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SubjectRe: [RFC PATCH 09/11] sched: timer-driven next buddy (update)
Sorry, I forgot that I based this patchset on top of my LTTng tree all along, so
this new patch version is needed for reject-less application of the patchset on
a vanilla 2.6.35.2 tree.

Thanks,

Mathieu

Subject: sched: timer-driven next buddy

[ Impact: implement TIMER feature to diminish the latencies induced by wakeups
performed by timer callbacks ]

Ensure that timer callbacks triggering wakeups get served ASAP by giving
timer-driven wakeups next-buddy affinity.

My test program is wakeup-latency.c, provided by Nokia originally. A 10ms timer
spawns a thread which reads the time, and shows a warning if the expected
deadline has been missed by too much. It also warns about timer overruns.

Without the TIMER and TIMER_FORK_EXPEDITED features:

min priority: 0, max priority: 0
[....]
maximum latency: 41453.6 µs
average latency: 4127.0 µs
missed timer events: 0

With the features enabled:

min priority: 0, max priority: 0
[...]
maximum latency: 10013.5 µs
average latency: 162.9 µs
missed timer events: 0

Signed-off-by: Mathieu Desnoyers <mathieu.desnoyers@efficios.com>
CC: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
---
include/linux/sched.h | 16 +++++++++++++++-
kernel/hrtimer.c | 2 ++
kernel/itimer.c | 2 ++
kernel/posix-cpu-timers.c | 2 ++
kernel/posix-timers.c | 2 ++
kernel/sched.c | 9 +++++++++
kernel/sched_fair.c | 11 ++++++++---
kernel/sched_features.h | 4 ++++
kernel/timer.c | 2 ++
9 files changed, 46 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)

Index: linux-2.6-lttng.laptop/include/linux/sched.h
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6-lttng.laptop.orig/include/linux/sched.h
+++ linux-2.6-lttng.laptop/include/linux/sched.h
@@ -1027,12 +1027,14 @@ struct sched_domain;
#define WF_SYNC (1 << 0) /* waker goes to sleep after wakup */
#define WF_FORK (1 << 1) /* child wakeup after fork */
#define WF_INTERACTIVE (1 << 2) /* interactivity-driven wakeup */
+#define WF_TIMER (1 << 3) /* timer-driven wakeup */

#define ENQUEUE_WAKEUP (1 << 0)
#define ENQUEUE_WAKING (1 << 1)
#define ENQUEUE_HEAD (1 << 2)
#define ENQUEUE_IO (1 << 3)
#define ENQUEUE_LATENCY (1 << 4)
+#define ENQUEUE_TIMER (1 << 5)

#define DEQUEUE_SLEEP (1 << 0)

@@ -1128,7 +1130,8 @@ struct sched_entity {
struct rb_node run_node;
struct list_head group_node;
unsigned int on_rq:1,
- interactive:1;
+ interactive:1,
+ timer:1;

u64 exec_start;
u64 sum_exec_runtime;
@@ -1242,6 +1245,7 @@ struct task_struct {
unsigned sched_reset_on_fork:1; /* Revert to default
* priority/policy on fork */
unsigned sched_wake_interactive:4; /* User-driven wakeup */
+ unsigned sched_wake_timer:4; /* Timer-driven wakeup */

pid_t pid;
pid_t tgid;
@@ -1514,6 +1518,16 @@ static inline void sched_wake_interactiv
current->sched_wake_interactive--;
}

+static inline void sched_wake_timer_enable(void)
+{
+ current->sched_wake_timer++;
+}
+
+static inline void sched_wake_timer_disable(void)
+{
+ current->sched_wake_timer--;
+}
+
/* Future-safe accessor for struct task_struct's cpus_allowed. */
#define tsk_cpus_allowed(tsk) (&(tsk)->cpus_allowed)

Index: linux-2.6-lttng.laptop/kernel/sched_features.h
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6-lttng.laptop.orig/kernel/sched_features.h
+++ linux-2.6-lttng.laptop/kernel/sched_features.h
@@ -58,6 +58,10 @@ SCHED_FEAT(DYN_MIN_VRUNTIME, 0)
* Input subsystem next buddy affinity. Not transitive across new task wakeups.
*/
SCHED_FEAT(INTERACTIVE, 0)
+/*
+ * Timer subsystem next buddy affinity. Not transitive across new task wakeups.
+ */
+SCHED_FEAT(TIMER, 0)

/*
* Spin-wait on mutex acquisition when the mutex owner is running on
Index: linux-2.6-lttng.laptop/kernel/sched.c
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6-lttng.laptop.orig/kernel/sched.c
+++ linux-2.6-lttng.laptop/kernel/sched.c
@@ -2295,6 +2295,13 @@ static int try_to_wake_up(struct task_st
en_flags |= ENQUEUE_LATENCY;
}

