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Subject[PATCH 03/10] Use percpu stats
Date
Also remove references to removed stats (ex: good_comress).

Signed-off-by: Nitin Gupta <ngupta@vflare.org>
---
drivers/staging/zram/zram_drv.c | 77 ++++++++++++++++--------------------
drivers/staging/zram/zram_drv.h | 33 +++++++++-------
drivers/staging/zram/zram_sysfs.c | 46 +++++++++++++++-------
3 files changed, 84 insertions(+), 72 deletions(-)
diff --git a/drivers/staging/zram/zram_drv.c b/drivers/staging/zram/zram_drv.c
index c5f84ee..f111b86 100644
--- a/drivers/staging/zram/zram_drv.c
+++ b/drivers/staging/zram/zram_drv.c
@@ -38,33 +38,27 @@ struct zram *devices;
/* Module params (documentation at end) */
unsigned int num_devices;

-static void zram_stat_inc(u32 *v)
+static void zram_add_stat(struct zram *zram,
+ enum zram_stats_index idx, s64 val)
{
- *v = *v + 1;
+ struct zram_stats_cpu *stats;
+
+ preempt_disable();
+ stats = __this_cpu_ptr(zram->stats);
+ u64_stats_update_begin(&stats->syncp);
+ stats->count[idx] += val;
+ u64_stats_update_end(&stats->syncp);
+ preempt_enable();
}

-static void zram_stat_dec(u32 *v)
+static void zram_inc_stat(struct zram *zram, enum zram_stats_index idx)
{
- *v = *v - 1;
+ zram_add_stat(zram, idx, 1);
}

-static void zram_stat64_add(struct zram *zram, u64 *v, u64 inc)
+static void zram_dec_stat(struct zram *zram, enum zram_stats_index idx)
{
- spin_lock(&zram->stat64_lock);
- *v = *v + inc;
- spin_unlock(&zram->stat64_lock);
-}
-
-static void zram_stat64_sub(struct zram *zram, u64 *v, u64 dec)
-{
- spin_lock(&zram->stat64_lock);
- *v = *v - dec;
- spin_unlock(&zram->stat64_lock);
-}
-
-static void zram_stat64_inc(struct zram *zram, u64 *v)
-{
- zram_stat64_add(zram, v, 1);
+ zram_add_stat(zram, idx, -1);
}

static int zram_test_flag(struct zram *zram, u32 index,
@@ -131,7 +125,7 @@ static void zram_set_disksize(struct zram *zram, size_t totalram_bytes)

static void zram_free_page(struct zram *zram, size_t index)
{
- u32 clen;
+ int clen;
void *obj;

struct page *page = zram->table[index].page;
@@ -144,7 +138,7 @@ static void zram_free_page(struct zram *zram, size_t index)
*/
if (zram_test_flag(zram, index, ZRAM_ZERO)) {
zram_clear_flag(zram, index, ZRAM_ZERO);
- zram_stat_dec(&zram->stats.pages_zero);
+ zram_dec_stat(zram, ZRAM_STAT_PAGES_ZERO);
}
return;
}
@@ -153,7 +147,7 @@ static void zram_free_page(struct zram *zram, size_t index)
clen = PAGE_SIZE;
__free_page(page);
zram_clear_flag(zram, index, ZRAM_UNCOMPRESSED);
- zram_stat_dec(&zram->stats.pages_expand);
+ zram_dec_stat(zram, ZRAM_STAT_PAGES_EXPAND);
goto out;
}

@@ -162,12 +156,10 @@ static void zram_free_page(struct zram *zram, size_t index)
kunmap_atomic(obj, KM_USER0);

xv_free(zram->mem_pool, page, offset);
- if (clen <= PAGE_SIZE / 2)
- zram_stat_dec(&zram->stats.good_compress);

out:
- zram_stat64_sub(zram, &zram->stats.compr_size, clen);
- zram_stat_dec(&zram->stats.pages_stored);
+ zram_add_stat(zram, ZRAM_STAT_COMPR_SIZE, -clen);
+ zram_dec_stat(zram, ZRAM_STAT_PAGES_STORED);

zram->table[index].page = NULL;
zram->table[index].offset = 0;
@@ -213,7 +205,7 @@ static int zram_read(struct zram *zram, struct bio *bio)
return 0;
}

