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Subject[PATCH 3/4] dm: relax ordering of bio-based flush implementation
Date
Unlike REQ_HARDBARRIER, REQ_FLUSH/FUA doesn't mandate any ordering
against other bio's. This patch relaxes ordering around flushes.

* A flush bio is no longer deferred to workqueue directly. It's
processed like other bio's but __split_and_process_bio() uses
md->flush_bio as the clone source. md->flush_bio is initialized to
empty flush during md initialization and shared for all flushes.

* When dec_pending() detects that a flush has completed, it checks
whether the original bio has data. If so, the bio is queued to the
deferred list w/ REQ_FLUSH cleared; otherwise, it's completed.

* As flush sequencing is handled in the usual issue/completion path,
dm_wq_work() no longer needs to handle flushes differently. Now its
only responsibility is re-issuing deferred bio's the same way as
_dm_request() would. REQ_FLUSH handling logic including
process_flush() is dropped.

* There's no reason for queue_io() and dm_wq_work() write lock
dm->io_lock. queue_io() now only uses md->deferred_lock and
dm_wq_work() read locks dm->io_lock.

* bio's no longer need to be queued on the deferred list while a flush
is in progress making DMF_QUEUE_IO_TO_THREAD unncessary. Drop it.

This avoids stalling the device during flushes and simplifies the
implementation.

Signed-off-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org>
---
drivers/md/dm.c | 152 ++++++++++++++++--------------------------------------
1 files changed, 45 insertions(+), 107 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/md/dm.c b/drivers/md/dm.c
index 52f4033..308c35b 100644
--- a/drivers/md/dm.c
+++ b/drivers/md/dm.c
@@ -110,7 +110,6 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(dm_get_rq_mapinfo);
#define DMF_FREEING 3
#define DMF_DELETING 4
#define DMF_NOFLUSH_SUSPENDING 5
-#define DMF_QUEUE_IO_TO_THREAD 6

/*
* Work processed by per-device workqueue.
@@ -528,16 +527,10 @@ static void end_io_acct(struct dm_io *io)
*/
static void queue_io(struct mapped_device *md, struct bio *bio)
{
- down_write(&md->io_lock);
-
spin_lock_irq(&md->deferred_lock);
bio_list_add(&md->deferred, bio);
spin_unlock_irq(&md->deferred_lock);
-
- if (!test_and_set_bit(DMF_QUEUE_IO_TO_THREAD, &md->flags))
- queue_work(md->wq, &md->work);
-
- up_write(&md->io_lock);
+ queue_work(md->wq, &md->work);
}

/*
@@ -625,11 +618,9 @@ static void dec_pending(struct dm_io *io, int error)
* Target requested pushing back the I/O.
*/
spin_lock_irqsave(&md->deferred_lock, flags);
- if (__noflush_suspending(md)) {
- if (!(io->bio->bi_rw & REQ_FLUSH))
- bio_list_add_head(&md->deferred,
- io->bio);
- } else
+ if (__noflush_suspending(md))
+ bio_list_add_head(&md->deferred, io->bio);
+ else
/* noflush suspend was interrupted. */
io->error = -EIO;
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&md->deferred_lock, flags);
@@ -637,26 +628,22 @@ static void dec_pending(struct dm_io *io, int error)

io_error = io->error;
bio = io->bio;
+ end_io_acct(io);
+ free_io(md, io);

- if (bio->bi_rw & REQ_FLUSH) {
+ if (io_error == DM_ENDIO_REQUEUE)
+ return;
+
+ if (!(bio->bi_rw & REQ_FLUSH) || !bio->bi_size) {
+ trace_block_bio_complete(md->queue, bio);
+ bio_endio(bio, io_error);
+ } else {
/*
- * There can be just one flush request so we use
- * a per-device variable for error reporting.
- * Note that you can't touch the bio after end_io_acct
+ * Preflush done for flush with data, reissue
+ * without REQ_FLUSH.
*/
- if (!md->flush_error)
- md->flush_error = io_error;
- end_io_acct(io);
- free_io(md, io);
- } else {
- end_io_acct(io);
- free_io(md, io);
-
- if (io_error != DM_ENDIO_REQUEUE) {
- trace_block_bio_complete(md->queue, bio);
-
- bio_endio(bio, io_error);
- }
+ bio->bi_rw &= ~REQ_FLUSH;
+ queue_io(md, bio);
}
}
}
@@ -1369,21 +1356,17 @@ static int __clone_and_map(struct clone_info *ci)
*/
static void __split_and_process_bio(struct mapped_device *md, struct bio *bio)
{
+ bool is_flush = bio->bi_rw & REQ_FLUSH;
struct clone_info ci;
int error = 0;

ci.map = dm_get_live_table(md);
if (unlikely(!ci.map)) {
- if (!(bio->bi_rw & REQ_FLUSH))
- bio_io_error(bio);
- else
- if (!md->flush_error)
- md->flush_error = -EIO;
+ bio_io_error(bio);
return;
}

ci.md = md;
- ci.bio = bio;
ci.io = alloc_io(md);
ci.io->error = 0;
atomic_set(&ci.io->io_count, 1);
@@ -1391,18 +1374,19 @@ static void __split_and_process_bio(struct mapped_device *md, struct bio *bio)
ci.io->md = md;
spin_lock_init(&ci.io->endio_lock);
ci.sector = bio->bi_sector;
- if (!(bio->bi_rw & REQ_FLUSH))
+ ci.idx = bio->bi_idx;
+
+ if (!is_flush) {
+ ci.bio = bio;
ci.sector_count = bio_sectors(bio);
- else {
- /* all FLUSH bio's reaching here should be empty */
- WARN_ON_ONCE(bio_has_data(bio));
+ } else {
+ ci.bio = &ci.md->flush_bio;
ci.sector_count = 1;
}
- ci.idx = bio->bi_idx;

start_io_acct(ci.io);
while (ci.sector_count && !error) {
- if (!(bio->bi_rw & REQ_FLUSH))
+ if (!is_flush)
error = __clone_and_map(&ci);
else
error = __clone_and_map_flush(&ci);
@@ -1490,22 +1474,14 @@ static int _dm_request(struct request_queue *q, struct bio *bio)
part_stat_add(cpu, &dm_disk(md)->part0, sectors[rw], bio_sectors(bio));
part_stat_unlock();