+ if (sched_feat(TIMER) && !(wake_flags & WF_FORK)) {
+ if (current->sched_wake_timer ||
+ wake_flags & WF_TIMER ||
+ current->se.timer)
+ en_flags |= ENQUEUE_TIMER;
+ }
+
this_cpu = get_cpu();

smp_wmb();
@@ -3623,6 +3630,8 @@ need_resched_nonpreemptible:
else {
if (sched_feat(INTERACTIVE))
prev->se.interactive = 0;
+ if (sched_feat(TIMER))
+ prev->se.timer = 0;
deactivate_task(rq, prev, DEQUEUE_SLEEP);
}
switch_count = &prev->nvcsw;
Index: linux-2.6-lttng.laptop/kernel/sched_fair.c
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6-lttng.laptop.orig/kernel/sched_fair.c
+++ linux-2.6-lttng.laptop/kernel/sched_fair.c
@@ -780,6 +780,9 @@ enqueue_entity(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq, st
if (sched_feat(INTERACTIVE)
&& flags & ENQUEUE_LATENCY && !(flags & ENQUEUE_IO))
se->interactive = 1;
+ if (sched_feat(TIMER)
+ && flags & ENQUEUE_TIMER && !(flags & ENQUEUE_IO))
+ se->timer = 1;
place_entity(cfs_rq, se, 0);
enqueue_sleeper(cfs_rq, se);
}
@@ -926,7 +929,8 @@ static struct sched_entity *pick_next_en
se = cfs_rq->last;

/*
- * Prefer the next buddy, only set through the interactivity logic.
+ * Prefer the next buddy, only set through the interactivity and timer
+ * logic.
*/
if (cfs_rq->next && wakeup_preempt_entity(cfs_rq->next, left) < 1)
se = cfs_rq->next;
@@ -1677,8 +1681,9 @@ static void check_preempt_wakeup(struct
if (unlikely(se == pse))
return;

- if (sched_feat(INTERACTIVE)
- && !(wake_flags & WF_FORK) && pse->interactive) {
+ if (!(wake_flags & WF_FORK)
+ && ((sched_feat(INTERACTIVE) && pse->interactive)
+ || (sched_feat(TIMER) && pse->timer))) {
clear_buddies(cfs_rq, NULL);
set_next_buddy(pse);
preempt = 1;
Index: linux-2.6-lttng.laptop/kernel/posix-timers.c
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6-lttng.laptop.orig/kernel/posix-timers.c
+++ linux-2.6-lttng.laptop/kernel/posix-timers.c
@@ -402,6 +402,7 @@ static enum hrtimer_restart posix_timer_
int si_private = 0;
enum hrtimer_restart ret = HRTIMER_NORESTART;

+ sched_wake_timer_enable();
timr = container_of(timer, struct k_itimer, it.real.timer);
spin_lock_irqsave(&timr->it_lock, flags);

@@ -456,6 +457,7 @@ static enum hrtimer_restart posix_timer_
}

unlock_timer(timr, flags);
+ sched_wake_timer_disable();
return ret;
}

Index: linux-2.6-lttng.laptop/kernel/timer.c
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6-lttng.laptop.orig/kernel/timer.c
+++ linux-2.6-lttng.laptop/kernel/timer.c
@@ -1031,6 +1031,7 @@ static void call_timer_fn(struct timer_l
*/
struct lockdep_map lockdep_map = timer->lockdep_map;
#endif
+ sched_wake_timer_enable();
/*
* Couple the lock chain with the lock chain at
* del_timer_sync() by acquiring the lock_map around the fn()
@@ -1055,6 +1056,7 @@ static void call_timer_fn(struct timer_l
*/
preempt_count() = preempt_count;
}
+ sched_wake_timer_disable();
}

#define INDEX(N) ((base->timer_jiffies >> (TVR_BITS + (N) * TVN_BITS)) & TVN_MASK)
Index: linux-2.6-lttng.laptop/kernel/hrtimer.c
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6-lttng.laptop.orig/kernel/hrtimer.c
+++ linux-2.6-lttng.laptop/kernel/hrtimer.c
@@ -1212,6 +1212,7 @@ static void __run_hrtimer(struct hrtimer

WARN_ON(!irqs_disabled());

+ sched_wake_timer_enable();
debug_deactivate(timer);
__remove_hrtimer(timer, base, HRTIMER_STATE_CALLBACK, 0);
timer_stats_account_hrtimer(timer);
@@ -1238,6 +1239,7 @@ static void __run_hrtimer(struct hrtimer
enqueue_hrtimer(timer, base);
}
timer->state &= ~HRTIMER_STATE_CALLBACK;
+ sched_wake_timer_disable();
}

#ifdef CONFIG_HIGH_RES_TIMERS
Index: linux-2.6-lttng.laptop/kernel/itimer.c
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6-lttng.laptop.orig/kernel/itimer.c
+++ linux-2.6-lttng.laptop/kernel/itimer.c
@@ -124,7 +124,9 @@ enum hrtimer_restart it_real_fn(struct h
container_of(timer, struct signal_struct, real_timer);

trace_itimer_expire(ITIMER_REAL, sig->leader_pid, 0);
+ sched_wake_timer_enable();
kill_pid_info(SIGALRM, SEND_SIG_PRIV, sig->leader_pid);
+ sched_wake_timer_disable();

return HRTIMER_NORESTART;
}
Index: linux-2.6-lttng.laptop/kernel/posix-cpu-timers.c
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6-lttng.laptop.orig/kernel/posix-cpu-timers.c
+++ linux-2.6-lttng.laptop/kernel/posix-cpu-timers.c
@@ -610,6 +610,7 @@ static void arm_timer(struct k_itimer *t
*/
static void cpu_timer_fire(struct k_itimer *timer)
{
+ sched_wake_timer_enable();
if ((timer->it_sigev_notify & ~SIGEV_THREAD_ID) == SIGEV_NONE) {
/*
* User don't want any signal.
@@ -637,6 +638,7 @@ static void cpu_timer_fire(struct k_itim
*/
posix_cpu_timer_schedule(timer);
}
+ sched_wake_timer_disable();
}

/*
--
Mathieu Desnoyers
Operating System Efficiency R&D Consultant
EfficiOS Inc.
http://www.efficios.com
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