- zram_stat64_inc(zram, &zram->stats.num_reads);
+ zram_inc_stat(zram, ZRAM_STAT_NUM_READS);
index = bio->bi_sector >> SECTORS_PER_PAGE_SHIFT;

bio_for_each_segment(bvec, bio, i) {
@@ -262,7 +254,6 @@ static int zram_read(struct zram *zram, struct bio *bio)
if (unlikely(ret != LZO_E_OK)) {
pr_err("Decompression failed! err=%d, page=%u\n",
ret, index);
- zram_stat64_inc(zram, &zram->stats.failed_reads);
goto out;
}

@@ -291,7 +282,7 @@ static int zram_write(struct zram *zram, struct bio *bio)
goto out;
}

- zram_stat64_inc(zram, &zram->stats.num_writes);
+ zram_inc_stat(zram, ZRAM_STAT_NUM_WRITES);
index = bio->bi_sector >> SECTORS_PER_PAGE_SHIFT;

bio_for_each_segment(bvec, bio, i) {
@@ -318,7 +309,7 @@ static int zram_write(struct zram *zram, struct bio *bio)
if (page_zero_filled(user_mem)) {
kunmap_atomic(user_mem, KM_USER0);
mutex_unlock(&zram->lock);
- zram_stat_inc(&zram->stats.pages_zero);
+ zram_inc_stat(zram, ZRAM_STAT_PAGES_ZERO);
zram_set_flag(zram, index, ZRAM_ZERO);
continue;
}
@@ -331,7 +322,6 @@ static int zram_write(struct zram *zram, struct bio *bio)
if (unlikely(ret != LZO_E_OK)) {
mutex_unlock(&zram->lock);
pr_err("Compression failed! err=%d\n", ret);
- zram_stat64_inc(zram, &zram->stats.failed_writes);
goto out;
}

@@ -347,14 +337,12 @@ static int zram_write(struct zram *zram, struct bio *bio)
mutex_unlock(&zram->lock);
pr_info("Error allocating memory for "
"incompressible page: %u\n", index);
- zram_stat64_inc(zram,
- &zram->stats.failed_writes);
goto out;
}

offset = 0;
zram_set_flag(zram, index, ZRAM_UNCOMPRESSED);
- zram_stat_inc(&zram->stats.pages_expand);
+ zram_inc_stat(zram, ZRAM_STAT_PAGES_EXPAND);
zram->table[index].page = page_store;
src = kmap_atomic(page, KM_USER0);
goto memstore;
@@ -366,7 +354,6 @@ static int zram_write(struct zram *zram, struct bio *bio)
mutex_unlock(&zram->lock);
pr_info("Error allocating memory for compressed "
"page: %u, size=%zu\n", index, clen);
- zram_stat64_inc(zram, &zram->stats.failed_writes);
goto out;
}

@@ -392,10 +379,8 @@ memstore:
kunmap_atomic(src, KM_USER0);

/* Update stats */
- zram_stat64_add(zram, &zram->stats.compr_size, clen);
- zram_stat_inc(&zram->stats.pages_stored);
- if (clen <= PAGE_SIZE / 2)
- zram_stat_inc(&zram->stats.good_compress);
+ zram_add_stat(zram, ZRAM_STAT_COMPR_SIZE, clen);
+ zram_inc_stat(zram, ZRAM_STAT_PAGES_STORED);

mutex_unlock(&zram->lock);
index++;
@@ -436,7 +421,7 @@ static int zram_make_request(struct request_queue *queue, struct bio *bio)
struct zram *zram = queue->queuedata;

if (!valid_io_request(zram, bio)) {
- zram_stat64_inc(zram, &zram->stats.invalid_io);
+ zram_inc_stat(zram, ZRAM_STAT_INVALID_IO);
bio_io_error(bio);
return 0;
}
@@ -542,6 +527,13 @@ int zram_init_device(struct zram *zram)
/* zram devices sort of resembles non-rotational disks */
queue_flag_set_unlocked(QUEUE_FLAG_NONROT, zram->disk->queue);

