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SubjectRe: [PATCH 10/10] vmscan: Kick flusher threads to clean pages when reclaim is encountering dirty pages
On Thu, 9 Sep 2010 10:32:11 +0100
Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie> wrote:

> On Thu, Sep 09, 2010 at 12:22:28PM +0900, KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki wrote:
> > On Mon, 6 Sep 2010 11:47:33 +0100
> > Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie> wrote:
> >
> > > There are a number of cases where pages get cleaned but two of concern
> > > to this patch are;
> > > o When dirtying pages, processes may be throttled to clean pages if
> > > dirty_ratio is not met.
> > > o Pages belonging to inodes dirtied longer than
> > > dirty_writeback_centisecs get cleaned.
> > >
> > > The problem for reclaim is that dirty pages can reach the end of the LRU if
> > > pages are being dirtied slowly so that neither the throttling or a flusher
> > > thread waking periodically cleans them.
> > >
> > > Background flush is already cleaning old or expired inodes first but the
> > > expire time is too far in the future at the time of page reclaim. To mitigate
> > > future problems, this patch wakes flusher threads to clean 4M of data -
> > > an amount that should be manageable without causing congestion in many cases.
> > >
> > > Ideally, the background flushers would only be cleaning pages belonging
> > > to the zone being scanned but it's not clear if this would be of benefit
> > > (less IO) or not (potentially less efficient IO if an inode is scattered
> > > across multiple zones).
> > >
> > > Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
> > > ---
> > > mm/vmscan.c | 32 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--
> > > 1 files changed, 30 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)
> > >
> > > diff --git a/mm/vmscan.c b/mm/vmscan.c
> > > index 408c101..33d27a4 100644
> > > --- a/mm/vmscan.c
> > > +++ b/mm/vmscan.c
> > > @@ -148,6 +148,18 @@ static DECLARE_RWSEM(shrinker_rwsem);
> > > /* Direct lumpy reclaim waits up to five seconds for background cleaning */
> > > #define MAX_SWAP_CLEAN_WAIT 50
> > >
> > > +/*
> > > + * When reclaim encounters dirty data, wakeup flusher threads to clean
> > > + * a maximum of 4M of data.
> > > + */
> > > +#define MAX_WRITEBACK (4194304UL >> PAGE_SHIFT)
> > > +#define WRITEBACK_FACTOR (MAX_WRITEBACK / SWAP_CLUSTER_MAX)
> > > +static inline long nr_writeback_pages(unsigned long nr_dirty)
> > > +{
> > > + return laptop_mode ? 0 :
> > > + min(MAX_WRITEBACK, (nr_dirty * WRITEBACK_FACTOR));
> > > +}
> > > +
> > > static struct zone_reclaim_stat *get_reclaim_stat(struct zone *zone,
> > > struct scan_control *sc)
> > > {
> > > @@ -686,12 +698,14 @@ static noinline_for_stack void free_page_list(struct list_head *free_pages)
> > > */
> > > static unsigned long shrink_page_list(struct list_head *page_list,
> > > struct scan_control *sc,
> > > + int file,
> > > unsigned long *nr_still_dirty)
> > > {
> > > LIST_HEAD(ret_pages);
> > > LIST_HEAD(free_pages);
> > > int pgactivate = 0;
> > > unsigned long nr_dirty = 0;
> > > + unsigned long nr_dirty_seen = 0;
> > > unsigned long nr_reclaimed = 0;
> > >
> > > cond_resched();
> > > @@ -790,6 +804,8 @@ static unsigned long shrink_page_list(struct list_head *page_list,
> > > }
> > >
> > > if (PageDirty(page)) {
> > > + nr_dirty_seen++;
> > > +
> > > /*
> > > * Only kswapd can writeback filesystem pages to
> > > * avoid risk of stack overflow
> > > @@ -923,6 +939,18 @@ keep_lumpy:
> > >
> > > list_splice(&ret_pages, page_list);
> > >
> > > + /*
> > > + * If reclaim is encountering dirty pages, it may be because
> > > + * dirty pages are reaching the end of the LRU even though the
> > > + * dirty_ratio may be satisified. In this case, wake flusher
> > > + * threads to pro-actively clean up to a maximum of
> > > + * 4 * SWAP_CLUSTER_MAX amount of data (usually 1/2MB) unless
> > > + * !may_writepage indicates that this is a direct reclaimer in
> > > + * laptop mode avoiding disk spin-ups
> > > + */
> > > + if (file && nr_dirty_seen && sc->may_writepage)
> > > + wakeup_flusher_threads(nr_writeback_pages(nr_dirty));
> > > +
> >
> > Thank you. Ok, I'll check what happens in memcg.
> >
>
> Thanks
>
> > Can I add
> > if (sc->memcg) {
> > memcg_check_flusher_wakeup()
> > }
> > or some here ?
> >
>
> It seems reasonable.
>
> > Hm, maybe memcg should wake up flusher at starting try_to_free_memory_cgroup_pages().
> >
>
> I'm afraid I cannot make a judgement call on which is the best as I am
> not very familiar with how cgroups behave in comparison to normal
> reclaim. There could easily be a follow-on patch though that was cgroup
> specific?
>

Yes, I'd like to make patches when this series is merged. It's not difficult and
makes it clear how memcg and flusher works for getting good reviews.

Thanks,
-Kame



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