- /*
- * If we're suspended or the thread is processing flushes
- * we have to queue this io for later.
- */
- if (unlikely(test_bit(DMF_QUEUE_IO_TO_THREAD, &md->flags)) ||
- (bio->bi_rw & REQ_FLUSH)) {
+ /* if we're suspended, we have to queue this io for later */
+ if (unlikely(test_bit(DMF_BLOCK_IO_FOR_SUSPEND, &md->flags))) {
up_read(&md->io_lock);

- if (unlikely(test_bit(DMF_BLOCK_IO_FOR_SUSPEND, &md->flags)) &&
- bio_rw(bio) == READA) {
+ if (bio_rw(bio) != READA)
+ queue_io(md, bio);
+ else
bio_io_error(bio);
- return 0;
- }
-
- queue_io(md, bio);
-
return 0;
}

@@ -2018,6 +1994,10 @@ static struct mapped_device *alloc_dev(int minor)
if (!md->bdev)
goto bad_bdev;

+ bio_init(&md->flush_bio);
+ md->flush_bio.bi_bdev = md->bdev;
+ md->flush_bio.bi_rw = WRITE_FLUSH;
+
/* Populate the mapping, nobody knows we exist yet */
spin_lock(&_minor_lock);
old_md = idr_replace(&_minor_idr, md, minor);
@@ -2409,37 +2389,6 @@ static int dm_wait_for_completion(struct mapped_device *md, int interruptible)
return r;
}

-static void process_flush(struct mapped_device *md, struct bio *bio)
-{
- md->flush_error = 0;
-
- /* handle REQ_FLUSH */
- dm_wait_for_completion(md, TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE);
-
- bio_init(&md->flush_bio);
- md->flush_bio.bi_bdev = md->bdev;
- md->flush_bio.bi_rw = WRITE_FLUSH;
- __split_and_process_bio(md, &md->flush_bio);
-
- dm_wait_for_completion(md, TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE);
-
- /* if it's an empty flush or the preflush failed, we're done */
- if (!bio_has_data(bio) || md->flush_error) {
- if (md->flush_error != DM_ENDIO_REQUEUE)
- bio_endio(bio, md->flush_error);
- else {
- spin_lock_irq(&md->deferred_lock);
- bio_list_add_head(&md->deferred, bio);
- spin_unlock_irq(&md->deferred_lock);
- }
- return;
- }
-
- /* issue data + REQ_FUA */
- bio->bi_rw &= ~REQ_FLUSH;
- __split_and_process_bio(md, bio);
-}
-
/*
* Process the deferred bios
*/
@@ -2449,33 +2398,27 @@ static void dm_wq_work(struct work_struct *work)
work);
struct bio *c;

- down_write(&md->io_lock);
+ down_read(&md->io_lock);

while (!test_bit(DMF_BLOCK_IO_FOR_SUSPEND, &md->flags)) {
spin_lock_irq(&md->deferred_lock);
c = bio_list_pop(&md->deferred);
spin_unlock_irq(&md->deferred_lock);

- if (!c) {
- clear_bit(DMF_QUEUE_IO_TO_THREAD, &md->flags);
+ if (!c)
break;
- }

- up_write(&md->io_lock);
+ up_read(&md->io_lock);

if (dm_request_based(md))
generic_make_request(c);
- else {
- if (c->bi_rw & REQ_FLUSH)
- process_flush(md, c);
- else
- __split_and_process_bio(md, c);
- }
+ else
+ __split_and_process_bio(md, c);

- down_write(&md->io_lock);
+ down_read(&md->io_lock);
}

- up_write(&md->io_lock);
+ up_read(&md->io_lock);
}

static void dm_queue_flush(struct mapped_device *md)
@@ -2674,17 +2617,12 @@ int dm_suspend(struct mapped_device *md, unsigned suspend_flags)
*
* To get all processes out of __split_and_process_bio in dm_request,
* we take the write lock. To prevent any process from reentering
- * __split_and_process_bio from dm_request, we set
- * DMF_QUEUE_IO_TO_THREAD.
- *
- * To quiesce the thread (dm_wq_work), we set DMF_BLOCK_IO_FOR_SUSPEND
- * and call flush_workqueue(md->wq). flush_workqueue will wait until
- * dm_wq_work exits and DMF_BLOCK_IO_FOR_SUSPEND will prevent any
- * further calls to __split_and_process_bio from dm_wq_work.
+ * __split_and_process_bio from dm_request and quiesce the thread
+ * (dm_wq_work), we set BMF_BLOCK_IO_FOR_SUSPEND and call
+ * flush_workqueue(md->wq).
*/
down_write(&md->io_lock);
set_bit(DMF_BLOCK_IO_FOR_SUSPEND, &md->flags);
- set_bit(DMF_QUEUE_IO_TO_THREAD, &md->flags);
up_write(&md->io_lock);

/*
--
1.7.1


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