+ zram->stats = alloc_percpu(struct zram_stats_cpu);
+ if (!zram->stats) {
+ pr_err("Error allocating percpu stats\n");
+ ret = -ENOMEM;
+ goto fail;
+ }
+
zram->mem_pool = xv_create_pool();
if (!zram->mem_pool) {
pr_err("Error creating memory pool\n");
@@ -569,7 +561,7 @@ void zram_slot_free_notify(struct block_device *bdev, unsigned long index)

zram = bdev->bd_disk->private_data;
zram_free_page(zram, index);
- zram_stat64_inc(zram, &zram->stats.notify_free);
+ zram_inc_stat(zram, ZRAM_STAT_NOTIFY_FREE);
}

static const struct block_device_operations zram_devops = {
@@ -583,7 +575,6 @@ static int create_device(struct zram *zram, int device_id)

mutex_init(&zram->lock);
mutex_init(&zram->init_lock);
- spin_lock_init(&zram->stat64_lock);

zram->queue = blk_alloc_queue(GFP_KERNEL);
if (!zram->queue) {
diff --git a/drivers/staging/zram/zram_drv.h b/drivers/staging/zram/zram_drv.h
index a481551..88fddb4 100644
--- a/drivers/staging/zram/zram_drv.h
+++ b/drivers/staging/zram/zram_drv.h
@@ -15,8 +15,8 @@
#ifndef _ZRAM_DRV_H_
#define _ZRAM_DRV_H_

-#include <linux/spinlock.h>
#include <linux/mutex.h>
+#include <linux/u64_stats_sync.h>

#include "xvmalloc.h"

@@ -83,18 +83,22 @@ struct table {
u8 flags;
} __attribute__((aligned(4)));

-struct zram_stats {
- u64 compr_size; /* compressed size of pages stored */
- u64 num_reads; /* failed + successful */
- u64 num_writes; /* --do-- */
- u64 failed_reads; /* should NEVER! happen */
- u64 failed_writes; /* can happen when memory is too low */
- u64 invalid_io; /* non-page-aligned I/O requests */
- u64 notify_free; /* no. of swap slot free notifications */
- u32 pages_zero; /* no. of zero filled pages */
- u32 pages_stored; /* no. of pages currently stored */
- u32 good_compress; /* % of pages with compression ratio<=50% */
- u32 pages_expand; /* % of incompressible pages */
+enum zram_stats_index {
+ ZRAM_STAT_COMPR_SIZE, /* compressed size of pages stored */
+ ZRAM_STAT_NUM_READS, /* failed + successful */
+ ZRAM_STAT_NUM_WRITES, /* --do-- */
+ ZRAM_STAT_INVALID_IO, /* non-page-aligned I/O requests */
+ ZRAM_STAT_NOTIFY_FREE, /* no. of swap slot free notifications */
+ ZRAM_STAT_DISCARD, /* no. of block discard requests */
+ ZRAM_STAT_PAGES_ZERO, /* no. of zero filled pages */
+ ZRAM_STAT_PAGES_STORED, /* no. of pages currently stored */
+ ZRAM_STAT_PAGES_EXPAND, /* no. of incompressible pages */
+ ZRAM_STAT_NSTATS,
+};
+
+struct zram_stats_cpu {
+ s64 count[ZRAM_STAT_NSTATS];
+ struct u64_stats_sync syncp;
};

struct zram {
@@ -102,7 +106,6 @@ struct zram {
void *compress_workmem;
void *compress_buffer;
struct table *table;
- spinlock_t stat64_lock; /* protect 64-bit stats */
struct mutex lock; /* protect compression buffers against
* concurrent writes */
struct request_queue *queue;
@@ -116,7 +119,7 @@ struct zram {
*/
u64 disksize; /* bytes */

- struct zram_stats stats;
+ struct zram_stats_cpu *stats;
};

extern struct zram *devices;
diff --git a/drivers/staging/zram/zram_sysfs.c b/drivers/staging/zram/zram_sysfs.c
index 6c574a9..43bcdd4 100644
--- a/drivers/staging/zram/zram_sysfs.c
+++ b/drivers/staging/zram/zram_sysfs.c
@@ -19,14 +19,30 @@

