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SubjectRe: [PATCH 12/13] writeback: try more writeback as long as something was written
On Fri, Aug 06, 2010 at 01:00:16AM +0800, Jan Kara wrote:
> On Fri 06-08-10 00:11:03, Wu Fengguang wrote:
> > writeback_inodes_wb()/__writeback_inodes_sb() are not aggressive in that
> > they only populate b_io when necessary at entrance time. When the queued
> > set of inodes are all synced, they just return, possibly with
> > wbc.nr_to_write > 0.
> >
> > For kupdate and background writeback, there may be more eligible inodes
> > sitting in b_dirty when the current set of b_io inodes are completed. So
> > it is necessary to try another round of writeback as long as we made some
> > progress in this round. When there are no more eligible inodes, no more
> > inodes will be enqueued in queue_io(), hence nothing could/will be
> > synced and we may safely bail.
> This looks like a sane thing to do. Just one comment below...
>
> > Signed-off-by: Wu Fengguang <fengguang.wu@intel.com>
> > ---
> > fs/fs-writeback.c | 19 +++++++++++--------
> > 1 file changed, 11 insertions(+), 8 deletions(-)
> >
> > --- linux-next.orig/fs/fs-writeback.c 2010-08-05 23:30:27.000000000 +0800
> > +++ linux-next/fs/fs-writeback.c 2010-08-05 23:30:45.000000000 +0800
> > @@ -654,20 +654,23 @@ static long wb_writeback(struct bdi_writ
> > wrote += MAX_WRITEBACK_PAGES - wbc.nr_to_write;
> >
> > /*
> > - * If we consumed everything, see if we have more
> > + * Did we write something? Try for more
> > + *
> > + * This is needed _before_ the b_more_io test because the
> > + * background writeback moves inodes to b_io and works on
> Well, this applies generally to any writeback, not just a background one
> right? Whenever we process all inodes from b_io list and move them
> somewhere else than b_more_io, then this applies. Some new dirty data could
> have arrived while we were doing the write...

Right. Only that it is a requirement for background writeback.
For others this patch is not a necessity.

> I'm just afraid that in some
> pathological cases this could result in bad writeback pattern - like if
> there is some process which manages to dirty just a few pages while we are
> doing writeout, this looping could result in writing just a few pages in
> each round which is bad for fragmentation etc.

Such inodes will be redirty_tail()ed here:

if (mapping_tagged(mapping, PAGECACHE_TAG_DIRTY)) {
/*
* We didn't write back all the pages. nfs_writepages()
* sometimes bales out without doing anything.
*/
inode->i_state |= I_DIRTY_PAGES;
if (wbc->nr_to_write <= 0) {
/*
* slice used up: queue for next turn
*/
requeue_io(inode);
} else {
/*
* Writeback blocked by something other than
* congestion. Delay the inode for some time to
* avoid spinning on the CPU (100% iowait)
* retrying writeback of the dirty page/inode
* that cannot be performed immediately.
*/
redirty_tail(inode);
}

> Actually, this comment probably also applies to your patch where you
> change the queueing logic in writeback_single_inode(), doesn't it?

Can you elaborate?

Thanks,
Fengguang

>
> > + * them in batches (in order to sync old pages first). The
> > + * completion of the current batch does not necessarily mean
> > + * the overall work is done.
> > */
> > - if (wbc.nr_to_write <= 0)
> > + if (wbc.nr_to_write < MAX_WRITEBACK_PAGES)
> > continue;
> > +
> > /*
> > - * Didn't write everything and we don't have more IO, bail
> > + * Nothing written and no more inodes for IO, bail
> > */
> > if (list_empty(&wb->b_more_io))
> > break;
> > - /*
> > - * Did we write something? Try for more
> > - */
> > - if (wbc.nr_to_write < MAX_WRITEBACK_PAGES)
> > - continue;
> > +
> > /*
> > * Nothing written. Wait for some inode to
> > * become available for writeback. Otherwise
> >
> >
> --
> Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz>
> SUSE Labs, CR


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