_info);
+ node->loaded_info = NULL;
+ node->num_loaded = 0;
+ if (!node->unloaded_info)
+ remove_node(node);
}

/*
@@ -609,30 +737,18 @@ void gcov_event(enum gcov_action action,
node = get_node_by_name(info->filename);
switch (action) {
case GCOV_ADD:
- /* Add new node or revive ghost. */
- if (!node) {
+ if (node)
+ add_info(node, info);
+ else
add_node(info);
- break;
- }
- if (gcov_persist)
- revive_node(node, info);
- else {
- pr_warning("could not add '%s' (already exists)\n",
- info->filename);
- }
break;
case GCOV_REMOVE:
- /* Remove node or turn into ghost. */
- if (!node) {
+ if (node)
+ remove_info(node, info);
+ else {
pr_warning("could not remove '%s' (not found)\n",
info->filename);
- break;
}
- if (gcov_persist) {
- if (!ghost_node(node))
- break;
- }
- remove_node(node);
break;
}
mutex_unlock(&node_lock);



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