#ifdef CONFIG_SYSFS

-static u64 zram_stat64_read(struct zram *zram, u64 *v)
+/*
+ * Individual percpu values can go negative but the sum across all CPUs
+ * must always be positive (we store various counts). So, return sum as
+ * unsigned value.
+ */
+static u64 zram_get_stat(struct zram *zram, enum zram_stats_index idx)
{
- u64 val;
-
- spin_lock(&zram->stat64_lock);
- val = *v;
- spin_unlock(&zram->stat64_lock);
+ int cpu;
+ s64 val = 0;
+
+ for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) {
+ s64 temp;
+ unsigned int start;
+ struct zram_stats_cpu *stats;
+
+ stats = per_cpu_ptr(zram->stats, cpu);
+ do {
+ start = u64_stats_fetch_begin(&stats->syncp);
+ temp = stats->count[idx];
+ } while (u64_stats_fetch_retry(&stats->syncp, start));
+ val += temp;
+ }

+ WARN_ON(val < 0);
return val;
}

@@ -119,7 +135,7 @@ static ssize_t num_reads_show(struct device *dev,
struct zram *zram = dev_to_zram(dev);

return sprintf(buf, "%llu\n",
- zram_stat64_read(zram, &zram->stats.num_reads));
+ zram_get_stat(zram, ZRAM_STAT_NUM_READS));
}

static ssize_t num_writes_show(struct device *dev,
@@ -128,7 +144,7 @@ static ssize_t num_writes_show(struct device *dev,
struct zram *zram = dev_to_zram(dev);

return sprintf(buf, "%llu\n",
- zram_stat64_read(zram, &zram->stats.num_writes));
+ zram_get_stat(zram, ZRAM_STAT_NUM_WRITES));
}

static ssize_t invalid_io_show(struct device *dev,
@@ -137,7 +153,7 @@ static ssize_t invalid_io_show(struct device *dev,
struct zram *zram = dev_to_zram(dev);

return sprintf(buf, "%llu\n",
- zram_stat64_read(zram, &zram->stats.invalid_io));
+ zram_get_stat(zram, ZRAM_STAT_INVALID_IO));
}

static ssize_t notify_free_show(struct device *dev,
@@ -146,7 +162,7 @@ static ssize_t notify_free_show(struct device *dev,
struct zram *zram = dev_to_zram(dev);

return sprintf(buf, "%llu\n",
- zram_stat64_read(zram, &zram->stats.notify_free));
+ zram_get_stat(zram, ZRAM_STAT_NOTIFY_FREE));
}

static ssize_t zero_pages_show(struct device *dev,
@@ -154,7 +170,8 @@ static ssize_t zero_pages_show(struct device *dev,
{
struct zram *zram = dev_to_zram(dev);

- return sprintf(buf, "%u\n", zram->stats.pages_zero);
+ return sprintf(buf, "%llu\n",
+ zram_get_stat(zram, ZRAM_STAT_PAGES_ZERO));
}

static ssize_t orig_data_size_show(struct device *dev,
@@ -163,7 +180,7 @@ static ssize_t orig_data_size_show(struct device *dev,
struct zram *zram = dev_to_zram(dev);

return sprintf(buf, "%llu\n",
- (u64)(zram->stats.pages_stored) << PAGE_SHIFT);
+ zram_get_stat(zram, ZRAM_STAT_PAGES_STORED) << PAGE_SHIFT);
}

static ssize_t compr_data_size_show(struct device *dev,
@@ -172,7 +189,7 @@ static ssize_t compr_data_size_show(struct device *dev,
struct zram *zram = dev_to_zram(dev);

return sprintf(buf, "%llu\n",
- zram_stat64_read(zram, &zram->stats.compr_size));
+ zram_get_stat(zram, ZRAM_STAT_COMPR_SIZE));
}

static ssize_t mem_used_total_show(struct device *dev,
@@ -183,7 +200,8 @@ static ssize_t mem_used_total_show(struct device *dev,

if (zram->init_done) {
val = xv_get_total_size_bytes(zram->mem_pool) +
- ((u64)(zram->stats.pages_expand) << PAGE_SHIFT);
+ (zram_get_stat(zram, ZRAM_STAT_PAGES_EXPAND)
+ << PAGE_SHIFT);
}

return sprintf(buf, "%llu\n", val);
--
1.7.2.1


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